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Covent Garden Journal (Newspaper) - February 18, 1752, London, Middlesex By Sir ALEXANDER DRAWC AN Cenfor of GRSAT Price 3 FEBRUARY 1752 To be continued every TUESDAY and Jam apertam In Rabiem verti ccepit ct per honeftas Ire minax imfune Tbejeji began to turn to open And the dull fcurrilous inveffive Fell on the greatejl Worthies 03 the Good fays THE Dramatic is the immediate Jew el of a So high indeed is the Value which Man kind fet ona good th t wc frequent Inftances in the Cafe of D particularly where Men do at lead run the Riique of both Life and Soul its This is furely going too far b c if we agree with his that not to live but to live happily is great Bufmefs of Reputation will appear of Value with Life finee our living happily fo abfoluteiy de pends on our pofTefiing this ineftimable Hence it feems to that unjuflly to take away anothers is an Injury equal with that of taking away his Life and in the only Laws which have corresponded throughout with Truth and common thole Laws I mean which came from the Voice of God thife Injuries are both confidered as Crimes of an equal and as deferving an equal The fame facred Table of Laws which forbids alike for bids us to bear ialfe Witnefs againft our Neighbour and whoever reads and un derftands the 220 Verfe 5th of will find equal Vengeance pronounced by the Divine Lawgiver of the New Tcfhment againft both thefe If this be the a Man may reafon ably exprefs fome Wonder that in a Coun try whofe Laws pretend to be founded on thofe I have juft or at beft very fmall Punifhments are allotted to this heinous Crime of That fo far from confidering the raking away anothers Reputation as a Crime equal to that of taking away his the Laws of this Chriftian Country dp in Reality con fider the taking away a Shilling as a much more grievous Nor is 1 Matter of lefs Afto nifhnvnt to fee many who profefs them fclves Believers in the Chriftian very and without the leaft plunge themfelves into a Crime and under fuch dread ful Penalties forbidden in that holy Dif penfation which they agree to have Divine that Men who pretend fo nefty and nay and who ap in other Inftances really to poffefs thofe amiable fhould wantonly delight in doing this cruel Injury to t he r Fellow may juftly feem a ftrargc Sqlecifm in fuch a Solecifm indeedthat it is great Pity there fhould be found any Principle in human Nature which will account for As the Divine Law however hath thought proper to rank this Sin with chat of I may be allowed to treat it in the fame and to confider the Degrees of Guilt in this as the En glifh Law confiders thofe in Murder is the killing a with Malice By this we are not to underftand that it is always incumbent on a profecutor to prove that the Mur derer had a previous avowed Malice to the deceafed nor is it indeed necefTary he fhould have had In every barbarous and where there is no juft Pro vocation the Law very wifely im plits the Malice from the Fact itfelf For iuch a fay the Writers on that is fuppofed to bear Malice to all In the fame when we barba roufly lake away the Reputation of an it is not a fufficient Excufe that we have no particular Malice to the Perfon whom we thus cruelly the Offence becomes perhaps the more atro cious from this very Excufe For if we have no we are the likely to have received any Provocation and our Cruelty is to be imputed only to that Malignity which is the ranked and mod poifonous Weed that difgraces human Na This is that malignant temper which Horace attributes when he fays be defpifes them that Malignity to which Valerius Maximus affigm and No State of Happinefs can cc by any Degree of Moderation efcape a Difpofition that makes Men rich in the Lofles of fortunate from their and immortal from their Nor will it mitigate the Offence that we were only in and that what ever Mifchief we have done by our Slan der we meant nothing more than our Many Tyrants and Slaugh terers of hadthere been any Power to arraign in Foro could have juftly alledged this Motive for Murderjbut as this will be allowed no Plea for that Crime in Foro no more will it be a Plea for Slander in Foro Confcientise if there be any fuch Slan derer who doth not know from what Principle in his Nature mifchitvous Pleafure let him confuk Ciceros fourth Book of his tan Queftions9 where he will find Maleioknce defined to be that Delight which we take in the Evil that happens to from which we ourfelves receive no Again in as in all other Fe there are Principals and In the Cafe of not only he who actually kills a but all who are pre and in any Manner or are In every Man who knowing ly contributes to Propagation of a Falfehood againft the Character of is as much 4 as the original Devifer or Contriver and in this Light he is regarded in the Nor will it be either a legal or confci entious Excufe for fuch a Pubiifher of Scandal to that he did not certain ly know the or even that he had fome Reafon believe it to be In Law not even Truth itfelf will juftify a Libel or a fcandalous Report but furely in no Senfe whatever can the Pubiifher of a Fajfehood to the Ruin of any Mans Reputation be deemed in It would be buca poor Defence for the Murder of an honeft that fomebody told us he was a our Ignorance of the Falfehood of the would hardly extenuate the Guijt in fuch
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