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Cleaves Penny Gazette (Newspaper) - November 6, 1841, London, Middlesex CLEAVE'S GAZETTE OP VARIETY. TO HEIRS, NEXT OJ KIN, $r. The following' persons, or lawfi i\ representatives, may Teceive beneficial informsjsjon, as ' nerein slated, on remitting 20s,, by post, or upon reasons ble terms, on application to Josh. Ady, No. 7, York-street, a quarter of a mile east of Wbitechapel Church, London,. Capt. Saml. HaHftux, late of Boimbay Rt. Hamilton. Anthony Hammond, Esq., Bo'mbay Benj. Hammond, Liverpool Wm. Hammond, junior . Ralph Hammond Ensign Geo. Hancock . E. Haucome St Co. Rev. Jas. T hos. Hand, Thos. Ireland, & Mary Booth.Exors. of John "Bush . John & Wm. Harding . Josh. Hardy . Harris, Watts, & Co. Rd. Harris, Admr. of Ed. Harris . John Hammond, Littleshall Hampton, Hill & Co. Rt Hampton, 1S25 Geo. Handley, Essington Wood Assignees of Harding, Oakes & Co. Wm. Hantaan, 1825 Josh. Harper, ditto Thos. Hart. Uttoxeter . John Hatton . John Hawkins. Geo. Haycock, or Haycox, Oldbury Josh. Hancox, King Swinton Wm. Heath 1825 John Hicken . Assignees of Saml. Hickman \ B. Highfield . Josh. Hollington, or Hellington, Dudley MaryHorsley, J 825 Abm. Horton, ditto Sarah Hoult, 1816 Hy. Hunt & Co., . . & more Harris & Green, Bankrupts Robt. Harrison Marmaduke Hart, Charles Garland, & G. K Robinson, Walbrook Jno. Hartel Harvey, Robinson & Co.. Assignee of Hy. Hill Harvey Harvey & Lamming, Bristol Harwood & Thomas, George-st., Sheffield Jno. Hawker, Glass-manufr., Birmingham Helen Hay, Bengal Francis Haywood J. A. Hayner, Quebec . Head & Morritt, 5th, 6th, & 7th div. Lt. Hy. Heath Michael Heathcote Hy. Hedger, Esq., Hayes, Middlesex Wm. Hibbatt, assistant-surgeon Lt. John Hickey, Bengal. Jas. Hill, for John Hodgson Jno. Hillear . Harvey, Harvey & Hill . Thos. Harvey, 1829 Harvey & Hudson Reuben & Thos. Harvey. Capt. Harvey. . . Jas. Harvey . Rd. Ed. Harvey Harvey & Co., Lane End Benj. & Wm. Harvey, died 1819 . Eliz. Harvey, spinster, Bedford-row, an Hinxworth Isaac Harvey, Cornhill, 1811 Isabella Harvey, spinster, died 1809 Wm. Harvey, White Friars, Grand Junction Wharf, 1815 John Harvie, M.D., died 1804 Peter Henckell, Henrick Wilhelm & Christo- pher Embkee Hy. Hodges & Saml. Pains, 2, Old Broad-st Jas. Hodgson, Liverpool. Alex. Hogg, Nicholas-lane Jas. Holgate & Mitchell, Carpenters, St. Luke' B. Lyon, Hollingsworth & Co. Holmes & Pottle, Barnett Jos. &WmHolmes, Cross-lane, St.Mary's-hill Jas. Hooper & Askew, Upper Thames-st Ben Fuller Hopkins Hopper & Campbell Thos. Hornsby. Assignee of Hornsby & Esdaile Chas. Horsley, Teddington Ed. Hounslow, Spilsburg . Thomas Howell, Fishmonger, Lombard-st. Lt. John Rees Hughes . SamL Hulme, Bank Jas. Hulme, Esq., M.D.,Ball Hay, near Leak Jas. Hulme . Antho. Hulme & Co. Capt. Robt. Hurle Rd. Hurley & H. Skinner Josh. Hurlock, Redwen, 38th. stock & div. Josh. Hurlock, Surgeon, St. Bartholomew'; Hospital . Hart & Chance Jno. Hurst & Jno. Kay . Charles Hunt, Dumfermline H. M. Hussey. Wm. Hutchinson. Jno. Hunt, Cotton-merchnt, 1815, Manchestei John Hunt & Milne, Southwark, 1798 John Hunt & John Wilson, Bucklersbury, 181 ( John, Mary, & William Hunt, 1806 Chas. Hunt, 1813 Chas. Hunt, St. Mary Axe............Sa vage-gardens,............,1813 Rd. Hunt & Thos. Mills . John Hunt & Henry Hunt, Salisbury Administrator of Thos. Hunt Thos. Geo. Hunt, Pall Mall, 1801 . Thos. Hunt, Lamb's Conduit-st., ditto Thos. Welch Hunt, Esq , Waddenbro', 1814 Rd. Hunt, Esq., Chester-place, 1820 John Hunt, Southampton-st., & Westminster Rev. John Hunt, Margron, 1816 . Christo Hunt St Thos. Ingram Benj. Ifell Tno. Illedge, Bank Chas. Inkoff . J- Inglis & Co., Irving, Swanson & Co., Cateaton-st. Saml. Israel . Jas. Jackson, Dyer, Worksop J. Jackson & B. Williams, Horsleydown Hy. Jackson's Trustees, IS25 Saml. Jackson . Ensign F. Janvries, 20th foot Lt. Ed. Jarrett. Thos. Jay, Hill-st., Finsbury Jno. Jobson, Dundee Trustees of Ings Tenant, Birmingham, 182 Geo. Inston, 1826 Thos. Izon, ditto Assignees of E. & S. Jackson, 181G John Jasper, Stapleford . W. Jeffery, Birmingham. David Jones, Wolverhampton Exors. of Thos. Jones, Birmingham W. West Jones, P. Williams & B. Gibbon Exors. of Thos. Joness, J 825 W. Johns, Bombay, Ensign Drum . Wm. Johnson, Stock Exchange . Chas. Johnson, 36, Throgmorton-st. Josiah Jowett & Josh. Undermewlin Joseph Judd & Solomon Hesse Salomon Hesse Lt. Colonel Ed. Kenney. �. s. d. 20 0 0 34 19 7 240 0 0 12 2 9 6 12 0 23 14 0 87 0 0 20 14 0 52 19 0 18 8 2 22 0 4 3 0 0 112 0 3 4 3 0 12 0 0 2 5 0 4 12 2 4 0 0 1 12 0 2 10 0 3 1 1 2 0 0 2 5 0 19 19 6 6 12 2 2 15 0 3 0 0 2 16 0 1 3 0 1 10 9 4 10 0 2 8 0 2 18 10 1 10 6 5 4 4 1 17 7 3 0 0 2 1 8 30 5 5 214 11 4 7 10 9 79 19 4 98 0 0 134 0 0 240 19 0 12 9 6 17 S 7 132 0 0 0 19 9 430 0 0 100 0 0 20 0 0 . 3 3 9 41 7 2 30 13 3 24 0 0 7 7 0 2 2 3 91 16 8 3 3 8 500 0 0 15 15 0 57 16 3 500 0 0 3 16 8 482 0 0 56 0 0 10 10 0 52 1 8 13 4 6 .'01 10 5 57 9 6 2 11 8 213 7 2 0 19 9 250 0 0 8 4 9 50 0 0 65 0 0 14 10 9 67 16 4 105 0 0 11 5 0 20 0 0 55 0 0 26 0 0 236 0 0 55 0 0 6 11 1 42 0 0 28 0 0 20 0 0 14 2 3 12 1 0 297 1 8 74 15 0 10 12 6 3 2 1 II 5 0 2 5 0 5 6 10 17 6 6 56 10 0 4 12 0 50 0 0 40 12 4 400 0 0 250 0 0 1000 0 0 163 0 0 600 0 0 5 0 0 3 0 6 14 15 0 2 4 10 56 0 0 6 18 6 5 11 8 47 9 0 50 0 0 7 13 9 117 12 7 113 10 7 8 0 0 53 0 0 50 0 0 32 6 1 3 17 8 2 15 0 2 19 1 13 15 2 1 5 5 4 5 0 3 1G 6 25 16 2 10 3 7 47 9 1 26 0 0 2G 1 :j 16 3 0 g 0 4 74 5 0 135 1 10 164 0 0 NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. C. C. (Great Totham).-"The Father's Pension " will ap. pear. The Acrostic with which we are favoured, although an amiable exercise of talent, is of too local and personal a nature for the GAZETTE. Wager of Battle.-This remnant of Gothic jurisprudence was not abolished as " part and parcel" of the law of England until the enactment (in 1817) of the 59 George 3rd, c 40. This act of the legislature owes its origin to the disgraceful fact of a fellow named Abram Thornton appearing in the court of King's Bench, upon being charged with the murder of Mary Ashford, and there offering his wager of battle, which the judges decided he was entitled to: but the next of kin of his victim being only a boy, the challenge was not accepted, and the murderer forthwith discharged ? L. R. R. (Leeds).-We feel just now our [correspondent's praises of a " country life," written, wejperceive, in spring are l) nseasonable in more than one respect-though smooth they want pith, and besides some of the rhymes even are objectionable.-"Grove," " Robe," "Mar," "War," &c. The other two pieces are better, but really interesting in the first degree only to the parties to whom they are addressed. We will insert, if a spare corner presents ittelf, however, the stanzas " I see the green fields, &c." A Constant Reader (Lichfield), need but refer to our previous Gazette for the "explanation" respecting which he expresses such anxiety. "A Friend!" (Wolverhampton) has thus addressed Mr. Cleave :-" Sir,-If you are serving any person in ornear Wolverhampton, you mind they don't run off to America or elsewhere, and get in your pocket. Yours, A Friend." Now, John Cleave rejoins that he has ever felt a loathing for the dastardly tribe of anonymous assassins of other men's reputations, and that retaining undiminished confidence in the probity of his Wolverhampton Agent he prays ^Heaven defend him" and all other honest men-from such " A Friend! " J. T. Seymour (Sheffield) states that the neighbourhood in which he resides is infested with" that most disgusting insect, the black-clock, or as some call them black-beetles,'' and that having read, some time back, in the GAZETTE, the particulars "of a method" effecting the extirpation of such an annoyance, he now desires us either to notify that number of the Gazette, or re-insert the information. We of ourselves cannot oblige him, but probably aome philanthropic reader can " aid and assist" F. T. S, in waging deadly war against the "black-clocks," alias "beetles" of Sheffield. Little John (London).-The columns of the Gazette are not marketable at so much per line. Send your " few verses," and if possessing merit, they will receive insertion without the requirement of "any sum." Charles S. (Fleet Street), with a feeling of true poetry quite mistakes in what its chief merits consists-simplicity, force, and concentredness, as well u melody. Imagery is but a mere accessory to poetry. "versification nothing but the balancing of syllable*; the true harmony proceeds from the heart, and is the overflow of the fountain, not the forcing of the pump. The verses we give from " day," show to our minds that thei*author has something of the high gift with him, but it lacka'the guidance of true taste to proper cultivation. We have, with, the exception of the last line, merely altered a word or two to correct the rhythm -and the extract, indeed, we consider aa a true gem worthy to be rescued from a meretricious setting. DAY. The shrill gorged lark ascending from the plain, Floats on the bosom of the aerial main; Warbling his wild notes in the fields of air, With bands of seraphs hymning nature there 1 The thrush pours from the copse his mellow note ; The blackbird answers from the shady groves; Joined with sweet warblihgs from the linnet's throat, The bee, with venom armed, loud buzzing, roves ;- The squirrel nimbly leaps from tree to tree, As raptured with the forest's harmony. Oh! Wondrous Nature'. lell not these thy power- These peerless beauties of the early hour- Which under thy stupendous parent hand, Form earnest of Day's blessings to our land ; Several Subscriptions have been received at this office-a full account will be rendered next week. CLEAVE'S GAZETTE OF VARIETY. SINGING FOR THE PEOPLE. "Music," said Madame de Stael, "hath a noble inutility." Now without denying the pithiness of the sentence, we must contend that it is destitute of truth. That it can render toil less irksome, and leisure more agreeable, are of themselves evidences that Music, on the contrary, possesses a noble utility. When we add to the catalogue of this Science's humanizing influences, that it purifies the thoughts and under the direction of " its own sweet will" is capable of exciting a pleasing melancholy, or rousing invincible courage to deeds of heroism_that the tender-the retrospective-the hopeful-the bold, and above all the devotional in the highest degree are within the compass of its strains-we say much in favour of its general-its widest cultivation,-and place its merits as one of the fine arts on the highest pinnacle, and the broadest-firmest-basis. We have all along endeavoured to sound the cry " Educate-Educate." We recognise so many advantages in the extension of knowledge among, emphatically, the People, We see Wisdom and Slavery incompatible, and feel they cannot exist together. There is not only the wisdom to be gathered from books -from observation in society-from self-experience-but a high wisdom in fostering accomplishments, such as Music .which will add one more and a great pleasure to " our ain fireside," and arm us with a powerful charm against intemperance and mere animal sensual enjoyments. Our readers will therefore imagine with wliat pleasure we perceive the attainment of music, particularly of vocal music, daily gaining ground in the United Queen-dom. They will join with us in wishing success to " The Society for the Encouragement of Vocal Music," and will read, we think, with interest some extracts from a Lecture delivered recently on "The Use of Singing as a Part of the Moral Discipline of Schools," by M. W. E. Hickson. Our first extract embraces the advantages which the subject presents-the best arguments in its favour. The author after setting forth the religious utility and antiquity of music, expresses a wish " to see vocal music introduced in schools, as a branch of national education, as a means of softening the manners, refining the taste, and raising the character of the great body of the people." "Upon the necessity of improvement in our present social state, we are all agreed, and the only point remaining to be discussed is the means by which an object so desirable is to be attained. " The first remedy that suggests itself, and obviously the best and most efficient, is Education ; but education is a very wide and general subject, and one which is as yet but very imperfectly understood. It is scarcely necessary to visit our prisons and penitentiaries to perceive that such an education as the poor have hitherto received, has frequently altogether failed in realizing the amount of good which was once expected from it. The reason is, that education, in the form in which it has yet reached the people, lias been almost entirely confined to the teaching two or Ihree mechanical arts, such as reading and writing, while the moral influences, attainable by the same means have been greatly neglected, or almost entirely overlooked. " But when we propose to ourselves to extend more generally than at present education, to all classes, what L really the object we ciught to have in view ! Is it not, in fact ought it not to be, Civilization ? that is,_raising the human being from a semi-savage state, to one in which his capacity for enjoyment and his usefulness in society should be immeasurably increased ? And what are the means of Civilization y Not merely teaching a child to read, for reading, misdirected, may be, and very often is a means of perverting lu.ih ,/,e kearl ,,,, thg un(ie,lnmliv Not merely teaching a child to write and cast accounts, for these are accomplishments possessed in a high degree by a common rogue and swindler. And these are all compatible with coarseness, rudeness, brutality, malignity, all the evil passions,-vice, in fact, in every form. Education, therefore, to be of any moral use, must go far beyond these mere mechanical acquirements. We must cultivate the sympathies of the individual;-kindle, strengthen, and keep alive all the just and generous emotions of which his nature is susceptible, and identify in his own mind his own interest and his own means of social enjoyment, with the interest, the happiness, and the enjoyment of the community to which he belongs. "This then, is the argument, which I have to urge and illustrate on the present occasion. If we should direct Education as we ought, we must look about for the best moral engines by which the character can be influenced- we must endeavour to set the heart right-right both towards God and man-and my immediate object is to show you, that among other means not to be disparaged, but to which I shall not have time now to allude-the study of Vocal Music, judiciously directed, may be made one of the most efficient. " That Music may be regarded as a great moral engine, which, when wisely directed, will produce the most beneficial results, is a conviction upon which many of the governments of the continent have long ago proceeded to act.* Throughout all the German states, Music is taught universally to the people as a branch of common everyday school instruction. In the humblest village Schools in Germany, the children are not only taught to sing, but to read written Music, and, in fact, some knowledge of Music is made by law one of the essential qualifications of every candidate for the profession of a Schoolmaster. By this means, Music is there rendered the cheap home amusement of all classess, including the lowest portion of the labouring population. " In this country-Singing (although not scientifically taught,) has been introduced in Infant Schools, and with the happiest effect: but among Schools for older children, although it has crept into some, it is regarded in many instances, as rather a questionable innovation, and the arguments in its favour have yet to be generally explained and understood before we can expect its introduction to be sanctioned universally. " It will be necessary, therefore, for me to explain to you, as briefly as I can, the way in which Music exercises a moral influence upon a people. " Philosophers have often noted, and you, perhaps have all done the same,-the power of mere words in human affairs-a power evidenced in dividing men into parties upou questions which neither perhaps comprehend, or have taken the least trouble to investigate, and in sowing the seeds of intestine commotion and division, productive of the most serious evils; but I want to call your attention to the equally extraordinary power of mere sounds over the human mind, even when not expressed in an articulate form. " Every sound (no matter from what kind of instrument or organ it may proceed,) from the roar of the wild beast of the forest to the plaintve wail of the little child, is associated in the mind with some feeling which is thereby immediately brought into play, and by which the individual is for the time governed. " Hence it arises, that if you want a quick, ready means of ascertaining what the moral influence may be which is exercised by a master over his pupils, in a school which you visit for the first time, notice when you go in-not what the master may be saying to his pupils, the matter of which may be all very suitable and correct; but observe the manner in which he addresses them. Notice the tone of his voice, whether there be Music in it;-that Music which kindness and real anxiety for the welfare of another will throw into the utterance of him, the least of all gifted by nature with vocal powers-and if there be-then look around and see how the open and cheerful countenances of the children respond to that voice, and reBt assured that whatever may be the intellectual qualifications of the master, he has known how to touch the right chord in their hearts, and morally at least, if not intellectually, they will be the better for his influence. " But go into another School, where, as you enter the door, you hear the harsh dissonant tones of habitual anger, and a child reproved in a voice of thunder for the faults of his childhood;-look around there, and see how amidst the dead silence that prevails, that voice is responded to by sullen looks and scowling brows; and when, after you have left the school, and years have elapsed, you find these very children grown to man's estate, and acting as porters of an inn, cabriolet drivers, or omnibus cads, you catch yourself complaining (perhaps with cause) of the coarseness, brutality, or insolence of the working classes, do not blame them, but blame your School Committees-blame your legislators-blame yourselves rather for having upheld a system which has made them what they are, and which will continue as long as the world stands, to produce the same results,; for " men do not gather grapes of thorns, nor figs of thistles." " One of the most important of all secret9 to be learned in education, is that of cheerfulizing the heart; for when we have done that, we have done that which is most favourable to the growth of kindly and generous feelings. " It is easy then to perceive how useful an ally Music (through the softening influence of pleasing sounds) may be made in acting upon the disposition and temper. " 1 am not going to contend that Music is sufficient to make a bad man a good man, very far from it; but this may be safely asserted, that there never yet was a man who might not have been, and would not have been, the better for the influence 'of Music. The reason is, that nature has so ordered it, that thoroughly to enjoy the effects of good Music, the mind must be in harmony with itself and all things around it. Show me, therefore, an individual whose heart is full of evil thoughts and malignant passions, and it will be easy for me to demonstrate to you, that while he continues in that state, he cannot listen with satisfaction to even the simplest melody. Shakspeare had observed this, and he was not only a peel, but a philoso-poer, when he said,- "The man that hath no music in Mmself And is sot pleased with concord of sweet sounds, Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils, Let sot that man be trusted." "Music may also be regarded as having an indirect moral influence in weaning the mind from coarse and brutalizing pursuits, and from pleasures consisting in mere sensual indulgences. The reason is, that Music is a means of pure and innocent enjoyment, which, in proportion as it is cultivated and rightly directed, will approve itself to the mind, as of a higher, better, and more satisfactory character,than any of the grosser pleasures pursued by the slaves of vice. " 1 have no sympathy with those who think that the duty of individuals, or of legislators, with regard to the masses, ends in teaching them resignation and submission, and in enabling them at best to earn their bread by the sweat of their brow; but who would do nothing to cheer their hearts or gladden their existence, by throwing a little sunshine into the cottage, as if nature had designed them to be merely living, moving, animated machines, existing not for themselves, butj solely to furnish the means of gratification to a superior race of mortals. " Happily, however, for the lot of the poor, nature has not left it to our own cold hearts to decide this question. Some amount of pleasurable relaxation from labour is necessary to every condition of animal existence. The slave will have it though he work in chains for six days out of the seven, or without it lie will die, and thus escape the lash of the cruel taskmaster. Some change of a pleasurable character, to relieve the monotony of a life of labour, is necessary for all; hut, what is most to the purpose, we can withhold it from none-we can merely choose the form it shall assume. "This is, then, the real question at issue, will you have prize-lighting, bull-baiting, gambling, Tom and Jerry amusements, a taste encouraged for witnessing executions and reading ef murders ; will you have intemperance, as a means of excitement, rendered all but universal, or will you allow an art like that of Music to be cultivated in their place, and teach society to obey the laws of harmony both in a moral and scientific sense? "I am aware there are many objections which may h urged, and which are continually urged against the theory I have advanced, lt is true that Music is sometimes made a ruling passion too strong for human guidance. To prevent such a result we ought not to confine our instruction to Music. The more toe can multiply the means of enjoy' ment, and increase the resources of an individual, the more do we diminish the power of any one passion which might otherwise gain exclusive possession of the mind ; and this is more especially the case with regard to the gratifications of sense. " For example, the man who gives way to the vice of intoxication does so, because in drinking he|has one source of enjoyment;-render him a musician, of however humble a grade, and yeu then give him two sources of enjoyment ; better still if you- can give him three or fonr others ; and what then is more certain than that just in proportion as you increase his love for the more intellectual source of pleasure, do you diminish his fondness for that which is merely a vice productive of misery in the end, to himself and connexions? The illustrative portion of the lecture received assistance from a body of young performers (to the number of sixty,) from Free British and National Schools-Day Scholars paying two-pence per week for their education -the girls from the British School, Harp Alley, Farring-don-street; and it was mentioned, to the credit of these mere children, that they paid an additional penny per week, of their own accord, in order to procure the musical instruction which the author of this Lecture commenced, but continued by a professional teacher. The feasibility and capability of extensive application of some such scheme is apparent. As a specimen of the character which can be given to compositions for the juvenile musical amateurs, we give from Mr. Hickson's lecture the following lyrics:- " The first is an adaptation of an old Glee of Stevenson's, entitled, ' Come unto these Yellow Sands,' to the following words:- 1 "' Come and see how happily We spend each day, Always joining cheerfully In work or play* With oar bookB and sports combin'd, Many are the charms we find. 2 "' We improve the present hour. For swift it flies; Youth is but a pasting flower Which blooms and dies, But, with harmless mirth and snug ; Time with us still glides along.' " Our second Infant School song is one which, it is possible, many of you have heard before, as it is already very popular in Infant Schools. The air is that of the old Scotch Tune, called ' Duncan Grey,* or ' Rob Roy M'Gregor.' In our collection, it is called ' Perseverance, or Try Again.' We have adapted it to the following words:- 1 " 'Ti� a lesson you should heed, Try again. If at first you don't succeed, Try again. Then, your courage should appear, For, it you will persevere, You will conquer, never fear, Try again. 2 " Once or twice, though you should fail, Try again. If you would at last prevail. Try again. If we strive, 'tis no disgrace, Though we do not win the race : What should you do in that case ? Try again. " If you find your task is hard, Try again. Time will bring you your reward, Try again. All that other folks can do, Why, with patience should not you ? Only keep this rule in view, Try again." Some words eminently characteristic were sang by these chhildren at the close of Mr. Hickson's lecture-thus introduced :- " The cause of human improvement, in whatever way it can be advanced, is a cause worthy of honourable ambition. It is, in a pre-eminent sense, the g�od cause, in which all our best energies should be engaged, and, as appropriate to this sentiment, are set to the Music of a beautiful Polish melody, the following words :- " To the good cause-the cause for which we'll ever battle manfully ; To the good cause, may it prosper more and more and speed continually. To the brave few, the good and true, who for it struggled unsuccessfully ; And may its triumph now be speedily. And to the right the victory." * In Holland it is employed in prisons as a part of a system of reformatory discipline. In the prison for juvenile delinquents in Rotterdam, I have heard the Dutch National Anthem, and several serious airs sung in parts from written music. Here lat it be observed that there is no country in Europe in which the proportion of juvenile delinquents to the population is so great as in England. ....i'the t Heart " more j mation I., evening at Street. THE PEOPLE'S PRESS-BRONTERRE O'BRIEN. Men who are themselves influenced by falsehood and de� ceit, have sometimes enunciated great truths. Thus was it with the hollow vaunting professors of Freedom, that erst toasted " A Free Press" as being " like the air we breathe-without it we die." The relative positions of the antagonist classes into which society is at present divided, evidences this. The possessors of a press-corrupt tho' it be -are moreover matters of those who have it not. T) -ranny and Falsehood thug, in more than one respect, may be said to press down Liberty and Truth. It is therefore with no alight satisfaction that we direct attention to an effort now making by a portion of the hitherto excluded millions to establish a press for themselves, and to secure for it the services of one of their most talented and tried advocates. We refer to the " O'Brien Press Fund," and having before us the Address of the metropolitan Committee, we vill let that bespeak the co-operation of their brethren generally. " It is well known," say they, " to us all that O'Brien has voluntarily advocated our oause upwards ot nine struggling years, and In all that tune he has never bean known to deviate from principle-in all that time, though severely tried by private and public enemies, he has ever proved himself a sound, a zealous, and consistent friend of the people. By the machinations of ambitious and self-interested individuals, h'is energies have frequently been damped, and have sometimes been completely paralyzed, or made to produce only bane to himself instead of good to the cause. He has hitherto been too much under the controul of adverse circumstances that have curbed his spirit, although they could not subdue it. And now that lie has again emerged from the dungeon's tomb, in which hp has been buried lor the last eighteen months, what is left for him after having drained to the last drop the bitter cup of ignominy and injustice, which a base, a brutal, and bloody faction, grave him to drink-what is left for the poor,persecuted,'broken-aown O'Brien, but to leave the land which he has so long served, and for which he has so much suffered-to leave it with his dear wife and children, whose interests have hitherto been mostcrucllv sacrificed to his principles- to expatriate himself in search of ahome to the wilds of America, unless the people procure him a press, and place him in a situation that may render him independent of jealous friends and of fearful foes? Lot it not be said that Bronterre O'Brien did but brave his danger to go into exile-banished, not hy the tyranny of government, but by the ingratitude of the people." He has come out weaker in body, but stronger in mind-more determined than ever to pursue'the nuble course which he has Hitherto led in behalf of ourgloriousTause. Be it ours, for uurownsakes as well as for his, to give him the moans of doing justice to us and to himself. Let the disciples of the bold and energetic O'Brien rally round their schoolmaster and fence him in. The more enemies lie has. the more friends he should find! Let us raise him a press -he will preside over it-it will be his, and his master mind will have ample room and verge enough to develope itself-to impress itself-and to freely fly abroad upon the " coursers of the air," into every nook ami corner of England, Ireland, Scotland, and POPULATIC From the results of the census � eluded, it appears that the pop" Ireland in the present yea f twenty-seven millions of sou kingdoms, the Channel Islanc follows:- England and Wales.......: Scotland............ ..-, Ireland ................ Guernsey, Jersey, and Man Total......................... This is exclusive of the army and n,v seamen afloat, and of all persons travelling abro under a roof on the night of the 5th of June. |, these classes, the population may be safWy (. twenty-seven millions, which is an increase of alio millions since 1831. If to this is added the popula. the colonies dependent on this country, it will ue "f0 that the subjects of the British crown are more nume than ef any other civilized monarchy or republic ,c face of the globe. After making every allowanc possible exaggeration or uncertainty in the acmu-the Indian or Australian population, we may safc| that her Majesty Queen Victoria is the sovereign of; dred millions of subjects,-a larger portion of tiw h race than has ever obeyed any one European sovi>; since the downfall of the Roman Empire. The poput of the other great powers of Europe and America at n present time is pretty nearly as follows, of whom ppr|uK thirty millions may be of the Russian race, and the r^t j mixed multitude of Cossacks, Calmucks, Tartars, anii other wandering tribes, or of Poles. Lithuanians, , rM. rasian mnimtainepro. hittcrly hostile to the Russians, a() either in open insurrection, or only waiting for an opportunity of being so:-France twenty-five millions, of wis,, twenty-three are Frenchmen in the proper sense of te term, and about two millions Algerines or French co;t nists in the West Indies, Cayenne, Senegal, the Islet Bourbon, and Pondicherry; Austria thirty millions, cor., posed of Germans, Hungarians, Italians, and lllyriaia-Prussia, about fourteen to fifteen millions of Germans' and the United States fourteen millions of freemen, chiefly I of the Anglo-Saxon race, and three millions of negroes chiefly slaves.-Liverpool Times, ' TAKING THE CENSUS. " Do you live here, Sir ?" said a gentleman of easy address and of some official importance, who carried a blank I book in one hand and a silver pencil in the other-" Do I you live here, Sir ? ** he said, addressing the male occu-pant, as he unceremoniously poked his head into anl Irishman's shanty, in the suburbs of this city, yesterday. I " Do I what ? " said the Emeralder, somewhat surprised. I " Do you live here?" said the gentleman. " Why thin, sweet bad luck to you everyday you see a| wooden pavin'-stone, you spyin-spalpeen," said Pat, ap.[ parently much enraged-"where else would I live' Isn't this my own house, and isn't me house me castle? What right have you to trispass on the primisis and step it widout sayin' ' be yer lave/ or ' God save all here,' jist ai if you was the estated gentleman ? " " My dear sir," said the visitor, " I did not come here with the view of unnecessarily intruding on you! I an employed taking the census, and come to take your's as ' your family's. "To take me sinsls ! give me a charm, I suppose-pit | yer comhether on me ! Do you want to make an mat- \ hawn or an idiot of me ? Clear out of my consarns, or I'l! be after givin' you a pnlthogue that'll take your sinses,' and he made a scientific move at the stranger, in trui Donnybrook fair style, who requested him not to put hi threat into execution, but permit him to explain. He told Patrick that he was employed by the Government to ascertain the number of people who reside in tfe city, and that be merely called in pursuance of his vocation, to learn how many his family numbered. " And is that all ye want ? " said Pat, assuming a! belligerent tone. " No more," said the gentleman with the book. " And why the divil didn't you say so at first? " sail Pat, "and I'd tell it while a cat 'ud be aitin' a ha'portl o'butther. Stay-let me see-(and he began to scratch hi head, by way of assisting his memory): there's meesel and Nelly-that's one." "You and Nell are two," said the gentleman, rnakinil his memorandum at the same time. "Well, there's more of yer assurance," said Pal. "Dil you know betther than the priest? Didn't he tell usit| night we wor married that we wor one ?" "Well, I'll not urge the question with you," said it I gentleman. *' Proceed." " Well, thin," said Pat," there's the four gossoons thai ' livin' and Brian and Teddy that's dead; there's Nann that's at home with her gran'mother, in Ireland ; and w two colleens that's at home wid us; there's the pig ae the ould mare, and-" "That will do, Sir," said the census-taker,stoppici him, who had by this time taken a note of Pat's famili "Gond bye, Sir." K safe joorney to you, me darlin' I" said Pat. " W.mi yetake somethin'i"' " Nothing," said the stranger, and he vanished.-.V� Yarfc Pojier. ^ English Manufactures.-I am more impressed mtb the wealth and resources of England since I left it. hut i am less aurprsted at them. The compass of this HormgueK' vesaal was made at Wapping ; the quadrant in Holborn , their knives are stamped "sheer steel;" ll�' t'or [l,e watch, and the iron of the windlass, are from an English foundry ; the captain wears an Fnglish watch, and calculates by John Hamilton Moore's Seamen's Complete-Duly Assistant; "sail-maker" is stamped on une of the sails, and the passengers are dressed in Manchester prmU >>r Leeds cloth. Everywhere it is the same; you meet in !.�� solitary mountain paths of the almost unknown i*"*;1 pedlar with two square boxes slung on each side of his i�. and see him in the villages tempting the women with '"� bright handkerchiefs and gay prints from Manchester, the obscurest village, the neat blue paper needle-case and Corvo, an English sail-maker's name and ran >'' are -ill no* .ionate father-his sisters and brother, never bef^r'JJ"^rii so essential to his happiness-never before p , ,ov(,..... commanding claims upon his future grautudc ^ ^enW And thus it is ever; human suffering, thong,' ' be ,h�li during the period of endurance, not only �"� V ^ bu, j,. for such amount of happiness as may fall to ff duces the exercise ot many virtues whirh co� ..... , , . been called forth by any other mean",-'''7'''" '
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