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General Advertiser: Saturday, December 11, 1745 - Page 1

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   General Advertiser (Newspaper) - December 11, 1845, London, Middlesex                                WEDNESDAY,   December ii,   1745. To the Author of the General Advertiser. S You obliged many of your Readers with the Admonition of the Synod of Glajgo'w and �ditJ!urgh^ fend you that of the Synod Provincial of Dumfria.-What makes it more remarkable, and fliews their Zeal is, that they met and iffucd thisferious Warning- Xsvo ^-^w-,^^,-   Days after the Defeat of Sir Jshn Cope^i Arthy, and when the Capital of the Kingdom was in Poffeffiott^of the Rebels. ^ Serious U^arning hy the Mimfiers of the Synod , 0^ Dumfries, to all Perfins luithin their Bounds, concerning the Danger of Popery and Slavery^ by the prefeht unnatural Rebellion, Sept. 23, 174.5. \K7 E the Minifters of the Synod of Dumfries^ affembled on Account of the melancholy Situation of Affairs at this Jundiure, judge it our Duty to God, and a juft and ne-ceflary Service we owe to our moll gracious Sovereign King GEORGE, our Country, Ourfelves, and our Poiterity j to warn Perfons of all Ranks, of the imminent Danger of Popery and Slavery, to which thefc Lands are ewcpolcd by the prefent Unnatural Rebellion, railed in Favour of a Po-pi(h Pretender, headed by a Sdn ofhis educated at Rome, in all the Maxims of Popery and Arbitrary Government. When the Rebeli have in lolhort a Time made fuch an alarming Progrefs, when they have got PolfefliDn of the Capital of our Country, and defeated Part of his Majelly's Troops ihat engaged themi when our Religion, our Liberties, our �xcellent Conftitution in Church and State, and all that is valuable to us as Men and Chrifti&ns, are in fuch imminent  Danger, it is high Time to awake out of Sleep, and fhake ^ off that Indifference and Lukewarmnefs, which hath feized ^ too many : Indifference in fuch a Cafe is criminal, and as Q a Heathen obferved, when our Country is in Danger, the p , Man that is neutral or indifferent, is an Enemy. Q     Let none deceive themfelves, and Vainly imagine, that ^ their Religion and Liberties may be fafe, fhoiildthepreftnt ^ Government, and the Proteftaht Succeffion in the ilJuftrious Houfe of Hanover, be overturned, which God forbid : :   For in that melancholy Event, a Papift muft afcend the Throne of thcfe Lands, and the Perfon who calls himfelf Regent, and heads the pi efent Rebellion, doth not pretend to be a Protellant; and, as is reported, hath for his chief Coun/ellors and General, noted Fapitls.   That any Perfon acquainted with the Hirtory of the Pretender's Family, and their Education at Rome, Ihould think they are Proteltants, or may become fo, as is artfully hinted, muft be a ftrange Delufiod, and a Bait by which (we hope) no thinking Perfon will be caught.   As he is a Papilt, in whofe l-avour the prefent Rebellion is raifcd, no Regard is to be had to his Promifes or Declarations, of whatever Sort; for it is a Point eftablifhed by the Council of Conjiance, that Faith is not to be kept with Hereticks, and all Proteltants are fuch in their Account.   Whatever they may pretend, they have on various Occafions afted agreeably to this Prmciple, and violated the moft facred Promifes and lolemn Oaths, of which many Inftances are upon Record in Hillory.   Can we imagine, that a Fopilh Pretender raifeu to the Britifl} Throne, by the combin'd Force of France and Spain, thofe cruel and treacherous Enemies will prote m''s the Vilth ; and the great Encroachments made upon our Conftitution both in Church and State, in that perfecuting Period, notwithftanding the moft folemn Engagements to the contrary ; would not wi(h thcfe Severities to be acted over again upon himfelf and Children.   Who would not dread the Thoughts of having one, who boafts of fuch Anceftors, rais'd to the Britijh Throne ? And muft he not be wilfully blind, who exped^ fo much as a Toleration to Prelbyterians, Ihould the prefent Rebellion fucceed ? A Reyiew of the arbitrary Meafures and lawlefs Cruelties of thefe Times, muft make every one fenfible of the Eleffmgs enjoyed by us fince the late happy Revolution, and that our prefent Condition is as inuch preferable to what we can expeft, if th's Government ; be overturned, as Light is to Darknefs, and Freedom to Slavery. Whiatever Grievances may be aljedged, they are not comparable to thofe our Fathers fuffered, nbr to thofe we muft expeft to fuffer, if the Pretender be rais'd to the Throne of .thefe Kingdoms, which we hope in God will never be the Cafe. And tho' fair Promifes to relieve our Country of fome Taxes be artfully made to ferve a Turn ; yet fure they are a meer Blind to deceive the Unwary, and never can be fulfilled^ : No Government can fubfift without Taxes, and if the Pretender fucceed, his own Debts, added to thofe already contracted by the Nation, muft greatly increafe the publick Burdens j efpecially, as he muft keep up a numerous Army to maintain his violent Ufurpation, whereby our Yoke will become intolerable. We know no other Foundation upon which we can fe-curely reft for the full Enjoyment of our Rights, than that excellent Conftitution with which we are blefs'd, and have now a long Time been happy under. The Interefts of the Britijh Nation, and thofe of his prefent Majefty's Family, are infcparably connedted, and the Proteftant Succeffion in that Family has^ ever been efteemed the only Bulwark under God of our Religion and Liberties, by all wife and good Men. It would give the Minifters of the Synod no fmall Concern to find, that any under their Care (hould ever be deluded by a common but deceitful Argument ufed by the Pretender's Friends, that he hath as natural and legal a Right to the Crown of thefe Realms, as the Son of any Gentleman hath to fucceed to his Father's Eftate. For befides what may be faid with Refpeft to the Sufpicions of his fpu-rious Birth, fuch an Argument difcovers a real or affedted Ignorance of the true Nature and Defign of Government ' in general, and of the Nature of the Britijh Conftitution in particular. As the very End of Government is the Good of the Governed, and as Governments are appointed to be Guardians of the Interefts ef the Subjects, it would be " a moft dangerous Pofition to fuppofe, that it can never be in the Power of a Nation to rid itfelf of any particular reigning Perfon or Family, whofe fole Aim was to make their Subjedts meeriSlaves. 'Tis w&ll known, that by the Con-ftitudon of Great-Britain, the King is as much obliged to rule by Laws, as the Subjects are bound to obey: Nor is it lefb evident from the Hiftory of this Kingdom, thnt when the King hath affumed to himfelf an arbitrary and defpotick Power, the Subjects, after all otheriMethods tried, but tried in vain, to bring him to a better Mind, have fet him afide and placed another on the Throne, having ftill on fuch Occafions as much Regard as poffiblc to the lineal Succeffion. Tis always to be confidered, that Britain is not like any Eftate whereof the King is fole Proprietor, and the People meer Tennants at Will, much lefs Slaves to his Pleafure ; but that thefe fundamental Laws of the Kingdom, which fettle the Prerogative of the Crown, fecure likewile the Liberty and Property of the Subject. Upon the whole, the Minifters of the Synod earneftly exhort, and obteft People cf all Ranks, to take Care not to be impofed on by the deceitful Pretences of the avowed Enemies of our prefent happy Eftabliftiment, but to perfe-vere ftedfaftly in their Loyalty and Affeftion to their Sovereign King George and the Proteftant Succeffion in his Royal Family, and to continue in a firm Attachment to our excellent Conftitution in Church and State 5 by which under God is fecured to us every Thing dear and valuable in Society.   And they further recommend to all their Number, to be very careful both in publick and private, to Wy before their People, the Errors ot Popery ; to warn -them of the Danger of it, and the Hazard thereby, of an entire Subvcr-fion of the Preftjyterian Government of this Church, now happily enjoyed by us, agreeably to the Word of God, and inviolably Secured to us by our Revolution Claim of Right, and other Fundamental Laws of the Kingdom, to excite in their PeopL a juft Senfe of the Miferies of Arbitrary Power, to guard them againft all wicked and undue Arts that may be uled to alienalte their Minds from the prefent Royal Family and happy Conftitution ; and to ftir them up to Filxed-nefs and Refolution, in Defence of the Religion and Liberties of their Country ; letting them know, that if they lhall vigoroufly appear for thefe valuable Interefts, they may thro' the Help of God confidently hope, from the GoodneCs of the Caufe, and the frequent Interpofitions of a kind Providence in former Times in Support of it, that it fhall not now be fuffered to fink, but will glorioufly triumph over the prefent wicked Oppofition. And further, the Minifters of the Synod fcriaufly exhort j all Minifters and People in their Bounds, to be irequent and earneft in Prayer to Almighty God on this Occafion; particularly to pray, that in Mercy to. thcfe Lands, he may. direft the Councils of our Sovereign King Gno-ge^ prolper his Arms and animkte all his Subjefts to appear with a becoming Zeal and Harmony for the Interefb of his Family, ' and their own valuable Right;; and Priviledges now endangered., would dePJat the Uefigns of our Enemies both at Home and Abroad, put a fpeedyEnd to all our Troubles, and in afpecial Manner, the prefent unnatural Rebellion.   And �^ on this important Occafion, let us all be of good Courage and play the Men for our People,  and the Cities of our' God, and the Lord do that which feemeth him good.  ^ And hereof they appoint Intimation to be pub!ickly made ^s. from the Pulpits in the refpeftive Pafiflics within their o Bounds.  Deal, December 9. SAIL'D Yefterday after Poft the Duke of Bedford on a Cruize. Came down and failed the Elizabeth, White, for Bofton. Remain in the Downs his Majefty's Ships Norwich> Admiral Verhon ; the Ruby, Saphire, 1 ryton, Folkftone, Pool, and Sheernefs, with the Dutch Men cf War.  Wind E.N.E. The Tryton, Saundersj from Portmahone, is arrived at -Smyrna. The Aldboroughj Small fnaw, from Peterlburg, at II-fordcombe. Yefterday arrived a Mail from Holland. "Naples, AW. (T. At Two o'Clock this Morning, the Queen was happily delivered of a Princefs. Hambu'g, Veci 10, They write from Drefden, that they flatter themfelves that an Accommodation will be looci made between the Courts of Saxony and Pruflia ; a Nego-ciation for that Purpofe being thought to, be far advanced, becaufe it was by exprefs Orders of his Pruffian Majefty, that M. de Codewils, firft Minifter of his Cabinet, had ^ fet out for the Army.   Mr. Villiers, the Britifti Minifter,  O has alfo departed from Drefden for Prague, to communicate q-^ to the King of Poland, the laft Difpatches he had received ^ from London, which are faid to be vcryimpoftant, and re- < lative to a Peace.   The King of Pruffia's Army is reckon'd about 30,000 Men i and that of the Prince of Dcffau, almoft as numerous : The latter is obliged to extend over i vaft Traft of Country, in order to fubfift;   By the fame Letters, the Saxon Army, including the Auftrians under General Grune, is made to amount to near 40,000 Men ; and Prince Charles is faid to be advanced to Leutmeritz in Bohemia with 25,000 Men, having not gone fo far to the Left as Prague. Heidelberg, Dec. lo. 'Tis reported that the Garrifon of this Ciiy, which confifts already of 4000 Men, will be reinforced. Worms, Dec. 11. The French have for fome Time'paft, been very much in Motion within their Lines, and large Magazines are forming in Alface, with more Diligence than thofe in the Palatinate. At Landau the Magazines are very confiderable, moft of them in general are already full, and thofe at Straftiurg, Weiffenburg, Colmar, Haltzburg, &c. are now filling. All the Oats and Hay that could be met with, has been bought up for this Purpole ; and the Defign of thefe Preparations is thought to be, that they may aft early and vigoroufly in the Spring. It is faid the French will draw off during the Winter, many of their* Troops in the Netherlands towards Lorrain, the Mofelle, and Alface. The Inhabitants of the Palatinate, who flatter'd themfelves that the French, by approaching the Rhine, or paffmg that River, had delivered them from the Winter Quarters of the Auftrians, fee themfelves fruftrated of this Hope* and complain much both of the Quarters and Contritfutions. ^ Fuincfort, Dec. 12. There is a Report, that two Pala-tine Regiments will enter into the King of Pruffia's Pay, It is added, that the Court of Manheim has imparted this ^ - to the general Dyet of the Empire ; alledging, � That as ^  the Princes ot the Empire have already been permitted q ' to let out their Troops, as they thought moft for their cu ' * Intereft, without having their Neutrality look'd upon to Q � be infring'd, (of which there has been a late Inftance in  ' the Eleftor of Hcffe Caffel) his Highnefs hoped that he ' might enjoy the fame Privilege. Paris, Dec. f o. The Abbe de la Ville, who has afled as the French Minifter at the Hague fince the Departure of M. de Fenelon, has obtain'd the Place of firit Clerk for Foreign Affairs, in the Room of M. du Theil, .whohas re-fign'd. His Majefty has caufed two Million of Livresto be diftributed to his 1 roops who ferved laft Year in jFlaRders, Part of the Army ontheRhine is to re-enter the Palatinate, A D V ERTISEM EN TS'are taken in for this Paper, ar I.loyd's Coffee-House, in Lombard-Screec. No Wooden Shoes, No Arbitrary Power,   

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