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Grub-Street Journal (Newspaper) - October 15, 1730, London, Middlesex The NuiMB. 41/ CfjUt^ap, OCTOBER 15, 1730. Ridiculu7?i acrl Fortius melius ?nagnas plerumque fecat res. Hor. Sat. I. 10. 0#. 8, 1730. To Mr. Bavius, Secretary to the Grubaan Society. SIR, [OV^t ready compliance with my requeft that you would publifh my Effay towards- -a criticifm on Hitdibras, makes me venture to proceed in that defign, without any farther apology. The Authors of the two great Epick poems had a much higher defigri than barely to pleafe or amufe their readers. Under a great variety of beautiful and entertaining fictions, delivered in the moft .agreeable manner, were contained Morals of the greateft political ufe to their refpeclh'e countries. Homer lived at a time, when the feveral States of Greece were in danger of being fwallowed up by an Afiatick Monarch. At fuch. a time nothing could be of greater ufe, than to Ihew the dangers, which would attend a difagreement among themfelves; and to inculcate the advantages, which would arifc from a firm and mutual agreement. In order to this, he reprefents a great number of petty Grecian princes engaged in a long and tedious war with a great and ^powerful Afiatick king. A quarrel arifes betwixt Achilles, one of thefe princes, and Agamemnon, their Ge-jncraL ' The pernicious conferences of this quarrel are ill fuccefs in war, the lofs of many brave men, and at laft of the moft intimate friend of Achilles: and the General himfelf.is forced to fubmit to fue for peace with his Antagonift. After they are reconciled, the affairs of the Grecians take a quite different turn; and the de-ftruclion of Troy appears in the fall of Hector. VTrgil, bri the other fide, lived at a time, when the form of government in his country was juft changed, and paft all probability of being retrieved. His bufinefs therefore was to endeavour to make the people eafy under a prince, who endeavoured to make them happy ; and a-gainft whom there could be no objection, but the manner in which he had obtained his fovereignty. He reprefents a great Nation fubverted, and a voluntary fub-jniffion of the people to be govern'd by a new prince : from whom Auguftus was fond of being thought to be defcended, as the Roman people were from the Trojans. He draws the character of tins prince juft, pious, wife -and warlike ; makes his people love him ; and after many difficulties, fhews him victorious over all his enemies. Our Author lived in an age, when Hypocrify and a pretended Zeal for Religion and Liberty, had fubverted the Laws and Worfhip of his Country, and had thrown all into Anarchy and Confufion. At fuch a time nothing could be more ufeful, than to pull off this mask, and render the perfons concealed under it contemptible. This he chofe to. do, not by a ferious and grave admonition ; but by expofing them to ridicule, which is commonly the moft fuccefsful method of overthrowing any let of opinions or actions. In order to this he makes the Knight, or chief Hero of his poem to be of that left, which had begun and had the principal fhare in thefe unhappy difturbances j For his Religion, 'Twas Presbyterian true blue ; For he was of that ftubborn crew Of Errant Saints, whom all men grant To be the true Church Militant. Such as do build their Faith upon The holy text of Pike and Gun ; Decide all controverfy by Infallible 'Artillery ; And prove their do&rine orthodox, By Apoftolick blows and knocks. Call fire, and fword, and defolation, A godly-thorough-Reformation ; Which always muft be carried on, And ftill be doing, never done: As if Religion were intended For nothing elfe but to be mended. He adorns this Knight with a Squire, of another feci, which had the next fhare in the dreadful confufions of thofe times; His knowledge was not far behind The Knight's, but of another kind : And he another way come by't ; Some call it Gifts, and fome New-Light. A lib'ral Art, that coils no pins Of ftudy, induftry, or brains, 'Tis a dark-lanthorn of the Spirit, Which none fee by but thofe that bear it: A light that falls down from on high, For fpiritmal trades to cozen by. The firft Canto of the firft part is taken up almoft wholly in defcribing the Perfons and Parts of thefe two worthy Adventurers. The Knight is reprefented under the complex character of a Juftice of Peace and a Colonel. And here our Author takes occaflon to raife a doubt, which was greateft, his wit or his Valour: and concludes, that The difference was fo fmall, his Brain Outweigh'd his Rage but half a Grain, This he obferves, fome -miftook for a fign that he was a Fool; But they're miftaken very much, - 'Tis plain enough he was no fuch : We grant, altho' he had much wit, H' was very fhie of ufing it; As being loth to wear it out, And therefore bore it not about; Unlefs on Holy Days, or fo, As men their beft Apparel do. With regard to his learning; he is reprefented as a fmat-terer in Logick, Rhetorick, Languages, Mathematicks, Phi-lofophy, Metaphyficks, and School Divinity. His Logick, as in other fmatterers in that fcience, c'onfifted in a faculty of difputing on all queftions, and on eithej- fide of them; On either fide he would difpute, Confute, change hands, and ftOl confute; He'd undertake to prove by force Of Argument, a Man's no Horfe j He'd prove a Buzzard is no Fowl, And that a Lord may be an Owl; A Calf an Alderman, a Goofe a Jujlice, And Rooks Committee-men and Trujlees. His knowledge in Rhetorick was only technical; And when he happen'd to break off I'th' middle of his fpeech or cough, H' had hard words ready to fhow why, And telf what Rules he did it by. Elfe when with greateft art he fpoke -You'd think he talk'd like other folk : For all a Rhetorician's Rules, Teach nothing but to name his tools. His skill in Languages was juft enough to fpoil his Mother tongue, by balderdafhing it with fcraps of Greek and Latin ; and give him an ability of adding new words of his own invention: For he could coin or counterfeit New words, with little or no wit. His learning in Mathematicks, Philofophy, School-Divinity and Metaphyficks, was of a piece with the reft : it con-fifted chiefly in delivering himfelf In proper Terms, fuch as men fmatter When they throw out, and mifs the matter. His perfon was no lefs extraordinary than his parts His face was adorn'd with a tawny beard, which he had vow'd not to cut till Monarchy received its downfal : His back was bunch'd out like a burthen ; and balanced with a Paunch of the fame bulk. This fine'perfon was cloathed with a buff Doublet, and Breeches of rugged woollen. His Hofe ferved him for a cup-board, in which he kept his pro-vifion. His Bafket-hilted fword ferved him not only to fight with, but alfo to eat broth : the blade of it Had eat into itfelf, for lack - Of fome-body to hew and hack. The peaceful fcabbard, where it dwelt, The rancor of its edge had felt: For of the lower end two handful It had devoured, 'twas fo manful: And fo much fcorn'd to lurk in cafe, As if it durft not fhew its face. This Sword a Dagger had his Page, That was but little for his age : And therefore waited on him fo, As Dwarfs upon Knights Errant do. It was a ferviceable Dudgeon, [Durgen] Either for fighting or for drudging. When it had ftabb'd, or broke a head, It would fcrape Trenchers, or chip Bread : Toaft cheefe or bacon, though it were To bait a Moule-trap, 'twould not care. 'Twould make clean ihoes, and in the earth Set leeks and onions, and fa forth. His Holfters ferv'd to receive fuch meat, as would over fill the Hofe, as well as two aged Pifols; which ferved hhn for a trap. Thefe would inveigle rats with th' fcent, To forage, when the cocks were bent, And fometimes catch them with a fnap, As cleverly as th' ableft trap. I have now finifhed the defcription of our Knight; and, I fuppofe, taken up as much room as you can well fpare me in your paper; fo I fhall conclude for the p relent, Your moft humble Servant, M.J. The following Memorial was prefented to the Society, at one of their weekly meetings, by an unknown hand. To the Members of the illufrious Society now ajfembled in their Garret at the Pegafus in Grub Jireet. Gentlemen, IAm inform'd that to be made a member of the Royal Society, the candidate iruftl-iy before that learned body fome performance of his own, which may be deem'd a fuf-ficient reafon for his admittance. I: is, f presume, by fome fuch means one can hope for admittance into your Society : I have, therefore, at the requeil i.�f a friend of mine, herewith fent you An abjiracl of an appendix to a fyflem of anatomy, &c. which, I doubt not, will merit a place in your tranfadtions, and entitle the author to a feat in your af� fembly. -It is as follows: ' Mr. Douglas and a Surgeon of S. Thomas's hofpital, wanting fuccefs in cutting for the Stone the high way 5 the Surgeons of S. Bartholomew's hofpital, who had re-rejohed to do this operation, altered their refoiutton* and went on in the old way. Notwithftandii:ij this- I rejumed the high way 1 and, cutting mine with fuccefs, it ca?ne again in vogue. Twice, indeed, I cut the peritonaeum : but, exclufive of thefe two inftances,./ lofi no more thai o;:e in /even ; which is more than any ont efe, that I know of, couldfay, chap 1.-I couch'd a young gentleman, who had no remembrance of ever having feen. When hefirflfaw, he thought all ^fetfs whatever touch'd his eyes : he knew not the Jhape an) thing, nor any one thing from another : he wondered that a large face could be exp>rejfed in a little piclure: and% what he faw, he thought extremely large, chap. 2.--� I took 33 Stones from W. Haffenden, in the 6Sth year of his age: he is now living at Gravefind, p. 253. -. I took a Stone. 10 inches round, weighing 11 ounces, front J. Miles, who is now living at Reading, p. 254.--* I invented an operation, in cafe of a total clofure, or extreme contraction of the pupil. The manner of doing it is thus: A fmall knife or needle, edged on one fidea is thmft through the t uric a fclerotis ; and then forwards through the iris, the edge being turned to the iris ; in drawing it out a fit is cut, p. ^55. This, gentlemen, excepting the pictures of 34 Hones, 3 eyes, and a knife, is the turn and fubitance of the fix-penny, piece above-mentioned. It is true, it is little more than A bill of cures perform''d ; and therefore, ought, after the example of Dr. Anodyne, &c to have been given gratis but, as one of the articles has already been printed in the philofophical tranf-^^ actions, and my friend is a man of figure; many m be defireus of feeing it, who cannot go to~�he price
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