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General Advertiser Newspaper Archive: October 18, 1746 - Page 1

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Publication: General Advertiser

Location: London, Middlesex

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   General Advertiser (Newspaper) - October 18, 1846, London, Middlesex                                The General Advertifer. Numb. 3738. SATURDAY,   October 18,   1746. Deal, OBober 16. AILED Yefterday after Poft his Majefty's Ship the Surprize, but put back laft Night, and remain with the-Ship for Rotterdam. Sailed laft Nighjhis Majefty's Ship Fox, on a Cruize. Dover, 03. ib. Sailed the Friendfhip, Wright ; Blefling, Marfhal; Dolphin, Rickaby ; Prince of Orange, Blackburne ; Talbot, Seymour ; Good Intent, Swail; and feveral other ytflels, for Newcaftle ; and about zo Sail of Coafters for London.   WindS.S.W. Falmouth, 03. 13. Arrived a Swedifh Ship from Bremen, �nd a Dutch Dogger, to lo-d Fifli for the Straits, fomes not known.   Wind E.N.E. Pul, 0:1. 15.  Sailed the Jane, Shank, to wait Convoy at Spitheacf, for London. Southampton, 03. 15. Yefterday faiI'd John and Jane, Lambert; Amity's Succefs, Cuthbert; and the Recovery. Tnftram, for Newcaftle. The Induftry, Allifon, from Riga, is arrived at Stockholm. The Ploeq, Blacker, from Lifbon, in the River. LONDON. ExtraS of a fetter from the Hague, Oil. 21.  Affairs are at prefent in fuch a State, that he who at-  tempts to give his Opinion of them is hardly fafe in his � own Reputation.   What can we fay of Things that eve-  ryDayputona new Face, and may, perhaps, by that  Time you publifh this, appear to rne here in a quite dif-  ferent Light from what I now reprefent them r 4 In general, I much doubt if a Peace will be concluded  this Winter. M. Saxe, by attacking the Allies at a 1 Time when they were only drawing off to gc into Win-  ter-Quarcers, did doubtlefs intend to forward the Nego-  ciations according to the Views of his own Court   He � claims a Victory, and the Miniftry of Verfailles will 4 certainly on that Account, infill on higher Terms.  The; � Allies will not allow that Name to the trifling Succefs ' gain'd againft them on the nth, and think they per-  formed what they intended with as little Lofs as poffible,  confidering in what Manner they were attacked. So 4 that this Affair is likely rather to irritate the Minds of 4 both Parties, and make them refolve to have another  Trial, than to bring Matters to a fpeedy Conc'ufion.  The Difpute between the King of Sariinia and the ' Auftrian Generals conveys only a Cenfure on the Treat-  mentof a Prince, who was not originally a Principal in 4 this War, and who has neverthelefs (hewn that the Suc-' cefs of it always depends on his hearty Concurrence in  the Operation*.   To keep warm the Friendfhip of a  Monarch, who has (hewn he can do fo much, and who ' might have fuch flattening Conditions if he would con-' fent to do nothing, fhould be thought a Point of more �* Importance, than to make themoft of the wretched Ge-- loefe. However, as there is an Appearance that ail ' Things are made eafy, and the Operations are certainly ' renewed, we can only be forry, that there has been a  Sufpenfion when there might h&ve been a Progrefs.  As to the Defcent in Britany, we look upon it only as 4 a new and neceffary kind of Hoftillitiea, which we ex-pell France will feverely feel the Effect of before long, notwithstanding the Re-embarkation from Port 1* Orient. 4 The Court of Spain, the Affembly at Breda, the Declarations and Proceedings of the King of Pruffia, are at prefent all equally impenetrable.  If I had faid the fame 4 of the Intentions of thofe who are Sovereigns of Breda, 4 and have been the moft fenfibie Lofers by the War, per-4 haps I had not been far diftant from the Mark.' Yefterday it was reported, that the French had made a Defcent on Newfoundland, but it met with very little Credit, and is fuppos'd to have been propagated only to fcrve private Ends. Yefterday came Advice, that the Elhubeth, Ramfay, from Belfaft to the Leeward Jflands,istaken.'by the French, and carried into Martioico. The fame Day there was an Account, that the Friend's �Ppodwill, Davy, for Hull, was iiranded at Narva on the Tjth of September. And that at the fame time aaother Ship, bouttd to Kirk-ham, was alfo ftranded there. Yefterday a quantity of Wine and other Things was brought to the Palace of St. James'* from Richmond, his Majetty not intending to go there this Scafoa. Yefterday Morning early died at his Houfe in the Tower of London, John White, Efqj Chief Ljtrk under the Hon. Charles Frederick, Efqj Principal Clerk of the Deliveries of the Ordnance. He was a Gentleman of good Senie, and much efteem'd by all that were acquainted with him. This Day there will be a Proof of fome Pieces of Cannon at Woolwich cf a new Invention, which if lik'd muft be of great Service in the Navy ; as by this Improvement a Piece of Ordnance which is to carry a Nine-pound Shot will weigh no more than one which, at pfefent carries but Four Pound. On Monday next the Right Hon. the Lord Chancellor will hold the Second General Seal before Michaelmas Term at Lincoln's-Inn Hall. Next Week Prince Cherbatow, late Ambaf&dor from the Court of Rufpa, W'll fet out for Harwich, in order to embark for Holland, on his return home. Yefterday the Seffions ended at the Old Bailey, when eight Prifoners were tried, one whereof was Capitally convicted, viz. Robert Fitzgerald, for uttering and publifhing a forg'd and counterfeit Bill of Exchange for 211. 15 s. with an Intent to defraud Arnold Nefbir, Efq; and Comp. of Cole-man-ftreet, London. Then he, with Samuel Mecum,Philip Jewell, and Robert Radwell, received Sentence of Death. Three were caft for Tranfportadon, and four Acqtitted. Catherine Robinfbn, alias Holland, and George Taylor, were Yefterdajrttfied for a Confpiracy j the laid Ca-j therine Robfafon for procuring George Taylor to perfo-' nate a Tradefman in Newgate-ftreet, and to marry her ; of"which Crime they were Doth found guilty. ^ The next enfuing Seffions begins at the Old Baily the 5th pf December next. YORK, OSoher, 8. Our laft Account ended with the Proceedings againft the Rebels on Monday Night.   And, On Tuefday Morning Sir David Murray, Bart. Capt. George Hamilton, and forty-five more of the Rebels, who had either been convicted or pleaded Guilty, were brought up to the Bar to receive Judgment. Lord Chief Baron Parker addrefs'd himfelf to them in a very pathetic Speech ; fetting forth, The horrid Nature of Hjgh Trea-* {on, which mvoiv'd. it mmanyotbir heinous Crimes j particularly Wilful Pet jury in all thofe who have taken the Oaths to the Government ; and alfo Murder ; for that all thofe concern'd in this Unnatural and Unprovok'd Rebellion, were anfwerable for the Deaths of thofe Brave and Gallant Men, who fell in the Caufe of their King, their Religion, their Laws, their Liberties, their Properties ; in the battles of Prefton-Pans, Falkirk, and CuDoden. ^jf hat the Heinoufnefs of the late Rebellion was greatly *gra-vated; in regard there was no Sort of Foundation or ever the lead Pretence to be made for it; his prefent Majefty having never invaded, nor fo much as attempted to invade, any of his Subjects [Liberties or Properties in the leaft Degree, or in one fingle Inftance, during the Reign of near twenty Years: That therefore an Attempt calculated to depofe and murder fo gracious a Prince, one of the beft and moft merciful Monarchs that ever fat on the Englifh Throne, and to deftroy his illuftrious Family,   was a Crime of fo flagrant a Nature, that he wanted Words to exprefs.   His Lordfhip concluded with exhorting them, To reflect upon their paft Actions ; fincerdy to repent of that horrid Crime they flood Convicted of, and all other Offences of their Lives.   He then proceeded to pafs that Sentence which the Law required of him. Yoa the Prifoners at the Bar, and every one of you,-are to return to the Prifon from whence you came j and "from thence yon muft be drawn to the Place of Execution; when you come there, you muft.be hang'd by the Neck, but not -till you be dead; for you muft be cut down alive ; then your Bowels muft be taken out, and burnt before your Faces'j then your Heads muft be fevered from your* (Bodies, and each of four Bodies divided into four Quarters, and thefe muft be at the King's Difpofal. And God Almighty be merciful to your Souls, The Condemned Prifoners being withdrawn, Edward Claveriog, William Hay, William Farrier, Daniel Fra-fier. (a Highlander, who not underftanding Englifh fpoke by an Interpreter) and Angus Campbell, pleaded Guilty. , Then Duncan Stuart, was brought up to the Bar, and having pleaded Not Guilty, the following Gentlemen were fworn upon the Jury, viz. Mr. Benjamin Boomer, of Rotherham, Mr. Timothy Rhodes of Brampton-Byer-ley, Mr. Jonathan Gautrofs, of Wath, Mr. Henry Wil-kinfon of Rotherham, Mr, Samuel Kirk of Kimberworth, Mr. John Hardy of Wirieftead, Mr. Jofeph Steer of Sheffield, Mr. Richard Tyas of Rotherham, Mr. Thohus Acklam of Dringhoe, Mr. John Olds of Ryfe, Mr. John. Hart of South' Dalton, and Mr. William ElH.t of Wal. kington. Upon the Trial it appeared that the Prifoner Duncan Stuart, was a Soldier in Roy Stuart's Regiment that he marched with the Rebels to Derby ; and that he mounted Guard at Carlifle, when b;fieged by the Duke of Cumberland, where he was taken Prifoner : In his Defence, feveral Witneffes were call'd. who depos'd, that he liv'd in a particular Part of the Highlands call'd Strathband and Gaiantelly near Dunkeld, which Diftrict could raife about 330 Men able to bear Arms, out of which only one Man joined the Rebels Voluntarily ; but that a Body of about joo of the Frafiers (a Clan of which. Lord Lovat is the Chief,; arm'd with Guns, Bayonets, and Swords, came into that Part of the Country, wheie they enter'd the Villages, and forced all the Men able to bear Arms to go along with them, on pain of burning their Houfes ; that all the Men fo collected, were fhot up every Night, and a Guard placed over them, to prevent their Defertien till they reached 'Edinburgh, where they were drawn out and regimented ; that a Serjeant having deferted at Moffat, Col. Roy Stuart fwore, if he was apprehended he would (hoot him with his own Hand at the Head of his Regiment; But it appeared, by the King's Evidence, that fome who actually did defert, and were re-taken, were not punifhed, but had only a ftricter Eye kept over them ; that all the Prifoner's Wit* neffes did themfelves defert from this Regiment, and that they believed the Prifoner might have had the fame Opportunities of doing it as they had ; and that tho* once indeed, on their March, betwixt Carlifle and Afli* bume, he threw down his Gun in Sight of the Regiment, and faid he would ^go no farther, (whereupon he had a Guard fet oyer him for 3 or 4 Hours) yet that he afterwards took his Arms again and acted as a Soldier. The Jury thereupon brought Ih.^heir Verdict Guilty. Alexander Scott and William Scott, were brought up next, being both charg'd in the fame Indictment, who alfo pleaded Not Guilty. They both appeared to have been Soldiers in Roy Stewart's Regiment. One Evidence depofed he faw them walking in Carlifle with Guns, during the Duke of Cumberland's befieging it, and that they belonged to Roy Stewart's Regiment, as he himfelf did. but that he could not fay he ever faw them mount Guard ; and tho' they were in the fame Regiment, and the Evidence march'd in it to Derby eftd hack again, he could not fay that he ever faw him 'till their Return to Carlifle ; and that .the (Reafon he knew him to belong to Roy Stewart's Regiment was, becaufe he fa"w the Regiment drawn up and they were in it, but he could not fay in what Part. Another Evidence was very clear that he faw them both mount Guard in Cailifle, whilft - Poffeffion of the Rebels.  The Prifoners called no in Witneffes ia their Favour; but as there were only two produced againft them, and as the Law requires two Credible Witneffe* to convict a Man of High Trea-foo, their Council endeavour'd to invalidate the Evidence of the firft Witnefs ; but their Tefltmony appearing fa-tisfactory to the Jury, they brought in their Verdift Guilty. Daniel Duff and David Wilkie, \vefe tiext call'd up. Their Defence was, That they were fofe'd into the Rebellion ; but tho1 their Evidences prov'd' they were Originally fore'd, yet they could not give fufflcient Proof of the Continuance of that Force ; for to clear a Man of High fTreafon in thefe Circumftances it is not fufficienc to prove that he was Originally fore'd into &ch Service, but he muft alfo prove that fuch Force continued till the Time of his being apprehended and taken Prifoner, and that he never had an Opportunity of fBakieg his Eicape 1 And if fuch Opportunity can be'made to appear, the Firft Force, in Conflruction of Law,' Will not avail him. Whereupon the Jury found them Guilty, but KCOBimended them both to Mercy. John James Jellans and Louis Fonre were jointly tried upon the fame Indictment. It app^ar!d"They were concern'd with, feveral Rebels in plundering Lord Lonfdale's Houfe of Lowther-hall in Weftmodand, where they were taken Prifoners by the Militia. The Prifoners in their Defence aljtdg'd, That they were Frenchmen } and that as fuch they ow'd no Allegiance to the King of England t That there being open and declar'd War between Great-Britain and France, they were not nor could not, by the Lawof Nations be deem'd Rebels or Traitors. This,Plea was ftrongly fupported by Mr. Lockhart, their Council, who argued,  That to conftitute a Treafon, there moft be what the Law calls Proditio. and from thence a Traitor is term'd Proditor, but that where there was no Protection implied, there could no Allegiance be requir'd ? nor could there be any Treachery, where there was no Truft. The Court feem'd unanirooufiy to incline co this, as the Prifoners were, .prima Facie, Frenchmen 5 and put it upon the A D V ERT, IS F M E    T S are taken in for this Paper, *' LioYD*3 CefFii-Hovsb, in Lombard-Street   

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