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Grub Street Journal Newspaper Archive: March 19, 1730 - Page 1

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Publication: Grub Street Journal

Location: London, Middlesex

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   Grub-Street Journal (Newspaper) - March 19, 1730, London, Middlesex                                Cfjurgbap, march, 19. 1730. Scrlbimm indotli, doftique. Hon To the learned Mr. B a vi us, at the Pegaiiis in Grub- ftrcet. S I Ri Cambridge, March if, 17^0. T is with the utraoft plea-fure that we fee here a Book publifhed at London under the title of ACourfe of Lectures upon the Materia Medicst, ahtient and modern, read in the Phyfick Schools at Cambridge,   till our Profeflor was fo kind as to uke notice of them in, this publick manner. It is Grange too, that Dr. Woodward's EXecurors fliould be fo negligent as to omit the mention of fo.valuab'e a Fof-fil, in the Catalogues they printed of the Dr.'s Cabinetf, when we are allured in thefe Lectures, that we have of this fort, in that extraordinary Collection pur chafed by this Vntvtrf.ty. f S The Spar, which is found in lead mines, is ufually thrown into the Furnace, to abforb the Sulphur from the Metal, and; fo make it flux with greater eafe : but on what fof& grounds this has been hitherto done, appears from our learned' ProrefTofs remark, that Spar abounds in Sulphur. * ft, was a very curious method, which he tells us Samuel Raynardfon, Efq; made uCc of to p'tfirve the body of siMir contained ir. 'the outward Cafe of an JEtites. ff This Gentleman, it Cams, kept it for this purpofe always ia water. . JSdoubt not but this method was fuggefted byMr,JJradfey,\tfio'..be is fo modeft as not to mention it. It was�uidee^ a mqif >&>iderfu;]y ingenious Contrivance, for other wife the water* within would have tranfuded thro' thoFtmt Stone, as it always does ia the Collections of other Gentlemen. I am glad to find Terra Sigillata Ltmnia tranflated Cologn's Earth.* 1 was always of opinion that Lem-nos and Cologn were the fame place, notwithilauding our common Geographers place one in Germany, snd the other in the Archipelago. It is with fome pleafure too, that I find my opinion confirmed, that the Terra Japon'wa is not only called, but alio really is an Earth. Mr. Dale, indeed, in his Pharmacologia endeavours to prove it to be a vegetable juice, becaufe it not only diflblves in water, but is alfo incorporated with it, and gives it a red' tincture, as many other infpiflated Juices do. Nay, he fays it does not feparate from the water when filtred, as all Earths do; and turns entirely to afhes when calcin'd, which no Earth ever does. Ksempfer too, in his Hiftory of Japan, calls it an infpiflated Juice. But thefe Authors were certainly miftaken. The Pearls and Crab's claws f are juftly rank'd under ths head of Minerals; as are the Gums � alfo, which, no doubt, belong to that Kingdom. -j- The way of producing Gums from any Plant is new to me, and, I believe to every one elfe. It is done, it feems, by txprefjmg the-Juice sf the Plant, and boiling it to a proper Confiftency ; for otherwise it would yield none �at all. It is an ufeful difcovery, that Aloes, or (as our Profeflor calls it) Gum Aloes, * is produced by exprejpng the Juice from the Leave* of the Plant. Boerhaave, indeed, fays ("in his Chemiftry) that Aloes bruifed togethsr, yields a meer green juice^ tho' the juice diftilling from the fame, when lightly broke or wounded^ be of a golden colour. He was led into this opinion by fome miftaken notions he had of the different juices in Plants. OncFabius Co-lumna too, an Author of little credit among the Botanifts, pretends that he obtained good Aloes by making oblique incifions in the Leaves of the Plants, and placing veffels underneath to receive the juice, whichoropped from their veins. Pliny mentions fomething like this too, but thefe People were all greatly miftaken. Mummy being found in the Hecatombs in f Egypt, is an information of no great ufe to us, indeed* as Phy-ficiansj but it may ferve as a Specimen of Our Profef-for's Learning. Benzoinum has been hitherto writ in Englifh Benjamin or Benzoin, but for the future, I hope, it will be always fpelt after the new manner, Ben's wine, f f The Flower of Ben's wine (we are told,) produces a Butanum: what this Butanum is, none of my Friends cm tell me. I beg the favour of you, Sir, to ask Mr. ProfefTor, when you fee him at the Pegafusy and give me notice as foon as you have leifure. Gum Animt,. we are told, hits been much efteemed by "the Antients, they making it an Ingredient in their Perfumes.** Some of our Authors have fuppofed it not to have been known to the Antients j others have thought, that if it was known to them, it rouft be what Diofcorides called Amminea, and reckoned a bad fort of Myrrh.. . He fays of it n d/x/Aitia uttwuS^narrn^Kt^c.. For my part, I do not think our Gum is mentioned in any of ' the writings of the Antients now extant. I rather believe it is in fome of their loft works, which, I fuppofe, our Profeflor defigns to make a prefent of to this Uni-verfity, with the other things which he is fo good as ;o promife us. I am glad we fhall be better able to find the Valerie n, for the future. We have hitherto found it hardly any where about Cambridge but in bufhy places, and a dry, chalky foil.   We fhall expect now to find it commonly in the woods, and on the fides of wet Banks. * That on the fides of wet Banks I take to be the ficteft for phyfical ufes The Ipecacuanha, we are told has of late f been made into a Bole, and given to the Quantity of a fcruple at a -time. I would recommend this to the perufal of our Phyiicians; who are fb'venturous, as to make no difficulty of prefcribing half'a dram, and often more, of this dangerous Root; which our Profeflor fays is hardly ever given, but in Cafes of the greateft Necejfiiy. Thefe few obfervations have occurred to me on a very flight furvey of thefe excellent Lectures. When I have confidered them more carefully, I doubt not but I fhall find a great number of Difcoveries, as extraordinary, as they are new. I hope Mr. ProfefTor v/ill be fb good as to continue his reading to us ; for hitherto ff the want of theje Leclares publickly has occafioned many to feek them abroad, and fly to foreign XJniverfities for that knowledge which we might gain at home. And, I hope, this good example will have fuch an effect, that .* every Profejfor in their fiveral Branches of Phyfiik, will take their proptr opportunities of redding to us, and explaining the feveral parts. of their knowledge; that we may net want any thing among us, which is neceffary to confirm that Character which has always been given to Cambridge and Oxford.   I am, Xour very humble Servant. P. m.     f i1- 124-     tt p- 3'- Ibk. P. 4.     fP-H p. 18.     U p. 48. * P. 6 t P. Sj". 1 V.7S, 7*-ft    3�*     " . ff p. p-9Z. ii- . 1 p. p. 84. LONDON. Thursday, March 1 z. This day is held the 4th and laft general feal in Chancery after Hilary Term.   Cour. D. Poji. 4 Even. Pofts. They write from Winchcfter, that at the laft Aflizes an Information was tried between the King and fome of the Inhabitants of Andover, for obftructing the officers of excife in the execution of a warrant from the Juftices of Peace of Hampfhire j they believing they could juftify fuch obftruction, by virtue of a Charter, that all offences arifiog within the Town of Andover were determinable only before the Magiftrates of that Corporation. But notwithftanding fuch pretended exclu-five Jurifdidtion, the King obtained a verdict j and what the officers did by virtue of the faid Warrant from the Juftices of the County at large, was found to be legal. D. Pofl vnAJoum. St. James's and Land. Even. Pofts. Mr. Plumber of Hoddefdon's mare won a wager of loo guineas of Mr. Armftrocg, about coming from Hoddefdonin one hourj which fhe performed in 50 minutes, when fhe came in yeftefday morning to Shore-ditch Church.   P.Boy and The Even. Pofl. The packet directed to thePoft mafter General found in Lincoln's-Inn Bog-houfe, being carried tothe General Poll: Office, and being opened, was found to contain a great number of Bills and notes, bur none of the Bank. Daily Journal, The Even, and Whitehall Even. Pofts. On Tuefday.ac a general Court of the Royal African Company, a Refo!uiion was unanirnoufly agreed to, for impowering the Court of Afliftants, to treat with the Parliament, in relation to the putting their Forts and Ciftles in a defenfible fbte, or furrendering them to the Crown in fuch conditions as may conduce moft to benefit of their trsde.   The 4 Even. Pofts. OnTuefday niahtlaft, Mr. John Cardell, aQual an eminent Clothworker, in the Curtin, near lane, Shoredircb, was attacked by fome S about a quarter pift 7> under Moor-gate came behind him, and knock'd him down, out of h:s Breeches Pocke*, tied up   

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