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Gazetteer And New Daily Advertiser (Newspaper) - May 5, 1766, London, Middlesex The Gazetteer and New MAY 5 raufical entertainments of this place will be continued every evening during the Summer Vocal Mifs and a young gentle A New Mulical ADDRESS to the TOWN the words by Samuel mufic by Admittance one hilling each The doors to be opened at five the mufic begin at half after There will be a proper guard on the road and in j the to protect the company o and from the j On rainy evenings the mufic will ba in the was always found more than fufficient to defray the public A tax on the neceffa ries of life was both on account of the in juflice and inhumanity of that A tax on the confumption of the neceffaries of life is becaufe it fubje6h to equal payments the poor and the fjnce both muft confume nearly the feme quantity of thofe things which prolong our exilt The Romans could not fall into an abfurdity of this amazing as hocking to a merciful diipo as inconfiftent with the rules of Humanity would not permit them to require of the Afrit j induftrious labourer a portion of his fubftance for a Ia the and Freeboldirs of the county licence fo fatisfy the cravings of The wife o HAVING had the honour which I hall ever gratefully acknowledge of being nominated a by a grext majority of a numerous meet ing ot the and freeholders held Jiere this by the appointment of the to confer of a proper perion to represent this county in P in the room of your late worthy member LCyiter and the time before the elec tion which will be at this place on Thurfday the 3th of next being fo ihort as not to admit of a per ibnal I beg leave to take this method of deliring the favour of your votes and intereit at the which will confer a lading obligation your moil And humble CHARLES 2e tlfe and Freeholders tftbe cttiaty of b A L O I Shall always reflect with the gfeateft fatjsfa6tion oil the zeal and iupport I have been honoured a candidate for this county by the gentle mew refiding ii and I cannot fuffUiently exprefs my for fo fignal a mark ot their favour but being djfappointed iincc the General Meeting of ibiae capiul intereits which I hoped for the af fiitanci my friends have unanimoufly recom mended to me to to hope for continuance of favour and will lay the greatclt obligation Your moil and humble May D D L ri S E HOS IT A L Marybone for fickand lame and lyinginn wen May Eight the Earl of Pre VICE Right Earl Gower 1 Sir William Hoiu Lord Scarfdale I Sir Henry TRE anniversary feaftof the Geyernori of this will be held at Comelyss Great in onTuefflaythe Sir Sir Sir John Sir John Sir John I ancients confidered government as the aid of human but never dreamt that man had a right to affume over man a privilege to impoverifn and Itarve the conftituent body of the It has been re ferved for the latter ages of the world to exhibit this uncouth A plan of taxation devifed to opprefs the the laborious and the honeft j and at the fame for letting the rich and the luxurious efcape without contributing to the fupportof the government which defends him in the poffefnon of his riches and luxury 5 and what en creafes our admiration that this cruel mode of Applying the neceffities of the is the invention of The patriots in the days of Charles planned the excife on maltliquors and the patriots in the reign of our great planned the landtax both inally paid by all in fuch proportion as they con sume the neceSaries of and of confequence equally The patriots of our times even rudge us the fanning and will notfufferus to fee the light of the Would they add taxes upon taxes en the poffeffor of the lately and make the owner of the only liable to give out his the public would concern them felves little in what little concerned the But when one mini try taxes and the fubfequent feven it looks as if the poor were by a gradual extension of this to be entiiely ex cluded the light of day in their dwelling may tax with impunity to what extent they pleafe for all their meafures are patri Tlie Right the Earl of Thanct The Right the Earl of Shaftsbury and Earl of Warwick The Right Abergavenny The Right Lord Petre The Right Hon Lord Vifccunt Sir John Sir Peter Richard Efq Edward Efqj John Gideon Peter Efqs This day prict A Drffertation on the and Putrid Sore Throat Alfo on the Putrid Fever together with their and method of By P E N R O S Printed for near Templebar 5 and at Where may be by the fame ATreatife on price An Effayon price A Phyfical Effay on the Animal price Far the letters figned JOHN An EPITAPH on QUIN loft To the due proportioning of taxes has H W been regarded in free as one of the rnoft important na tional In the laws of Greece and while we can difcern the judicious tafle of tbofe polite in this interefting concern of We can not difcover either among the Grecians or while the leaft traces cfdifcontent at the ne ceffary fupplies for tke publk becaufe thefe difburfements were always raifed from the of and the fpoils ef tlie enemies of the Perfonal are either the facings of or the fpoik of They are the fnpei fluitias of or the redufccUrit goodnefs of nature ever and above our daily iup The wifeft nations havfe always confidered the hoard as being the hoardof tire public and the laws gave the moneylender that the hare with the nation the cf thofe laws which proteci Lis Can any dsilrine be more juft than that thoie who get by the continuance of public mould pay moft out ct their fuperfiuities for aontinuance of tbs power who maintains this pub ic and that no perfons neceffities fhould he taxed till the fuperfluiries of the nation are exhauft ed This doclrine was efteemed the bafis of the ftate in thofe ancient whsfe 1 afire remains to our and their benignity was too great to fuffer them to tax llraitened circnmllances while luxury was able to bear the burden of the For this peribnal eftates were folely doomed to be and the farmer anJ the fiiepherdefca ped the griping paws ot Jhe officejs who collected national The citizens were divided Into according to the extent of their aad acapitsition clafs cf the at the fame we hail be I to record to the honoui of our modern pa that the extenders of the tax on window are alfo the denitrs of a ftatute declaratory of the illegality of general wa and of warrants for feizing the papers of the and publishers of Common affures that no relief againil the opprefilve practices of the can be adequately preventive of further oppreffions from tke fame except a declaratory fta which would at once limit the power of No refolution of the of I will no precedent in Weftminfter can fully anfwer this purpofe becaufe we well know that every rafolution of that houfe falk by a if not even by a prorogation of the and fucceeding judges are no farther bound by the example of their predeceflbrs than they judge General Warrants in fome fanftified by vague expreflions in antient ftatutes and warrants for feizing the papers of prin and have been too much approved by What then can be fo as a fta tute to encounter fuch great authorities f Nothing 1 am can afford us a permanent fecu rity againft that What then are we indebted ts thofe who propofed on a like oc to bring in a law for our relief againil that innovation asd kow little to him who mouthed it againft general yet denied us tkat law which alone can fave from further evils of that To condemn in words againft general war yet diffuade a declaratory law againft a fort of ineonfiftency particular to the prefent pa an abfurdity never before foftered in the breafts of Thele patriots certainly con fider us as who are to be armufed with a rat or a or a flow of unmeaning which may juftly bs deemed it What gcsod pmpofe can difputations when nothing at all declared to bs their aim 1 What Igmfies or can it fignify to for any or body of to declatre it as their opinion that general are without giving a legislative relief againft that irregularity For my I cRtsnet fee the benefit that refults to the na tion by a ftep of this unlefs a iaw condemning is Cnfequent of fuch a of and OM it we the wfaale of modern Would ye be further my fellow or would ye have another window fhut up The next patriot minirtry will certainly fatisfy if tliis neglects to burthen you A pa trict premier is a good hand at and now we are bxnthened that none but a patriot premier dares to undertake that dangerous Patriots in the miniftry never fail to leave marks of their patriotifm behind What the great patriot has while is too recent in our me mories to neecf to be recapitulated and what is a by his will but too to our The tranfa5lioBS of this winter and fpring neveibc forgot m our and we fliallxlways miniftry directed by is the worft fort of patriot adminiftrations and that a fexfioveJ retaining his character of is the moit drtadful foe our conftitu tion can harbour its A patriot admiai ftrsticn never hefitates at taxing j ami an adrnini ftration by a mull always behun Wlwt then are to expecl under a hungry uncheckd by fears un popularity r The very propofaj of the queftion af fords key to the anfwer j and we muft be fiupi d if we do not tkat a njultiplicatiou of taxes muft be the highert folace which we can ex pect from fuch an with a loan and a lottery by the way of a defert for the further cor ruption of our letter juill be taken proper notice ef in a day or To the MOST of our colonies were difcovered and began Jto be fettled about the fame which may be jultly called the age of enterprise They have advanced to their prefent ftate by very different gra The Southern or what are better known by the name of the Welt were indeed mft and their progrefs has been abundantly more rapid than the They produced com for a fortunate concurrence of has rendered moft fignally advantageous to the as well as to the public j whatever may have been their effects upon the pub lic in fome many and various other articles of lefTer the produce only of hot and ccniequently very valuable to Northern great riches to the proprietors or thefe fettlemeiHS and thefe in the hands of enabkd thefe pro prietors to leave to their ions and their pofterity al moft princely It cannot be that from fuch people of fortune fliould eafily be induced to commence advantages where the profpect of wealth was next to the pofiln Gon of All thefe hot clinates are proporticna bly and the chances of fucceeding io I fortUHes by other means much S lefs are fo it is not to be wondered countries with facli va luable pofieffed by people of great af cultivated with a moderate and where quick fucceifioos of families citen throw large weights into one that many people ibould itart up the si thefe who are not inferisr in point of fortune to many cf the molt I ancient families in this and molt pro j havefupported by charity the very pro genetorj of thofe who now difpute with them the palm of In les than three centuries this revolution has been by a msft fingular con currence of Three exotic all of them requiring the great confumptioa of were in troduced into Europe at the time almoft that fugar itfelf was From the Weftern world we have from the Eaftern tea and coffee What are thefe without and what perfon of any degree in this kingdom thinks that he ought to be excluded from ufing It would be tedious to enter into a minute recital of many other fortuit ous caufes of the demand for Weft India It is enough to that the proprietors of our Weft India iflands have the means in their power of being rich fooner than any other part of the landed eft in theiJritifh The Northern colonies on the though fettled about the fame but flow The country afforded irs by a but not wealth and thefe inhabitants reaped from their The increafe of people adds to induftry induftry breedt wealth to the ftate the effects are felt thhe caufes being are unfeen by the gene Thus North unknown for the moit part by its mother oppreiTed and maltreated by its opulent fupercilious has and is full growing with all the vigour of though lowly the prefent the future hope of its ancient parents honour and In this light America is viewed by thofe who have the beli opportunities of knowing the prefent itate of the Britifc empire an object far inferior to the corapre henfion of the generality of It would lead too far from the point I aim to in the moft fuperncial the advantages of which we are pofieffed It would excite the envy of our neigh bours to a degree of provocation not prudent to Itir to point out by what means common fenfe would 1 ead us to a much to be dreaded in any other hands than in thofe of The Weft Indians lend their produce to Britain they take in return what commodities they want bat the ballance of trade is fo much in their as to enable them to purchafe large eftates in Eng and in confequence thereof to offer themfelves as candidates for If I am not irufm there are now in parliament upwards ot 40 who are either Weft India planters them defcended from or have concerns there entitle them to this Perhaps it will be difficult to find out one North American who is entitled to offer himfelf as a repre fentative in by virtue of any efbte he or any intereft he is entitled to by his con nections with this it is are odious in tlie prefent they are ne becaufe the Weft Indian and North Ame rican intereft have hitherto been and the fuperior influence of forty to none in the Britifh le may reafenably be fuppofed to have had no favourable operation to the unreprefented Ame If the Weft India climate is favourable to the growth of many valuable articles of it is not equally fo for the produce of In the iflantls there is little bread corn the ftaple articles of animal foodj beef and are net plentiful i The labour is chiefly by and men mult have fuch kind of The North Americans pro duce every thing of this which the Weft In dians want in great fait provifions of all forts are their ftaple Thefe they exchange with our hlanders on the belt terms they and bring back and every thing the iflanders can in reuirn for the luruber and other articles the Weft Indians Were thre no other this tnuiJi would require no par ticular regu ations each ftil dear and buy as as the markets Hut nbout tha fame time that our were the Spad ards French and Danes made confiderable fettieruents the Weic Luiles 5 the French and Spaniards In the enrly fettlements of our Northern as ihy had little produce to fend to a except leflbr articles to pay for manufactures they wanted from they no went to our own but to tnc a iflands in queft of vent for their Thefe foreign ifiands were equahy for raifmg provifions as our own At the their diliance from any lifter colonies fupplying them was that they gladly the offers of a near and cervain ever rigorous the injunctions were to by mother od no with ths yet neceility compelled them iretu2nuy ii w to open their ports o caus made the moft cf They bo and I other nricie they what remained above OVMI ther with their to fur irn pcrs from TheWelt LiJuns were very Icnfiblt that if the Americans iiatl raaiketi to go to than i would be no in their power io rL the price ot their Ilidierto they had fold iheir at tlieir own and given what they pieaid to ihs Amiricans for But this new of L oramerce to tie for sign difappointed their views and as it was not in ioldy prevint was made to parliament about and a t as much as o ruble intercourl of this Ncrch Arjei were a people at that time j though it was with difRculty dm uli were ford to a few agents ior people unkn and without intereit t vocate their caufe before the Brithh when the whole of their intereft was at In alrnoit every ccnttft between the Welt Indians and Ncrtfa intereft was now become abio lutely the Weft Indians almoit ahvay gain ed their point In a very nsuonai juftice and good fenfe defeated the combined power of Welt Indian ariltocracy in con fidered themeives entitled to double as members in the Kof and people of laivs property both at home and j To recite the different between thefe con tending to ftiew by what means the We it Indians mzihcained their and advanced in opprefiing the would require a It is fufficient to that though they in debted to the Americans for their nay haps for the very liberty they now tor the in j creafe of their own private fortune and the general J good yet neither intoeftnor has upon them till this moment to I think more was clue to the Americans tnun if I1 they had been the iboty fons of thNwo j I ilaves they employ in everlafHn dnogcrv i lefs ferviauie to thein fplendour and x j the d u du eriVcis ci the ibinn ace had called rcgethar vvjuJdhiit of ail have been involved in it is coniequciv they thoughtIt incumbent upon their riencein th rrneral ftem otBritif coinmerce had j afforded ample of to lode i j back to lic ite imprudent and j I of trad America and the i j j proofs the given b of thiirknowhdge jj aMnde cd them aiiK jn the eyes of the 1rif iturQ j ani tle The India I merclirints niul that how litta I regard Ibever had been paid to veaal uPUs hercto rnen refpectabie like tliefe would never be j tretd contempt they had endeavoured to k Ucltow o on their former They j law the the and the pub lie by their evidence and their arguments j and that very deferent meafiires were now to bt followed than I It is frying too to aver that the Weft India repeatedly made overtures to the North America for a conference on aiiairs in cliipute between The North Americans had fuch repeated of the tyrannidc opprellive iliipofitions of tiirir that they could fcaice believe a nction of this kind was as candid as they mcan Th thty perceived the Weft Indians weie they fiankly engaged iu conference with commit tee of Wef India insrchaius the refult of which the refoiutions that have al ready appeared in fcvcral of the public J1T the of thefe important the intereft of the North American ths the public and the general fyftem of Bri tifli were naturally Tlie par ties concerned were not directed by partial regard but the public good To conciliate was no eafy taflc but the good fenfe and moderation of thofe to whom the sdjulting tkefb was com at length happily effected that nccndliatioa of hitherto had been consider ed as It is no wonder that fuch z coalifon hoi Umbrage to many 5 to becaufe they the or fuch a coalition to othef had not been effected during their fome fcrupled not to that it would giva credit to the prefent Mini tiers to of commerce fixed as would have done L wife ft and bell that ever conducted the a empire It cannot be uianer of iurprz a thare may be an Ll
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