Sunday, August 26, 1827

Country Journal Or The Craftsman

Location: London, Middlesex

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Text Content of Page 1 of Country Journal Or The Craftsman on Sunday, August 26, 1827

Country Journal Or The Craftsman (Newspaper) - August 26, 1827, London, Middlesex The COUNTRY JOURNAL O R, T H E 3 M A 'N. 0 % CALEB D'ANVERS, <?f Gray's-Inn, 1 7/ : '.. ... \ , , SATURDAY, August itf. 1727. .......... O veri Principis, reconciJiare asm u las Civitates, tu-mentefque Popuios non imperio magts quam Ration? compefcere \ iniercedere Iniquitatibus Magif-tratuum , infcdumque reddere quicquid fieri non opormerit; poftremo, vehciffimi fideris rn ore y.om~ nia invifere, omnia aud ire, Qp undecunque, invo catum ftatim velut numen^ adejfe &>aj]iftere! PiiN. uw^^^^n H E Condition of a Sovereign Ma-giftrate is attended with fo many Cares and Difficulties, efpecially in a free Country, that it requires feve-ral peculiar Virtues and Qualifications tofupport it with any tolerable Degree of Glory to Himfelf, or Advantage to his People. Having therefore, in a former Paper, diftinguiilied between a. bad Reign and a bad Admimftration, and pointed out the Marks of the latter, I ihall endea vour, in this, tofurnifh the Reader with fomeifotej,' Tokens or Prsfages of a good Reign. And this I dehgn "to do in the mbft general Serins, and Without any particular Application ; fo that ir may ferve as a Mirrour for the Princes of any Age, and a Lefibn of Inftruction to the People of all Nations. The flrft arid fureft omen* of a good Reign is the Piatce's natural, good Inclination^ of which we may be a$ any TimejaiTured when He feems to direct all his Views to the Welfare and Profperity of his Kingdom  When he vifibly endeavours ocultivate tj>e good Opinion ofhisSubjects, and looks on their Affections as the teft Support arid Security of his Government. This is, ipdeed., the fundamental Point and Groundwork of a good Reign; for it is impoflible that a man of an vfevil> tyrannical or ambitious Temper fhould ever reconcile himfelf to the ftubborn Virtue of a free People : whereas a Prince^ who centers all.his Ambition in the Love of'his SubjeBs, and itudies this" kind of laudable Popularity, gives them the utmoft Reafon to jtfpmife themfelves a juft, prudent^ and' gentle Ad-ininiitration of Affairs, fo far as it comes immediately within" his own Power. But the perfonal good bifpofiiion of the Prince is not, of itfelfy fufficient to fecure the Welfare and -Privileges- of the. People; becaufe, notwith-ftanding the moft gracious Intentions, he may be fnifled into Errors, and fometmies very fatal ones, either by his own wring Judgment, Incapacity, and want *f Knowledge, or by the evil Counfels and Influence .of defigning Minifters, who are never wanting in their Endeavours to make both their King and their Country fubfervierit to their own private In-tereft. It is therefore another happy Circumftance for any Nation, and a very promifing Indication of a glorious Reign, when there is a Prince on the Throne of known Experiencej Sagacity and Penetration, who hath, for many Years, applied himfelf to the fludy of the Laws, Manners and Guftoms of that Country, over which ProVideace hath placed him; for, as Machiavrf juftly bbferves, that Prince who hath no Wifdom of his own, can never be weli advifed.----Whenever therefore this Cmumftance is added to the former, the Hop >s and Expectations of a Nation may be juftly raifed; for, as his own good Difpofition will prevent him from making any perfonal attempts on their Liberties, fo his Knowledge of their Constitution will fecure both Him and Them irom the Impoficions and Defigns of mifcloievous Statefmen. It is likewife of great Advantage to any Nation, to have a King of approved Valour, ConduB and Skill in military Affairs; the Reputation of which will make.the People eafy in a Perfuafion that none of their Rights, Privileges or Acquisitions will be vamely given up; at the fame that it will deter their ambitious Neighbours from offering any Vib-Ience to them. This noble Endowment is ftill more valuable, when it happens to be fo well tempered with Prudence and Moderation, that it does not in-fpire Him, like fome Princes, with extravagant Notions of Heroifm and Knight-Errantry ( which have been the Ruin of fo many States) but exerts itfelf only 011 proper and necejfary Occafions, when his own Honour and the Safety of his People are* immediately concerned. OEconomy is another excellent Virtue in a Sove reign.. Prince ; efpecially, when the Exigencies and Necpjfities of that Community, over which He pre-, fides, require Frugality and good Management.-- By OEconomy I do. hot mean a fordid, niggardly, and avaritious Spirit, which is highly uhbecoming ;he Character of a great King," but only fuch a political Parftmony, in the Difpofition of the publick Treafure, as will moft effectually conduce to lighten the Burthen of the Subject, without eclipfmg the Luftre of the Grown, or retrenching from the juit Dignity and Grandeur of Him, who wears it. But the moft certain, and indeed almo'il infallible Token of a good Reign is, when* the Prince applies himfelf perfonally to Buliiiefs, examines the State of publick Affairs, makes himfelf eafy "of-Accefs, and is always ready to receive the Representations, Complaints br Requefls bf any of his Subjects ; when He takes the Difpofition of Offices, Honours and Preferments into his owri Hands, and beilows Nthem according to Merit and former Servicesj This Conduct in a Prince is highly advifeable dh a double Account, as It tends to make the People �afy, at tfee fame time that it will fecure to himfelf a Number of faithful and lading Friends, in whofe Service and1 Counfel he may always depend ; whereas, when a Miniftev gets the Afcehdant -fo far over his Mafter, as to engrofs the Difpofal of all Favours to himfelf, He! will either fell them to the beft Bidder, or confer! them cm fuch Men, as will become the Tools and In-flruments of his own Corruption; both equally,de-i Hructive of the Intereft of the Prince, arid tfie Wei - [ fare of the People! Mafter never looks into his own Affairs, but gives himfelf up intirely to the Management and Direction of his Servants.---The Cafe of a Royal Hmfiold'is juft the famein an higher Degree ; and we ihall find^ upon Enquiry,- that as feveral great Kings, have ob~ fcured the other Glories of their Reigns-, by Negligence, Supinenefs, and repofing too much Confidence in Mim* fiers (which They commonly make ufe of to the ag-^ grand izing of Themfelves and their Families, without any Regard to the Publick } fo-. there fcarce ever was a -Prince, of political Inquifitivenifs, Application and OEconomy, who does not make a fhirting Figure in Hiftory ; for fuch a commendable pealoufy of^his Minifters implies a Concern for the Good of his People, arid is as necef&ry in a. good Prince ( who defires to reign in their Affections) in order to fecure him againft the Snares and Treachery of feljifb Minifters^ as it is ib a wife People, to gitarcj their Liberties againft the Dehgns arid Machinations ofa bad Prince. All therefore,-^hicli. any Nation hath to appre-' hend under the Reign of a. good Prince is the Influence of evil Counfellors; and it being equkllyjb/i Intei'eil to guard himfelf againft triefe DecieyerSj They may, in a great mea'fure> banifh all fears of this kind, whea rhey are fo happy as tp..live under a King of great perfonal Knowledge, Experience, Refalupicn and C/ty cumfpeBion :� For tlio' even the worft of Minifters fhould find means to inlinuate themfelves into fome degree of Favour with fuch,a Prince, yet they will not be able to maintain it long, againft the ftrengtli of fo many Royal Virtues, Qualifications and Endowments. � . .. v . Machiavel takes notice that there \%ixi%nfaUib)& Rule for finding, out a bad Minifier. . u When yon. 6 obferve your Officer, fays 'he, more careful ofhim* " felf than o^yott, and all his3 Actions and DefignS " pointing at his own Intereft and Advantage, xha� Man will never be a good Miniftev> nor .ought yoif ever to repofe any Conftdencem him; for ije,1 whfli hath the Affairs of his Prince in his Hand, ought to lay afisle all thoughts- of A Himfelf ancii:regar -rectjy counter to this Rule, ^nd, inftfiad^if t�g4r4wg nothing.but what is for the Profit of "bif Maftei', feei^S to purfue nothing, hut -what is for. Us own Intereft} it is a certain fign that he is fiot. a |>r.opej Per^n to fee -intrufted with the Hoiiour of -a Prince an4 the iit^eft. of a whole Kingdom.. , To this excellent Rule of Uacjohv.d may. Jxe a44ed feveral others for difcovering a ^aftMniftefj naaicii-', larlythefollowing ones, Wheii he endeavours to fupplarit a !faithfdi Servant, who juftly defefves th his Prince and the E/teem of his Countr Indolence is a Rock; which feveral great Mcna^s,| lprig Experience,, which they have bot of excellent Virtues, have iplit upon ; for it will e-j .fyi^f*n&.4Uht� . s..  nerally happen in CoMS; juft .as i: does in private fe-i Wfeenhe ikives to mafeea IWerit of/e m%Uesi Which are feldo'm feeh to flourish, feie ibel 4o^k#�� (Price; Tv70-peflce.j

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