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Fair-Trade (Newspaper) - August 8, 1890, London, Middlesex 1 J 1 f 4 . 4n - J H I 1 7 - 1 r - - w 1 - - p r 'i T 5 x 8 * 1 ugust 8, i^goi Democratic Senators have given notice of their intention to deliver speeches on the Hill. If the Republicans allow' the Democrats to do the talking the Bill may be got through in a month or six weeks without a change of the rules.- But that is improbable,as long as the Democrats fear, the passage of the Election ;BiH"; and it now seems probable that the .rules wiil have to be changed to get tire Tariff Bill- through in a reasonable . time;, and when once, the question of changing the-rules is'brought up there is likely to be a very time in; r + � : The Canadian Government has decided to again invite, a number of farmers from different parts of the United Kingdom to. visit the Dominion -with the view, of preparing' reports upon: the agricultural, resources of. the./country. The matter, is being arranged. by Sir C. Tupper, the High Commissioner, and two or three farmers are to be selected from England and Wales, two from Ireland, and two from I. The arrangements are not yet.finally settled, but it is vmder-at applications will be invited from' /the practical farmers who; time;, and that those who are .Scotland F J 'Stood that appl are � holding farms at the. supported by a number of formers living in.the same district will receive , the preference. Travelling facilities-will be provided across the' Atlantic' and on the. railways, and a reasonable sum allowed",for personal expenses in Canada.', Such a trip .'will prove a very pleasant one to: those who may be selected. They will not only have a chance-of; seeing how agriculture is carried on in the different provinces of Canada and all- the' latest improvements in regard to machinery, &C., but will be able to' examine into the working of the Government experimental farms which are established in the different parts of the dominion. There' is no doulH that the matter will awaken considerable- interest in.agricurtiiral ... circles- in the United Kingdom. . - Enclish cotton B F �'manufacturer's ot , 1 . >n spinners are beginning to follow the.example of other textile fabrics, and of. the shipbuilders and ironmasters, raw material, and, in addition to having American customers, he can Send all his surplus goods to England, .free- of duty, at1 no more cost for freight than it costs to send the raw cotton to this country ; while he saves .the freight and.duty which are chargeable on^goods sent, from England to the United States. . " �; , , A M'.MBKR of cotton manufacturers at Oldham have accordingly determined to transplant their business to an in appropriate site Pennsylvania, where coal mines abound, and have purchased'about 650 ; - acres of land upon the main" line of railway upon which it is their inten-. tion.toputup several cotton mill's,'each-employing about 600 hands, 30,000 spindles and 1000 looms. They propose to take over to the States their factories instead of their products,- just as the thread manufacturers did; and no doubt many of the hands they now employ will accompany them. --'Besides the mills, it-is intended that a large number of workman's.'houses shall be buik-five hundred houses during the first year-and charters have already been procured 'to. supply the town with water, gas, and e.lectric light and power. The new town .is to be called Oldham, after the native place, of the men who are furnishing the capital," � j 1 - u r ()vKK-rROin:cnoN. lias, been'. recognized, as the chief cause for the general .-depression of prices from which the country has suffered during the last few years,-but the over-production which hurts England most is that whit:h occurs not in England but abroad, because the remedy for it is not under our own control, it was the enormous influx of corn from r the' immense districts in Western America which sent down, the prices of agricultural produce a few years'.back all.over Europe, and which was met in - Germany, Trance, and Italy by the imposition of heavy Customs' duties in order to save.their own agricultural classes from ruin. But at that time our agricultural labourers had �" ;v>/V, and they were forced to submit, for the State offered them no remedy except in Ireland, where it would ha.ve been dangerous to neglect the signs of disaffection which accompanied the general inability to pay rent... The displacement of. our manufacturing industries, and the transplantation of. even a few. of them to foreign countries, is calculated to intensity the effects of foreign over-production to. an extent which will become exceedingly dangerous . when it is found out that it affects our arti/.an class, and still'further" i" r increases -the-'number': of unemployed people in this country. Will our 'politicians still bury their heads in .the sand like the ostrich ? Will they never let experience-, teach them, to be wise in time ? .' increasing the " talents " left-in his charge.: Upon his great estates some pf the best Congou Tea in theEondon tea-pots was grown. This "one. of the richest men of the world was, a. monopolist, but many of the ;(( other richest men " have become rich simply because they, have had luck, business capacity, and industry, above their fellows. 1.:---i---.J. When the gong sounds, go to dinner; and when the boom .sounds, go into Africa or any other company. Did notHerr Krupp hear the cannon-boom in: .Europe,, and'.go in and quaintfy'himself to pay the largest Income-Tax in Germany, by making big guns. Thus the e of How to.' make above axiom .seems the tersest, precept money/' As this week we have an instance in penny, fares paying the..' London Road-Car. Company eight per cent. , of dividends-for the founders-went in for road-traffic when the travelling-boom was sounding, and the penny-postage-government-success was an undoubted fact. The, penny was a finger-post showing the way to success. As a tag to this, .tale, however, let the fact be admitted, that booms are only the ears of sharp-shooters, whilst the lowlier but broader level of remuneration for work, skill, and capital, is fixed by the general Fair-Trade of a country, ; In;modern days it is frequently-asserted that women are more; logiv.*. than the members of-the sterner sex. We should be sorry to be either injust or tingallant enoughvto dispute the modest claim ; but will only 1 " ' ' . * 1- .-1-1 T* ____1 i remark that there is one subject which discovers .equal.want of logic in. both halves of humanity.'. With either sex,' " when Free Trade comes in. at the. door, logic flies out of the. window." Thus, the Women $ Penny Paper ot 2nd i'nst.-, rightly enough complains that- iX Some of the feihalc.attendants at the stalls in the Edinburgh Exhibition arc said . to be at.work for. nearly.'12 hour's-a day, and the;wages are "only Ss. a week." ... r 1 � � � 14' "� tkit this Womejfs Penny Pa for has' more, than once declared for. Free Trade doctrines. Why then does it object to buying labour "in .the cheapest market?? - In ,the preceding number of the same weekly appears.a letter from a lady, .again rightly condemning unjustly low prices, and saying : . �t The first instance I can give 'is this : there, is an excellent repository for the sale of jjoor ladies' wnrk in a [own in the .North, and some of the members used to send eggs its well : tlicy were always perfectly /.re;di, which cannot' p I ways be said of shop eggs." I used to be very glad to buy them sometimes, and certainly never grudged paying what was' asked,' namely,. market price. I told a. lady about them.. She asked the price, and on.my saying that it depended on the market, she said, 1 Oh, but I do not think that fair-at" all ; of course, they ought to sell, them cheaper; I daresay the ladies \vho-send thenv wfould be. glad to get any price for them;' My * 1 t T * other instance is this :. I was wearing one evening a lace dress with.a jetted panel, which On a Mrs' -, who, having learnt how to bead lace- like that, is teaching poor Irish ladies to do it, and yOu see they sell these panels so much cheaper, than you can get I 11 (I t * # *, 1T*^^J TT-W*^^*--^ - * - ^ . ^------^ ---- --j----�---" " 1 ich I had lately bought. A. lady friend asked me if I had bought it. in Ireland. � ni'v reiilvintr, ' No ' in some surprise, she said, ' Oh, I only asked because there is them anywhere else.' I was much interested at the time in the letters and articles which weie being written on the sweating system, and this answer 'vexed me extremelv. .1 could not help saying that it was most unfair to make the poor Irish ladies Work for less than market price, just because they were ladies, and that it was just the very thing to encourage the sweating system." So here again the lady correspondent's logicality pointed out to her that thus unjust treatment was sweating " ; but stopped short of showing her that it was also, and only, Free Trade. . Strange, is it not ? And once more, in the number for August 2nd, appears an article in which is quoted with huge, approval a criticism by the late Miss . Constance "Naden, on some work. of Mr. Herbert S[)encer. That gentleman has hope in the peaceful aspect of our u.industrial regime" It is distinguished, he tells us, from the predatory regime in this : "mutual dependence becomes great and direct ; while mutual antagonism becomes small and indirect." (_)n this Miss Naden comments *' The sentence about the 'industrial, rc-^iuie ' will move 'most readers to a sad smile. What is our peaceful system of competition but a bloodless war, in which tiie vanquished are not slain on the battlefield, but'stiller a more cruel death from hunger and .heart-break;'or live a joyless and degraded life, far more terrible than, death \ Kill � , . Mr. Spencer himself bore, testimony to Miss Nadeivs "subtle intelligence yet neither that intelligence nor his own have sufficed to show them how this war of competition was the lamentable and inevit-; able outcome, of our .Cobdenian' system. Said we not truly that Tree Trade and logic cannot live together ? 4* 4* A � J I low they made their money ?-would be useful information.respecting the richest men in the world. The richest men in the world.are not such, as inheritors pf vast estates and a long pedigree'; usually they are men of two, or at the most three generations. North, Carnegnie, Mackay, are one-life '-millionaires. Others have been started by their "fathers, or grandfathers, as the Yandcrbilts, Astors, Brass'eys, howlers, Jay Cioulds, Mc\. And this week we have the obituary notice of 4i Howqua,,j the head, for forty.years, of the Co-Hong-or ''Eight Canton -Merchants." llis father, the Napoleon of the trade of China, was reckoned worth five millions sterling.fifty years;.ago, and his son, now just.deceased, went on YET another instance when Professor Marshall has given us the first' volume of a work on economics; and for pointing out which .Mr. AV. M.Thompson, the Radical. nominee for one of the Metropolitan divisions, has been, applauding him :- (( The effect of the vitiated air and want of proper recreation upon the artisans' children in the large towns is seen in the circumstance that' nearly all the best artizans in London come from parents who were born elsewhere, and there are hardly any whose grandparents were born in the metropolis. Consequently there'is no better use of public and private money than in providing, parks and playgrounds in large cities, in contracting with railway companies to increase the number of workmen's trains, andin checking the growth of mammoth towns by fostering village industries/' "But has .either the Professor or his supporter reflected that it. is-'l'Vce Trade, and Free Trade alone, that has ruined our. previously existent "village industries," whether outdoor laborious ones such as agriculture, or lighter indoor work such, as glove-making. Why condemn the
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