Sunday, December 8, 1839


Location: London, Middlesex

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Charter (Newspaper) - December 8, 1839, London, Middlesex ESTABLISHED BY THE WORKING* CLASSES TPRV who 8bek NOTHING BUT THJflR OWN U LIBERTY, SUCH WHENKVBR THEY HAVE THZ POWER. be THE VOICES NEVBtt NUMEROUS that oppose them.-MM071* the IF �Edmund Burke. No. 46 SUNDAY, DECEMBER 1839 Price 6d TOWER HAMLETS. - GENERAL TION. CO A VEN. On Tuesday evening last a public meeting, called by the Shoreditch Charter Association, was held at the Trades' Hall, Abbey-street, Bethnal-green, for the purpose of electing a delegate to the next General Convention. The meeting was very numerously attended by the members of the different associations in the dtstrict, and much anxiety was expressed, previous to the chair being taken, to know who was to be proposed, it having been whispered about by some persons that Mr. Hart-well' the late* delegate, would not again come forward ; while the friends of Mr. Hartwell declared they had received no such communication. The whole of these circumstances will, however, be better understood by the observation of Mr. Hartwell to the meeting itself; and by a letter which we understand he has addressed to the Chartists of the district, and which will be found in another part of our paper. Mr. Charles Savage, of the Shoreditch Association, was called to the chair, who opened the business by calling on the meeting to give all the parties a fair hearing, as he understood there were several candidates to be proposed. After an introductory resolution had been proposed and carried, the chairman called on all parties who had candidates to propose to come forward. Mr. Hartwell having entered the hall during these proceedings, his friends requested him to allow them to put him in nomination, but he positively declined. After some little delay, during which considerable discussion took place on the platform between the chairman and the friends of the candidates, (J Mr. Savage rose to propose as a fit and proper person to represent the Tower Hamlets in the General Convention, Mr. Frederick Chapman, a member of the Shoreditch Charter Association. Mr. Boggis seconded the nomination. Mr. Knight then. proposed M. Beniowsky, who was Beconded by Mr. Williams. Mr. Spencer proposed Mr. W. Fox, who was seconded by Mr. Drake. Mr. Hartwell then came on the platform, and was received with loud cheering. He said that the whole proceedings connected with this meeting were of a most extraordinary character, and reflected no credit on the parties getting it up.-(Hear.) He had been asked by his friends to stand as a candidate; he had even been solicited, since he came into the room, by several members of the Shoreditch Association to do s9,jthey stating they would withdraw their candidate, Mr. Chapman, being fearful that, without the support of himself and friends, they would be defeated by the friends of Beniowsky, who had mustered stronger than they anticipated, but he declined to be any party to the proceedings of the meeting; and he felt it but an act of justice due to himself, to his friends, and to the meeting, publicly to state why he refused to stand the nomination at this meeting, and meant to protest against the whole proceedings, whoever was elected.-(Hear.) The Shoreditch Association had evidently called the meeting in the expectation of being able to elect one of their own members as delegate. The meeting had been hurriedly convened,-no public notice giveu who was to be proposed,-no notice aent to him that such a meeting was to take place, although, at a meeting held in the hall after the late Convention had ceased to exist, he had received their unanimous thanks for his conduct while their delegate; and the Trades' Hall Association, who were strongly in his favour, had been lulled into the belief, by the deputation who waited on them from Shoreditch, that they had no intention of opposing him, if he would stand; to ascertain which, they would make inquiry previous to the meeting.-(Hear.) They had not had the courtesy to inform him at all; and his friends, "lying upon the expressed intention of the deputation had not communicated with him, though they now were fully prepared to propose him-(hear.) He con. sidered the Shoreditch Association had treated him unjustly and. unfairly, and that their conduct in (this case had been highly dishonourable.-(hear) They hid not attempted to find fault with his previous conduct, on the contrary, they had expressed them-�elves perfectly satisfied with it; they did not attempt ta impugn either his humble abilities, honesty, energy or integrity, and yet they had acted in the manner they had done to night.-(Hear) Under all these circumstances he felt himself justified in refusing to be nominated to this society, and pretesting against ita proceedings. He would only suy, whoever they sent as their delegate, they would find none who would represent them more faithfully than he had done in the last Convention.-(Mr. Hartwell sat down amidst loud cheering.) Mr. Savage justified the conduct of the Shoreditch Association, and said they did not consider tbemsehes bound to inform Mr. Hartwell of their intention. He might have seen the advertisement convening the meeting. The various candidates then came forward and addressed the meeting, expressing their readiness to answer *ny questions put to them. The chairman then proceeded to take the show of hinds, when he declared the election to have fallen upon Mr Beniowsky. Mr. Hartwell's friends, who com-posed a large portion of the meeting, generally refrained from votW; the members of the Shoreditch Association voted for Mr. Chapman; a' few of Mr. Hartwell s friends for Mr. Fox; and the members of the East London Democratic Association, comprising about one third of the meeting, voted for Mr. Beniowsky. The atter gentleman will, therefore, represent the East � London Democratic Association, but not the working men of the Tower Hamlets generally. Thus has the district been again split up into factions by the conduct of a few individuals. Commercial Trkatv kktween France and England.-The British Government, we learn, has appointed Mr. G. R. Potter, as a commissioner, jointly with Mr. Bulwer and Mr. M'Gregor, in the commercial negotiations between England and France. Mr. Porter, who is chief of the statistical department at the Board of Trade, is a man of great experience, sound judgment, and conciliatory disposition. A better choice could not have been made. The English government, we have already stated, is desirous that the conferences should be resumed immediately. Mr. Bulwer and Mr. Porter, who have already shown an honourable zeal in the affair, will not wait for Mr. M'Gregor. The latter was to leave Naples on the IGth of November, but as he must go to London to render an account of his mission, he can scarcely reach Paris before the end of the present month. The Northern Burghs.-Mr. Loch, M.P., has returned south, after visiting his constituents of the Northern Burghs, from Dingwall to Kirkwall. ' After the most careful and accurate investigation,' says Mr. Loch, ' 1 can assure you, that whenever a contest shall come, if it shall come at all, our majority will be most triumphant.' We sincerely trust that the contest will not come ; for its only effect will be, over a wide tract of country, to cause strife and dissension, a needless waste- of money, and all the idleness and dissipation usually attendant on a contested election. But if such a struggle does take place, and if Mr. Dempster of Skibo be determined to lead the forlorn hope, we are happy to think that the result will be the same as at present.-Inverness Courier. Transatlantic Degrees.-We have often wondered at the bales of degrees in arts, divinity, and medicine, which the Yankee packet-ships bring at every trip, but on turning over Reid and Matheson's Travels we learn that in the United States there are twenty-one theological colleges, and seventy-five ditto for general education. Twenty-five of the former have been instituted since ISO8, and forty of the latter since 1814 1 This was in 1834, and the number will be, doubtless, much increased since. Dr. Reid, who is an English voluntary, adds, with much simplicity, that * some of these colleges are literally springing up in the desert, and are putting themselves in readiness to bless generations that shall be born.' No doubt of it; but certainly this is the go-a-head principle with a vengeance. It is almost needless to remark that some of these seminaries have an attendance of only half a dozen unfledged Yankees.-Edinburgh Paper. Murders in Constantinople.-Crime of every description is uncommon at Constantinople, and we seldom hear of a murder, i have a dreadful exception, however, to record in this respect. Two of the unfortunate creatures who usually prowl about the barracks here, were seen rambling in company with four Turkish soldiers over the moors in the neighbourhood of the town. The whole party were found dreadfully butchered the next morning in one of the hollows. Jealousy or some other cause had led to strife among the soldiers, whose side-arms were found in their hands.-Letter from Constantinople. Election for Southwark.-There are now uP less than four candidates in the field canvassing for this borough, viz.-Mr. Walter, Mr. Benjamin Wood, Mr. Arthur Rose, and Mr. Roebuck. A most active canvass is going on in all parts of Southwark, and there is very little doubt of the contest being a very severe one. Assault in a Coffee-Shop. - William Lea, a countryman, was, on Thursday, charged at Bow-street with conducting himself in a riotous manner in a coffee-shop, and committing an unprovoked assault upon the proprietor of; the ^establishment. - Mr. Bailey, who Keeps a coffee-shop in Compton-street, 'stated that the prisoner, accompanied by another man, entered his premises on that morning at an early hour in a state of intoxication, and after passing through the room appropriated for the use of persons taking refreshment, they entered his private apartment. They sat down, and put their feet upon the fender, so as to prevent him from attending to his business. The were told that the house was frequented by persons principally members of the Temperance Society, and if they wished for refreshments they might retire to the other room, but the prisoner became very abusive, and, using the foulest language, he refused to leave the place. Finding that remonstrance had no effect, the complainant laid hold of him to put him out without disturbing his customers?when he seized on him, and tearing bis clothes, broke two squares of glass, with all the crockery that came in his way, which he valued at 30s. The prisoner, after denying that he was drunk, said that being a stranger in town, he thought he was privileged to sit by the fire as long as he thought proper in a public place of entertaiement, and it was the complainant who did the damage in his endeavours to eject him from the house.-The defendant's friend could not tell who first committed the assault, and he had already offered to pay the amount of the damage.-Mr. Jar dine said it was a most flagrant case, and unless the prisoner was prepared instantly to pay the amount of damage, he should be dealt with in as severe a manner as the law would allow.-The prisoner paid the sum, together with Is, fine, and he was liberated. SPIRITED CONDUCT OF A FRENCH EDITOR. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ M. Durand, the principal editor of the Capitole, was arrested on suspicion of being concerned in a Bonapar-tist plot of Tuesday. This gentleman is likely to give )e more trouble than any other newspaper writer in France, The following is his own witty account ot this affair. His epigrame, like scorpions, have stings in their tails'. Our readers will not fail to see how dangerous an opponent the writer of such a letter as the following must be to a corrupt government, opposed in all its-acts to the principles upon which it professes to have been established :- arrest of m, durand, principal editor of the * capitole.' ' Paris, December 5. 1 My dear Brother Editors,~You will, perhaps, hear that my house has been visited by the police, and that I have been thrown into prison; let not this intelligence excite your risibility too much, for there is some truth in the case; but come, 1 will tell you the whole adventure. ~ ' This morning, between she and seven, I was awoke by hearing my bell ring, 1 immediately jumped up, and hastened to open my door. A tall man, with a red riband, and having, in truth, all the appearance of a gentleman, was standing there with five or six others, one of whom held a lighted candle. ' Sir, it is the police!' Very well, one must always ask the police to come in, for they would do so without the invitation, and one thus acquires the reputation of being polite, * Closets, chests, table-drawers, were ransacked with the grestest politeness. It was not possible to annoy one with greater delicacy, * I was present at the inventory, and every now and then the police commissary of the first arondissemeut (for the king and I belong to it) told mc to dress myself. I requested him to pay no attention to my not being dressed; but he continued to urge the same request. I told him I was net cold, and thanked him. At last the request was a torrent of light-' Dress yourself, sfc^b* yayare to accompany us.' I then concluded that I was arrested, and put on my boots to proceed, properly attended, to a certain building in the Rue de Jerusalem, with whirh you are well acquainted. 4 When there, a gentleman looked at me rather harshly^ and gave me a paper in the room of the one I had. JEfter which, escorted by a gendarme, I waa conducted Jo a door, which was opened, on ringing, by a gaoler. I was then introduced, the bolt was drawn on the outside, and somebody bawled to the head man of the plaie, ** a political prisoner /" This pleased me a little, for it is always agreeable not to be taken for a thief. ' A man then came forward, and led me to a vile-looking room, where I was searched, doubtless to see if I had not some infernal machine in my pocket, like the one of the Rue Montpensier. The result of the inspection was the discovery of sixty francs in my waistcoat pocket, forty of which were taken away, and the remainder was left me as pocket-money. I was then taken lip a second story, into a cell, which was immediately bolted. * 1 examined the furniture of my room, which consisted of a table, chair, and bed, with a grey blanket and two bolsters. The fcupper one, at first sight, appeared rather dirty, but a minute after I rendered it due justice, for it was infinitely cleaner than the under one. 1 When the gaoler entered, I asked him if he could not give me anything cleaner to lay my head on ? He told me it was impossible, for the effects belonged to Government, and could not be changed, even for money. I could not conceive what interest they could have in making political prisoners lie in dirt, but I said nothing, lest I should pass for being over-nice. ' Can I write to my wife ?' said I to to the gaoler, 1 Yes, Sir/ and he instantly gave me a sheet of letter-paper. I wrote and begged him to send my letter to its address immediately. A porter undertook to take it. Now judge how great was this morning's fog-the kind fellow who had taken charge of my letter, mistook his road so much that my missive to my wife, instead of reaching her, found its way into the room of the Juge d'Instruction. * Alone in "my room, and not knowing what to do, I thought of following the example of Lifontaine's bare- " What can one do in one's form but dream ?"-and as my cell barely allowed me room to turn, I laid down on my pallet. * I was disturbed at twelve, and was obliged to go down stairs between two gendarmes, one at my side and the other behind me; and had you been walking at that time on the quay between the Prefecture de Police and the Palais de Justice, you would have seen your principal editor marched through the streets like a culprit about to be tried at the Assizes, and exciting the commiseration of all passing that way by his placid countenance, i 'At length I was brought before the Jugc d. Instruction M. Zangracomi, who did not seem to consider me as any great catch. He examined me frankly and properly ' and letters scattered over his table showed me, upon what and whom my examination was to be. I would lay any wager that the Judge learned from me nothing; that he was not acquainted with previously, but he waa enabled to see that in my political creed, as in all others there was no dearth of honourable men. * The Judge understood bis business, and separating from hia volumnious evidence what concerned the Capitate alone/ he ordered me to be liberated-an agreeable and just termination after such brutal treat* ment. Fellow-labourers, who prefer discussing ministerial questions to protesting in a body against the violation of the dwelling and rights of the * citizen, take note of what has happened to me to-day, for[it will be .your turn-to-morrow. ' Your dwelling will be searched, and you will ha issued against you, not a viandat decoinparation, which would merely oblige you to attend at a proper hour, but a mandat d'emener, as is issued against thieves, galley-slaves who have served their time, and other malefactors that can be compelled to obey, should they attempt to resist. You will be imprisoned in the Prefecture de Police, and then you will be marched off between two gendarmes, along the quay to the Palais de Justice, while you will hear the crowd, collected to see you, inquire, Is he a thief ? Is he an assassin? No-he is the principal editor of a journal. ' This is my history ; one day it will be yours. It was for such an end that a revolution was m ade in July! ' CHARLES DURAND.' CHURCH-RATES- A meeting of the inhabitants of Christ Church, Surrey, was held on Thursday, for the purpose of making a Church-rate. There was strong opposition to thuv passing of the rate, and a long discussion concluded as follows:- Mr. Pellatt contended that the judgment which had been given by Sir Herbert Jenner, in the Arches'(Court, had the effect of rendering their Local. Act ineffective with respect to thjByquestion of voting a Church-rate. It had taken away &e right of voting under Sturges Bourne's Act, except in the case of a poor's-rate, for not one word about Church-rates was to be found in that Statute. Mr. Deacon said that the judgment had riot such an effect-it was highly indecorous to make such a statement. Mr. Pellatt said, in his opinion, the judgment had that effect, and proceeded to enter very faiij into tftb arguments usually advanced against Church-rates. With respect to the proceedings taken against him, he gloried in the circumstance, inasmuch as in his person the issue of a great principle was being tried.-(Hear, hear.) He then moved, as an amendment, ' That the Vestry be adjourned until the suit in the Arches' Court, " Hawes and Vicat y.fPeilatt," be determined.'-(Hear, hear.) Mr. Perring seconded the amendment, and accused the Rector, in the strongest terms, of gross partiality. The Rector applied to the Vestry Clerk as to whether he was bound to submit such an amendment to the Vestry. Mr. Meymott was of opinion that the Reverend Chairman was not bound to submit such an amendment. The Vestry had been called for a specific purpose, and the amendment would have the effect of causing an adjournment sine die.-(Great confusion.) The Rector amidst, the greatest uproar, proceeded ta put the original motion for the rate ; and ^after much interruption declared the motion to have been lost. A poll was thereupon demanded, which commenced immediately, and continued until four o'clock, commencing again this morning at nine o'clock, and finally closing at four o'clock in the afternoon. At the close ofjthe poll yesterday at four o'clock the numberswere :- For the rate................ 14G Against it ................ 101 Majority in favour of the rate -15 Fishmongers and Poulterers.-This liberal and spirited trade, whose exertions in the cause of benevolence we have before noticed, dined together in Freemason*' Hall, on Tuesday last, with a view to increase the funds of their asylum and benefit society, for the assistance of the poor connected with their own trade. About 140 sat down to table, Mr. Alderman Harmer presiding. As soon as the cloth was removed, and the usual loyal toasts had been disposed of, the worthy alderman introduced the more important object of their gathering in a long, powerful, and really touching speech, in which he dwelt very forcibly on the obligation under which the rich lay to contribute to the comforts of the poor. He was followed in a similar strain by Mr. Saunders, the recent candidate for the city soli-citorship; after which Mr. Carpenter was called upon to propose 'The Ladies, subscribers to the institution/ It was evident be thought the company had been lachrymose enough, and he therefore convulsed them with laughter, by punning and facetise. He averred that he represented neither fish nor fowl, but was sure he was not out of place t and trusted he should not be made game of by any of those around him. He saw many fishmongers there, but was sure none were scaly fellows ; and as for the poulterers, he was satisfied they would as soon pluck themselves as others, in order to feather the nests of the destitute. The enjoyments of the evening were much enhanced by the excellent singing of Messrs. Ransford, Turner, Moody, &c.; and nearly 160/. was collected for the institution. Infanticide.-On Friday morning, about half past seven o'clock, the lamp-lighter, Joseph York, while putting out the lights on Waterloo Bridjce^jiear the Surrey side, observed something Ot on getting over he discovered new-born, full-grown, male in* piece of linen. He took it Waterloo-road, where it remaJuirW inquest. - ' v^-^r -W 'fat