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London Craftsman Or Say Weekly Journal Newspaper Archive: April 13, 1776 - Page 1

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Publication: London Craftsman Or Say Weekly Journal

Location: London, Middlesex

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   Craftsman Or Say's Weekly Journal (Newspaper) - April 13, 1776, London, Middlesex                                * J No; 923 4# 1  � + ���ii S A T U R D A Yj    A P R I L �fa 53'   x776- 1. - 7"-/nS/^ Women Albanian Drift Of �3^ '1 fie Greek-Of the Drefs of the Greek at home^Manner of colouring the Sockets of their Ej Education* [From Chandler's Travels in. Greece;} HE liberty of the fair fex & Athens is almoftequally abridged by the Turks and Greeks. Their are fetured with high walls, and the windows turned - from the ftreet, and latticed, or boarded up, fo as to preclude all interoourfe, even of the eyes. The haram, or apartment of the Turkifli women, is not only tpenetrable, but muft not be regarded on the cutftde with any degree of attention.. To approach them, when abroad, will give offence; and in the town, if they cannot bp avoided, it is thccuftom to turn to the wall, and ft and ftill, withoutlinking toward them, while they pafs. This mode of carriage is good breeding at Athens. - The Turkifli women claim an exemption from their confinement on one day- only in the week, when they viiit their relations, and are feen going Sn companies to the baths, or fitting in the burying-grbunds on the graves of their friends, their children, hufbands, or parents. They are ihen enwrapped and heciothed in fuch a manner, it Is impoffible todifcern whether they are young or*oId, handfome or ugly. Their heads, as low as the eye-brows, are covered with white linen, and alfo thfeir faces beneath; the prominency of the nofe and mouth giving them nearly the vifages of'mummies. They draw down a veil of black gaafe over their eyesfc the moment a man or boy comes in view. They wear ftiort loofe boots, of leather, red or yellow, with a large meet over their common garments,   and   appear very fculky. The drefs of the Greek matrons is a garment of red or blue cloth, the waift very ftiort, the long petticoat falling in folds to the grclund. A thin flowing veil of muflin, with a golden rim or border, is thrown over the head and Ihoulders. The attire of the virgins is a long red veft, with a iqnare cape of yellow fattin hanging down behind.   TheV walk with their hand: :e pocket ufiled- concealed in Sometimes they affume the Turkilh garb. Neither/prudence nor modefty fufFefs a maiden to be feen by the men before fhe is married. Her beauty might inflame the Turk, who can take her legally, by force, to his bed, on a ientehce of the Cadi or Judge; and the Greek, if fhe revealed her face to him even unwillingly, would rejeft her as criminal and with jiifciain. The Albanian women are inured early to hard living, labour, and the fun. "TTiSr features anr infjired By penury, and theiF"�dmpIexions by the' air*   Their drefs is coarfe and fimple: a fhift Teaching to the ancle, a thick fafh about the waift, and iihort Ioofc woollen veft. Their hair is platted in two divisions, and the ends fattened to a red filken firing, which, with a taffel, is pendent to their heels, aiid frequently laden with pieces of filver coin, of various fizes, diminiihing gradually to the bottom. . Among thefe t!ie antiquarian may often difecver medals of value. They are feen carrying water on their backs, in earthen jars, with-handles ;-wafhing by the fountains, or afiembled by the Iliftus after rain, v/ith the female (laves of the Mahometans and other fervants; treading their linen, or beadng it with a piece of heavy wood, fpreading it on the ground, or bufhes to dry, and conveying it to and fro in' panniers Qr wicker-bafkstsjon an afs. Their leg* And feet are generally bare j and their head* Hooded, as it were, with a long, towel, which encircles the neck, one extremity h,ailging dowjn before, and the other behind. The girls wear a red&ulUcap plated with peraus or Turkilh pennies of filver perforated, and ranged like the fcalea of I The Greek will fomerimes admit, a traveller iSito his gynecasum or the apartment of his women. Thefe within doors, are as it were ancafed, and the made wh is, treaoi \ abroad. There the girl, Hke The cn a foft carpet, has her whits and delicate feet naked ; the nails tkiged with red. Her trowfers, which in winter are of red cloth, and in fummer of fine callzco or thin gaufe> defcend from theJiip. to the ancle, hanging ioofely about her limbs; the lower portion embroidered with flowers, and appearing beneath the Ihift, which has the fleeves wide and open, and the feams and edges curi* cuily adorned with needle-work. Her, reft is of filk/exa&Iy fitted to the form of the bofom and the fttape of the body, which it rather covers than conceals, and is ihorter than the ihift. The fleeves button occaiionally to the hand, and are lined with red or yellow fattin. A rich Rone en-compalfes her waift, and is fattened before by clafps of filver gilded, or of gold Yet with pre* cious ftones. Over the veft is a robe, infummer lined with ermine, and in cold weather- with fur. The head-drefs is a flcull-cap, red or green, with pearls; a flay under the chin, and a yellow fore* She has bracelets of gold on her head-cloth, wrifts; and, 1, is rofy necklace tips being ftained. Her zechins, a fpecies of gold coin, or of the pieces called Byzantines. At her cheeks is a lock of hair made to curl toward the face $ and down her back falls a profuaon of trgfles, fpreading over her lhoulders. Much time is confumed in comb-, ing and braiding the hair after bathing, and, at the greater feftivals, in enriching and powdering it with fmall bits of filver gilded, refernbling a violin in ihape, and woveain at regular difiancta. 'SKe is* painted blue round the eyes; and the in-fides of the fockets, -with the edges on which the � iaflies grb'w; are tinged with, black; The Tjirkiffi ladies, wear nearly the faihd attii'e, aiid ufe fimilar arts, to heighten their natural beauty. For colouring the laihes and focket,of the eye, they throwincenfe or gum of Labdanum on ibirie coals of fire, intercept the fmoke* which afcends, * with" a^ plate, and collefl: the foot.   This 1 faw applied*   A girl, fitting crofs-legged as ufual, on a fofa, and cloiing one of her eyes, took the two I allies between the forefinger and thumb of her left hand, pulled them forward, and then thrufting in at the external corner a bodklti, which ;had been immerfed in the foot, and extracting it again, the particles before adhering to it, remained within, and were prefently ranged round the organ; Serving as a foil to its luftre, befides .contributing, as they fay, to its health and increasing its apparent magnitude. The improvement of the mind and mdrals is not cpnfidered as a momentous part of female education at Athens. The girls are taught to dance, to play-pn the Turkiih guittar and the timpanum or timbrel** and to embroider, an art in which they generally excel. A woman fkilledinteadingand writing is fpoken of as a prodigy of capacity and learning. The mother of Ofman Aga, a Turk who frequented our houfe, was of this rare number, and, as he often told, us, fo terrible for her knowledge, that even Achmet Aga, her kinf-man, had been feen to tremble when he received her annual vifit.   In common life the woman Aklermin Brown, Utdofiittte.Tfcurlowf, Suffoifc, grocer 5 May �3, at nine, at the Cardinal's Cap> in Cambridge.   FinkI Dividend. John Ctolbl�f William Crfitble, George Bowdon, and EiJiotc Elnus*, alllate of Liverpool, Lahfcafhire, merchants rand partners j. April 49, at three, at Pontac's C^Tee-houfe, in Water-ftreet, Liverpool.' \. . Dividends adjourned. Lionel Pllkington Eliinthorpe, late of Hyde-park-cdrr.er, Mid'dlefex, vintner; April 25, at ten, it Guildhall, London, James Tajlor, of Leadenhall-ftreet, London, bruftifeUerj Aprif j 3, at ten, at Guildhall. Certificates to he granted to Bankrupts. Richard Rw (fell, of High Holborn, in the pari ill of St. George, Bltfom&ury, Middlefex, currier and leather-Cutter j on or.before April Z7. Jofeph Jacobs, of Son-ierfct-ftreet, in the pari/h of. Aid-(jate, London,' merchant; on or before April-ay. Samiiel Long, Jate of the eolony of Virginia, but now of the city of Briito), iirnber-rnerdiant} on or before April 17. ^ William Gowland, of the pariih of St. Mary le Strand, Middiefex, tnerchahtj on or "before April 27, Commiffi&n fuperfeded. Margaret Moon, of Liverpool, Lanca/hire, hatter and hofier. 'LONDON. Yefterdayan exprefs came to Government from Portfrnouth*- with an account of the arrival there + \ detained for forrte tittle before Ihe iailed for \vn\t-i of hihd^;     � ,   '. A difcovcrjr has beervmadeof five wealthy ani tonfiderable nten, whofe ladie? have former hufbands (privately married) ftill living ; ir is whif-p'ered that two Lords; and orte.of fuperior rank-;* are in the fame ficuation. Anecdote of Mr. Foote,~A few days fi:ice,: this Britifh Ariftophanes was waited upon by a certain theatrical lady, as remarkable for her cor-, pulence as her humour : on afkmg what terms fhe. of the K-ing's Fiiher floop, Capt. Montagu, from Virginia*  She was fent exprefs from Lord Dun- more. Letters brought by the above floop mention, that General Clinton"was. arrived there from Bofton; that almoft every houfe was deftroyed in the county of Norfolk,, and that the Provincials ,    ,  n    ,      , , 1/r     , 11 had retired nine miles into the-countryj and de- waits on her huiband, and after oreffin? the pro- In      1 u-- n    / -tu .r urj tb      i    I! ftroyed every thine that tncy could not carry with was to expeft for her-fummer engagement, ih was informed that in confitieration of being feve-ral years in the tw/'i' company, he wou-i 'hoc lower her falary,- though �fhe* had incrcifed fo much in ilze as would render her of lefs ufe than formerly. The lady, who came full of her con-fequence, was not a little furprifed to hear this,-faid Ihe expefted to have her falary increafed* s  of Gracc's-aliey, near WelJcIofe-fquare, MiddleCex, cordwainerj to furr?n4er April 17, atten> 24, at four, an4 M�y at ten, at GnildhaH, -London. At-torhies, MelT. Read and Watfbn, in Cannon-rtreet. ' Janw. Byacd M'Evoy, of Piccadilly, Middlefex^ card, maker j ta furrender April* 13, at ten, so, and May iS, at ifivei if Guildbally London* Attorney, Mr. &lake,Eflex-ftreet, Strand. Oayt appointed fcr making the dividends of. Bankrupts diatcf to creditors. IRchotas Warrington, of Walbronk, in the city of London, vtaylor 5 April 29, at four, at Guildhall.   Final PIy. William Carnahy, of Lhtla Trinity-tine, London, wine, rem, arid braflriy-merchant 5, Ayv'A i7� at ^ive, at Guild-ban! ' Mtunce Preyer and John Daniel Dreyer, of Alderman-buv^ London', merchant^ and copartners � JVIay 1, at five, at Guildhall.   Final Dividend. : Win^field Wiidham and John Page theyounger, of London, merchants; and copartners 5 April 16* at five, at Guildhall. - Final Dividwid. John Crofbi^ William Crolble, and Gea/te Botvdon, ai of Liverpool, LancaiKire, merchants^ iftpril 30t "at ten, at Pontac1* Co^ee-houfe, in.Water-ftreet, Liverpool John EaroQ, Jafic of Brandon, Suffolk, draper and grocer 5 Apih 29,"ar eleven, it the Bell Inn, in Brandon, 't ' ' JoluiJ>avev and fttnry Hitohfem; of QhuTch�ian^i Whitechapti; Middfefei, %ar reliners "and copartw May � ai io�r, xt Guiidhal^ London. ^mb^Cj, wXili up- ^ ExtraS of a Utter from. Porifnouth, April 4. cc This' morning failed from Spithead, the Romney and Cygnet men of war, for^iewfound-land, with twelve tranfports,  having on board the. Brunfvvick" tbeops, wvA Britifh train of artillery, under their ooyvoy, for wards of twenty fail of other /hips, all outward-bound." ExtraS cf a letter from Cork, March 26. " Yerterday arrived-at the Cove, his Majefty's flaip thePeai-1,. Capt- Wilkinfon, from Plymouth, boun*d*to America, with upwards of twenty fail of .tranfports under her convoy, from- London, Plymouth, Portfmouth, and feveral others are now in fi^ht from Brifiol, and we have now the grcateit- number of /hips at this place that have been fince the lafl war, wKich makes our provisoes, in general very dear. Several of the tranf-pofctfThat are here have got their loading and-troops on board, and only wait for failing orders, which are hourly expefted to arrive." Extra ft of a tetter from Paris, March 25. " T&e Parliament of Grenoble is in a/ituation - which V^fll probably haften its deftmftioA, or ra-ther-m  and direfted her npfvto acquaint her huiband of the matter until the day after they were delivered* when Ihe nyk-hi: bring in her bill.   The milliner: (accordingly delivered the things in a parcel pri-i vately to the wife, who the fame day abfeonded vvich 150 guineas in cafh, and fome valuable ar-ticlf."9.   She immediately hired a room of the for- \J u witne&s, them. I merwitnefs, and preumded that her nxochs: come to town late in the evening, and    th^t-a-r-?** tifice /he and her parameur (the'pnfon^r) obtaih^d a reception for their plunder.    A b!ajk porterA proved his- boing employed by the prifoner^irr ^.is iniquitous fcheme.   Nonvkhftarjding the iden^Uy cf iiis perfon was po/icively afcertaiued by nil the the prifoner denied ever before ftcing He acknowledged takiirg the p?.rcel containing the mod'e, &c. out of the bar of the pablKS* � houfe, which he infilled that he delivered to the wife by her order; but little credit can be given to that aflertion, after fuch a defence fet up a gain ft the pc/itive evidence"of the witneftes. lie was com-  inirted go Woodftreet Compter to take his trial for the felony. He offered bail, which was refufed; The wife, who could remove the veil which feems to hang over this dark affair, and who could at once, by her evidence," remove every doubt 6i the prifoner's innocence or guilt, is not returned. Brijlol, Aprils Thurfday laft the affiz-es for the county of Cornwall, ended at Launceftou,-when Mary Penylegon, for the murder of her baftard child, received fen ten ce of death. She was executed on Friday, and 'her body delivered to a furgeon for diffeftion. MONDAY,  April &. LONDON,- Tlie government accounts from Virginia, ia America, ai*e fo Jate as the fecond of March; The vefi&l from Halifax to Newry, brotight a bill cf Exchaiise from New^York to a confidera-ble amount. All accounts agree, that the Americans have difcharged their debts to the Engli/h merchants with great fidelity and punctuality, even fince the commencement of the prefent troubles. The Friendfhip, Capf* Jann, who arrived at Glafgow from Virginia in 28 days, brought -dispatches for government from Lord Dunmc-re, which arrived at "Lord Germaine's office on Friday. Several Scotch families are arrived from Vir-ginia in the Friendhhip, Jann, v/ho is arrived at Extracl of a Letter from an Englijh Gentleman at I j Glafgow, on account of the prefent difturbances �  Milan, dated the tzth of March, 1776, giving {(that now reign there, as all the Scotch houfes in the particulars of the burning the Theatre of that place3   which was guarded by the foldiers.-The fire continued till noon before it could l)e got understand, not only the royal palace has fuffertffi by*thb difatfter, but the nobility who had fupped in their boxes loft,] alfo their plate ; and all the fhops, with the.goods therein, which were contiguous to the palaoeywere deftroyed."' ' " A quarter-maffer on hoard fo�e of his Majefty*s /hips of war ftationed at Gibraltar, in a,.letter to his brother in London, fays, a.-fipanUh- tnzrt of war.oFfifty guns had been taken by three large Algerine xebecks, arficarried into Algiers, after a terrible engagement, wherein the greateft part of both their crews were killed. On Thurfday failed from iSravefend for the Downs, the Hortoii Baft Ihdiaman, -Capt, WS*' lw.ms> bound to the fiaft-Indi^*, whicir/hip was Virginia-are deftroyed by the Virginians. Capt. Wallace, of the Rofe, at Rhode i/land% (fays a correfpondent) writes as follows ;-He was directed by'the* Admiral fio" procure live ftocfc there; he was cbftrufted by a body 01 Provincials, by which he loft one man- : He then toqk.as large a number of men as he poffibly couy,Jpare from the ihip, in order to attack this party of Americans, who in the mean time had thrown. therafelves into a Onall fort, which under coyer cf theguns they were enabiedrto attack and ilorm; and put every.perfonf - to^Jie ^xiumber_ pf 80, to the fvford. Upon this inteTfigence reaching the people in the, country, they.^meldown in a o)n- iiderable body, when a~ bfeo^y engagement be-:gani in which Captain Wallace loft fxxteen me a, and was driven back to Jus/hip.' It is faid Government have had       intelligence -for feveral days, but have fuppreffed it .for very obvioD5 rea- The Aftivejman o^^ar, Capt. WiUistms, from Portfmouth for America, after being oat 21 dap, in. which he met with feverjil hard gales of wind, and-loft fome fails, &c. was obliged to put into Li/ho n. ; . Captain WeSfeer, of thef J*no, arrived at fool from AHcant, fpoke with Sif Peter Parker's fleet the 24th ult. 27 fail in company, but had met with feveral hard gales of-wiad. . There are faid to be no^lefe than 77 witnefles for examination in the courfe of a certain trial fore an auguft Aft'embiy; 54 on behalf of Jier Grac^ the Duchefs of K        and 23 hi Support 0f the profecucion. Thurfday fifty-feven furgeons and ,furge6n^     { mates were examined* ti 'Surgeons-half^, ;4s;>.the* -'-Qjid-Baitey, for the arm^ and;havy  .xfc^ gtfcto&l fr^' 'number, excejpt the laft examination (which wiU ^? 75) fince tlrf beginning of laft War. "j-   

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