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British Press Newspaper Archive: August 23, 1821 - Page 1

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   British Press (Newspaper) - August 23, 1821, London, Middlesex                                LONDON; 1^^^^^ . The Procession rommrnres frtm WestininRtcr flail.- The Second Seen*-, the' Interior of .-.the Abbf^.^Thel'liirtl, i.ndlntrodueWry Scene; in wliirh Mr, Koleht will intrbdrfce a new Gomic Spng, enlitledf " The King and the toronation, Old Edelandan^jhe.People."-The FourlhScerfe, the Hall, in the cour8e uf nbich the Graod. Eotre of the-^htifiipipti. PrCTious to .whictwiii be performed aCoinedy'paneii ;    A CHEQUE ON SlY BANKER, Sir Wilfal Wildfire;; Mr. \f. H.TVilliirosi.; Sir Gabriel Peepe'r,'Mr. Oatiie; Arthnr Wildfire, IHr, Cooper; 'Frant Cleverly, Mr, Russiell-, Jotter, Mr. "KnigVit,  Miss Cattieriue Arragoa, Mi^.Sinilb!ioa;.'Mis^ ArragoDi Mrs. Hiirloire:' To conclude with'(351b tiine):a new Farce, called : " THE SPECTRE BRIDEGROQM; � Or, A ipHOCT'ir^ isi�ITO p^^^ The priiicipal^haricters by^M'wrs.^^       Gattie, iJar-n&rd, Smiib, Siilght, Mrs. Orger, abil ^M^^ "The: Dp'on�te>. fee opened,at,S(x o'CJoilt, andjthe Per-furmahcea to begiu ai-Se�eii, inriie, 2>;--Gallerj, 9s.; Secood Price,,l8.-Wppfir, Gal-. tey,l9.vSecoiid Price,ed..' To-piorraiv, A Cheqne on my Banker, with The Corona. tlon-and The Midaieht Hour.    ., Oh Monday will hii produced, first time, a Pelil Comedy,, ia two actii,called�560.': ; yaw THE4TflJB-ROYAL, UA YMAIlKHT. THIS EVENIWG^ THURSDAY, Aug. 23, will bei^fjiitoied O'Keefe'a Opera of FOKfTAINEBLEAU. � liOrd Widort",-Sir.,Leoni Lee; Sir John Bull, Nr. Wil-'liama;. Col. EpaolfHe, Mr. Decamp; Squire Tallyho, Mr. Oxberry; I.acklaiid, air. Jones; Henry, Mr. I'ayne; i.a-poehc, Mr; J..RilSTelI/ lifldv Bull, Mrs Pearce ; Rosa, Hiss Carew; MissUoHy Boll, Mrs. Tayleure; Celi�, Mias R. Curri; Mrs. Ciwey, Mrs. Jones; Nannette,'MTB. Baiter. To conclude wilh the Comedy of TEAMING MADE EASY. Litigant, Mr. Terry:; Glow.worm, Mr. Jone.'s; Gnmmnn, Mr. J. Ruaeell; Peter Pastoral, Mr. Oxberry; Mixem, Mr. Williams.'  Mrs! Teazer, Mrs. Pearce,'Mr�.,Crqin|>t ��.'icf i at-Nine.      ' '   ' ^loF'Ssi, 5�.; Second Price, 3s.-Pit, 3s;; Second Price, Is. e J.^-I-'"'"" Gallery,.2s.; Second Pr ci-, Is.-Upper Gal. lery. If-; Second Price, 6.1.. bi. *i5 open 01 Hiilf-past Six, the Performance to begin at Seven. To-i- torro-w. The Miller's Maid-Two Wives-and Love's Dream. Pr rcE 7d. Kcw .Mt. ^-Drama, French Hercules', aiul Heart of Mid i- Lothian. SADLER'S WELLS. THIS  EVENING, THURSDAY, Au(rn�t 23, '\)e flcicd (fourth time), a new Melo Drama, \u two Acts, t all'^'l ' i THE. DUMB BOY. cWith/New.D/-esscs, Scenery, &c Dailrmont, ;Mr. Gojuery; St. Alme. Mr. Elliot; Abbe Dp I'Eper, M ^ l'hilli|'s; D'lpre, .Mr. Siiulc;-; Deaf ami Uiinil) liov, wi, *! an 'Ej)f1i>-ne, Mrs. F.(;c too. (Vladaine Franval, iMrs.Wes V"; MariauHe.'Miss Johuslone ; Claudine, Mis. Frciiviitk.      ' � Al-ieruhich Mess ^. DECOUR and ESBRAYAT will go lliroiigh tlieir wuud. J/"' performances of Grain', Slrenjilb, mill Ajilii.v; inclnjii y y^'}^- E.SSRAyAT'S correct repre. atulalioii of llic .Stjtuc-i ,of ^nliqultj'.  Curkoo went (i-.eClo Ir. Kec'ey. Oiu-fu.of England, ^ fiss .'tiliiiHintie; Jtwiinie Dtai^s, Miss Ji. Scott ; .Mudjje Wi! iHirc, Mrs. EiiPrli.u. Mr. Biiriics is eo;a uudwill make his']ir.st appearance next week. The JDoors will be opeued at Six o'Clork, jand the Pit-formaiiceii commence a liiiarlcr before Seven-.Boxes, 48 - Pit, 2�-Gallery, la. " Places for the Brxee may be t;fkfn of Mr. S'urk, at the Tliratie, from Tefl till Four; and at Mr. Chu|)j It's, Royal Library, Fall mall. rriHF, ESSENCE of PEARL and i'EARL DENTIFRICE, invented by the late Jacot Hemel, Ueutist to tilt Royal Family, have bteu proved by l^ong experience to giMtly excel, bolh in elegance and �';|firacy, �viry other preparation for the Teeth and Gums; l^^y e*-tectually preserve tiiel'eeth in a sound stale even to ol ge, leudt-r Ihem white and beautiful without impairing tiie enamel, fasten such as are loose, and keep such as are tle-cayed frum becoming worse. 'I hey likewise render the breaih delicately sweet, prrveul the Tooth-Ache, perfectly cure the Scurvy iu lilt Cuius, and make then i;ruw firm and ctese to the Teeth.-The Essence is particularly recommended to Parents a4i(| Persons who have, the ci\te of tiluldien as the uii-atesi prcseivalive of jouiig and lender Twih. Kone are genuine but what have the words, " J. Hemet, Bayley and Blew, Cockspur-strect," engraved ill the Stamp.   Puce 2s. 9d each. BAYLEY's TRUE ESSENTIAL SALT of LEMONS, t>^'t taking Ink Spuis hiuI Stains out uf Lace and Linen. The SctiOiHe is signi-d " W. Uayley" on the Box and Wrapper. AlM) his SCl>URI^G DROPS, for taking Grease out of Sitk, Siuflf, Woiill.n Cloih, &c. price Is. each. VERITABLE FOM.MADE DIVINE, price 3�. �d. the glis.s. .Sold, Wlmlesale and Retail, by Bayley aud BUw, Per-fs!m(irB,Cuck6i�ut-�lieel, Lunut>u. Owing to the very beantifuj.West her that has just se't.ii* the Gardens will nut closo until Wednesday Next, An. eust 29. Some additiuosi preparatiuu* are making lo. gtve ec/a< to the feiiTremainini; nights, Entertaiumenls. TO-iMOUROW, l^iUDAY, An^u-t 24. there will be n GRAN CI GAJLA,:ia which it will d�ubtles�ly 1)6 coiifrssed thai the general coapd'ttil of the whole Gar-ilens is most splendid and imposing.' The FIRK-WORKS" will also bo a fine display of Pyro-technic invention, and which willlerminate wilh the grand iand interesting Scene of UiC; Eruption of Maiint Vesuvius and the Bay of Naplea,-The Royal Military, Caledonian, and Pandean Bands,''between the Acts and after the Con-' cert, will 'perform'a'vari'ety of popular Martial and other Music;; � -i^.-,    . : ; Admission S�. 6d.-Doors open at Seven, and the Con-[cert begins at Etglit o'clock. ?BT ORDER OF THE HONOURABr.E THE COM-;   MISSJONERS OF EXCISE. WHEREA%iin ihe MbrDii.g of Saturday, the :4th of fhisSiontli, Mr. HASTIR, Mate, nloiig with ;a< bQat'st:|ri:w'lhe Oefendqnt, uiiiess the effect of .the Viirdict is wm'ov'ed bf'tttt^inotiun,�pun 'a poi'iit 6f.>w,int^hded to be made.Jjy ib the Cbort of King's Bench, in arrest of ja4in�|fM|l-, On Friday moiling ihe" ciljr't^iiSH^ on, aha being finished by oi� o'clock, the Chief Ju�th!e,ioo(r.tfw that iKc Assizes m^igh't b^.tinislu-i) in th� weelf, tried seveTal, of the Frisoiierx intKe Coiih'cil CbatnbcT of-ifce Hailf, Whlcii'is VisSd as,(he A'm� Prtiw.Court. , E|y ,thit;inetn�,the Chief Justice aitling tiil seven (Tclo^, aad.^Mr. Jiistice, Kicliardsou till nine in the eveoihgi^nd thelailerreiiumifig again bh Salnr-' day morning, all were Irted byetKbt iu the af�trpob0> The Jury having retired to consider I'heir yerflicl in the caSe.of Dana, his Lordship passed seril'eiVfe afiotiibose can'vicled, performing the'awful ceremony .'brrhndctening eight male's and one female, w.hich.be said,he dtt).with the greatest-pain, iinderiilanding the numberuf ra'piiar'coiivicts lo be greater than ever kiiuwn at obe Assize for thifcitj. thb ChterJustice haying aln-ady condemned one, .T|w �btde"�rf'fJieinrweVe: juvenile ufiTenders, aflvrdintr a depl'bijj^le rvnlencc of early .�lep.�ov}ty wtiHH��xist�4i��is rH|': -^i*^^ �Strth1inr, aged 27 5 ft].'luto�b iv�� ijeirs u?'jij!e,^Biillry:S3, Irwin iX\ Tuck and Watts 20, Meek �pd l.avinia King 19, and Poll only 17; But'even tbeexample mftde of ilbeie cblpiits sefems to fail in rfect-for; two lobberiea were committed in the Courl, ouegeulloman bring robbed of notes lo the valne of 35f. aud aiioiher of bis sear and* key, by bis ^alchiibbon being cut. - Tbe tii.an who perpetrated the firkt -oifente wa� eanght iii Ihe arl,.and committed to Bridewell. On Friday afternoon ili�'Grand Jury came inio Court,anS represented the City Gaol as being unsafe, linil rrt|uivfDg great alteratioos to be.made in it. Tbe Learned Judge thanked the Jury for their allrntion to Ihe business they bad before tbem, and particularly for Their prciCUtiueul; they were then discharged. SUSSEX ASSIZES, LF.WE8, AUGUST 20, The Assizes for this County commcQced here to-day, before Mr. Baioii Wuoil, ill' the Crowu CoOVt, and' Mr. Justice Burrough, iu the Civil Court. In IhefoCmer, the Calendar contains the names of 47 prisoners, very few of whom are lo be tried for capital ofTences. The cause paper in the latter cnutains an entry of 30 cases, uine of tvhich are Cnsloms prosccniions, some of .which are Renaaneta from Ihe last Assizes, owing to ihe difficulty then uf gelling Special Juries. CROWN SIDE. ; Thomni Swiff, alias Boorman, alias Fartet/, was indicted for.stealing 100 half-crowns, 80 shillings, end 20 sixpences, the properly of James Parks, on the 18lh of Mal'ch, in the parish of Ticehursf. Mr. Beiens conducted Ihe prosecution. The prusecotor, a pour cottager, after 20 years saving, had amassed the money mentioned in the indictment, which he had lucked up in his box. Tbe prisoner, a yoolb of 17, had been admitted into his collage as a lodger. Pre'vioUs lo that time be bad been receiving money from the parish ira a pauper,, and iu a few days he was found flush of-caBh, treating dlffrrenl people at the puhlic.honse, anil (Offering to Hiange notes to any amount. These circumstances induced the prosecutor to search his treasury, when he found that every sixpence of his hoard was gone. He caused the pri-soner lo be apprehended, and tin his pereonwas fouiidsome luoiiey which he knew to he his-own frpm marks ii]iun it> The Jury found the prisoner (iHilhj-Patlh, htyYALBpnCttS OF SCOTLAN^i REPOftT. The Select Committee lo whom Ihe several 'Petitions which have been presented to this Hourc, from Ihe Royal Bm-ghs of ScoilamI, during the years 1818,1819, 1820, and 1821, were referred, to examine I4ie matters thereof, and to repurt their observations and opinion thereupon to ihe House; and In whom tbe Reports which, upon ihe 17th day of June, 1793, Ihe 12lh day of July, 1819, aud Ihe 14lh day of July, 1820, were made from Ihe Comriiiltees appointed lo examine tjie matters of llie several PeliUons from the Royal Burghs of Scutland, were also �iferred- have considered the said Petitions, andTiave agreed upon the following Report:- � In submitting to the House a Report relating to the grievances complained of in the Petitions irferred to your Committee, it may not be unavailing, in the outset, to poinf out the modes of prevention and of redress, which, by the ancient law of Scotland, were made applicable lo such evils, and how these remedies, al a more recent period, have come to he inoperative.^ It has been a roalter of dispute in what way the M.^gistrates and Councils of Burghs were chosen previous" to the Act of Ihe Scul'lisb Parliament 1469, by which It was declared, that " the auld Council of the town shall chuse ilie new Council, \h sic number as accords to Ihe luwn ; aud that the new Cunnril and the anid, in the yicr aforesaid, sliall chuse all nfBeiars pertaining to the town, as Aldermen, Baillies, Uean uf Guild, and other ufliciars; and that ilk craft sliall chuse a person of (he samiiie crafi, that shall have vole iu the' said elect'iou of oSiciars for the lime, in likewise yier by yier." On this point the Scbli;h Arts of Parliament throw no material light; but they prove that, in whatever way such elections were made, care was t-ikeu, bolh befure,the passing of the Acr now quoted and subsequent theret", tti provide the necessary securities against mismauagement ou Ihe part of those who were elected. As Ihe burghs had all of Ihem derived their origin from charlars granted by the Cr6ivn,'a8companied by gifts of lands and other subjects belonging to his Majestyv^estined to tlie use of the burgh, Ihe uatucal quarter to which to look for control was iu (he Chamberlain of Scotland, wlio bad charge of all the royalreveuucfi,' and whose office, though it has been long sunk, was ancieiilly one of Ihe highest dignity and uf S4ipreme jurisdictium This officer made regular circuits tlirougli 'Scotland every year. By Act of James II. it is ordaiued, " that justices, cbalraerlane, crowiiera, and other official's (hat m^kis course throw Ihe laud, ryde hut incampeteut and easy number to eschew grievance and linHiug the people." That part (if his otficial duty Was to control Magistrates and iuvestigate their managemeni, is proved by a variety of enactments. Thus, by au Act of James L of Scotland, made against beggars, it is declared, "that in burrows, tiie cbalmerlaine in his air ilk yier Shl inquire yf Ihe aldermen and baillies haiye keeped ihe statute." Aiid by au Act of James IV. intiliiled, "How the commuD gude of Bur-rowes suld be spemted and set till-others," il is enacted, that the said common gnde be observed aud keeped to the common profile of the town, and spended in the conunon and necessary things Of the burgh, be Ihe advice and council of the towu for Ihe time, aud the deakt;ns of crafts where they are. Au inquisition yierly to be takea iu Ihe chnlmer-lane ayr of expeuces and dispo.silion uf the samiu. And atlour, that tbe reols of the burrows, as lands, fishings, fermes, maillis, mihies, and waters, yierly reveuewed, be uul set hot for three years Bltlernally." ' Mr. Wight, who is considered as the highest anthorily oa the history and law of Scotch eliection, accordingly stales, that " of old the Lord Chamberlain had the chief oversight of all Ihe burghs in Scotland: to this court alone the ma. gisiraUa were answer.able for their m'asagcmeitt; aud cum-plainis agaiiisl Ihem, and all craftsmen and other burgissts, were laiil before that high officer, at his airs or circuits." At what period Ihe Chamberlain ceased lo go rircoils is not precisely known, but in tbe reign ^ames V.. Ibe magistrates uf burghs were ordered annually to produce (heir acconnts in Exchequer. - Thi� was first pruvid'efl by Act 1&35, c. 26, which, prbcrediag on tlie'narrativ'e,� that the common gude �f burghs wai waated,-'? iu consequtBce of the magistrates being "-cn^aiidsinen," applying said g'lod.lu their ,own heboof, insb ad of the "uphold of ,houe>tie and policies within burgh,"'�oacts, l.-it, That iia 'inan i� time .co.ming be chosen prpvu.sl, baillies or aldermen iqto burgh, but Ihey that are honest and suhstautions hiirgesses, mer-chands, and in-dteellers ot the'said burgh." 'Sdly, '> That all [provostes. baillies, and .aldermen of Imrrowes, bring yearly to lYie chequer at (he day set for giving of their compis, their 'compt books of Iheir common guides (o be.sriii and cunsi-'dtfred by the Lords Au'diturs, gif the samiB be rpeiided for the common weil of the burgh or notv and thaHhi; said provosts, baillies, aud aldermen of every burgh, warns zicrly> Hft'eeB days before their coiniog to the chequer, tbey quha lifers to cbine for the - ekatainiB"^ of the saides coVnpis, Ib&t fHey may ijrgunne and impngi'ie the saiAiu as they �please, sae (hat alt'tborroerinny cease in that behalf." An enactment in -beatriy similar terms, with thai now recited, was oiade in ibe reign of James VI. . . Another 'Act it fhe 'Sanie reign statutes and ordaiiis, "That na man shall in any time coming be tapubJe of prn'-vttslrje qr oilier,(nagislracy within any hvtrgh uf Ibis realm, nor to^be elected to any; of tbe saids ofiires within a burgh, btit 'merchants, actnat tra^cbers, inhabiting within the said 'boi^rowrsallenarli�f-diad'ua-otlieV8." ,   . : Aetsflf.�Parliament pS�stdt�lSfarianB fiVnes for confipain* Ibe privileges granted to Royal Burghs, but no enaciment for regulating the managetftcut <^f the common good, is fuuhd in the statute books subsequent to those.atieafly recited, until the reigu of William and Mary, wfre'h 'the ActlGOSt, G. 2S, was framed. This enactment proceeds on fh6 narrative, "that the Koyal Burrows of the kingdom, erected and provided with their respecti'verpiiblic goods and revenues by their Majesty's royal ancestors, are of late, through the mal.ad-ministration of the Magistrates and uthecs to whom the management of the said public good and revenues hath been committed, fallen 'under great debts and burdens, to the diminution of the dignity of the state of burrow.s, aud the disabling of them to serve the Crown and Government as they ought; and that the care, oversight and controul of the said public good-and revenues, and of the administration thereof, doth unduubtedly belong lo their Majesties by virtue of their prerogative royal, have thunght'fit to declare in plene ParKameul, iike as do they hereby declare, that as well from what has piissed as in time coming, their Majes. ties will give commissHoBB, one or more, to such persons as they shall be pleased lo nominate, to inquire into the state of the cummon^-gnde and revenues whatsoever of all the Royai Burghs, iud how tbe samiu hath bf-n hetcL.fure or shall be herfeafler employed or niis-eniployeil, and lo rail lite matversers'and their employers to accuuut, and to urd-afn and decera them, and every one of them, to refund ami repay, or 'olherwaya icpair the biifgh or burghs by them leased, as the said .Commissioners shill find them liable. And their Majeslies declare, that the adis and eeuieiircs of the said 'Commissioners shall have Ihe sireng'lli and tffect of acts and sentences  reafler, it is ordained that cviry Royal Burgh within the kingdom shall, betwixt the firsl day of November next IB come, br"hig the Lords of their Majesties Treasury and Exchequer an ex-art btated account iu chaige and di.  period the Courl of ihe Chamberlain-, subsequently, the Seutiish Court uf Exchequer : and before these Courts Magi.'irates and Councils were found yearly to exhibit their accouirt's. 3. Penalties were diclaied against those who were guilty of mismanagement, and i'f the improperroulraclion-of debt, while a right was invested iii-certain quarters lo bring such oS'enders lo accooirt before the proper tribunal. These securities have long become nnavailing. In many i-nstances, iu consequence uf au usage exceeding a period uf forty yeais, residence has becume no longer a requisite in the choice of Magisiiatts and other ufUcers belonging to Scotch B�;gh3. The consequences uf this may easily he inia^iued. i'eisotis holding ofiicea in burglts,and nul jesiding in the vicinity,can ueitlirr be acquainted with Ihe nature of the actual management, nor have it in their power to prevent abuses. Thij seeiu.s fully, illustrated by the circumstances in proof regarding ibe Curgb flf InvirnrV. It is impossihie lo suppose that llie instances uf mismanage-meui, which are itiere established, ever could have laken place had the Chief Mngisstrate beeu resident in the town, or iu its immediate neighheuiiiood. 2dly. In consequence of Ihe chaugeinthe conslilulion of the Courl of Exchequer, al the period of ihe Union, it has been found by that Court that they are no longer competent to call Magistrates and Tuwn Ciioucil to account for their management, while the Court of Session, by a recent decision, have decided that no appeal cau be received by them ill matters of that nature. It is Iu Ihe loss of those securities that, in the opinion of your Committee, Ihe chief cause of l-hose evils of wJiicb tlie Petitioners complain is lo he ascribed, and not to the constitutions of (he Burghs (hemsdves, wliich were confirmed at the Union, and cannot be touched without au iufrioge-nienl of one of its arlicles. To iheiuvestigation of ll� abuses �which have thus grown up, and to the coJisideratiou of the appropriate remedies, your Committee have devoted mnch time and attention; and ihey trust that the legislaiive euactments which they have  t^ "* faei therein cunta'iied ; and iliiy concur with ^>,at t'oii'-initiee, in ihe opinion cxpres ed I'y thfm. that "i^ prev;ii-i.ig practice in the elec'iou uf the Town Couoeils i, s,-,i, lauit is founded ou lIic Act of 1469, rrtlrictcd in 113'*,.^;. cation by Ihe setts of earli particular bnrsh ;   aid ll-., concur also iu   the second Risolution   reported hy tli"! Couimitlce. in wiiicli they state lhat ilie a'legaliou of li.e old Council choosing Hie new, is warranted by the law aud practice ot Ihe fcorghs. This is the practice called in,the Pctilions-splf-rh rtii.ii. and to ft many of the Pelitiuners niainiy rrf  as to do anr.y nil i that which tlity conceive to be a just grminil of cciiiulau''. They thought lhat iu order to accomplish Ihis end, il mi'uI.I he fit to enact, that a given proportion of the Towu t"tnui;-r,j should anniiallThe elected by the BiirgeKscs at la'ge. ill this opinion, howevey, your Committee have iiol "neen able lo concur; aud allliuugb a detailed sintempiii of Ihii.-srirtiments on this most important point is to \k he {'..imd in the Resolutions adopted by tliem  ii5, Ihey think it expedient lo mate some ohsei vatiuus upon it ill this place. They begat theoiifset todeclare, that if it appeared I > them lo he impossible le apply an adequate remidy t" aii-milted grievances, wilhont recommending so fuiidiuncutiil �< change in the law and practice of the Scottish IJurji.s, llicv would have had no liesilat'ioti in adopting the propose.} pli", or any other, even of a more extensive rharacler, ili:it migli', in their opinion, have beeu demanded by the pressing exi-. ' gency of the case. But your Committee do not think lhat the inlrodnclion cf any mudifiCBtion of Ihe cxi.sling system, nnnccoinpnnied I'y regulations imch as (hose that Ihey have suggcsud in 11.,j Report, wonid have cured the evils cmnplaiiieil of, while, mi Ihe other hand, they are perfectly eoUriiiced, that if ilieii-'suggestions are carried into effect, -a pure niliaini.stvniion of thealTaiis of the Bnrghs may be reasonably exporicl will, out sebverting the long-cslahliitli hed atove three ceivturips aixl a liilf ago, on account of Ihe. mischievous effects that had resnltoil Ironi the previtius practice. What that previous pvaciice was is matli-r of eurioAis and unceitaiii historical research; and your Committee wjJl uul, a^iusc the discretion vesUd in Ihem by the House, by offering suugestious foundeil ou data so vague and unsatirfaeiory as any ih.-it could he furnished by au inquiry into the usage under the ancii'jit law of Scotland. Whatever the constitutions of "the burghs may have been in remote times, it is enough for your Coniinillee to state, that it would be impossible 1� allrr the picseiil prai lire, for the purpose of iiilrodiiciiig Ihe changes calkd for liy the Petitiotrers. without a retJcal of the Act of I4f>0, without a viulalii'ii of chartered rights, and withoiU au lofi-ingem.-rtl of Ihit article of the Union which they have ahcady qiiolcd. Your Commitlec think that the pe.ace and tranquillity of the Scollisli Burghs may be preserved under the general law as it now stands, and that their afi'aits may he adniii:iKtrreit on pure and honest princ pie., provided that Ihe .-.u;;i;r',lior.s they have TOade are adopted l>y the Legislatuie, and fm ly a-cled upon iu the country ; while tlity eiittrtaiii -.ireat lioiihli whtlhtr the adopliou of any fundanienlal alterations in the law might nol, so far from promoting concord and peai e, prove lie menus of creating disunion, jealousy, and ili;--eontenl. SECOND ALLEGATION. " Tlie �want of a due Tepresiulaiiou of ihe several corporations of ihe burghs; namely, 'he guildry and liad's (where such curpoialioiis exist) in the Council, ari-^ing from the mode in which ilie ileau of guild, merchant councillors, Irudts councillors, aud deacons of crafis, ihe nominal repre.qeiita-tives of Ijiese corporations, are elected into that boiiy.V On this allegalion you'r Committee have resolved, Ist. That it is the opinion of this Commillee that the m"de in which deans of guild, tncichant councillors, iradi s eouucillois aud deacons of crafis are elected into the Coun-cii <3 regulated by the respective charters, or sells of lUu several linrghs, orby prescriptive usage. 2d. That it is the opinion of this Committee, lhat the corporate bodies specifieil iu the last resolution are repre.seiitetl in tbe way pre.-irribed by their respective charters or sett^, or accoriliiig to prescripiive usage, and in this sense may he held to be duly and legally represented. 3d. That il is ihe opinion of this Commillee, lhat to make any alteration in chartered rights, wihout the most absolute and manifest necessity, would form a dangerous precedent, and it appears to ihem lhat no such iiece�siiy exists ill this case- 4ih. That those abuses which have been proved lo Ihe Committee tn have plare in the exisling system of llurghs ill Scotland, may, in Ihe opinion of this Commillee, be rorricted by suitable legislaiive enactments, without having recourse lo any measure ioterferiug with the cliacteced rights of Burghs ill Scotland, THIRD ALLEGATION. " A want of coHliol in the Burgesses, aud in the Corpo-ramius over Ihe expeudilore of the revenues of Ihe Burgh, over tiie sale of the common good or propeity of the Bii.gh, aud-over the cinUracling uf debts, fur svhich the couiiuuniiy is rendered liable." FOURTH ALLEG.4TI0N. " A want of power in the Burgesses and Cnrporaiioiis to call upon ihrir Magistrates aud Council lo eccuunt for their management of the revenues and funds under their charge." On these allegations your Commillee beg leave, in ibe firsl place, lo refer to two resolutions of the Commillee of last year; in which it is afl^rmed, that Buigesjcs, not incorporated, have no ronlrol over the management uflhe pecuniary afi'airs of the Burgh ; and that the Burgdsses anil Corporaiions have no power to compel their Magistra,te8-aud Cuuncil to account for the mauagemcnt of the revenues and funds under their charge. And your Committee, after fui-tlier deliberation, hare come to the following resulutioos:- 1st. That il is the opinion of ibis Committee, that the Corporaiions have no coiilrul ov^r the expenditure uf the revenues uf the Burgh, or over the sale of the common good or properly of the Burgh; nor any power of picveniing the Magistrates and Cuuncil from contracting debts for wiiicb the comnuiu good is liable, except in as far as ihese Corporations have the power, by the respective sells of the Burgh, of electing one or mure of ihe Members which may compose the Council; and which Member or Members, �heu elected, have a voice in tbe iransactiou of the Council of such Burgh. (To Je continued-)   

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