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London Journal (Newspaper) - January 20, 1728, London, Middlesex L ON DO N JOURN A L Saturday, January io. 17x7-8. Numb. 44%. IliPtf 7b the Author of the London Journal. fHERE is not a more pleating Reflexion, than to confider the Steps by which a Conftitution may come to Peifection; to think upon Civil Dangers part, their Caufes, and Effects; and _ _ thence to reliSh the Happinefs, ~ which Freedom from thofe li- mits affords. Tis the fame fort of Pleafure as a Man on ShOar enjoys when he Sees a Ship rolling in a Storm : not a Satisfaction or Delight in tlie Care, and Toil, and Fatigue of Perfoas in Diftrefi, but the PJeafure of being fafe and free from thofe Dangers which Others are involved in. "Tis the Pleafure which a Man enjoys, who fees contending Armies ftrive, and Thousands flain, or bruifeJ, or wounded, and rolling in their Blood, whilft he fiands at a Diftance, Secure from any Danger. MISOMOTES lent you lately an Hifton'cal Account of the Law for Burning Hereticks : and iobScrved that it continued in force with us about 270 Years. It is very difficult to bring People, who long have laboured under Prejudices, or ill Cuftoms, to an Opinion that their Practices are directly inconfiftent with the Ends, which they themfelves ought to propofe: The Law for Burning Hereticks was at fiift pretended to be for the Honour and Intereft of Chriftianity, for the Promotion of Virtue, Piety.and Religion, and an effectual Method of fecuring Uniformity, and Peace, and the Quiet of the Church. The milchievous Consequences of if were either not Seen, or not believed : And its vifible Effects were judged to be good by the Ignorant, and Weak, who faw the Flames and heard the Groins of thofe who no longer could" propagate their Notions. Nay, I do not know but the very Length of Time, which it continued in Force,- might contribute fomething to the Opinion of its being a good Law ; and might give it Credit, infiead of more plainly pointing out its Wickednefs and mifchievous Coniequences. � When fuch a Law as. this was SuppoSed to be an ufeful and proper Method of preventing Etror,' we are not to be furpris'd, if afterwards lower Degrees of Panifhments were enacted for lower Degrees of the fame fort of Crimes ; Or that Civil Incapacities fhould be deemed fit means to punifh what are looked upon as Smaller Miftakes in Matters of Religion. When the Nation was alarmed with . a Return of Popery from the manrfeft View of a Popifi Suc-ceflbr, it was judged right to get rid of a Law that would have ex poled the Whole to Fire and Faggot. Every Man then being obnoxious, and really guilty of the Crime condemned by Law, every Man began to apprehend the dangerous Confe-quence to himfelf. Nature then began to rife againft a vicious Principle, which length of Time had brought Men not to think unjuft: And the UnreafbnableneSs and Unfitnels of fuch fort of Convernons then was felt. Whilft a few only were the unhappy Sufferers, the R�ft did not give themfelves the Time or the Pains to reflect upon the Injujiice, Cruelty, Inhumanity, Impropriety, of fuch Proceedings. But when the Evil was likely to fall upon Themfelves, they began to fee the natural Tendency of the Mifchef, and inftantly repealed what was fo fatal, fo tyrannical, fo impolitick. Thus was one Degree of Liberty acquired to what was already enjoyed; and in conference, by the Repeal of this Act the People of Englq/id became more Free than they had been in many Years before. The direct Coniequences of this Repeal Should" never be forgot; Eafe of Mind ; Freedom from conftant Dread and Terrors ; a rational Liberty to examine and fearch into things ; a Power to op-fofe a dreaded Superfiition. The Benefit of which Privileges we at this Day enjoy. I will not repeat anything which has already been faid concerning the Right of Man to think and to judge for himfelf: But I (hall confider this Point in aJW/>�vt/View, and confider the Temper and Difpofi-tun of MensMinds.when fuch Laws hung over their Heads ; and the Temper of Men nova, when Liberty is fa much enlarged. For I cannot but think that Truth is uniform ; and Nature unbiaffed, always works regularly, and luitably to rational Grounds. (Pric^ Two Pence) Every Encroachment upon what Men have Right to be left at Liberty in, mtift naturally tend to make them uneafy, and impatient. People bppref-fed are naturally alienated from Oppreffors. Criev dnces and Difficulties laid upon Men naturally raife Aver/ion and Hatred: and if ic be poflible to conclude of any ttfe&s from the CauSes being given, we may lav it down as an univetfal Maxim, that Love and AffeBion can never be where /// Ufage and Hard pips are impofed. When Mens Pajpons. ate raifed and there is an internal Caufe for UifaffeBion, apportion is made more keen, and Opportunity to get rid of XJneafineffe's is all that is wanted, in or der to put their Defires in Execution. Whenever a Kingdom' is divided by means of fuch Caufes as theSe, it is certainly weakened ; the Spirits of Men are fharpned againft each other, an J Affairs are always fo much the eafier to be embroil'd, and Evils are harder to be oir'd. When Legal HardtLrps ami Difouragements are put upon Men for Things which either they cannot help, or which they Scruple,-the common Effect is, on the One Side a Fixed Steadinefs which nothing will remove,- on the Other, Infults, Contempt and Ridicule: A Shinefs towards thofe whom the Law fo much difcountenances, makes all Communication impracticable, or at leaft difficult : Friendships are rarely made with fuch: Correfpondencies are hurt .* The Failings or Follies of fome, are laid upon All: That Spirit, that fhould be diffufed to all equally, is contracted into a narrow Compafs ; and Parties are made and ftrongly Supported. Wherever this is the Cafe, and the Foundation, or Caufe, of this is laid in the Laws of a Society, it muft be owned to be an Evil, and what ought to be remedied. I will not look into the Times preceding the Revolution, to fhow, that this was the Truth of the Cafe in England. But with Pleafure I fee the Re-verfe of this a't tbis'Phne, fince a Legal Indulgence has been granted, and Liberty reftored. The Political Coruequences of that Liberty, which we are now in Poflemon of, are evident-The Enmity which Was once fo fierce betwixt the national Church and the DiffenierS, is at an End ; and the Reafon is, the Caufe of the Disaffection is chiefly removed.-Neither of them have any Reaibn not to be attached to the Nation's Intereft, or not to fttive to out-vie each other in paying Obedience to their Sovereign.- An open Freedom of Corner-fat ion is practiced,- Mutual Civilities pafs, and a mutual Intercourse, and confequently Party Heats abate ;-Thofe who were once moft zealous for Legal Difouragements, are now moft hearty for Love and Charity; and think it a Reproach to plead for, or to encourage, any Thing that looks like Perfecution;- The Ridicule and Contempt that was wont to add Fuel to Mens PafSons, is quite at an End The Follies of Men, which in Truth are no more than Perfonal, are imputed not to Parties, but only to Thofe who are guilty;- And I cannot help adding, what every Day's Experience confirms,- we fee the Dijfenters every Day confirming to That, which in Times of Difficulties and Hardfiips, was their greateft Averjion. When, towards the End of the late Queen's Reign, a Scene of Force was beginning to open, and new Difficulties were laid upon Men for Con-fcience fake, how violent did Party Fury inftantly grow? The Times of King Charles II. began to revive ; Mobs were raifed, and People were plundered ; and Moderation, and Affability, and Good-Nature towards thofe that were under the LaSh of ah unjuft Law, inftantly was treated as Criminal. When the Succefpon took place, and Liberty was reftored, how foon did contending Parties unite? And Now, every Body feels the happy Influence, the Peace, and good Neighbourhood, which Liberty has brought. They muff be infenfible of Civil Happinefs, who do not fee this; They muft be ungrateful ro the beft of Princes, who do not acknowledge it; and could They alone Suffer by the Loft of Liberty, who know not the Pleafure of it, it wou'd be the higheft Juftice to deprive them of it, for fome Time, that they might feel a little, and learn to value, what, thto' Ignorance, they contemn. I am, S I P., Tour, &>c. PHIL ALETHES. o FOREIGN AFFAIRS. , Bohgn, December z~. > .. N Mont-ay laft came Letters from the Province Delia Maria, with the fad News, that the iSrh Infrant they felt a fur'ous Earthquake : That 6 nays before a Comet appeared at LaRocca, 20 League* from Sinaglia ; and that the 17th a-norher Comer appeared in thofe Parts in Form of a Croft, which was followed by the Apparition of a younK Man on Honeback, having on a Headpiece and a Plume of Feathers, &c which caufed great Confternation among the People. Ratisbon, Dec. 12. The Dyet of the Empire began again their Seflion rliis Day. *Tis Said the Court of Pruffia will nMke ftrict Jinquiry concerning what ha.s palled lelaring to Count Metfemich's changing ius Religion. Petersburg'}, Dec. 30. The Departure of the Emperor to Molcow i.> fixeii fur the ccth of January, and the Coronation �>r Sc. Peter's. Day; when the Emprefs his Grandmother ii to appear in Splendor. If a War happens with the Perfians. Prince Gallitz.in is to Command the Army againft them ; mean time the neceffary Orders are given forrein-forcing our Troops on the Side of Dcrbent. ExtraB of a Letter from Paris, Jar. 1C. The Count de RothemBurg has Orders from Court.to return hither from Aladrid, if the King of Spain .perfifts in refilling to ratify the Preliminaries as they now ftand ; but'tis generally believed he will accept them, and the more, becauSi: he had been prevailed on .by the Inftances of the faid Count, to reduce the Indulto from 25 to 16 I. per Cent. Hague, Jan. 21. The States General continue their Deliberations, and have order'd the iS.th of next Month to be obServed as a Day of Faffing and. Prayer throughout the United Provinces. We hope to receive, this Week, the decisive Anfwer of the King of Spiin. There are very dreadful Accounts from moft Parts of Italy, of Inundations occasioned by the almoft continual Rains for 12 Days and 12 Nights lucceflively. LONDON, flnce the 10th Inftant the following Ships of War have been rairy-c!rice, viz- commillioned at theAdmi- Ships. Kinfals, Adventure, Gofport, Southampton, Loo, Dover, Saphirt, Phoenix, Experiment, Otter Shop, Hawk Sloop. Commanders. Lord Vere Beauclair. Lord Muskerry. Capt. Dune. Drake. Capt. Edward Brooks. Capt. Thomas Waterhoufe. Capt. Matthew Confett. Capt.- Smith. Capt. Arthur Jones. Capt. Henry Reddifi. Capt. John Bamfley. Capt. John Thomas. Men. Guns 2S0 40 280 40 280 40 280 40 2S0 40 280 40 280 40 125 20 125 20 60 10 80 16 ipoint John Evans, Walter Lyttleton, Henry Green and John Hay, ESqs; to be Cup-bearers to his Majefty. Harry Co-le, John Tilbury, Frederick Henning and Robert Trfpp, ESqs; to be Carvers to his Ma"-jefty. Mrs. Mary Kein, to be Houfe-keeper and-Ward-robe-keeper of his Majefty*s Palace at Kenfirrgton. And Mr. John Allen and Mr. Marmaduke Lilly, to be Apothecaries to his Majefty*s Houfhold. The Hon. Ed. Finch, ESq; youngeft Son to the Earl of Nottingham, and one of the Representatives in Parliament of the Univeriitv of Cambridge, who lately arrived here from Poland, is appointed, his Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary to the Court of Sweden. Benjamin Keen, Efq; his Majefty's Conful at Madrid, is returning home. On Friday Sev'nnight the Rt. Hon. the Lord! Carmichael had the Honour to kif; his Majesty's Hand, on being appointed Major to the Regiment commanded by the Hon. Brigadier-General Tyrrel. On Saturday Night laft Major General G/ove arrived in Town from Scotland. We are inform'd that Vice-Admiral ^MjSS*^ with fix Men of War under his Comrr^ffi^-?^! \^ fail for the Weft-Indie*. fjgfi'^-.l'M
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