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Day: Friday, October 20, 1809 - Page 1

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   Day (Newspaper) - October 20, 1809, London, Middlesex                                EVERY AT OCLOCK OCTOBER PRICE SIXPENCE T ir iwernir s be i i it Itint Ol KAST INDIA I to mv feelings exi honour I i cerI i hon i of I prnjilT j i n ny iis 1 bin j cl hi and its i by Tf c and duty I h ro dt dieInhabitants of n jt tin Schorl THIS To and Boi Buil otJurv On At Johns nrar Tfowcr at 11 without HE FOLLOWING 141R American inch pine boarth 398 Ditto Cherry treeptyiki and bonds s Pieces Cherry tree scantling S87 Twehrefitet threeinch Swedish and Amcrl 6000 rr JL T K i li i thi Mutii t of i i f the rr f the oi iuiUvolciiCL to nnd the i i Vu nicnrJ n a tor Debs i rwinU lo ilitrctd poor of the and Uu Common in i n h now prc v a 1 n lie o i 1 muses till Monday the of this 1 hanks of this Meeting I foi bis the t i ail occasion to N 1 INMl v iy Ac if i and die u i of r R 11 r s V mr i T P J 9 T J i o i ijiinjr oi Institution that all e Oiarc equallvwirh the j cf economical ma ikij I in Tl by the specific sums i W m i vitliuUt T I u i Ger to S3rrtoc 1 j Office with i c i actiikl set L nor chsige made in i m i to Uic County Fire OfEcc Managing Mifrinr rt the r rwi and other Subscriluri to the f C heldthh in the 1 rgtd scJc upon vrliich the Military opera arc now makes it necessary r tlic original Resolutions nndeT which the hitherto acttid and that in future the do fpnd be appropriated exclusively to the rc and Relatives who depended t who fall in the cause of their Country whoxwnuiids are attended with loss from future service to the annual al the awid and infirm British IriJOJiers tin at the Schools and HospitaJs esta in madv the patriotism and liberality of to ttf Patriotic hr provided the means nf relief to these meritorious ob and Co i M t 8 0 105 0 0 500 Feet intbrfqs boq Sworn Broad Three New Leasehold well buflt and finished L Street near Spa By at rbe Northampton Arms Coffee Stiyet at three in the afternoon by order of the in Three well finished LEASE L HOLD situate and being 1 and on tlic Sonth side of Spencer GorwelT Street pear the Northampton a short distance from the Turn The Premises contain on the ground plot IS feet in Xiiit and and GO feet in a tittle more or lest each iwo with fcldtpg doen ami reomy entrance and drawiHgCOOm lulcDiiicf and fancy two roomy bed with walled hid out and Houses are finished in the best and weU wih good lead are worth at leut 6O per annum each house are held under lease from the Karl ef for the term of 74 years from Mi chaelmas nilijrct to the low ground rtat of 7L each I TAX 1 MiUs from Country with an of which immediate possession irmy hud two Whitefronted and sirull neat Brick House let to tenants at By at at in 4 T OT The valuable held for the LJ long uneipired term of 5fi at a ground rent of per of a respectable FAMILY as cended hy a of stone commanding delightful of the Surrey Kent removed at a considerable distance from the with chaise and otit cjtontivc garden in front and back of the stocked AvHi ch ijcc fruit trees and well cropped late the nee of James situate near the Hour in the road leading from Cairtberwell Turnpike u hum In the Lots and consist of three uncommonly well built small well cheerfully situate near the above let to respectable tenants at and h Id fnr 57 at small ground Captain Cowan siijjposes the notion to that the part of ships immersed jathe water can twist or bend in Any way to affect their they are too firmly bound by the decks and to admit of any sufficient motion in this way for this effect j admits the 5f thk twisting and in order to investigate die consequences of it on the saD and to shew that they would be nearly die reverse of what is commonly If a vessel should tend upwards or she would make more resistance to the by opposing a greater surface to it transversely a hollow or cortcave fced is weD known to be one of the greatest impediments to a vessels sailing and if the vessel on contrary is sunk lowerin the it is evidefet the transverse section of herjmmetsedparty rfjfcst be proporrionaHy in creased in along with resistance to for ward oejpsridi OH ir the benc or twi transverse section w atrd the resistance le it wou to the proper conn die vessel steer jri head These reasons be iiie increased in prcpOTtionahly greater resistance diagpnaliy operaw to rnakp the the ain Cowan sup L tunivd was re not but in It has been proved by experimental philosoi the riabiuty to discharge the liigh du that a pyramidical or conojdal body of forced into the will Veact in the same manhet us a spimg this principVe may also adopted to give the action of a to the without injuring die for its hull nuy be so both inrolling and die resistance gradually as it in clines the vertical that the reaction may he in the same proportion wedge shape which many srrips have vertically at die head and is wellcalculated for this pnr tlese no and the could this silence of the ot its a would a fresh proot a adoption at that time y have been attended with great it in some ne ri to opinions nf the Pro experience has ns of the Council were well were proper and and it the sides were made so as to project as they instead of inclining or tumbling as it is the vessel would have the best form for this and one would he good in other respects Much depends upon baihuting the makingtnnes whlch lldd the prospect ot a speedy the operation of its immersed hiuftheopo and of the ot happmes cessary tjie j In that the tint Us c correct and i been d It Ls but a shor wharever Government had ought not to have deviated we obtained To Linen By on the Pf Tliis following at by order of the Assig nees of Henry of Castle Leicester rh a large and valuable STOCK in J LEASE of tie consisting of Irish and home 1 Irarhed kxig French 3rd sili aod handkerchiefs elpuit und counter silk awl with a rrcar variety onirvtcienee of nwd prJTate To Grrcr oihetji hold By at by order of the Joseph Clay LEASE for 4f yeaw from JL of theoe vcr desirable Gcorgus at the ycry rw r n Pcr The Preirjics ore In elceUent tt very dwelling With cjpihilLcahlc viindow and parlour at the end of with private donr en excellent rne or many others requiring At the New York Sweetings at for 12 oclock ABOUT 300 Bales and Cases of GERMAN for account of the lying at tJe Lundjn consisting of MO Piccrs 2SO Creas and Dorvlas 100 1UOO Ticklenburgs and Osnaburgs WOO Hessiaju 500 Russia sheetings and Ravcnducks 500 HoiumUU and Sworn Opposite the Alderspite Three months TWELVE OCLOCK AT NOON THIS THE STATE LO1TERY j Will Bfgin and this TICKETS and SHARES will cm JL Sale ffll Twelve at tie Oid Buildj and facing the Gate of the Kings j jnnr lrj GOOD1 and in 10 0 I IS 0 ire the Patriotic 0 0 ivril at the Bar of and b the t t ompanied the hist A I 1C if thi Conunittre of he Patriotic r cial on the 19th day of Mating at calling on the the Letter trom the r u aid of this Committee bcirig the enlarged scale do of ihf country are now car f i tncreared demands upon the I it our duty ugrant the Sum IViunds Bruih to thiir Fuud and this that the claims from this Country the same attention and n so afforded to those frpro tie F are of tnat j portion of their thty in intoeficct the patriotic of Vuh JOHN w This Day are in neatly printed and tot prkc IMITATIONS and TRANSLATIONS from j 1 the ANT1INT and MODERN CIASS1CS tojetliir with Orieinal Poeniknvcr before by Ol Trfiity Nbs hicc noriinus eise Printed for and Paternot 0e Tenth In price HHE SAINTS REST JL oriTYcaliie of the Sute of the Saints in their of God in Writtenhfthr and Pious RJCHARD Ahrldrtd Printed for and Orrne and Starpe and and Richardson ancTMatthews and rl n t e lira i TWELVE Morris the that Tickets and 4v be had uU odock THIS i 111 and CORING CROSS of the last Prize of Mj PrizL ever were all hold in CI T li i by which she has be ch zeablr to the said Parish of Clement he is Jbont twentytwo years or two inchm and rather dark i xvlth aark and dark brown which be he part of an apprenticeship at the Crown parish of clement lived is a Waiter at the Tavistock at the and at Charing afl hi the county of Uic at in the county of s frequtnUy at bull in aod from thence his said ife was to the saii parish of Clement vi so that he may be receive Treasurer totbeOreneerrof the Poor SARSENETS for selling off under Prime Cereal by orderaf theEiecu of the late JQHtJj Old Bailey the extensive fashionable STOCK to TRA1W of the oldest Snkmercer in London coiuisting of the best manufactured jingle and twitted coloured and black of the newest oprra nets at great the famUT and country trfck The Execu tors fortkar inakinj any other comment on this Tahiable Stock Urtniisuring thePublic he above U a real and nirfneSale on account of that the Goods are of the Iwst amTare seJiinj IS per cheaper than any other boose in as the Premises are ordered for THE AN EXAMINATION OF THE NOTJON ENTERTAfKED BY THAT THE WEAKNTtSJ OR LOOSE KESS OF A VESSELS FRAME MAKESHER SAIL BY CAPTAIN MAJXTOLM Captain that the generality of seamen mve gn idea that the strength of ships is an itiipedimerit to their which them give too ready an assent to any objection that may be made to the improvements in naval which have been contrived for strengthening and consequently adding to their safety not considering how many are in terestcd in the continuation of ancient errors aiid and enrichedbj the existing abuses in the construction and equipment of This is a subject in which seamen are more particularly from being liable to be the greatest sufferers by any mistake relative to and which therefore demands their peculiar poses are couclasiye but diey are rendered more apparent by he has made of ships twisted as seinieflstipposethev may be a single j sketch of this kinctisj sufficient to absurdity of the idcaj to anyone brnthb that such twistiijg can be an CaptainCovran attribiirts takes place on the sailing of tbrcnigh tfie gunnels sometimes in small privateers enurtlyrffifiie of thfc upper and thereby gfifpjg more play to the masts and It often diat by slacking the rigging a yessels is improved qnd itis usual in cutters to slack the runners and tackles which support the rnasi when in in order to give the mast as much play or motion as pos sible m and in lofty the rolling motion causes the sides to bend pver somewhat from their natural and this causes a material alteration in the position the miits and besrdesTgrving thorn more length of the masts multiplies die alteration of place at the in pvcportion to dieir distance from the centre of By cutting through a vessels gunnels di upper works mhy be made very loose j as die deck must keep every part beneath it under water from bending or twisting to Lt nmst Ko die loose ness of the upper worjcslias on the masts and uny alteration in can Cowan diat ships sometimes sail faster when ncrw and than when diey get olti and that thebest sailing trim of a vessel the stowageof and die ani3 asno fmpTovement iri of a ship can be producedby her bending ortwisting beneath the surface of die however weak or loose she may is easy todemonstrate diat when any part of rhe frame of a ship so as to be capable of motion in the from diat moment the vessel begins to decay and it is all a matter of chance whether her destruction should be gradualyby a progressive loosening of the whole or whether die partial motiojl of a single tirabcr may not start a and sertdher and her and at once CaptairrOowan has therefore done a sirgular service td seamen in pointing OBt their errors on this by shew that it rhe part of the above water which affects the sailing by its action on themasts and and not the alteration oithe shape of die immersed as as ialsely The effect which the giving play or motion to the has on the we are arises entirely from the greater spring Or elasticity which dey arelhen capable of Ithas been long since diat the spring added to wheel carriages epable force to produce a greater effect in movrbg them and pre vent impedimentspn die road diminishing their velocity of motion in a very great it not Thewaves on die sea may be con sidered as forming obstructions to the velocity of a ship in a similar manner to that which obstacles on a to the motion of a carriage and it be that die introduction of die principle of the in making die motion of die ship more must be equally bene But surely the dangetotis expedient of damag ing the by the process of loosening as it is cannot be absolutely necessary to give diis spring or gramtingthat h aids somewhat in diis yet certainly many better methods can be devasedj and certainly none worse and it is evidently a disgrace to the ingenuity of seamen pot be able to contrive a better erpedient than die very barbarous one which diey have Springs have been added to the Weeks for the sheets and in several American and have been found of great utility drere can be no doubt bat that the slingsof might be also attached to andthat dje effect would not only be beneficial to the sailing of die but also in preventingthesailsfrom being rent by sudden The windvaries from the intensity of its action on the for momentary intervals at as well as in squalls and the actionof the ship in pitching and rolling tends also to the ope ration of the wind on die sail very creasing it as the mast rolls towards the and diminishing it as it rolls from Springs at the slings and at the halyard blocks would equalize this action of die wind more effectuallythan cut ting the or looseningthe so as to endanger the masts being brought by the All at grant that andevery other safe should be tried fordiis very dangerous methods abovementioned should be operation or its immersed navttne op ration of a spring on the masts for rt the ballast is too diis effect will be injured by the ren as it die spring too and rfon the the center of gravity is phctd too spring will be too besides risking die upsettingot the The interest which Captain Cowan many take in continuation of ient errors in die construction and equipment of fs amelnnchory when the nation depends so much ort its Asyetthe seas are our nrn but if the same tysteiri which has ruined the should everbeadopted in our naval and if all improvement were to be rejected while Our inveterate enemies eagerly diligently en courage it in thejr no gift of prophecy required to fortell what must in time be the No idea can be more dian that ihe fonstrucUon and management ot ships are brought to the fufl perfection ot which they are We laugh at die for holding this opinion widi regard to dieir junks but in us it is much more for a wise policy pre vents foreign cofnmerce to that to whom it is worth or though to us it is every is so far from being exhausted on this that it no exaggeration to drat it is yet within its limits to the dangers of thesea tn navigators fully one halt ui what they are at VC de mess to our Capital and to the Monarchy we arc covered and have to la ment the i ii t t diegallant sons de fenders ot the Our armies weie at the gates of the Capital and toduy we see them mostly and compelled to fail back nearly upon the same us about die whence latter end of Supported by the rf die and at die fate naval ot die mou paintu youth to thelove of trur sacrifices of our we had suc ceeded in and increasing oar reduced by former losses we ee the liojjes cf that country dis and authority of THE SPANISH Sometime ago the Supreme Council of Spain and the Indies Address to the Su preme onthe subject of a and of whichwe have received a copy from This important document has riot been suffered to be pubhshed in and we think itssup pression some for thenew Tcstrairitsifhposed upon the Gibraltar informs that djscoment thepresent tfretcbkl und imbecile u prariie JuntapfefracTes the whole of the Spanish He that th people seem ripe for a new nor in favour of die but agamsttheir present tQrpnrj but little adaptedto the present and to the ruin with which luis been so long threat ruin which ha only been by the temporary employment which has to the arms of Napoleon Germany by a set of menas til qaaFified to oppose him with effect as even die Suprenre Junta itself appears to The following is the Address Of the introductory part we have only received an We give it as we have received The Supreme Coimcil of Spain snd the In in are nowunited those of the and has addressed a most energetic representation to the Supreme upon die the absolute establishing a composed of direr five agreeably to the laws of die king The Council begins by reminding the Board of the Order issued by at for the immediate convocation of the its niosr i ninianJeis exposed to obloquy and Two larje armies inspired us with the most hopes and we united the numetcuf and brilliant army ot Great they soon accomplish the enemys drive them beyond the lofty Pyrennees and we ave on the of being abandoned by our generous bene our Such the faithful picture of oar ituaticn a short and is it at present Ah die and the per pie who are full vith could dercnbe it far hotter than if pcss a still moree representation be given by the irhaiMrants la and are maJj to tor their hy a tsh plunder of their ind rhe ignomi kind of death they on cafiV This cruel change we v u and hut e do rot ieti of it at and from our IL a arises our mcrtdumy m s1 pected smskes not riiiy diprjss die c ir patriotic hich if but damp once to our existence The people are indniging in theaj Jtoow uid Tlieir to cur a1 nnrstrained by huellcus dail conver in places ot the greatest soppos different views and interests and threaten whilst they invji forgetful of rhe respce due to tho supreme regardless of the c nsequences to the public The shudders uprn contemplating the in which it sees the because ir cannot foresee the possible result j ot diis ter while it meets with its utmost disp prcbaiii as contrary to the at the same cxcics irs apprehensions en account the jrpo siie the and of the variety it observes in their opinions and also because it is generally Jiat the in cases like iirects that the Government be entrusted LO or five The Supreme Ly the most sacred y truths in Jer o off the dangers the and to ich we are uattended th Sovereign power A gene rate of iind immor Tliis order was unfortunately kept secrcr j is Ma it please Majesty to the law its and there end of the to whicii we are and in this circumstance originated the anarchy I a and which be ucceedcd by iranquil wbich iblloweden the assumption of the supreme lity and hy the particular Juntas of the different their defence and p fi In your Majesry remedy is in your rotis will peip the services of the Suprtr from the which would certainly have I to restore enforced its inspite of every obstacle i will be an provinces anarchy paved the way for die progress of the French and would probably have ended in die complete subjugation of die if the remnants of the Spanish in the most distant the unshaken lovaJtv of die and die enenu The immediate appi intment of a provisional Government will pacify the people die nation will indulge in the most hopes and the supreme will of Ferdinand who requires and who surfers will be fully complied The whole nation will applaud the measure want of confidence in the dispositions of the and it is the opinion of the in order and of the provinces which they to rouse its depressed by the prespnt load had noD checkedtheir impeturius and preOf it would be proper to establish a legal vented the full attainment of their guilty i with a Bourbon at its Thus unacquainted with the Sovereigns but j the perfidy of our infamous enemy having left in strongly impressed with the calamities with which j Spain none but the most Reverend the kingdom was and die still greater I Arcfibishop of Toledo and it seems as ones with which it was the Council Heaven had preserved him to support the repeatedly the Provincial under her and continually to j pressed Upon them the urgency of establishing I minds djfc beloved Sovereign for whozj legal Its were disregarded and the under such extraordinary prudence and the necessity of pro vidingfor the safety of the country a deviationfroradie rule that die Junu should exercise a power which die law had not given and diernselves appoint a Govern meat ad interim This proposii wag acquiesced i and the Central Junta met at I Thus far did the wish preventing stiUgreater evils carry rhe Council ever mmdfal oi its I are Polrcy points otit filling until die our Eminences for natives o h II III v in pry of ifirraediatcly for return of room Peiti ns ct ilies Q er leave no ill possible Spain end and the a branch of so pissionately diamefricany opposite to those of the aregency com posed of the number of individuals prescribed by the law in casesof cr of ionally a m macer comes under should be decided by uf votes and thev J swear   

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