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London Journal (Newspaper) - July 27, 1728, London, Middlesex The LONDON JOURNAL. Saturday, Jufy 27. 17x8. Numb. 469. Virg. Til the Author of the Londo.v Journhl. y - ^i-i Afits ', pacifque imponere msrem. Parcere SubjeBis, & debellare fuperb*:. SIR, \S the Powers of Europe art fo~ lemnly afllmbled to fettle the Peace, and adjuft the Rights, of r.11 the contending Princes, it may not be thought unfeafon-. able to offer fome modeji Con-jeBurcs cn this Affair: poflibly it may influence a better Enquiry; and the lead Attention in this Cafe will afford us a Profpeft furficicntly delightful, and far, very far from precarious. The BALLANCE of Europe has been generally agreed to be an Equality of Power in the Hands of the Eitiperor and France ; and 'tis certain that rhofe are the onlj Monarchs who canpoffibly bid fair for univerfal Empire: 'Tis therefore the Intereft of all che Princes, their Neighbours, to keep them within fuch Bounds as are natural and fafe. It has long been the Labour of Great Britain to iecure rhofe Limits ; and we may with Juftice and Rea-fon aflert, that thole Powers at this Time are equal, and their Neighbours confequently free. Great Britain has been laid, to hold this ufeful Ballance; ro regulate the Scales whenever they became unequal; and thereby to preferve the general Peace and Freedom. If then we preferve this Ballance by our prefoit Negotiations at Soijfons, we acquit our felves with alt the Wifdom our Neighbours expect, and with aH rhe Juftice our People require. The Crown of France has the Mediation in this pre-fent Congrefs; and from thence fome malevolent Terfons have been bold ro infinune, that our Glory is departed, and our influence on the Ballance is loft: yet we cannot bucobftrve, the principal Powers (i.e. the Emperor and France) are equal in all Refpe&s ; neither encroaches, neither compla'ns ; how then can the Ballance be loftl Have they quarreld, and have we been incapable to eftablilh their Peace? Have they united in order to /wallow us up ? Or how have we departed from our Glory in this great Concern. The only Points in Queftion at prefent are the Oftend Company, and the Lojfes fultain'd by our Trading Intereft in the late Rupcure ; for it can never be thought Gibraltar will be try d for at a Congrefs, when it cou'd not be taken by a Siege ; this would be fuch low Game as no Prince of Spirit would ftoop to, and all the World muff laugh at ; nor Will the Powers conven'd pretend to give up a Fof-trefs by Arbitration, that is noc to be come at by Fire or Sword. The Company of Oftend is the Bone of Contention between Britain and the Emperor, which it cannot be thought the Maritime Powers will ever fuffer to proceed in Trade; nor is is to be fear'd the Impe-rialifls will ever purfue that Project, unltfs they might do it without fuch a dangerous Hazard. France and Urlland ate but ill affected to its Efta-blifhment, the latter being its inveterate Enemy, and the former jealous of its Growth. The Emperor himfelf feems to decline all Thoughts of it, by having fufpended the Trade, and divided great Part of the Capital; by having rurn'd his Eyes to his Ports in the Adriatick Se.t, and other Proceedings of the like kind. Shall we then, after all this, be taught to fear the Congr.fs will hurt us in this Point, and eftablifh a Commerce thus abandon d by its beft and moft fanguine Friends ? If Gibraltar be out of this Queftion (and ir would be moft extravagant to think it a Point in Debate) the Lofles of our Merchants and the s. .S. Company, will be the only Affairs to determine; Affairs that are not of fuch Importance as to embroil us, or keep us long in Sufpence ; 'tis juft that we fhould ftrft refer theft to an amicable Mediation, and if that fhould fail us, we may then recur to Arms : But rhe Crown of Spain is not in any Condition to withftandus when we come to Blows, and will hardly ever hazard fuch a dangerous Iffue; it will coft them fo much Blood and Treafure, as muft over-ballance all our Demands; and the Spanijb Minifbry muft be loft to all juft Politicks, if they incur an Expence fo heavy, and which may fo well be avoided. (Price Two-pence) Our penetrating Politicians have been very clamorous in relation to the Danijb Company at Altena; but did they confider the Condition of Denmark, they would almoft have as little reafon to fear the Effects of a Company in Lapland: The Danes have little Money to trade with, nor will they truft what they have in their own Country, as the Banks of Amperdam and Hamburgh can witnefs; Will any one therefore venture their Effects under the dreadful Protection of fuch anarbitary and neceffttouiQo-vemment, or can this retard the happy Ijfue of a Congrefs at a Time when Peace is fo much defired ? The Truth is, fuch Conventions meet rather for Ceremony than Buftne/s; and if the Parties concern'd are not agreed in the chief Points before they open the Treaty, it ftldom comes to any good Conclufion. If that of Cambray be confider'd, it will be found an Inftance of the Truth I would inculcate, for the Points contended there refpected meer Trifles ; the Imperialifts and Spaniards difputed about Titles of Ceremony, Orders- of Knighthood, &c. and having little Defire or Occajion to agree, they quar-rel'd out of mere Humour and Diflike of each other. They therefore met with no Preparations of Amity, and went on with no Defigns to conclude a Friendpip ; but afrer all, they Ihew'd the -World a Treaty was eaftly made, when 'twas mutually defired. Tor my part, diJ I obferve long and warm Debates in this Affair, I fhould imagine real Difficulties fubfijling; but as the Cafe ftands, I take it, the Points in Iflue will be foon adjufted, and a Treaty Jlortly concluded, yet we muft allow for the Forms of Proceeding. And indeed if we reflect on rhe Congreis of Kimegueii, that which King William held at the Hague, and the great Convention at Utrecht, we mall find they were all long and tedious, when we confider how few Days were employ'd in Bufinefs, and how many were allow'd for the Forms eflcntial to good Courtiers. I know how many refteB, that this Quarrel with rhe Emperor had never happen'd if Bremen and Verhden had been out of the Cafe ; but we have been affur'd in a great Ajfembly, that his late Majefty might long ago have had the defired Inve-Jliture, would he have paid the Fees demanded. I know likewife that others aflert, we might have found all the Powers of Europe applying to us, if we had not concerted Meafures lb early with France; but that being more than any one could affure to us, it v.::s certainly right and weUjudg'd to make an Engagement for our Security againft the Defigns of a very powerful Alliance. I muft alfo take Notice of the late Complaints about Spanifi Privateers, and the Damages our Merchants have fufTer'd, even fince the Congrefs was open'd. But having made ftriS Enquiry into this Affair, and finding that moft of thefe Privateers are mann'd with the People of all Nations, I am apt to conclude that not a few of them are Pirates, who formerly molefted us in open Defiance to the Laws of Nations, and now go on in the very fame way, under Shew of the King of Spain's Colours. However, we may firmly rely on the Wifdom of his Majefty s Councils; nor can we doubt the fuperior Influence of Great Britain will procure ample Juftice to our Trading Intereft, and a lofting, fafe, and honourable Peace to all the European World. I am, SI R, Tour Humble Servant, BRITANNUS. To the Author of the London Journal. SIR, TH E following Anfwer to the Ballad in laft Saturday's Craftsman, call'd, The Norfolk Lanthorn, is defired to be inferted in your next Journal, by, SIR, Tours, &V. . A New BALLAD. IN the County of Korfolk, as good Caleb tells, There is a fine Lanthorn, moft Lanthorns excels, Hung up (O high Crime!) by the Knight who there dwells, Which m body cm dtny. II. The Succefs of this Knight, and his Lanthorn together, One would think had made Caleb's Head light as a Feather, And fent his Wits wandering-Heaven knows whither, Which no body, &C, III. It plainly appears that this trifling Prater, To furnifh Abufe, is without other Matter, Who thinks even a Lanthorn fit Subject for Satyr : Which no body, &6, IV. If any fhould ask, What this Knight's cbarg'd withal 1 Why 1-He has built hrm a Houfe, and that Houfe has a Hali, And there hangs a Lanthorn, fo wide and fo tall. Which no body, &6. V. But tliis Lanthorn, quoth Caleb, it dazzles out Sight! My Eyes are too weak to behold what's fo bright \ And I fain wou'd (if poflible) put out this Light. Which no body can deny, FOREIGN AFFAIRS. Tabarca, June 20. SOME of the chief Inhabitants of Tunis, have befought the Dey and Government of Algiers, under-hand, to ufe their good Offices to pacify the inteftine Troubles of the Tunefins ; out the former have not thought fit to meddle with this matter, it being ftipulated by Treaties, that neithei Government fhall concern it felf with the other's Domeflick Affairs ; which belongs to the Grand Seignior only. Mean time we learn from Tunis, that the Bey had fo clofely blocked up hi�> Nephew in the Mountains, that the Partyof the latter was much leflened by Defertion, Sicknefi, and divers Defeats. The faid Bey has fent 18 Mules laden with the Heads of the Rebels to Tunis, anjj has fworn not to Jay down hii Arms rill bis Nephew is in his Power, living or dead, and not to hearken to any Accommodation but on that Condition. The French Squadron was not come before Tunisthe.iSth Inftant. Petersburg, July 6. A Courier has palled by here from Madrid, with fome Difpatches for the Duke of Liria, who has Orders to prefs the Building of four Frigates defigned for Spain, to the end they may be able to put to Sea by the latter end of this Year, with Cannon and other Provi-fions of War. There lies at Revel fix Frigates ready to put to Sea, each of 56 Guns. Amfterdam, July 30. They write from .Madrid!' of the 12th Inftanr, that the King ftill kept his Chamber, and that Two new Batallions were ro be raifed ro reinforce the Spanifh Marines. --'Tis advifed from Rome of the iotb, that Cardinal Alberoni was returned thither, afrer having, as 'twas allured, conferred with the Pre* tender at Parma.- They have forbid at Venice^, all Commerce with the Ecclefiaftical State, 'by reafon the Pope had refblved that the Fair of Si-nigaglia fhall be held this Year as ufual ; and: they have begun to perfume the Letters which come from Rome, - A Ship arrived at Venice from Smyrna brings Advice, that the Plague raged there exceflively, as alio in the Morea and Ro-melia ; but that it was ceafed at Conftantinople.' And the Matter of the faid Ship fays, that ia pafimg near Zant he heard that it fti'H continued in that Ifland.- They write from SohTons of the 25th Inftanr, that greater Conferenc at Paris than there, but that the laj be put to the Treaty at Soiffbra, Paris, July 51. The Couriers nipotentiaries who are here had di! Courts are moft of them returned cellencies are preparing to go back! continue there the Confetences. tween 8 and 9 a Clock in the ___ Queen was happily deliver'd of a Plfc^^'and her Majefty is as. well as can be wiflaed. In the Night between the 25th and 26th, a Fire broke out in the Stabks of the Hotel de Monaco at Ver- *#
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