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Gazetteer And New Daily Advertiser (Newspaper) - April 26, 1766, London, Middlesex N i r 8 2 5 6 S A T U A A P R I L From the i THE Sals of T H E G A z E T T E R A N D New DA i L v AD v E j s E joined to the variet channels through ubich it pajjes has lately beta tbt tneans of detecting fo many and of ap prehending fo many that it may bt proper to give THIS PUBLIC fir tbt all information of this to Bo w s T E E T coniuntly inferted in andij SUCH INFORMATIONS are properly attended to by PAWNBROK STABLE BUYERS OF SECONDHAND csV few robberies will efcape tfcededlj if ALL PERSONS make ufe of the lame paper to advertife their lofles F I E L D 7fo WARNINGS from and every thing loft or in the or tey are for immediate allfdver A T T H S KINGS THEATRE in the HA THIS the a6th of will be performed a new Serious called L E R O C I N E S The Muiic compoied by With hew new and Pit and boxes tc be put and no perfons to be admitted without which will be de livered ThisTJay at the aid at half a guinea each live By fheir MAJESTIES No perfon whatsoever to be admitted behind the nor into the The gallery pit and willbe opened at To begin at half an hour after fix The Managers of the Ojtttas leave toinform the Nobility andGentiy woih prefcht in regard to the iadjipofitian of Sianftra Scottt aud they being under an obligation to fulfil theirengage ments with the fubfcribers in tha manner they beg leave to acquaint thatSigncr who has pertonoei the part ofjirft years at has aeadily ottered to iupply that pait in the abovementioned Operas i h t j Afted but Once thele Ten For the Benefit of otir V T the Royai in on Saturday the jd of will be per formed the Tragedy ef V I R T U BETRAYED N A B u L E Kiae Henry Clarke Cardmal Gibfon j Walter Lieute rant of the Hokota Lstdy Piaaa Tnl Macklin 5 Lady Princefs Mils Besf rd With Entertainments of Danciag by Signora Mils As will be expfciTed in the Bills of the Tickets tobe had of at Hanmer nBridgesftrcet and of at the ftage wheie places for the boxes may be WHEREAS many Idle repomhave of late been to the prejudice of the hatinefs This is therefore to affure m and her friends in that he is determined to carry on the as in all of Signj and JEfcutcheon painting dbnbtt not their continued countenance and as A r coaftaat itudy to oblige hei faid friends SOPHIA 3J Q O K S on This and Every By DAVIS and R E Y M E R Overagainft THE Libraries of the late of Hackney 3 the late John Robaf of Lin feveral oAcrs containing Twenty in different and Languages niany of in fine and wljh flie artede may be Had full value any Library S A P MAKE R To be SOLD by A U C T I O On Tiififday at three oclock m the fign of Strong EattSaxikh PAKT of the utenfils in trade of a Hardfoap leaving ott trade confifting of two iron which will contain 180 gallons each 5 three aud two ditto two large ievea feet and wide at and ieven feet high all very little for Thefind arti cles may viewed each day tiil thetime of at Earnfhaws iwar StiKitherines Any perfon be treated with day of and printed particulars by applymg William Wilionij Eaft Smithneldor to Mrk William fworn TEaft THTSis to acquaint the the ftage with tour which from Ded to Canterbury three times The the to be fppke with at the on and Friday nughts y or at the Flour de Luce in It will be advertifed but once NOTICE ishetf by to all gentlemen and IftHes afflictedeiflier with the Goutoe Rheu or fcorbutic that there is a Ibn jult arrived m who willundertake the perfect cure of and their various letthe perfon be ever fo longaffliaed only a harmlefs and moft inaocent inilkv that be given to a child with out any lo at in near Any one doubtful of the tflacacy of this may be ihtisfied of its goad by unGernientioncd who have by among many at the Tackle Crutched friars a near Srepney church next cio A Perfon qualified to teach aritl is defirous to attend any gen or who chafes to inftmaed at ih any of thofe eflential foundations of lite He propofes aifo to teach ladies gen tlemen to READ Englifh an accomplifhraent in which many who have had the advantage of an Uni are very defective will be paid to a line directed to and the bar of the Exchequer at Weftmin 5 per the letters ftgned An HOUSEKEEPER HONESTUS A loft To the P R I N T E Dittrita pepuli per pravincutj earatuj Itgantttr ut vof eatur quid Tbrafez non H O U G H I do not approve of cir culating perfonal reflections thro the channel of and of calling the attention of the pub lic to the private and conduct of individuals j yet I have ever thought that public men are tobe publicly judged and for this reafon I wift to ftate my obfervations on the part which a man of very popular character has lately not taken on a very interesting hoping to receive from his pro fefled apologifts fome fatisfaclory When the which may now be well cenfidered as was nrft brought on in arefpcftable af this without even the pretence ill thought proper te He could aot be ignorant of what every body that on the day on which this tax was to be propofedy the ftate pf the with refpeft to its was tft be It was of importance that He mould be then prefent to examine the truth of and to bear his or 5n as the occafion might It was ex 5that a already called confefledly grie to be extended lower rank of than had been yet made fubjecl to His duty to required his and he hare that the preferving them from grievous or unnecefTary taxes was one chief reafon of iiis being deputed by Be the merits of this tax what it thofe constituents have a right to that he did riot think that merit worth his or the protection of them de fer ving of his care but though well and aftually appearing in the went to his villa in the But this is the lighteft caufe of complaint Whe4i this matter underwent a fe cond confideration when all informations relative te the fax muft have been received when all his doubts refpefting the objefts of it muft have been removed and when it appeared by the coafeffion of thofe who impofed that more than half of the ne cefiary funx was to be wrung from the handtef our who had oppefedthe lighteft tax on would not hold up his hand to prevent the His friends had pledged and character on which he moft that of tbi man of the required him to exert all his eloquence Their breath had formerly fupported him againft his moft dangerous lie repaid by deferring their intereft in the moft moment he was actually as even prefent when this point was in and immediately This favoured Tribune of the people could fit for five long ilrnoft within hearing of the arguments ufed in their and refufed to lend one helping voice for relief perhaps he referved that voice for the purpafes ef his own ambition and It could not be his confideration for the prefent which kepthim In his adjacent cabin he was me difating thofe expreffions of refentment and con which he afterwards liberally applied to The intereft of thefe they have arid defpifed and I cannot but that he wafted upon an occafion cf fo much inferior an which might have been employed in the relief of bis A CITIZEN of letters tre received Snap WiJK A way Robert at ia Fox WaitSmkhfield coal Welt Smitluiekl and MrWilliam near the Georges in the To the P R I N T E IN my laft I touched in general at the mifchiefs ariiingto the public from monopolizing and job ing in thefugar In this I feall be ibmewhat more particular in the detection of thefe wicked that the whole of that fcene of iniquity being laid before the they may be the bet ter qualified to judge of the aptitude of the which mail in very few words propofe for eradi cating this evil out of In making a proper judgement of this affair of fo general we mult always keep it in our that the natural channel of this trade that t raw fugars mould be dirsclly feld to the refiner by the While this trade continued to be car ried on in this the public had nothing to com plain and fugars in general were lold almoft forty per cheaper than The refiners were then men ef property and who fcorned unfair But the monopolizing purchafers of fugars have entirely perverted this branch of commerce from its natural into a new and unnatural mode of They have alfo introduced into the bufmefs of refining Ibme fo By thefe the foreltallers in the fusar trade carry on their to the great prejudice of this commercial The fole polieiTion raw fugars puts it into the monopo lizers power to encourage and difcourage the real I mo the as he pleafes that avarice which perpetually broods in the bofbm of this enemy of neceiTarily en gages Luv i and incites him to employ foreigners ih bofling his whereby fellers rob the nation of their a fair commer cial fnatch the bread out of the riiouth of the honeft Englifh whofe probity not permit him to promote the avafifiious del potifm of thefe crud oppreffors of his At firfl fight it rauft appear that our fu gar bctig thrown into fuch nefarious muft frequently be diCgtKed wifh falfe ihort fcnavifii of njeanir inftead of a better fort arifl by frau dulent art which Can discredit any mariufaQurer fo that we may eafity account for the lofs qf our fo reign fugar trade aed it is as by what means the honeft Euglifh refiner is excluded from a bnfmefs which no fair trader caji undertake upon the feme terms with foreign Seforely have they perfecoted the oid creditable refers of oor own country by tkat thej have laid ieveral of them uiidr indifpenfable neceflity of hutting up their after having pent a quar ter or the of their fubftance yet thofe invete rate foes of the human race are ftill even in to go on plundering the the fair and ruining the When the and his bu finefs thereby came to be lean that it was then generally thai four fagar bakers were found in at that was thought to be a very extraordinary circum as the pernicious trade of forellalling in this branch commerce was then in its infancy But fince that time the practiceof monopolizing has apace in this branch of bufinefs that I believe I can name one in the engrofling art in whofe if he was cut there might be I dare to one hundred many and even fome importers under 6on traft wirh Hint difgracer ofhuman Some of thefe leviathans fee in to maw Iswge enough to gorge all our fugar engrofs the whole fu gars of the Weft and keep all cers and under one And jobbing I has now arrived at that pitch in the fugar i that it is no uncommon phenomenon in this that the fame fugars fhould be and even change hands fix times before they have dropt into I the Each of thefe jobbers muft have a profit from their and the whole muft be charged i on the public in the refined Thus between foreftallers and foreign the price of this valuable commodity is greatly and the public often tricked by underhand j All jobbing tind monopoHzHig depend on one and by the fame means that thefe bafe practices are weeded up in they mny be every where The monopolizer at the whole of a commodity of general and the jobber ishis who fearcheiforand col lects the it may be gathered into one heap under one or into the power of a ailing by in purfuit of qne intereiL This is eafily undone BY PROHIBITING RE FINER FROM EXCEPT FROM THE IMPOR A law of his guarded by proper fane dons and ftriftly would do the bufinefs in The jobber would then be and the monopolizer wouM be The fugar trade would be reftored to its former our foreign dealings in that bufinefs probably re and the public would more be ferved with fugars at a more reafonable High pe nalties ought to attend the tranfgreffion of fo ufeful a befides the forfeiture of the fubjecl fuch as the full value thereof both from buyer and One third part to go to the Chamberlain of the city of London for the ufe of the and to bear the charges of profecution one third to the and cue third to the The penalties to be doubled in cafe of a fecond offence with the ad ditional punifhments of pillory and tranfportation for the third This I would unfetter our fugar and do a lafting honour to the Miniftry who promoted If I the great abilities of our Chancellsr of tue Exche exerted in planning fo beneficial a would tranfmit his memory to future ages in moft refpeftable if he there might be raifed from the foreign by their a revenue to the Crown rumcient to make up for the deficiency occafioned by altering the mode of collecting the duties on which would not be confidered by the public a dif agreeable A MIPDDING To the P R I N T E OF all the taxes with which this unhappy nation is that on windows is the moft ab furd and tJie moft To extend is to ex tend thofe abfurdities with which it is fraught and to encreafe is mocking biffing at our Every tax on property ought to bear fome propor tion to the property from which it is The moft valuable property ought to moft and the pofleffor of the lefs valuable fubjecT mould be decreed to make a lefs payment to the Bftt in this tax every rule of propriety is every appointment of equity Wkat would of the excife on malt if a gallon of ftnall beer paid as irmch as a gallon of porter And what of the if it was laid on by ths num ber of without other confideration f Yet the lame incongruity is vifible in the tax on windows for every be its locality where it con iiftiair of feven is equally without taking in any other per no two things in nature are more different in value and to the pofTeffor a more different income or whether that income is confi dered as coniilting in fplendor or or any other fbiid The diftinguifliing value of moft we ail arifes from their difFerenr Hardly confiding of the number of acres differ more in value from each other than two houfis of the fame number of windows in diffe ent fitua A houfe of feven or ten windows or n one hundred yards of the Exdiange of s as if not wore different in value from a of feven or ten windows in fome parts of as the richeft field of feven or ten acres in differs in value from the worft ield ofthe fame extent in Norfolk or And in the fame town or nay in the aroe quarter of the fame a different locality jftes a different valfie to a houfe whofe number of windows is the The intereft cf every is his property in that and is more or lefs valuable to him according to the advantages or difadvantages attendant on its fitwa and many other t all tliis juft reaforuiig is overlooked in the col eclion of the window tax and the fame duties are every where levied from houfet having the fame num jer of to the indelible difgrace of our na tional Can any abfurdity be than to collect for the ufe of the public the fame duties from objects of fo very different values To plan tlis raifmg of taxes in this manner is to plan the eftabiifiiment of iniquity by a law and to plan the of a tax of this fort in to plan the enlargement of To this uijexceptionable argument againfl the tax on or an extenfion of i hat it may pro bably be that the fums levied by this tax sire fo that neither the inequalities above taken notice nor any other that maybe merit confideration that if every circumftance was in this cafe to be minutely the trouble and expence of reducing all thofe differences to a nice equation would exceed the profits accruing to the public from the tax in queftion for it orren hap that houfes of the fame number of adjoining to each differ greatly in va lue from each efpecially if one of them fronts a great f tree tor an acciftomed and the Other ftands in amoreretired fecreted frjm view and Opportunities of commerce that thofe va of circumftances which alter the value of houfes of the fa menumber of both in town and country are fo that it is hardly pof frble to pay a juft attemion to them and ihat for this reafon becaufe there is no other way of elud ing an infinity ef contefls which never could be The moft eligible method in this is that already fixed which is to compel the fame payment from all houfes of the fame number of win after an allowance of fome of fsnall diisenfions with fewwindows for tfee habitation of he A very eancifeanfweiy inbehalf of an in jurioiis doth not the whole of this fine ftory amount to this plain That the injuftice obfervablein planning this ought to be either becaufe the though ge yet very little hurts each or be caufe it would take a great deal of trouble to rectify it And is not that argument eafily refuted Have thofewho reafon in this manner forgot that the obfervation of the invariable laws of juftice is never to be neglected on any account whatever That the correction of general iniquity can in arry be confidered as an unimportant objcfl That the diftribution of jufiice is the as well as the main end of Government That every Govern where this great objeft of fbciety is deviates into tyranny That the profpefl of obtain ing one common protection for on pay ment of taxes proportioned to its value iathe of the is the great enducement which en gages mankind to fubmit to be ruled by their and that to difappoint this hope is a moft open attack an the fafety of mankind in an nfTociated Who has a legal power to compel fubmimon to injuftice The law of nations forbids iniquity of every fort and certain I that no man is authorifed by any exprefsly revealed or implied in to commit Ariglit to do wrong cannot Is it impracticable to levy this tax on houfes without tranfgreffmgthe invariable laws of injuftice f it ought to be The inviolable laws of juftice are not to be bent in order to gratify the ava or ignorance of arbitrary It is aifo that as well as revolts gainft the constitution or extenfion of this The Sun freely difpenfes his light and heat to all crea TFie by the dKpoiition Author of animates all living Who then can rightfully intercept thefe bleffingsofProvidence from compel him to pay for what Nature freely gives for the fupport of all creatures Wiio can de prive us of the cheering effecls cf the heat and air Or who can make us pay for what we cannot be lawfully deprived of we turn ihi depriving ouriclves of the fahibrity of the or pay that principle of life which Heaven difpenfes to ail breathing creatures According to this law we mnft exclude the enliveningbjeeze from our dwelling and convert our chambers into as well as dark or pay toman for what man cannot lawfully take from as j we nsuii fubmit to every wanton excurfion eFjfiinilJeml in and buy from man what cannot Many of our taxes are an invasion orf th of the human race but this on liglus is an vafion on the rights of and of I the We have already been fubjected to laws ivhich were contrary to the original charter of our which have been impojed bavaritious gjjpinn j We have yielded to taxations en neceffaries of while our as th y call enjoy al moft every branch GJ luxurv from We have allowed our to use trod on by and our properties to be torn from us j mvift we aklo fubmit to bs enclofcd in
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