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Covent Garden Journal (Newspaper) - June 13, 1752, London, Middlesex Covent Garden By Sir ALEXANDER DRAWCIAN Cenfor of GREAT Price 3 S A T U R D JUNE 1752 To be continued every TUESDAY and beu plebes feeler at a 0 ye wicked Rafcallions T may feem ftrange that none of our po lical in their learned Treatifes on the Englifh Confti fhould take Notice of any more than three and entirely paffing by in Silence that very large and powerful which form the fourth Eftate in this and have been long dignified and diftinguifh ed by the Name of THE And this will feem ftill the more when we confider that many of the great Writers abovementioned have moft incontefiably belonged to this very To fay precrfely at what Time fourth State began firft to figure in this or when the Footfteps of that Power which it enjoys at this Day were firft muft appear to be a ter of the higheft perhaps ut terly from that deplorable lence which I havejuft Cer tain however u that at the Time of the Norman and long the Condition of this Eftate was very low and thofe who compofed it being in general called Villains a Word which did not then bear any very honourable tho not fo bad a one perhaps as it hath fince The Part which this fourth Eftate feem antiently to have was to watch over and contrell the other This indeed they have feldom aflcrted in plain which is poffibly the principal Reafon why ourHiftorians have never ex plicitly afiighed them their Share of Power in the tho this Eftate have fo often exercifed and fo clearly affert ed their Right to it by Force of Arms to by and other fuch offenfive Wea The firft InftSnce which I of this Was in the Reign of when they efpoufed the Caufe of Religion of which they have been always ftout De and deftroyed a great Number of In the fame Reign we have another Example inWilliam alias a ftout Afierter of the Rights of the fourth Thcfe Rights he defended in the City of at the Head of a large and by Force of the i but was over anef loft his Life by means of a wooden Machine called the which hath been very fatal to the chief Champions of this Eftate as it was in the Reign of to one Conftan whg having at ihe a Lon don Mob pulled down the Houfe of the HighrSteward of and com mitted other little Diforders of the like maintained to the Chief Judi ciarys that he had done Nothing c punilhablc by contrary to tht Rights of the fourth He hared however the fame Fate with Fitz in this Reign of Henry the Power of ihe fourth Eftate grown to a very great Heighth for whilft a Treaty was on Foot between that King and his the Mob of London thought proper not only to infult the Queen with allMannerof foul but likewife to throw Stones and Dirt at Of which AfTertion of their Privi we hear of no other Confequence than that the King was highly difpleafed and indeed it feems to be allowed by moft that the Mob in this Inftance went a little too In the Time of Edward there is a nother Facl upon Record j of a more bloody perhaps not more in decent For the Bifhop of Exeter being a little too bufy in endeavouring tQpreferve die City of London for the King his the Mob were pleafed to cut his Head I omit many lefler Inftances to come to that glorious Aflertion of the Privile ges tf the Mob under the and migh ty Wat when they not only laid their Claim to a Share in the Govern but in Truth to exclude all the other for this one John or or a great who was let out of Maidflone Gaol by the in his Harangues told that as all Men were Sons of A danv there ought to be no DiftindUon and was tfceir Duty to reduce all Men to perfect This they im mediately fet and to do it in the moft eflfefluai theycut off the Heads of all the Cler who fell into their With thefe Defigns they encamped in a large Body at whence they fent a MefTage to KingRichard to come and talk with tbem in order to fettle the Government and when this was not complied they marched to and the Gates being opened by their entered the burnt and plundered the Duke of Lancafters that of the Archbifhop and ma ny other great and put to Death all of the other three Ettates with whom they among was the Arch bifhop of and the Lord The unhappy End of this noble En terprize is Ib well that it need rot be The Leader being taken off by the Gallantry of the Lord the whole like a Body when the Head is fell inftant TbU Paper is to be bad at the Univerfal Regifter next the Corner of Cornhill
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