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General Evening Post Newspaper Archive: March 2, 1790 - Page 1

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Publication: General Evening Post

Location: London, Middlesex

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   General Evening Post (Newspaper) - March 2, 1790, London, Middlesex                                Sttine, from Llfbon. Came down, and failed la^^gritanina,; Watfen* and        Ghar- vis's Streights: Minerva,' s^Ufon, for N^^rovi-. dence* Gretwill^CwS^Jor Charks-Town ? Sarda* An&r|^.^^�iipN>^M^ 'Waltluim, for Halifax ; RefolntiQn, Tanton, and MaryiAnn, Litton, for Jamaica; and Richard Wilfon, for Havre. Wind N! E. Grmoefend, March i. PaJTed by the Sally, Jarry, from Oilend; Elizabeth, Pritchard, from Cork; Juno, Kennedy, and Mary, Rofkruge, from Lif-bon; Induftry, Patterfbn, from'Rotterdam; A&ive, Lane, from Seville j Saccefs, Harper, from Cha-rante; and Apollo, Bennet, from Cadiz. *     ~     LONDON. On Saturday evening the Commiffioners of txcife had another conference with Mr. Pitt, at jiis houfe in Downing-ftreet, on the fubjcd o/ the j'nteaded alterations in the Tobacco Act. Since the above aft patted, the Miniiler has devoted much time and attention to the new* modelling or removal of fuch parts of it as have been made the fubje& pf complaint by the manufacturers $ and there is the greateft reafon to believe, fuch alterations will take place as- will render it far left liable to objection. Tie operation of the Ex'cife in collecting this part of the public revenue, it is faid> however, is not intended wholly to be diffdnfeH with. The late application of the American merchants to Kfri Pitt was not oncerning the debts contracted by the fubje&s of the United States rince the year 1776, but before that period; a Jill of which debts, not liquidated on the 31ft of December laft, they then preferited to the Mini-tter, The merchants of London, Brifiol* Liverpool Whitehaven, and Glafgowv - *-ibjrme�-i^'^Mr. -Pitt or thfe fabje& were enjoined by him to take the flep of coliefting the amount of their debts* previous to any thing which could be done to obtain the payment of them. It is fuppofed the matter will be brought before Parliament uCthe courfe of the prefent Seflion; Major Scott yefterday gave notice in the Houfe of Commons> that he intended, on Monday next, to prefent a petition from Captain Williams, on the fubject, of die allufions made to him in the charges prefeuted  againft  Warren  Haitings, *fq. An order is given fbr an immediate account of the officers and feamen on board the (hips^in ordinary at the oiitportsi on the laft day ofFebruary, to be tranfmitted to the Admiralty Board. Mr. Lloyd, fiirgeon of the Serpent floop of war, isappointed fiirgeon of the NarciiTus frigate. A Purler in the Navy has prepared a- code �f fignals for the Admiralty, on a plan equally fimple and ingenious with IS flags only. This plan is fufceptible of expreffing thSufands of fignificatibns Iby being difplaved on the mdft confpicuoiis parts of7 a fhip; ana by an eafy mechanical device, they are made to change almoit perpetually-, thereby rendering thero of no ufe in the event of their falling into the enemy's hands. Extract cf a Letter from. Elfineure, Feb. 6. " Since the 16th ult. the weather has been very mild and open, and we have only had fome ihort intervals of froft and fnow. There are fhips al-mofr daily paffing this place to and from Copenhagen. We hope that our navigation will com-meirce~g2r!y this feafbn. as the uft foreign poft fays that there is no ice in the lower part of the Baltic." The firft mail for Nova Scotia and Quebec this feafon will be difpatched on Wednefday the 7th of next month. The Sovereign, Benn, from Charleston, is arrived at Dover. The London, Mitchell, from Charlefton, is arrived at Cowqe. The Betfey, Bifhop, from Cephalonia, fpoke the Lancafter, of Whitehaven, for the Weft-Indies, the 21ft ult. 18 leagues Weft of Scilly* and the Edward, Furmage, from Hull to the South fifhery, five or fix leagues South of Scilly, ail well. Lord William Gordpn, Deputy Ranger of St. James's Park, has obtained a grant of his Ma-j'-lly, for 61 years, of the beautiful Lodge in the Green Park, at a very fmalTarmual-rent. The celebrated Harrington, atithpr of the Oceana, in fome of his Quixotic plans for the improvement of Ireland, very laudably propofed that the Irifh nation fhould be' compleatly extirpated as incapable of culture, and that they ihauld be replaced by Jews. Yefterday the following numbers were drawn prizes at Guildhall, viz. No. 48,962, a priaseyof 5,oool.-No. 32,955* a prize of icol.-Nk�. 43,672, 4,833, 30,614* 11*111, prizes of 50!. |avras, widowoft &e^Fayras, who t^.|{p��-tinie with her hufband, and epnlhed^^^^^ of the' Abbey ofSt. Ger-ttaln>'|Va^r^P^V&pm her confinei^uph'Sa^ turday riigijttneF^^pf February, without iafc- $Iar< _____ the celebrated Italian finger, is faid j&ig^J|ied lately on his *vay w England. " - We^ are'fetfrjr to inform our^*eaders, that Mrs.J Yearfley, the PSetic- )!^%TW.March 35. -   Eleaser Boulcon, late of Union-ftreet, Bimopfgate.fUeet, in the city 0/ London, merchant; on or before March xy. William Richard, of the town of SwanJca* Giamorgan-(hire, viftualler; on or before March 13. Bankruptcies enlarged. Edward Holanes, of Fofter-lane, London, jeweller;  to fm-ender April 17, at ten, at Guildhall; London.' William Pybut, of Bartholomew lane,, near the Royal-Exchange^ London, watch and deck-maker $ to funcoaar Aprfl 17, at Txn^ at OalKbafl. V vv'Tuesday, March z. QEVE|^L;'?j^yate bilj? and petitions were k3 brou|;hi ii� �n3 jrefented by Mr. Wemy�; Mr. Martin, Mr: ^febnk Sir Gregory Page Tumei>,M^lMirMnr; ai^id Mr. Gilbert. � Mr. ISfondds moved^fcM; leaVe tb bring in a bill foFakering the Summe^ Seffion, and the Eafter Ind'^^i^iitide Se^lons in. that part of Great-|al^^^eF^t&d;;Jeave was given. ' '^iMt^'1^Sa^'j^i^':  goods, incomes and revenues of �fe Eaft-India Compaiy, for the year 1789^ be laid before, the Hoafe.~Ordefed. ; M^^bert biQught up the Reports of the Com-oifiee^ oT'^^Jy-, that the fam of 703,2721. J7SH,,iid. be granted for the Navy for the year 1790. That tfte fam of 496*3601. be likewife grafted for Ihips of war, and that the neceffiry [-cfetthiiig anilpay be granted to the Militia, for the year 1790- That the fum of 490,3601. be like-wife granted for mips of war? and that the nesef-fary cloathing and pay be granted to the Militia, for the yeas 1790. Mr.-Ro/e moved,^tftat a Committee be appointed for making additional Commiffioners for the Land-tax, ana that they bring up their report this day fortnight. Agreed to. Sir Job* Riggs Miller moved, that ce^ain Plans and Eftirnates by Sir William Chambers of - Somerfet-hOufe be laid before the Houfe, which, afteraftiort converfation between Sir John and Mr^Rofe* was-agreed to., Meflage from the Lords was received, acquaint-ing'the Houfe that their Lordlhips had agreed to twopHiva^oiUs.. *    - Mr. Courtnay apologized for not making his promifed .motion laft-Monday fe'nnight, relative to the Ordnancei Eftiniates ; but obferved, that he fhould bring i^on in the courfe of next week. Mttfhr Scott rafved that a copy of a certain letter .from India might be-iaid before the Houfe, and he likewife remarked that hefliould, with the lcjave of the Hi�^e, prefent a Petition iri favour of Captain Williams� Test ,A;KO CojftPO-RATiON Acts. ^0 very aikioif were men of all defcriptioris out the fat� oi the intended motion for the re-l�^at avenues leading to el^oS* of '^onSatons were crowded at an early houiv and the gaKery Avas full- by ten o'clock in the mosming; andihofe who were fo fortunate as, to gain admittance^ expefted fo much gratification from the di^a(56n of a rjnefiion, in everv point cf view important thati^ev-did not thra^ they pid too dear' for it, though they were �h.ul up iajthe gailery^|fe!rneafr feveh hours before the bufmefs began, and were greatly incommoded by exr^^m^ -^4^- -f"-- Ai about half i>aft four o'clock,! Mr-. Fox rofe  It wpUld have been better fof.the caufe which he meant th&t day to fupport, that the motion which he intended to offer to the confideratioa of the Houfe, had been brought forward by the fame Gentleman who made it laft year (Mr. Beaufoy) ; for that Gentleman would have handled it with much greater ability than he could boaft, and with much more advantage to the Common caufe in which they were both embarked. The perfons, however, who were immediately interefted in this gueftion^ had, for certain rea-fons, expreffeda wifh that he wo$d undertake to bring forward this -year the important bu&nefs, which had produced the very numerous attendance of Members" wheh he^ theft perceived in the Hoafe. :-\ '' > Though, fhijeiufe thetMITenters might Tu^ fer in Tij� .a^jind^^taii^Dgh" his wjtst of ability to J do it JniU^iW CCHjid not^e^.^iirig And ex-prefhng an hon^ft pride in the reifcftion, ih^tthe Proteftant Diffenters Joad applied; to him to plead their carafe, and. ftattf.the grounds on which they were entitled to a repeal.of the Teit and Corporation Ads. This application was the more ho noorable to him* as 1% >was made by perfons who had ufually differei from him in the general line of politics, and wlipra, in his political career, he bad generally fo^n^is adverfajries. The confidence whte^ihey repofed iodiim this day was highly flattering, as it was apparent to all mankind from this ft$;pr that even his political enemies confidered him to be governed in all his actions �s a public ihan, by principle, and.confe-^uently ready to do whatever firom principle he thought'was right, tliough his political enemies fhould derive .advantage from it. Having, premifed theferobfervations, he faid he would i^mediateiv pr^eed tte- .the bufmefs which he intended tabr�^.^cito dif^uflion*.' Tolerauoa in:-i*e1igloh, he^-^aid, was what in th^fe enligHtened days, every liberalman was ' read^ tdgrttAt: but till within a-^ery fhort number- of years, religious tcSetat^h never did exift in any ftate. ; \ i- Some people might Icnate^r^ that this intolerance arofe from  an iiCe^mftency in man, and a variance which- he fidHsfed to fubfiit between his principles and his c%tdi^  Bat this was not the tolerant of every ^nomination was tot too Iron-Ment vyith $eit R>r him ja wimhold his approbation of many of its acts the fource of which would be found in the neceJfity to which the nation was driven of reviewing its principles. The principle on which perfecution or - intolerance was founded was this, that man ^negated to himfelf the faculty of knowing man's opinions, and tracing all the confequences which mult ne-oefTarily flow froai, them. If. this one principie was granted, then might perfecution be defended, and made to appear, not only innocent, bar meritorious; This principle once granted, horrid maflacreTat Paris,"the fires in Smithfield, and every acl of bloody intolerance, and perfecating fury, might be vindicated. For if men, confidering opinions in their own way, forefaw that confequences injurious to the temporal and eternal happinefs of mankind mufK inevitably flow from them* that rigour and feve-rity againft thofe who maintained thefe opinions, would be charity and humanity towards the many who might be feduced tp their eternal- definition, if the perfons who poffeffed fuch opinions were not profcribed apd punifhed with all the feverity of penal laws'. If Prote'ftants faw in the opinions of Roman Catholic, certain, tenets which they conceived to be neceffarily fubverfive of every priaKiple of morality, then it followed of courfe they ought, from principles of duty towards God, and towerds fociety, to profcribe Ronjan.Cathotics. On the other hand,' if Roman Catholics faW ia the opinions of Prote'ftants, certain tenets, which in^their judgment were, neceflarily fubverfive both of natural and revealed religion, then it followed of courfe that Roman Catholics were bsjwd by every print^le cf duty towards God and man, to profcribe Proteftants. Thus might . thefe two religions juftify the m4uial p�ffecudon of each other. But the principle upon which this - reafoning was.fup ported was fall?; and this led him to con� fider what was toleration. Toleration was ibund* ed upon a principle diametrically, oppofite to that on which perfecutibn flight be defended. It was founded on thatj?rincrpie which fainted oat t� ���erery man the pwpftetyj^f p3agmf^ip^ta^"*oT his neighbour, and thinking that he might do him an injuftice if he were %o fct up for a more Itith-ful interpreter of his opinioas than Vrs neighbour himfelf could be. * Every man had a fjght fo far to judge of the opinions of others, as jxy -adopt them ^they appeared to be good, ,and. to reject them, if he thought they lea ta bad confequences. But na man had a right to fay that the fame opinion could not pofiibly be viewed by any man in a different light from that in which it appeared to hhn. * � -� Thus, for inftance, a man might confider many tenets of Roman Catholics, fuch as, in his opinion* might, or would lead to bad confequences, and therefore fuch as it would not be fit for , him to adopt. But he had no right to conclude that Roman Catholics confidered thofe tenets as leading to any fuch confequences. He would* not, for the purpofe of -proving that tenets which one fet of men might think dangerous, might by another be deemed, and be in reality, perfectly harmlefs, refer to the ftate of Roman Catholic countries: he would not attempt tp prove that jjureprinciples ofjmoraijrj^_andjthe practice of every Cnriffian and amiable virtue prevailed inthom: in fucb.ftnenlightened age as'the prefent to doubt it would be thought illiberal; and were he-to,-.lay down a contrary do6trine, the liberality of the Houfe would fcout it with indignation. From this then he would infer, that we had a right to rejeft any opinion which appeared to us erroneous or dangerous+-But that we had 110 right to conclude that thofe who entertained fuch an opinion viewed it in the fame light^ or thought it led to the'confequences, which,we fhould fancy mufl.neceffarUy be produced by it. On the contrary, when we faw perfons who entertained fuch opinions as we thought dangerous to fociety and religion, pafs their lives in the practice of every religious and moral, virtue, we fhpuld conclude that the. confequences, which in our apprehenfion mufTfce produced by them, did not neceffarily attend them. There were two ways by which we might judge of the opinions of men-a priori and a poftt-riori. The former generally led to falfe conclu-fions-the latter never. When a man,- judging of a new opinion, fays I am fure fuch and fuch confequences mufr neceffarily flow from it, he expofes him&lf, at leaft, to--the hazard of being' miftaken. But when he argues from effects to caufes, and not from caufes taeffects, it waafcarcedy poffible that he1houlct.be mistaken. When opinion*   d led to bad confequences   

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