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Publication name: Courier

Location: London, Middlesex

Pages available: 49,142

Years available: 1804 - 1888

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View sample pages : Courier, April 04, 1806

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Courier (Newspaper) - April 4, 1806, London, Middlesex Mr. wn�IcHAM n>�f pufeiiSHi io hi� tiorite, to submit tpe tnti^ufe-wbith he praiids^d to bring for* ^�ril, fifr the iniptoirglhent of the Mititaf J> s^terh Of the C^untiyi The measure he \\AA then to lay Before fl^Housei-was nothingipdrei ih�h the.|�ppH. batioi^ ^fthOM genera!^imncip^sNvhit^^^ lie'nad oii ibarty fotMerbciaaionWtaied t^ihe Hoase, Wheneyer iiibje^ai �Connected with; the army had teen un^er disttission. tfc Admitted, iliat he. arid His tqlleagwa had at different ttmes, iirg-jd the necessity bf tnal^ngsOiTCeiscritial alteration in^'the Milit^^^ System | and % was iwtOrBl, that in the attainment bf sUcMh nftltiier di* He su^. jpbsfc t^t int.)^ bbtty^eU^^^^ (aken {^fK;e~ airds^eoittoF the r9lttfl�#>he %hing ittelfj ' becitt��^he?,^nd 'Hi^toU�*|{�ef"�fl^ to' bri)ig^%itrard ixieastifes to meet tfce present emer-gehtfyi^feiTvIng Ae' ftj^bte' out of their vie'v, but- xS provides for the]*rittiin'ertt imptt)Veinent'^ xd'-the rtilij fcry ly^temi With sbch'an objeft in contemplation, ftl^s'tight in them' nOt'.to produce their measures till af^ the rt^t mature and grave consid ThaTtfjeGenfiilCThett .who felt so irtipaticnt on the lobje^) shtiold have tjcen an^tvoiiS #o'r the produf^ron Su^i nie'jisiireei Vrai quitfr naturalt.: they were agw?� h^th the tear> the right with ihe|eftv^ the exrrenies with -the centre, and the fl$ink� jufti|>le4' jtojgefhe* in ite; �ns8, so "that hOw^^Stii^ceiren^;, could^'i^tore Ofdei!^, it is sa^.to, ' be j�:>^ fur better, that it itHsuld^ MOvidc'' wfegij^ ^be pennanent secu-iity of the' ciwntryi Hi's Obje^v^as n^ot to look at tljc presenttlarigeri arid to provide forgetting rid of .rftat, \*'ii,hQ0t paying any attention to th^ iStUre, to r ^iliaiist'JtiieffMts^^ an immediate exigency, , the best-iiiefahtof the country,' On whichiitstiltiip'aie fifety^^i^d pttmanent interests could' alone del pend/ KHifBgKt supppised, that the first step tOvilittd�; the itraihrtfent of his-purpose would . lie tfefe c^tfbre or to proiyidfi such iij|;ans|a!f wOnl^ tetid to : the; eer,tktn.'attainm olf ?U(tb?' a desiri^il^ an eXteti^itfC arid for- dwabfearflrtiy^^ a mass of tlte |^5�li^fipo of the COT as would be ade-|q\ja# tB,_ the eatjfeei^^^ the tiriiei, spparated by ttt'eJr habitV'injd CalH^ the reist Of the.ooinmu.' fltrfr ^^i&^ed Ji^ t^^ and goi^Mrried ac. cOMihg ttrp^^ thyr9ertfice,formingat6�*alIy distito^ coitfsr from 'TQilir feW^ sub Feft?!, who should ^orfc-br ipin; riot mean to i. , *^pl�^^of this country ^vi'ereoot as brave^'^ i�^>pi^ii^ aii^ tnindedi' as: tlie' in ml " itiiehct^" t :^S^*^?5if ae4 tb*tany hsjAf, W:pxen't^ tbafc4e(ci9ptloft.fsaai^h^cap^ledf'ibe same spirit,Mhe same feelings, the s'ami dispositions andcbaraifler) as a corps regularlj'^ trained to thcpro-fc^MOn of arms, and systematically ferme^ to subor-dinaiio\i and discipline. ' As to the objeft he had in .view, itwasaimply to provide an adequate supply for the regulajrarmy, and not as heretofore be content with measures of substitution. It was unnecessary for,him to remind the House wh-at armies had always been, and what they, never had proved to be more notoriously than in the present times-. The> all knew that armies decided revolmiorts, and governed the destinies of nations; They well kne\v that it was by armies, that by bodies detached from the otiier classes of the coin, munlty, that the fate of empires were determined, not by levies^/; mane, ot.ati armed population; ^vkeo an armyjfalls, alj is lost. Look at the two great battles that had in late times decided the respedlive Campaigns and wars in which they tdik place, and their efffftsj and they will afford a striking illustra.^ tioiv. Look at the battles of Marengo and.Auster-Jitzy and the �flre(fts that resulted from themj and though the ri'iinibers engaged in each, and the liavoc, were immense, yet, they were inconsiderable, compared With ithe vast extent of the consequences that had been produced by the issue of these contests.'- When an aflion is lost, and the army is destroyed, the nation must fall. They should look with jealbusyj with caution, ivith disthist, on any measures that might divert their attention from the establishment of ihiat force which could alone be looked to for effec. tual arid permanent security. They, should cOuMdaf the faft as it really wa%. T^ejefvy en masse, inamt. lifary capacity, resembled the metal in the ore; it Was like the.iron in the Swedith mine, which, though convertible into steel, could neither hew uor saw the block, Butuot to try the faft as it W-as in thiscount^, they might look to what it y/as in another. When the Austrian army was marching into Bavaria^ and ;lbe.Fxeitch army in motion, towards GerJininy,. \�to %|-ef�t:tothe sttenj^aod th� progrcw 9f Ujgwjji-, mies that leoked-fer.the fate the very idea of an attempt to make it the scene ef a:, foreign conquest. He.was sensible that it possessed all these virtuous qualifications in a very eminent degree; he was ready to go as far as any man in doing Justice to the spirit and zeal of his countrymen; he had his hopies tOO, and he clung to them as'fondly, and cherished thqn �� warmly, as any other Gentleman; But when they looked to the fate of �Sjvitzerlao*^, theymuld see ; but liftle reason to trust to hopes foundeid upon such grounds. If ever there had been a country, the inhabitants of which'were determined to defii^: itrf-if ever there had been a country which waiea. pa^Ie of being defended, it wzi Switzerland. The Swi8S(.�ferei a nation of warriori^ all trained to the use cMfar^s, vigorous in thSirebus^ituTloni, robust in their fjodies, and alt tritfined tothe use of aunsj 9$ well as ideyptcdly attached to their-country. T'hey I badlconduded themselves -too in a manner that did aot liscredit iheir national chara^er* It not aefey therefore^ to trusLtO these re*6iircet, wbnit Jitd Cyt^di unavailing: to ^l|Mt warlike nation* % l^d a ^itifcof bim^ithatlie'ivas a thesrititl A yQt|ry.of loiaginatt-feni. arid :by p^ froih sueh>!Msources. For hit parr he was desirous t to> pucsue. th^ dull road of eKperience, and, though 'he/didftOtdisUkei�h*ories,'he.yetdid hold |t dan. gerous torttwitIP ariy tfieoryilbowevir w^l founded^ (at the! defento^OfiHhe ;oauntiryi^or'ln;!ay:0^^^ de^ fwce, ifafted'pporiinfiucbqvtaarfnef^a^ to inteifere with?theirimaie'ofjAf regular mitafi by .whichh(e^ should once ifo� all tiuwjT^^^ thit co^liuyvit-^pitldr'toebeidefended. There were at-pre>entvin,i^aner the attain* merit of.tlte obje^ :ft� t^d in-yicvi'.� ^'it^'to.pfiiitde' for an adequate supply lfort|MU�Kularrfrmy.--iIi"was not his intention to exclude the present froo^ hii view for. the piKpose of providing for the future ; neither did he propose, as Ijad bc�tn the ptaftice heretofore, to bring forward mfasnres that mi^f meet the present eKigency, and exhaust tha .tricanjof the country, without any regard to the. future.- Discarding such a policy, he proposed, by this me.i. "sure, to provide permanently for the supply of the regular army.-This" was his objeflj, for as to the spirit and discipline of the present force of that de-spription in this corfntry/no man was further than he rxiC3 60. ierve of raising tWviiiue of the military pw^esiipn ; iri.sucb a drglgre a* to make if a deiira^jle thing to* sUffifient. pr*^fp�ftioii of the population to flSg; tola inJt, Kimeet*V�ry cxigeoty... '1%: difficaltiee th^-iwd: to encounter in prosei;�tiog-thi� Objeft weiti ;grca|. Th�y had to jAoy^^^^"'^ liboor tln-ough; sSl the impediments arising from tHe ip ju aftd,theprocffcl^.:gs tlmt ha.lalrc^y been taken,-resetribledtheconducl of a ni�n who was dti'iu ing'a false trade j, he Sski more for Jiis goods.thjii they are worth. Ajl that Kithertp had been done WW efiwred by cajoling, dcccpiion, artifice, rraad,-ami undiii iufiiiencc, so that the situation of a joWicrtaid beeri- rendered not worth acceptan-As that force was at present constituted, it was by a gallant officer, that nptwiihsI9ndin� the bo sflppUed either By-oompdUitftt oi-xshofc^^^ - ' ' - - ... , hoiub. tipfw�o�a*. be Sjot^Jf tbeartoy, b* rthe idk^the y^m�ntsi:gf:.ft. d^i^spotit: &rtih.wh$ee. .ttx^- officer diitsala^ttlite'^ro^gafilf,^and'those who,-.either irot� could goinio tlie country and "take off the artisan or" temporary dimes*. Or in cOitseqaence of ifiiwxfcarksiti the peasant, aiid/make a �^dier of him-by-thebai�-au^ ------' ' *   thority of the Government, compulsion was the most prompt, simple, dircA, and efficacious mode of supply. ; ing the army with recruits. But they all knew, that, this country, unhappily for that object, but happily for every other (hear,bear) conneflcd with the happiness and prosperity of a free peoplej our measurts must be framed on a different principle. We must go by rule, we must ad according to tlie law, and with a regard to existing rightSj and from the slow, ness.and complication of our measures^ their power is lost in the friiftion." But as there must be of necessity a sovereign power in every state, and as that sovereign power in this country resides in the legislature, there is no aft of power that any the most arbitrary Sovereign can exercise, that the legislature may not perform : but still it must be executed with aH th6 forms of law, or the manner ef carrying it into effeft would make the application of the force less efFeiJtMl. The - arbitrary Sovereign has and exercises a discretion in the use and application of his power. His feeHngs influence him to render the operationof it lenient, .'fa German Prince^ in the seledion of the persons he means to take for soldiers, meets with one, who could not withbut ruin OF loss to his farnilyj'be. forced to serve in the army, he passes him by to take his neighbour, who is more fit, and ean serve without any inconvenience. But here no ^uch discretio;i can be exercised, because the appUcatidsi ofvi)�e cotnpulsjon is regjidat^ by the law. The operation of measures fo* that jj'urpose re-seriibles the *M>rking; of ii macHineble Friend (Lord rienry Petty)* w'lose brilliant star was at present beaming with lustre above the horizon, were found., ed. If the compulsion operated only to ptod-jce mon?yihe was of Ofinion that the burthen should be borne by the public. If the pressure were to be divided amongsr the whole of the, community, it would not be lelt by any one any more thar^ the pressure of the surrounding air; the weight he could never, be sei^sible, of, tvithout i.he observation of a barometer. But if the burthen tvetc a million, and to be levied off one thousand persQps, it would crush tlie individual, it would draw btood, .at every stroke. All the modes, therefore, in whtch the com. pulsion was applied, yere wrong. - It was impossible to say, that the exigencies of the country might not drive them to the adoption of compulsion ; but then it should be the last resort : . Citudla prius teutanda. ' It w.1s �o injnrious in its effetSis thjat every other mode ought to be tried before, that should be resorted to.. He came now- to consider whether tlWy could raise and keep up a military force ^by voluntary option with whom to deal out of the gener.-il ma^; so, in this instance, he proposed that the traffic should be optional and open. He did not think that the shop should be opened in a back street, in a place that was no thorougiifare, or that there should not bo-clickers, puffer^, and advertisers employed, for advertising was fair and unobjeftionable, when the trade was just;and honourable. If thcy^Jidnot advertise, they could nOt cxjiett-that men would come ffotii the Xsle Of Wight, or ftoro Yorkshire, to . purchase. -They should not only -keep pjblicyand open market, but carry their shops to the W4ke� and fairs of their customers, even ta th*ir houses^  BOt the persons employed, should .not be like tbose^at present engaged in the traffic, whu were mrsi" unfit lor it. Theisc wi�e the; gc.nend |wincij>les' upon which he proposed, to-facilitate tHe jiftfvisioo �of'^t sufficient supply t* recruit the a;diy. Hewa*next to come to what he projiosed to do to place-ir^ such a footing as would mike it an object CD'acon. si derable portion of die popolation of ihts* country to engage in the Mrrvtce. Thtfirst p. 0 vision for tlwt purpose which l)c bad tO'probose wat an'^in^r-ise - of pay. If they wereto gii!�*ye shiUiBgsif^^^^ every man, thereTouki be luidoilbt'thattl^yw^^ get soldters'eiiougir. iBttc ihe>re was a->lfanit tot yi>sicn, founded in ai*gard'tbdfttSflH>�^i Tliey oo^ not raise^'ihe-pa^ above maktngthe army ^tomUouk, which �^ etpline, jmd by rehdpring: seviere^^piinishbieMs ;fteOe9� . .,disl:ipllB^>biitlheii>itwaB deficab^ !�* t^-drprivc thfraeavfct^wf *dch.HBthef ilof>geV^tty; it �rai not Wh a -�h>*^ y�'|^^ion(^ atton ^si'va" JoTdififmij^t Abe 're*\ds�ftl im ; ittpecf, �iid be rfgvdariMblnsuch a ihaintetv ;