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Central Press (Newspaper) - April 9, 1874, London, Middlesex t fr 1 r~ _J r ^ I 4 'Tp T T BE' N o 3,447. LONDON, THURSDAY, APRIL 9. 1874. PAGE 1 A Newspaper for Newspaper Proprietor* COMMISSIONS IN THE ARMY. A memorandum from the Horse Guards states that the following course will be adopted with regard to the successful candidates for the commissions in the army which have been announced for competition at the examination commencing on the 16th April : - 41 1. A certain number of such candidates (to be rogu-lated by the requirements of the service), will bo immediately gazetted to sub-lieutenancies in regiments in India. They will then, in due course, join their respective regiments or depots, and after serving one year will be attached to garrison classes in India, in order to undergo the course of military instruction required to qualify them for promotion to the rank of lieutenant. " 2. A further number of the successful competitors (to be regulated by the requirements of the service for regi- ents serving elsewhere than in India), will be im diately appointed to Bub-lieutenancies. These sub-lieutenants will not be gazetted to regiments, but will be placed on a general list, and will be required to join the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, on the 15th June, for the purpose of undergoing a course of military instruction. On the satisfactory completion of that course of instruction, they will be posted to regiments in which vacancies may exist, with a view to their completing the required period of service prior to promotion to the rank of lieutenant. "3. The remaining successful competitors who do not come under the terms specified in the foregoing paragraphs will also be directed to join the Royal Military College on 15th June, as ' students.' These gentlemen will be gazetted as sub-lieutenants on the * general list 9 as vacancies occur in the Army. They will, however, be required to complete the prescribed course of training at the Royal Military College, after which they will be posted to the regiments for which they may then be selected. " It is to be understood that until gazetted the above * students 9 will receive no pay, and that each gentleman will defray the cost of his own messing, which, with other incidental expenses, will probably amount to about 4s. a day. " Instructions will be given to the successful candidates as soon as the result of the examination is known." THE LABOUR CRISIS. From the last accounts of the look-out of agricultural labourers in the Eastern Counties, it appears that the prospect of an amicable settlement is so remote that many Of the men have arranged to emigrate to Canada and New Zealand. The labourers of forrr other villages in Suffolk were looked out on Saturday nightk^viB., Keshall, The-bertony Knodesham, and Sudbourne, increasing the number on the books of the Union by 200 men. Great excitement prevails, and both sides evince a dogged determination, which affords no hope of an early close of the conflict. The f timers allege that at Dullingham the Union men have threatened non-unionists, who have been afraid to perform their work, except under protection afforded by their employers. Other farmers admit that the conduct of the men has been most exemplary. The farmers affect to be able to do without the labour of the men. but the fact that at Chippenham half a dozen girls had been prevailed upon to perform the ordinary work of farm labourers, such as hoeing in the fields, by the presentation of dresses, &c, indicates that the employers are really suffering inconvenience. That the men are evincing a disposition to give up the struggle is alleged ; but the only proof of this that we have been able to glean is that five of the locked-out unionists went to their masters, and tendered their cards of membership of the Union, but the masters refused to take them back. Last week and this *eek Mr. Ball, the delegate of the Union, publicly offered to receive proposals from the mftsters to terminate the dispute, but explained that such proposals must be based on the right of the labourers to retain their connection with the Union, The farmers, on the other hand, reject all suggestions of the kind, and stand to their original condition that the men must give up membership of the Union, and apply individually to be taken on again. A placard has been posted at Newmarket, stating that a hundred thousand labourers are ready to return to England from America on having their passage paid. A meeting of locked-out labourers was held on Tuesday, and was largely, attended, the men bringing bands, banners, &o, Mr. Bailey, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, was voted to the chair. In his opening speech he assured his audience that everyone would have fair play, and that, if there were any objections to the movement, they should be patiently heard. He was proud to find that farm-labourers had determined to rid themselvea of the had had right to sell their labour for as much as they could get. The farmer did the same with his produce, and he (the speaker) strenuously urged the men to leavd the neighbourhood if their requests were not complied with. The next speaker, a Mr. Duncan, who announced himself as a settler from the province of Canterbury, New Zealand, gave a glowing account of that colony. The climate, he said, was genial, and farm labourers were paid at the rate of 8s. per day of eight hours all the year round. Provisions were cheap and plentiful, meat being only from 2id. to 5d. per pound, flour Is. 8d. per stone, and potatoes �2 per ton. In five years an industrious man could save sufficient to procure a small farm of his own, and then he would be independent of landlord interference for ever. A high religious tone prevailed, there was little drunkenness or crime, everybody appeared happy and contented, Registered at the General Post Office as a Newspaper The greatest curses were the sons of the aristocracy, who had been sent thither for reclamation, and who in many instances had become inmates of the asylums. Tenant farmers would find crops abundant and prices high. Domestic servants were greatly required, and husbands were in abundance for those young women who chose to enter the married state. The colonists were determined to make it the Britain of the south, to emulate all the virtues of the mother country and to shun all her vices. He was ready to pay for the partial outfit of five hundred labourers if they would consent to emigrate, and to secure them a free passage across/ Mr. Crick, the Secretary of the Union, next addressed the meeting. He said that the efforts to induce the labourers to leave the districts had been highly successful.. Many had already gone, and between fifty and sixty more would follow. Application had been made to him for numbers of able-bodied men, and Messrs. Child, the railway contractors, had asked for another batch, at 24s. a week wages, to be sent to them as soon as possible, The funds of the Union were able to meet the drain upon them, and if the locked-out men were only united and con-tented with their 9s. a week victory must ensue, because if the employers remained obdurate for any length of time their hands would be taken away from them. The nextj delegate from the Executive at Leamington urged the men to stand firmly to their colours, assuring them that the ends of the earth should be ransacked for funds rather than they should be allowed to submit any longer to the tyranny that had for too long a time been exeroised over them. If they could but remain firm the Union was prepared to support them quite as long as the farmers could do without them. The executive were not without money, and the trades unionists of the country would see that proper support was given to them. Twelve gentlemen had given their word for �6,000 if it was needed. The cheers which followed this announcement were increased considerably when a �5-note was handed to the secretary from an anonymous donor in the crowd. The Secretary to the National Agricultural Labourers' Union (Mr. Henry Taylor) has succeeded in inducing a number of Manchester firms, together with the executive officers of the several Trades Unions in Manchester and Salford, to assist the farm labourers in the Eastern Counties. It has been decided to form a Manchester branch auxiliary to the Union, the object of which, according to the prospectus, is stated to be 44 to i condition of farm labourers by means (1) of raising wages, (2) by migration, (3) by emigration, (4^ by protection from injustice, (5) by defence at law, and (6) by protection in case of locks-out." It has also been decided to tittees promote the formation of branch and district throughout the country. A circular, signed J. B. Gaskell, hon. seoretary, states that,-?* number of gentlemen have determined to form . cen- tral oommi assist the , tain the agricultural labourers at present looked out, and further to contribute, by means of meetings, flubsctiptipns, &e., afT expression of their practical sympathy wj|h tho tent for improving their condition. The officers of 'erent executive councils of Tradea Unions in Man- chester have given in their namet^asrl will Manchester Committee. The Bishop of Manchester, in acknowledging a vote of thanks for his recent letter in the Times, declines to identify himself with the movement in its Trades-Union aspect, but assures the committee of his unabated sympathy on the broad ground of humanity. With reference to his letter in the Times and to the various criticisms upon it, his Lordship contents himself with the expression-"What I have written I have written." His letter has provoked an active correspondence, which still continues with unabated vigour. One writer says :- 4* Capitalists have wisely sought to buy labour cheap ; workmen have wisely sought to sell it dear. Trades' Unions are not objects of love or hate; they are combinations of men who want more money than they have got. They are perfectly legitimate and natural; they are neither praiseworthy, wicked, nor heroic. On a like footing stands the combination of employers ; and I cannot for the life of me see why the farmer is the only man in England who is to be called almost a felon, and cruite a madman, because to the legitimate attack of a strike he opposes the legitimate defence of a look-out." There is a prospect of the early termination of the strike in South Staffordshire, which has thrown 14,000 colliers out of work. A case of intimidation by operatives on strike has been investigated at the Manchester City police-court. The accused parties were sent to gaol for two months. A large meeting of colliers has been held at Moseley Hall, near Wolverhampton, and the following resolution was passed: "That, although we detest strikes, yet we cannot in honour consent to the present reduction, but are willing to submit the same to arbitration." The Democratic party has gained another victory in the Connecticut state elections. A telegram from Berlin states that the Czar will arrive in that city on the 3rd of May, accompanied by the Grand Dukes Alexis and Constantino and Prince Gortschakoff. Warrington will be represented at the Royal Academy this year by a splendid bust of Lord Winmarleigh, which has lately arrived from Rome, the handiwork of Mr. Warrington Wood.- Warrington Guardian. In accordance with ancient custom on Easter Tuesday the boys of the Blue Coat School waited upon the Lord Mavor and Lady Mayoress at the Mansion House, and vw____ ___k_____ted with a shilling fresh from the Mint."' Printed and Pvhlishcdfor the Proprietors by John UawJeinys, at 112, Strcnd, London, W.C.
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