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   Allen's Indian Mail And Official Gazette (Newspaper) - January 16, 1868, London, Middlesex                                AND OFFICIAL    GAZETTE. _T3    PUBLISHED   EVERY   THURSDAY, i tba.NSiIISSI0>" abkoad. tilt 1 -a flV! Vol. XXVI.-No. 796.]      LONDON, JANUARY 16, 1868. [Price 6d. contents. page .     51 .    52 Summary and Review     ..... Casualties, &c......... Original Articles:- Medical Committees      ......    52 Kaye'8 Indian Biographies     ...    53 Study of Oriental Languages     ... 54 Spirit of the Indian Press:- The Tea Collapse in Assam     ... 55 Female Education in India     ... 55 Political Bearings of the Abyssinian Expedition......... 55 The Proposed Income-tax for India 55 Indian Officers and the New Steam Transports............ 56 Decentralised Finance   ...... 56 A Separate European Army for the East   .........     ... 57 Bengal :- Health of the Bengal Army    ... 57 Mr. Justice Phear on Female Education      ............ 67 Dr. Cayley on Ladak     ...... 68 The Signing of the Treaty with Burmah   ............ 59 Station Talk............ 60 Miscellaneous      ......... 61 Madras :- Fever in Ganjam......... 62 Miscellaneous      ......... 62 Shipping and Commercial      ... 63 Bombay :- Bombay and Bengal Steamship Company............    63 Station Talk............ Miscellaneous      ......... Official Gazkttb :- Bengal-Civil, Military, &c. Government General Orders:- Alteration in the '' Relief " Sanitary Returns......... Promotions-Examinations Native Languages.......... Madras-Civil, Military, &c. Government General Orders :- The Command of Native Regiments       ............ Bombay-Civil, Military, &c.   ... Government General Orders:- Steel Scabbards for Native Officers ............... War Office   ............ Domestic :- Births, Marriages, and Deaths ... Home :- Miscellaneous       ......... Shipping     ............ Domestic :- Births, Marriages, and Deaths ... Arrivals, &c, reported at the India Office       ............ Stocks and Securities    ...... Advertisements      ......... pag r; 6-1 61 66 67 67 67 67 67 67 68 68' 69 69 69 70 70 70 71 Bengal Madras Agra... dates  of ......   Dec. 8 ......      ,   13 .........10 China (Hong Kong) advices. Burmah (Rangoon) Bombay    ...... Ceylon      ...... ......  Dec. 1. Nov.  4 Dec. 14 ,   17 maids to india. The Mails to India, China, &c, are made up in London, in each month, as follows:- Care ghould be taken an the respective dates to write along the top of the envelope the route by which Letters, fc., should be sent, the particulars of ivhich will be found beloic.- On the 3rd, at 6 p.m., via Marseilles and Bombay, to all parts of India. ,    4th, at 8 a.m., via Southampton, to Calcutta, Madras, Ceylon, and China. ,   10th, at 6 p.m., via Marseilles, to Calcutta, Madras, Ceylon, and China. ,   12th, at 8 a.m., via Southampton, to Bombay and N.W. Provinces; also, for Letters only, to Madras and Lower Provinces of Bengal. ,   18th, at 6 p.m., via Marseilles and Bombay, to all parts of India. ,   20th, at 8 a.m., via Southampton, to Calcutta, Madras, Ceylon, and China. ,  26th, at 6 p.m., via Marseilles, to Calcutta, Madras, Ceylon, and China. ,  27th, at 8 a.m., via Southampton, to Bombay and N.W. Provinces; also, for Letters only, to Madras and Lower Provinces of Bengal. *** When any of the above dates occur on Sunday, the Mails, via Southampton, are made up on the previous Evening, and those via Marseilles on the following Evening-. rates of postage. LETTERS. Via Marseilles, � oz., lOd.......  1 oz.. Is. 8d. Every portion of an oz. afterwards, an additional Is. 8d. Via Southampton, � oz., 6d.......   1 oz., Is. Every portion of an oz. afterwards, an additional Is, NEWSPAPERS. Via Marseilles, 4 oz., 3d....... Each succeeding 4 oz., 3d. Via Southampton, 4 oz., 2d....... Each succeeding 4 oz., Id. BOOKS, PATTERNS, &c. Via Marseilles, 4 oz., 6d....... Each succeeding 8 oz., Is. Via Southampton, 4 oz., 4d....... Each succeeding 8 oz., 8d. A Frencttlme of Mail Packets now leaves Marseilles on the 19th of every month for Alexandria. Postage for Letters and Papers to India and China the same as is charged b$ the English Mail, via Marseilles. Letters intended to be forwarded by these Packets must be specially addressed-"^ French Mail Packet from Marseilles.'* Books, Parcels, Ac, may not exceed 5 lbs. in weight, or be of greater dimensions than twenty-four inches in length, or twelve inches in width or depth. IN ALL CASES FREPAYHKITT 18 COMPTJXSOBY. 8 oz"., 6d. 8 oz., 3d. 8 oz., Is. 8 oz., 8d. SUMMARY  AND   REVIEW. The last Calcutta mail brought no later news from Bengal; from Madras the latest advices bear date December VS. Having little else to talk about, the Madras Times discusses the weather and the crops, while the Athenceum bemoans the alarming influx of rogues and loafers-Indiee " budmashes "- from Australia. In North Arcot a week of showery weather had done so much good to the standing dry crops that a large breadth of cultivated land was considered to be out of dans;er. In the Madras district however things looked less hopeful for the dry crops, the amount of rainfall being still twenty inches below the average. Some other districts, especially the Madura, were suffering from deficient rain, so that the tanks which are fed by rain and river remain unfilled, and the seedlings which depend upon the water from the tanks are not yet transplanted. In Bellary the progress of tillage had been checked by the want of rain. Similar complaints were heard from Salem, Coimbatore, and the Kistnah district. The crops in the Delta however were very good, and prices falling. So they were in some of the less fortunate districts, a fact which hardly tallies with the complaints above quoted. From Tinnevelly the accounts were specially brilliant; plenty of rain and thriving crops, with the natural result of falling prices. There seems to be a marked increase of cotton cultivation throughout the presidency. In the present state of the American cotton-trade this is as it should be; at least if Senator Sprague, one of the largest cotton-workers of the North, speaks with the authority of his position. In his late speech on the cotton-tax he despaired of ever restoring America's old supremacy in cottoivafter the progress India had already made in producing fabrics equal to the best samples of American skill. The complaint about white loafers seems to have been suggested by the passing of some forged notes on the Bank of Madras. It is not at all certain that native rogues are not the true culprits ; but any stick will do to beat a dog, and from black rogues to white is a natural step. The latter gentry come, we are told, from Australia in charge of horses. Most of them are time-expired convicts ; some of them were probably convicted forgers. At any rate, argues the Athenaum, let Australia keep her own rubbish at home instead of shipping it off " to terrify our inhabitants and to fill our Friend-in-Need Workshops and European Vagrants' Home." Travelled Britons are patronising Madras as well as Bengal. Lord Downe, the Earl of Gosforth, and Sir T Hayes, having had their fill of elephant-shooting in Ceylon, had reached the Southern Presidency on their way to the Annamalay-hills in quest of big game. Our only wonder is that so few English travellers go out to India in quest of anything at all. Lord Napier's Government is all for extending railways in Madras. Besides other extensions, there is now some prospect of a line from Coimbatore to the foot of the Neilgherries. It is also under debate whether a tramway or a light railway shall be carried from the Poothanoor station on the Madras line to Metapolliam, or even to Kullair. The Extension of the Great Southern from Negapatam to Errode was to be opened for traffic some time in January. Trichinopoly and Tanjore would thus become linked with the main line of railway in Southern India. It is curious to note that the Mahomedans of Mysore differ markedly from their fellow-worshippers in Bengal in their eageij ness to learn their lessons.  In that province they take tj|e le^^\,t O.N /   

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