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Covent Garden Journal (Newspaper) - June 20, 1752, London, Middlesex By Sir ALEXANDER Cenfor of GREAT BRITAIN price 3 JUNE 49 To be continued every TUESDAY and SATURDAY Odi profanum I hate the N a former Paper I have endeavoured to trace the Rife and Progrefs of the Pow er of the fourth Ef tate in this Conftitu I fhall now examine that Share of Power which they actually enjoy at this and then proceed to confider the feveral Means by which they have attain ed tho this Eftate have not AS YET claimed that Right which was in fifted on by the People or Mob in old of giving a negative Voice in the enacting they have clearly erciftd this Power in controlling Of this it is eafy to give many particularly in the Cafe of the GinAct Years ago j and in thofe of feveral Turnpikes have been erected the Goodwill and Pleafure of the and have by them been In oppofing the Execution of fuch they do not always rely on Force but have frequent Recourfe to the moft refined Policy For fometimes without openly exprefiing their they take the molt effectual Means to prevent the carrying a Law into Execu tion thofe are by difcountenancing all thofe who endeavour to profecute the Of fences committed againft They well that the Courts of Juftice cannot proceed without Informa tions if they can ftifle the Law of Courfe becomes dead and The Informers therefore in fuch they declare to be and guilty of the Crime Of this whoever isjufpeffed which is with them a fynonymous Term with conviRed is immediately puniflied by Kick in by all thofe Means of fometimes fometimes almoft to which are called by that general Phrafe of It may perhaps be faid that the even at this connive at the Ex ecution of fome which they can by no Means be fuppofed ro Such are the Laws againft Burglary and This I true and I have often wondered that it is The Reafon perhaps the great Love which the Mob have for a Holi and the great Pleafure they take in feeing Men hanged fo that while they are enjoying they are all apt to that this is hereafter in all Pro bability to be their own In all thefe Matters the Pow er of this Eftate is rather felt than It feems indeed to be like that Power of the Crown in which Cardinal de Retz compares to thofe religious Myf terbs that are performed in SanRorum and tho it be is never exprefly In other Inftances Eftate is much more explicite in their and much more conftant in afferting and maintaining them of which I fhall mention fome of the they aflert an exclufive Right to River of It is true the o ther Eftates do fometimes venture felves upon the River but this is only upon Sufferance for which they pav whatever that Branch of fourth Ef tate called Watermen are pleated to ex act of Nor are the Mob content ed with all theft They grumble whenever they meet any Ierfon in a whofe Drefs declares them to be of a different Order from Sometimes they carry their Refcntmcnt fo as to endeavour to run againft the and ovcrfet it but if aue too good natured to attempt they never to attack the Paffengers wth all Kind of abufive and indecent Lan The fecond exclufive Right which they infift is to thofe Parts of the that are fet apart for the In aliening this they arc extremely rigorous that n6neof the other Orders can walk the Streets by Day without being infuit nor by Night without being knock ed And the better to fecurs thefe Foorpaths to they rake effectual Care to keep the faid Paths al ways well blocked up with and every other Kind of Obftruction in Order to break the Legs of all thofe who fhall prefume to encroach upon their Privileges by walking the Here it was hoped their Pretenfions1 would have flopped but it is difficult to fet any Bounds to Ambition hav ing fufficiently eftablifhed this they now begin to affert their Right to the whole and to have lately made fuch a Difpofition with their and that no Coach dri pafs along without rhe utmoft Difficuhy and With this View we every Day fee them driving Side by and fometimes in the broader Streets three a braft leaving a Cart or Wag gon in the MkkHs of the and of ten ft t acrofs while tile Driver repairs to a neighbouring from the Window he diverts himfelf while he is with the Mifchief or Inconvenience which his Vehicle occa The fame Pretenfions which they make to the PoflcfTion of the they make likewife to the PofTcffion of the High I doubt not I fhall be told they claim only an equal Right For I know it is very ufiul when a Carter or Dray man is civilly defired to make a lit le by moving out of the Middle of die Road to the Right or to This Paper is to he bad at the Uniyerfal Reglfler next the Corner of Cornhill
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