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Daily Courant (Newspaper) - April 8, 1730, London, Middlesex The Daily Gourant NQ 88'9t. "A LETTER from a Gentleman in Italy. .S 1 NO Man knows the real Value of his Privileges 'till deprived of, or removed from them. The Sweets of Liberty are beft learned froth the Sallies of Tyranny, and the rea/bnable Bleflings of Chriftianiry from the Ferment of Bigotry, and the Fire of Perfecution. Variety being the common Source of Pleafure, tJle and Familiarity depreciates our Efteem, and abates our Fondnefs. What Men are accuftomed to From their Infancy, they are apt to defpife or over-value. This, I believe, is the Cafe of every Englifhman whd over-rates his Country in Trifles, and is in-fenfible of its Inrrinfick Excellence, fuperior to any other wbatfoever. We are fometimes apprehenfive our Youth in Foreign Countries may imbibe Doctrines prejudicial to rbeir own ; buc a very ordinary Reflection may convince a thinking Man, that Religion is the pureft, and Government the beft, when free and unreftrain'd j that is, truly Englijh. One wafted over Sea, finds himfelf in a new World, and when he considers the Difference in point of Religion, his very Bowels muft yearn for the delicious Freedom of his own. When Men get drunk with a facred Fury, they fly blindfold into Enthuflafm, and trample upon their Senfes in purfuit of a fanctified Imagination: When wanton in their own Joofe conjectural Schemes, they outrun their Reafon, and proftrate their Religion to a licentious Petulancy. The juft Mean 'rwixt thefe two feems the Profe/Gon of a fincere Ran'onalift, and the genuine Character of a difcerning, worthy, Britifh Eccl^fiaftick. The Delicacy requifite in thinking worthily of the Deity, moderates his Zeal, and quickens his Enquiries, "buc awes bis Defires, difcourages his Preemption, and bears down his Reluctant Reafon, ftruggling for Light amidft impenetrable Darknefs. Here Enquiries after facred Truth, led thro' a Wildernefs of Scholaftick Doctrines, are loft in a Labyrinth of confus'd Words, to which the Teacher joining no clear Ideas, a Difciple of Senfe muft leave them unintelligible as he found them ; without envying his confecrated Oracle of Ignorance, high Pretences to Knowledge, which either belongs ro himfelf, or which he cannot explain to his Neighbour. Poor Laymen mi^ht be contented with their Confufion and Obfcuri-ty, did not the Metaphyseal Cant of En-thufiafm rattle in all he hears and reads, and tranfport him beyond the Boundaries of Intelligence into a World of Names; Names, which, familiar to them with their Infant-Notions of the Deity, improved by Habitual Ufe, and the Clamour of a great Body of Men engroiling the Sacred Oracles to their own Fancies, their Oftentation, and their Ambition grow venerable and orthodox ; while the Peace of Mankind is made to depend upon their Ears, Catholick Communion upon a dark kind of a Dictionary, and Chriftian Salvation ro circulate in empty Sounds. The Reverend Gentlemen the Priefts, thofe idle Labourers, have bewildred their People in Evangelick, Nighr, making 'em believe our Saviour's p|ain, fimple, obvious Doctrine to have been meant for the Secret of the Clergy, whence they teach 'em Sublime, but Wednefday, April 8, 1730. Shocking Somethings, which no Mortal can underitand : Whereas, if the Gofpel be a Divine Revelation, it is every Man's Trea-fure, becauie intended for Univerfal Ufe; and every Man, without pitting himself into a Fevenfli Madnefs againft his Neighbour, may to the beft of his Capacity, find therein all that he has Occasion for : Let his Neighbour judge for himfelf, and to himfelf be it. But as the Pope minds Peoples Souls fo much, that he ftarves theit Bodies; fo we are apt to be fo taken up with the Care of our Neighbours Souls, that we wholly neglect the Peace and Safety of our own. Men are ho more to be judged by their Principles than by their Writings; a Debauchee, a Villain, a Traitor has often thought like a Chriftian, wrote like a Philofopher, and fpoke like a Patriot. By his Actions he is to be judged by Men, while the principal of them, that is his Sincerity, belongs to God. Men in Civil and Religions Life may work themfelves Up to wbac degree of ridiculous Squeamiflinefs they have a mind: Good Mt"""r* flre ever to be unviolated: But the cuen oaint bim. But me... tholick Robbery fliould leave us juft enough to comprehend what they teach us. No : There is but one Step before they tumble us down the Precipice of Perdirion, and one Glimpfe of Light left us would difcover the facred Treachery. They give v.s Faith as an Equivalent for all j a Faith which works Miracles greater than any we have heard of, for it fwallows Contradictions. Their moft learned, and ingenious Doctors tell us, that Reafon being the efleatial Privilege of Mankind, the firft Bnfinefs of a Chriftian is in Submiffion to Heaven to make a Sacrifice of it to God, that is, to the Church, and the Prieft its Emjflary. Which is the fame thing as to fay, fince we are made after the Image of God, for the Honour of the great Creator, we ought to unmake our felves, to aflume the Image of an Idol of their own Forgery ; and Damnation is the Penalty if we keep our Manhood. Upon this impious, and blind Foundation depends their implacable Tyranny, their damnable implicite Faith, their malignant Excommunications, their bloody Inquifitions, all thofe monftrous Tenets which are an Affront upon Common Senfe, thofe mimick Practices in Worfhip whichareajeft upon Devotion, a Burlefque upon Cbriftianity, and a Farce upon all Religion, and thofe Monkifh cruel Maxims in Government, which are a Satyr upon Mankind, and deftructive of the Race. As there are, in proportion to the Number, more Enthufiafts amongft Free-thinkers, than amongft thofe whom we call Fanaticks, fo I am afraid there are Reformed, as well as Catholick Jugglers. No matter what we follow, if we take after the Cry, and purfue we know not what It comes to the fame thing, whatever Points our Follies turn upon, provided we corrupt Chriftianity by forfaking the Practices 6f a Rational Religion. The Vulgar by nature me greatly dit-pofed to Superitition: This, like the Garlick and Onions of Egypt 10 ihejeves, is Food they can beft digeft. ,By this they tread fureft and fafeft, like Burgundiims to cfaeii: Wooden Shoes, becaufe tney know, of DO betcer. 1 he Romans, by a wicked Difceru-ment into the Follies and Weaknefs of Men; have not only humoured, but intoxicated them in their own Tafte: The PerverJirjr,' the Vices, and Example of Mankind, di-fpofes them mightily to clear Scores with Heaven by fome trifling Consideration. Per-; fecution, and Abufe of different Opinions is generally Meritorious; Catholick Penances' are too well known to be mentioned ; Mortification not being calculated for the Genius of a wealthy People, the Merchant, and the Peer pay their Spiritual Debts too often in Charity, and the Poor in Prayer : That is,' thofe who can afford it, purchafe their Vices, and their Villanies with Money, and tbey, who have not a Farthing, with a Religious Penance. In the North, where Mortification is natural, they make their Contributions in S^lvatory Faith ; while the Ingenious make up their Account in Wit, the Learned in their Clofets with a little Reading, and Rationalifts compound the Matter with a Spark of conceited Reafon. Our whole Controverfy with the Romans turns upon the Right of private Judgment, upon which the Reformation begun, and fucceeded. This every Proteftanr claims,' tioc out of Libertinifm, bur as he is the Subject of Common Senfe. In Gratitude to its noble, and pious Patriots, we are all bound to make the moft Sober, and Impartial Ufe of it in our Power. For if this be once overthrown, or confounded, we are ar beft but Mungrel Papifts, whatever Denomination we boaft. Where this is cbeck'd, oc fupprefs'd, People have but juft Grounds to make their Annual Complaints of the Growth of Popery ; and while it is queftioned, en-vy'd, or limited in a Country originally free, we may be Aire it is the Papal Spirit fermenting the Traditionary Dregs of that Religion,/ retain'd among our People. I am, SIR, Tour Friend and Servant, Sccl Late laft Night arrived the Mail due from Holland. Vienna, April I. N. S. T^HE Bifhop of Bamberg and Wurtzburg? Vice-Chancellor of the Empire, has made over 6000 of his Men to the Emperor. Several Regiments of Imperial Cuirafliers^ Dragoons, and Huflafs have received Orders to march and join fome other Troops of the Empire. 'Tis faid the Emperor would confer to the Introduction of 6000 Spaniards into the Places of Tufcany and Parma, provided they were to admit the like Number of Imperialifts. The Body of Forces fent to Sicily, confifts of 14,000 Men, to be com J manded by General Wallis. There is to be the like Reinforcement fent to Naples, befides a Flying Camp of 6000 Men to guard the Coafts of Calabria. Ber/jfi-^fl
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