Wednesday, May 10, 1809


Location: London, Middlesex

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Courier (Newspaper) - May 10, 1809, London, Middlesex ^ ^^^^L(000^1^4^ Bl'T^, 7^ ^.i&uriiee& pJesStid �o appoint itobert Snfim, Soc]w�rt, c�it<in-f| and rlnp^ .�rf >afct'l�ft4rt*c*f'fwV^6;'20i and Jua-' a>, M twn, at j22i|>jl^ntK'-IUiiIr'Shid(I*^ 4troerr,(le:it i,. '�H�*ra; MeggVion, Nu. 9d, Jlaitun- Norwich, wine iiKl iKirtniT^, . at t)�rKiii�'* . ,jipu{< N<'r�*(^''^^ t'S^i Messrs. >imniMin and Kack^ ' N(�r�5<^vn'lJ WindM,Smi, and ilultiiway, ' Ilr�e.V� Umih if-C*i jfakaf^tt'Ti fJnp'jiHn, maMm, di-aVr anil chnpiiiart. Maj' \ftrl'M�nun, Cliuroh-row, Aewiiigtoii U�Ms. j^B-Boje^. jMin�RfId^l T aixi /bapinaii. May .IJ, at tt-ii^ ami Jkiic -Jo, at one, at  Guirohall. r."iitloii. Altbniry; Mr. J}uvill, >cw Uridgew jiwki MolsuM, t;hri-1cJiurcb; furtHture-lirokor, tlpnliT and ' ' ritoroin, WayJS. it, iual June'iO, at irn, at (iiiildhall. rafibni had beeq. Cdnfij^ai Upoci tJiem tK<�t M�*u4 had aIrea(ty.cot�fe^t(^%fie'hij5h fj'i-st-j.r. To thosi'y twij ikhajMUi the cuait^^yUail ra.\svd ibe progdcSt rhunumtfiW, the mult'tiistin^ and eiu Hdbia jht'iriorL-il iKat a jiist scnso of the .ini�rit disim-giiishod iperitciiij^diiciatf, or ihemost fuiiooHtSjiT. ~ <�f such pirsons, tu pronuttiici' .pitig-iipMii those ptrsiins auceof 25,000 FrVnch troops from Portugal,' to f wotiW iiotrasily be ernsid fr-m'llie'public mint]; a �4).irt of France"mHch nearer for colap'ra'idn ! It wohM berctneftibfreJ 4).irt of f ranee mHcrt nearer for co-op ' wiih the French �rmy in Spain. If Spain h,ulti..rii the ubijuare object of the expedition, PikiuJiI was not ihi- point to 'Which it sKoolJ" first ha�e bivcn dJri'cti - ; because Jiinof, who had no iDfans if St'iiiliiig �f�op< Jo supprv-'ss ttn insurrocfiuo at Bad-ijoz, could not"march to the a�is-ancc of tlie in Spaiti ; and if our expedifi m had bi-m sont direcity to Spaiti, we.miglitafterwards aciom ni�m�stcrshire, " - *'fSm3eiife^r;Veiikr�na.c�^ :W, a"'l J'"' H!irtlrtri, <il..ur�iili-r. Attoriii.s. had Heeii stifled ^nd extlngtlished. It wgs not to the army then that thvy wi'rcto look for th-; cause of the failurc'j nor to the Commandor in-Cliief of that army; for tti fiitn they had bestowed the proudest laonurtient (^i hi' conduct whilst living, and most exaltrd tribufe �H'-n de.�d. .Aod jirsMy had tht-y done so. they neglected to r h it tiftd ia which he.fell in (>afib-, wiiiNt combat. ill which ta";e it miij'.t have preTcitled (he escjpe of : Bonaparte from Spain ; or the British troops should ; bayikhci-n sent to the South of Spain, where they mighfjhsre taken .jp()St with the .^uria Morena in j their front, the GuadafqtiiTer on on* lUnk, and ; the arsenal anJ furtress of Cad z in thoi�, he. ; sides o';r own im(>resnable position at GibrJ'ar. ! It appt'ared that ftlinbteis l��dsi;nt the a'ruvy to the h Soufb when fhey puQht to hate sent it to the North, and to the North whciv ihey shQuld hate st-ntit Co'; thbSontb. His object, therefore, vras-�6 prove that iiig them. But it was not ro the C-Id niVthle, ] they had shewn them unable to cxicnte their own fo the lifeless wonHmetit whieh may hare been .[ projects. Trie Noble Ij)rd then took a view of c.-ccte�}, or to the disti.iguished inscription \i mayj thr stare of Spain in the la.stsumuur ; v,hinap;)!U bear, ithat they wer*,' to biok fof the fharacfer of : cations for assistance had been made liy s.ime of the. .*wr J. IVloore. His mniMiment ^^as i!le croutid up- i provmces in 31ay ; Dnpont had snrrcnderejl in July, on which he felK That it vv.-\s which bore testimony t(� his fame, lirinij moutunrut andJoscsphnonapartehadcpiitiL'd Mailrid �biiut the But he had a still more enviable 'i lyt Anjust. On the^thSeptctnbe, too, the F-mpcror rut in the b:easts of thosti brave j Napolu.n, notdisi;�islng hii views, had declared, troops, among whom as he had ever liVedj to he i Tn his message to Ids senate, liis intent ion to con iraUSR of T.6kDS, Ti?rsoA.V,'Miti' 5. �twJ r-lVEilPbOFj mo�ed tfce Order �rtu-\:'- ;^esi6 Minister hcfi', for'�h�, and as-.i^ 'i^^^ fcTctiHcs of Ma�Jeir�  as the sccuriiy, '�I ' "iiotiM btJ-rcturncd from the'BraiilsMvtth the ratili-� 'iaticti , h ttcirtcaiim �f F^i-a titranpford of about 80,000/. : ti^ 8 second adTtincc to an etpial amonnt had been lijicc made. Of {his sum about uO,000/. had been ' '^i^tgetl in Ihe Aiiny Kxtraordinaries, having been ^^rrp�l in consequence ofprdcrs'frtjm the Kritisli l^ernment (u aiford every tlegree of faciiity to %ttSk Porluguests as were desirous of following ttet6ituncs of their Sovereign. This sum being iWicfcd^ theremalnilcr would be repaid out of ,fteJrftcndctl Loan. His Lordship concluded with 'moving an Addrc.>'5 expressing their Lordships' rea-dinejs to concur in tarrying into cllect the jiur-" jtHC of the. Message. th&iJukeaf NOKFOLK said he most cordially ioncttrfiH! In the intended aid to our <iJ;I ally, and Iter should �^'tiSh that instejid of holding out any Irnpt^ fohlra, ill the {ircsent state of the Continent Ofaretiifti to th'ttTagus, fh;�t we should bller our aaistanccto a still-jgfteater Cxtenfor strengthen-ioghis jwwcr in his^ American doiiiiniuns. lie did  not disapprove of secret ejfcpediii-oiis for the attain- j Wciitof parttculdr objectt, but he looked with I great despondency at pleasures wtiirh implied a pcrscTcranre Wthe pniject of wrt'sfiiiii the I'euin-stilafrdm the family of .Bonaparte, lie was.afraid rtuniitely attended the canipuign ; over his actions the tomb had closed, and who should venture, with Unhai; lowed hands, fo tear ttj�in the sanctuary of the tomb ? T/iere were IwiV other parlies ti* the trail, .s.ictions : his Majesty's Ministers, who had direct-{ ed the operations of the campaign, and the allies at whose, soliiitation it had^ been entered upon : those allies, witii whom his Majesty's IVIinLsters, Wiwn they knew all the extent of thv calam-ti<s in S-iaiu, but the fatal conseijuesiccs of the aftjir at Corunna,liad cdncluded a trea'y of aliiaive, with, out Rtipul.ifing any 'ine cufiditioa of reciprocity, ^ treaty irncxanijilfd in the annals of Enmpran diplomacy. But they were not then t.) discuss the qncr Spain, and thanked his God, h<s foriinu', and his star, that tlie madness of the British Cabinet had sent an army to encounter him in Spain. The J''rench Ruler then p het;>r if w;:� not right 1-nnJer the actual circumstances; that MorIa, whose (hat this oiiiiry .�:i!fiild have afTorded all the as- ! intrigues for the surVender of Cadiz, aruf the licet K�iiswcrinr---� qvtwfioTi froin Lord Bucking-,iiiS($>hAC): Euttiifi�^it*aaii stttettthat the Con. "�entiun rrkrrtfijfexislusiVcly to the imbjpct of ,a I OL Ihen moved the second ; T^tlittg oftiiC'MilitVa^ompIctitiiv Bill, which, after '"few (ibscirtatioft� 6y Lord FiTiivir.M.t�i, the Marquis 9rifetjr.r/Aii* Lo^ HxnnwtcKE, Lord 3to�SL\�i, aflttJiOi^-ijEr.KniK, was read a second *iine, andordcrea'!& be romtnittcd tw-morrow.- HOUSE O/'COMMONS. .inrd TKMPLK, in rising to sulmiit the minion si>tance which Jier jne;j!)s CTialil-ii her in thes-ipport of the S{)ai�i>h c.iiise. If these illie* were incap.ible by their o'vn councils to i;uard their own interest-, his ;Vi,:(e.sfy's Minister.'; siiould not li.ivc iinliy lo piomole the ge-ncron� icgret was felt that we ouUl not all participate in (he �>iofions striii'gle. When under such citCHinstanccs his .\Iaiest)'s Ministers undertook to assist Spain, if there had been any nun in the Cotinlry base enough to renrct that the (ask had not been left fu (heir.political opponents his revenge was complete. The fust, act consisted in the cxpediiioii lo P.irtuga!-that specimen oUhe Noble Lord's power of i-oinhination, in which General bad been sent afierCrcncral,in suih unaceuunt-able but rapid succession, when neither was acquainted wi�h the [ilaii"'* or in'tntcinns uf iheother, and when the manner in wh�ch the who!*' had been conccrt.d andexeruifd had made a mnr^cty even to the enemy whom we had beaten. This was.tlie firstelfurt of his Mijestj's Mmisfers; the second was the dir�-ciion of tdc British army towards Sjiain. And here he must observe, that those who cou'^1 not justify, but wished lo excuse '-ofishicU be Iwrt giv�n notice, observed, that now j the Convention <if Ciotra, founded their excuse tht Cabinet .Miuistera had laid all the documents BBoa: the table, on which they wished the Houses upon the necessity of expediting the march of the Bri(l-h Army to Spain. Kvcn Sir A. WelK'sley had anil arsenal, to the French, were now well known, and w.iio had'shewn an inviucihlc Jealousy uifainst the;pr(senre of a British force in the South of Sp^iin, which niiiiht wa ch, and be a cbcrk upon his motions. Ttio Noble L'lrd then t.'ok a view of the tardy fBiUincr in wliich measures /i id Iiecn taken for se'ndiiig the Biiiisli fro:'ps into Spain, both as to.tile nvniy of Sir Joh?i Moore, and tne force under Sir Uaviil Baird; whilst cavalry, tliat army which was most wanted to act inS;min, was nut to be sent not (ill the return of the trans[jor?s fri'm (he Tanns. lie animadverted with point O'l the absuidity of sending out Sir David Baird's army (o Corunna, without* making any o. n on the subject, and added that the last division i-f that army h^d landed at Corunna on the Slh nf Nov m-ber, only t*o days bffore two of the Sjmnish armies had been anuihLlatid, and f.ven'y-four before Bunnparte enfereil jMatlrid. Nu information had been s-nf even tn l^urd VVdliani Beiiiinclc, as to the destination of the anny of General Bainl, and H[; >n'this point he had remonstrated. But, to shew lliat the Noble Lord hu<l not a paten! f. r want of inforir.a'ioB and waul of for. si;;tit, Mr. SiTretary Cooke replied to this riiU'iuslranc-, tha' tioTcni-meiii hid no r^'uson to heli've, from C .i-t. K�'iii:ciiv '.s letters, that there would have been any ililliculiy as to the landiii.? of the army ; and ye', sir.inne to State, on the rc-y day thi* answer was.dated, Mr. Secretary Cooke had riceivcd a letter from Cujitain Kennedy, statin;; the d.liliulty that the Junta would plaeein the way ofihc l.iiu!.n.;of (heariny. Mow dillerent was the conduct of the enemy ! B i;a-parte always llew to his oi)ject upon the wings of the eag'e; whdst the Nohle Lird crept upon the back of a lortoise lo oppose hitn. And lest the e)cs of Kurope �hould not be open (o the tardy character of his measures, the N.ible Lord, as appeared by,out; of (he dorii,'!cn� upon the tulile, stiip[)i(I suddenly short in his fre zi"g career, and arrested fhe snail-like sinuosilits of his cnur-e. Vet, on the 'ill of Novemher, the Nohle Lord wr ed up men tu such stations, who were often not coni;ieieiit to till them, as (he ; apy period of ' history bcenplaceUai the di-i>'>sal of the Govcrn-. mcnt, ftjt �he purpose of assisting to promote the j '  .greatest object thai had ever, in modern titne.'?, been presented, ftir accomplishment ; ho coaccir<d ' ittebehis duty to call upon tbo House for its ^'^ .distinct opinion upon the c^se: and though be  should be short in what he had to say, yet be tclt-tliathe shottW.stand in nctd of the whole in. = dalgCHCe of the House;.and whilst they had to ' JaJBCot t^tjthe efforts of the .country had failed in thvcoane of- llie campaign, ihey had enough, to - ; satisry^emlhatJuch failure ,was not attributable t0^i(OKUy�fhom theitamedjjtiit:onductof its ��pe. what curiousb'to I'uid, that, notwithstanding (hat very Convention, it wjls out (ill that very I) cein. lier that the British iiijny was able to art in Spain. Thus it appt-ared, (: id what \\as apprehended as the consequenco of protracted warfare in Por^u. If Morla had been appointed ^) the command in : chief, t�'eo.^'ir John .Moore and the British army \ would have been placed entirely ;it his disposal; i aw^ Sir John Muort- rmhl not, if ordered to i Hfirrh to AJad.rid by liim in such a ca^e, refuse : gal, bad actual resulted from the in jctivity, the ! compliance without tfisobejiiiii �:i.s instrucfitios want of all eiiercy, and the gross want of fere- ! from home. ^ nduct of Mr. ;Freit'i and he had, he (ruited, duly appreciated j Ihe.vdln.etif'thitGenilenian's service.sand conduct. : how his letters had beett wruoij like so it>tiny drcpa of hfobd from his Majesty's Ministers ; and the twisting, shifiiuij, and winding lhat had been resorted fo, in ofder to k� p ihcm out of (he pUblir vieir. At first 'hey were represented as privntc ; but would aiiy Gentieinan noW look at t^ese letters, and say, without blushing, that they pr.TateI Had tbcy. tU^jjftrlc private ^pan theni; and < t answer tkepirpose f.r which ihoy were calie.! f.>rj that they contained no i^fllrma(ion tiat woi:!J b^ of the smallest advantage to the ilist-ussion. i',,it would any man, now that think ^od the |i^)ujie hal got these bt'eri;, state that thtf were tKlt portant, or (hat (bey hai not bt?cn the t-ause of the advaijce of Sir John Moore into 8p*l�, and -f (he disastrous retreat uhich ensued ? H(r hoped ihjt they shouK"! n .tagain hear that the diviled state of Sir John.Moore's aTtny was to atriiiu'ed to t'Hat'Genci'a!. 'W'.ifn he recollccrrd the auspice.s under which the Right Ut>iT. (ientlwnan (."vlr. Canning) bad commcnerd his yolitjeai rare-r un- e surprised fo find h:iu casting (he blame from himself *iipi>n that Ofit-i cer, who enjoyed Sir. I'i.t'.s confidence, therein following the examjjJc of his colJeaffues. who shifted (he blame iiniformly upon (he OfiiCt'r=i they emplo3-cd. fie ci;nicnded, (hat (I-o coersc Sir .Tohn .Moore had taken was t'e only one he could with proprii-iy resort to; and it "as owinw to the tardy measures of Ciovernmen�, and the dirtic'.'.l. tics presentetl in the line of march he was compelled to pursue, that he found liini^elf with a di-vi'edarlnyiiu front of the enemy. Sir.!. .Moorj complained of want of communication with the Spanish Generals, and want of i.formafion from the Supreme Junta ; upon whirh .Mr. Fiore ro-monstrated, adding a little asperity of ffis .)wn, in language little suited to the ehararter of a Mini5t;-r at a Foreign Court. 'I'he Noble ijord then proceeded fo review the conduct ami character of A; Charmilly, who, he contended, catiUf )Mt hav  been employed in the coiitidential manner l�y Mr. Frere, as appeared by the documents, if i�e had not been recommended (o him from home, if.he hid been so reconitneaded, .VJioisicrj, �?i > nov* disclaimed him, were (t� blame ; if he hid !Ht ?ilr. Frere was to blame for emplyin:.,' ; ra;:i witft^ whose character hi; must have lierti .x nii.iini'-d;- Vet this was (he rnaii whom Mr. Fr.:e (ie.siri('. tu be examined before a Council of Wt: : fhtr-hy prcsiimingto appealfromthe ( 1 > j ? aru y ; and to attempt tocoiitrou! (hejudgmcnt < ! ai of-(ircr intrusted by his Sovrri ijn witn be eiiriiTntnd of a large army, by r.fereiueto the opinion of s'.e.h a character. He only vrondercd that lii-- iVsnjes. (y's Ministers had not b.en an.xious lo pn.dure thi.s correspondenrb of Mr. Frere, if -only to ; rov* that there was one man in existence, who vroitld act like themselves, who h.Ml the same want of in-formatioti, the same inacliviiy, the same watit if i-'idgment, sagaii'y, and foresight. It was not at all surjrrizinn ihiit the Right lion, (jfutleman (Mr, Canning) slunild wish to concen! the corrtsp-. nd. cnce of a Gent leman wiio hori-snch a r; sembiant'e lo h'so�n siylein temper, conc.l'rttioo, and urfia-nity, as not to he like the corre'ipcn-icnc" of any Minister who had ever fi!Ied the sfrti'ioo which either of them held.-(//e�r, hcnr!)~'Y\.o pnpil sometimes rivalleil anil outshone the mas'^ter, an<?-analogiously the Bight Hon. Genlloman might have desired to k vn\ r jji cealed, lest they sloiild crli[)se his own. To Noble IjarA thci cor:>>;ienfed �i(h ini:(h ii'.d..:;!-.^. lion upon ih'j i!ui>'coroMS .-;nii unbectiniii'g lati^ii.-.'.e of Mr. Frere, in '.5 jefler, ilated i'.iiavera h R i-na, 3d of Di'ccniher, to Sir .iohii .\loorc, as Ian. giiaite which couKl not l;c used �)tli ]jro;irieiv fcin one equal toanofher; and declared, that thoutih Mr. Frere was the last man he cT/iiid Mippose capable of b-ing intentionally false to the iriierrsis of Ills country, yC by hi� iucapHi:ity he h.i.'. .aided (he projects of the enrmjreffn more (hati (!oy could by (leasou, if the (Mnsecuei-.ce had not been averted by the ability of Sir John Alowre.- Notwithstanding all the difiicolties against which >ir Jo'/iu ,\ioore had to conten I, nolwl^HlKplffiir lic had leceived no ins unf of (he Spanish oflicers, yet he �as ifeleroiin-.-.! to p;:t h.mself in the way of forta-.e. The m^rrh to Madriil was impossihl>�, after the Frenc'i had se Zed the piss of Soino Sierra} but s'iJI lie c fli-ci (har �as ralcn-lated from it. This luovrrji. iii was attended with considerable daogiT, and the rapidity of ,he re. tr>-at alone sctiin-d the\r-t'malns of tlie army. It appeared (hat MiiiiStePs at (hat time hal never jhought of Ferrol,'Hie second naval ar.'?. rial of Sp.iiti ; ;ind the great accession of naval strength . which the enemy had gained by tliaf cinqui-st was Giving to the remissness of our .Vll^isters. The battle of Corunna, iudeeJ, alfonled a iirilliant instance of what British valour ran do under every possiMe di.scouragemen<. 'I'ne trowps, ih^' brokcti down and ;iisor^an:z d by misfortntic, Sujiported the n:i1itary cnarjcter of the ctjuuiry. It w:is to the Ministers of t!,1s country aHine that we. must look for the causes of (he f:u!:ires in Spain. The Noble Lord ajmear.d to be pror.undly i^no. rant not oniy of the forve fhaf" was fo be r�sistid, of tiw foice of the alilfS which were to he asjisfed, but a'so of the force which be himself had sent out. \V!;eo;Sir JoiiO Mi.ore.wrote !o L ird Castle/, reagh that ha had but 26.00Q men, tha Noble they had giVcu ol theiif tigotif, sras the'convey- j'Jlewas sure t.'ie imprtssioh they -lust hare made J-vfd �rotc in aoswL-r, " Jiow can you talk" to

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