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General Advertiser Newspaper Archive: July 25, 1745 - Page 1

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Publication: General Advertiser

Location: London, Middlesex

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   General Advertiser (Newspaper) - July 25, 1845, London, Middlesex                                The General Advertifer. THURSDAY,   July 25,   1745- Deal, July 23. AME down laft Night the Mam-head, Chappel, for Leghorn; and is failed with his Majefty's Ships, and the Outward-bound. Arrived the Swift Privateer from a Cruize.   Wind N.N.E. Grave/end, July 23. Pafs'd by Mary and Elizabeth, Bore, from Bremen ; Queen Elizabeth, Hil-fon, from Norway ; and the - Afperon, from Stockholm. LONDON. The Importance of CAPE BRETON to the BRITISH NATION. THIS Ifland, fituated be tween Newfoundland and Nova-Scotia,   the Engliih exchanged with the French for Placentia in the Treaty of Utrecht; and, during the late Peace between the two Nations, the French, by the Advantage of the Place, carried on an unbounded Fiihery, Annually employing at leaft 1000 Sail, from 20010400 Tons, and 20,000 Men.   In the Year 1730, there was a Computation made of 220,000 Quintals of Filh at Mar-feilles only, for a Market ; and, Communibus Annis, they cure above Five Millions of Quintals.   How dangersus a Nurfery of Seamen this Ifland therefore has been, and ever will be, while in their Poffeflion, is too obvious to a Britifh Conftitution ; and it is as demonltrable, the Recovery of a Place of this Confequence will entirely break up their Fifhery, and deftroy this formidable Seminary of Seamen ; for, if they are happily removed from this advantageous Shelter,  no Protection is left for tnem on the Fiihing Ground nearer than Old France : Therefore they will not expofe themfelves to the frequent Surprizes and Captures of the Lnglifh from this Ifland, and the Continent ; but, finally, will be obliged to quit the Undertaking, leaving the Englifh in the lole Pofletfion of this molt valuable Branch of Trade, which annually will return to the Engliih Nation 2,000,000 Pounds Sterling, for the Manufactures Yearly (hipped to her Plantations ; and conftantly employ Thou-fands of Families, otherwife unferviceable to the Publick ; and greatly increafe Shipping, and Navigation,  and Ma riners.   It is farther to be obferved,  while the Englifh folely fupply Foreign Markets  with this Commodity, Roma* Catholic Families muft have a fort of Dependency on them. Moreover, the Acquifition of this important Ifland cuts off all Communication between France and Quebec, the. Navigation to Canada River bearing near it; and muft ob-ftrutt the French Navigation through the Bay of St. Laurence to the only PofTeflions the French have upon the Sea-Coaft to the Northward of Louifana, in the great Bay of Mexico. By this Means, Quebec muft, in the run of very little Time, fall into the Hands of the Englifh ; and the Indians, warning the ufual Protection and Supplies from France, will be obliged to court the Engliih for both ; and having once experienced the Treatment of both Nations, as the latter can fupply them better and cheaper than the former, they will confequently be rivetted in Intereft to her ; and thus the Englifh will reader themfelves entirely Mailers of a rich and profitable Furr Trade, at prefent chiefly engrofled by the French. But the Confideration alone, that the Britifh Navigation and Settlements on the Sea-Coalts throughout North America, at prefent lie terribly expofed to Men of War and Privateers from this Ifland, claims an Attention to proper Meafures for immediately regaining Poffeflion of it: For from thence the French, with Eafe and little Time, may ltation themfelves in Latitudes proper to intercept the Navigation between England and her Plantations, and the Intercede of Trade fubfiiling between one Plantation and another, by Captures fupplying themfelves with Englifh Manufacture*, Naval Stores, Maftv Yards, Plank, Lumber, Sugar, Cotton, Provifions, &c. and from its Vicinity with the Continent may, with the like Eafe, furprize our Settlements all along the Coaft, and take the Maft Ships when loaded out of Cafco and Portfmouth Harbours: Whereas the Acceilion of this Ifland to the Britifh Domi-hions will not only fecure our Navigation, and guard our Coafts in America ; but will be a fafe Retreat for our Men of War in the Hurricane Months, or when threatned with a fuperior Force : Befides there they with greater Safety, and lefs Expence to the Crown, may refit, than in any other Harbour in North-America. The Expence and Danger in taking this Place, will bear no Proportion to the Advantages and Profits thereby reful-ting-to the Englifh Nation, and her Plantations. To favour, therefore, an Enterprize of fo much Confequence, 'tis humbly propofed that proper Laws fhould be enacted, making it Felony, without Benefit of the Clergy, in North America, to fupply the Enemy with Warlike Stores, Provifions, &c. And whereas Virginia, Maryland, New-York, Maffa. chufet's Bay, and Canfo, in Time of Peace, ufually have each a Station Ship of 20 Guns ; 'tis humbly propofed to add to each, one of 50 Guns, and they immediately to fail from hence to their refpective Stations, with Orders conftantly to keep cruifing on the Fifhing-Banks, and in Latitudes proper to obftrud the French Fifhery and Navigation, protect our own, and efpecially to intercept Stores, Provifions, &c. getting into Cape Breton. It is likewife humbly propofed. that thefe Men of War (hould carry Cloathing, Arms, and all Manner of Warlike Stores, neceflary ior a Body of 3000 Men, to be raifed in the following Governments, viz. In Virginia 300, in Maryland 150, Penfilvania 350, Rhode Ifland 256, Maflachu-fecVBay ioco, and New HampQure 150 ; and Inftructions to thefe Governments to encourage the fpeedy raifing, their refpective Complements, in order to have the more Time to discipline them, concealing the real Defign under the fpe-cious Pretence that thefe Troops are. raifed to defend the Governments from the Surprize of an Enemy. It is alfo humbly propofed, that thefe Levies fhould be formed into three Regiments, each Regiment to confift of a Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel, Major, Seven Captains, Twenty Lieutenants, 'Ten Enfigns, an Adjutant, a Quar-ter-Mafter, and Serjeants and Corporals in proportion, and 1000 private Men; and, to encourage the raifing them with Expedition, that all the Officers (Ten Lieutenants, the Adjutant, and Quarter-Matter excepted) fhould be Gentlemen of Intereft inthofe feveral Colonies (the American Half-pay Officers therein to be provided for according to their Merit and Rank) and the feveral Governments to have Tranfports, Provifions, Sec. neceflary for the Transportation ef their refpective Quota's by the Beginning of April 1745; and having experienced the Loyalty ef the MafTachufets for Twenty-feven Years, I prefume to engage they will furnifh their Compliment. It is, with great Submiffion, further propofed, that a Sqaadron of fix Ships of the Line, with 2000 Regular Troops, and all Things neceflary for a formal Siege, fhould take their Departure from hence the Beginning of March next, fo as to anchor in Gabaron-Bay, within four Miles of the Rampart of Lewifborough, by tne Middle of April following, there to be joined by the American Troops, under the Convoy of the Station Ships. This may, be executed without Lofs of a Man, no Cannon commanding the Entrance of this Harbour, and where the Navy of England may fafely ride, it may be conceived advifeable there to land the Troops, and frcm thence to march and make regular Approaches to the Rampart, which is near three Quarters of a Mile in length, ha- a Fois and Bafiions fuitably difpofed ; but both Bafiions and Curtains are of Mafonry to the Summit, which is Thirty-fix Feet above the Field ; the Quoins and EmbrafTures are of hewn Stones, cemented with A'lortar compofed of their own Lime, which is very bad, and Salt-water Sand, incapable of Handing the Froft, info-much that every Winter there is a Repair almolt equal to new. It is judged by the ConnoifTeurs, that the Fire of their own Cannon will fhake down the Works, and that they will not (land a Battery. If the Rampart is taken, the Citadel, and four other Batteries that command the Harbour, muft yield ; and what facilitates the Defign, there is no Outworks, Glacis, and Covert-Way. Rob. Auckmuty. They tell us from Amfterdam, that a Letter is handed about there, which fays, that a Negociation is certainly on Foot, perhaps a Convention actually made, between the Kings of Poland and Pruffia, in Conlequence of which the Body of Troops that were affembled in the Neighbourhood of Leipfick, are to return to their old Quarters, and the two Courts are to fend Minifters again to each other. And that another Letter from a good Hand fay, that the King of Poland has engaged not to affift in an Invafion of Silefia, nor to augment his Body of Auxiliary Troops; which, however, he will leave at the Queen of Hungary's Difpofal.-Whether thefe Accounts are true or falfe, a very little Time will determine. The Charlton, Holme, from Antigua, is arrived at Le-verpool ; on the 15th Inltant fhe fpoke in the North Channel, with the Lucca ofBriflol, who had been out 30 Days from Kingfton in Jamaica ; and brings Advice, that an Embargoe is laid on all the Shipping in Jamaica. There is Advice, that the St. Philip Snow, late belonging to London, bound from Buenos-Ayres to Cadiz, is taken by feven Letter of Marque Ships, bound to the Leeward Iflandsand Jamaica, and carried into St. Kitts.-She hath on board near 7000 Raw-Hides, fome Tyger Skins, and fome Dollars; and is in the whole reckon'd worth 12000 1. Sterling. The Howard, from Virginia, is arrived at Whitehaven in 31 Days; and brings Advice, that the Richmond of that Place, and two or three Ships from London, had taken a French Ship from Martinico, with 280 Hogfheads of Sugar on board. On Friday laft came to Dartmouth a fmall Briganrine, taken by the Greyhound Privateer, of Topfham, which he took on the French Coaft near Nantz, on the 7th Inftant ; on the Greyhound's Chafe of her the Crew took to their Boat, and efcap"ed on Shoar, fo that 'tis not known from whence fhe came, or whither bound ; fhe is laden with Earthen-Ware, Butter, &c. The Sarah, from Carolina for London, which had been taken by a French Privateer call'd the Count de Maura-paux, but re-taken by the Old-Noll Privateer, is arrived at Leverpool ; and gives an Account that the faid French Privateer had taken five Prizes, but their Names are not known. The Diligence, Liddell, from South Carolina, is taken by a French Privateer; but the Captain was put afhore at Plymouth. The Ranger, from Bofton, for Jamaica, is taken by a Spanifh Privateer, and carried into Pono Rico. The Delight, Waterhoufe, for London ; two Schooners, and a Sloop, were drove afhore at St. Kitts on the 13th of May ; but the former will be fav'd. We hear, that the Lancafter Man of War, of 80 Guns, rebuilt at Woolwich, is ordered to be launch'd the next Spring Tides: And that Captain Corey is appointed Commander of her. Yefterday John Pofton was committed to the Gatehoufe by Sir Thomas De Veil, for felonioufly taking three Diamond Rings, and one Garnet Ring, found upon him, the Property of Mr. John Long. On Monday Nigh; the Caftle Ale-houfe in Caftle-ftreet, Weftminfter, was broke open and robb'd of a confiderable Quantity of Brandy, Rum, Linnen, and fome Kitchen-Furniture. 6 On Monday laft a Woman Servant belonging to Walker, Efq; in Wellbank-ftreet, jiear Oxford Cfaapely was found murdered in a barbarous manner, in Mr. ^Joker's Houfe ; theMurder was fuppofed to be committed on^ Sunday laft by the Footman, her Fellow-Servant, and who has fihee abiconded : It was difcovered by fome e� thj, Neighbours; who knowing the Family to be out of Town, and hearing an Outcry of Marder in the Houfe the Night before, broke open the Door, and found the Deceased cot and mangled in a cruel manner. Yefterday the Coronet's Inqueft fat on the Body, and brought in their Verdift Wilful Murder. On Tuefday Night a Green-Grocer near Charing-Crofs having fome Words with his Brother-in-law, the lattet fnatch'd up a Knife, and ftabb'd him fo deep in the Breaft that he died in lefs than a Minute. On Friday laft a Man, who appeared like a Smith waft found murder'd on the London Road near North-Wraxhall in Gloucefterfhire. This Week's Diverfions at the New Wells near the 9 London Spaw, Clerkenwell, will confift of Variety of new*^ � Performances by Mr. Williams, Mr. Hough, Mr. Rofo-man, Mr. Rayner, Mifs Rayner, Mrs. Hough, and others; the furprizing Giant will alfo continue the Rope-Dancing ; the whole to conclude with Bacchus and Circe; interfperrd with a new Piece call'd As you like it, or Harlequin'* Whim. , v Neiucaftle, July 20. By a private Letter from an Officer in General Handafyd's Regiment, (now in Flinders) which march'd from hence a few Months ago, to his Friend in this Town, we have Advice, that the Regiment fuffer'd much in the late Action near Ghent; that they had feveral Officers kill'd, and a great mawy taken Prifoners : Among the kill'd are, Captains Collingwood, Dormer, and Lord Llempfter ; Lieutenant Sylvefter, and Enfiga Bacon : And among the Prifoners are, Lapt. Colling-wood's Lady, the Doctors, and the Chaplain. High Water this Day at London-Bridge at 53 Minutes after 7. Bank-Stock 145 3 4ths. India Ditto 181 3 4ths. South-Sea Stock ico, 1 4th. Ditto Old Annuities 111 a 1 8th. Ditto New 111 3 8ths.. Three per Cent. Annuities 90 1 4th a 3 *8tns. Ditto 1742, 90 1 4th a 3 8ths. Ditto 1743, and 1744, 90 1 4th a 3 8ths. Ditto 1745, 89 7 8ths a 90. Million Bank 115. Equivalent 110 1 half. Royal Affurance 84. 5 8ths. London Affurance 11 1 8th a 1 4th. Englifh Copper 5 1. Seven per Cent. Emperor's Loan no Price. Five per Cent. Ditto no Price. Bank Circulation 5 1. 10 s. India Bonds 1 1. 14 s. a 15 s. Pr. Three and a half Salt Tallies 3 3 8ths Difc. Three and a half per Cent. Cent. Exchequer Orders no Price. Three per Cent Ditto no Price. Lottery Tickets 17 s. 6 d. a t8s. Pr. Life Annuities 14 5 8ths Years Purchafe. G O O D M A NVF I E L D S. AT the NEW WELLS, the Bottom of 9 Lemon-Jireet, Goodman* t-Fieldt, this Evening, will be feveral New Performances, viz. Dancing by Mr. Shawford, Madem. Duval, Mr. Chettle, Mrs. Pritchard, Mr. Cufhing, Mifs Shawford, Mr. Baker, and Mrs. Dominique. Rope-Dancing by Monf. Hendrick, Mr. Morris, &c. Singing by Mr, Cunningham, and Mr. Afpey, Tumbling, Ladder-Dancing, and feveral New Equilibres by Monf. Hendrick, with a Pyramid of Glaffes, all fupported by a Needle, with its Point upon the Edge of a Glafs, which he holds in his Mouth. To which will be added a new Entertainment, call'd HARLEQUIN a DESERTER; Or, The Camp of Love. The Character of Harlequin by Mr. Cufhing ; Colombiae, Mrs. Dove ; French Nobleman, Mr. Shawford ; Spaniard, Mr. Morris ; Colombine's Maid, Mrs. Cufhing ; Captain of the Guard, Mr. Cunningham ; Centinel, Mr. Morris j the Fi/herman, Mr. Chettle ; the four Cupids by Mafter Morgan, Mafter Davis, Matter Hendrick, Matter Howard. Voluntiers, by Mr. Chettle, Mrs. Pritchard, Mr. Baker, Mifs Shawford, Mr. Afpey, Mrs. Dominique; Genius, Mr. Cunningham ; the Clown, Mr. Dove ; And the Part of the French Servant by Monf. Hendrick. To begin every Evening at Five o'clock. Note, The Scenes, Machines, Mufick, and Cloaths, are all entirely New, and not borrow'd from any other Entertainments. Every One will be admitted for a Pint of Wine or Punch as ufual. S A D L E R's-W ELLS. AT Sadler's-Wells, adjoining to the New-  9 \ River Head, JJlington, this and every Evening (during the-*' Summer Seafonj will be The Usual Diversions of that Place. Confifting of Rope-Dancing by the celebrated Madem. Kerman, Monf. Janno, Mafter Kerman and Mafter Francis. Tumbling by Monf. Dominique, Monf. Janno, Mafter Kerman, Mafter Francis, and Monf. Pierot Pas Tomba. Dancing (both Serious and Comic) by Mr. Davenport, Mr. Miles, Mr. Pelling, Mr. Olbeldifton, Mr. Gra-nier, Monf. Janno, Mafter Granier, Mrs. Miles, Mrs. Bullock, Mis. Davenport, Mrs. Freeman, Mifs Granier, Mis. Vallois, and Mafter and Mifs Morris, particularly Several new Grand Dances. Variety of new Songs by Mr. Heemfkirck and Mifi Hillier. To which will be added, The Birth of VENUS, or Harlequin Paris. Concluding with the LOVES of ZEPHYRUS   and   FLORA. To begin every Evening at Five o'Clock. �#* The Proprietor (for the better Accommodation of the Nobility, Gentry, &c.) has provided the beft of all Sorts of Wines, particularly Burgundy and Champaign in Pints. This Day is fublijhed, (Price 6 d. Plain, or is. Coloured, APLAN of Cape BRETON, with the Fort and Town of Louijbturg, and Batteries and Situation of the Ships commanded by Commodore WARREN. Sold by J. Roberti in Warwick-Lane.] ADVERTISEMENTS are taken in tor this.Paper, ac Lloyd's Coffee-House, in Lombacd-ftnret,   

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