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British Press Newspaper Archive: July 19, 1821 - Page 1

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   British Press (Newspaper) - July 19, 1821, London, Middlesex                                JLOj^DQK, THIERSate^^KLY l�v iS ' will be opened this Eveiiing jp^tmtoiisTy;'''    ~ i hii Miije.'ily^s SerrantiKwill pecforia-'- . BLUE DEVILS/ � . �� McBgVim, Mr. EHis  : --'\r al t^fiaraeters by gdoper, Gatlie, Bar- bar(l,$miib, Ku%bt,^.^Ir>. brgerrand Mis� Stnilhaon.'' . To conclude tvitli the raVourite Musiidal iExtrava!;arij;a',*calJeiL^ Dan Giovanni, M4d�me Vrslris; LcimreHo, Mi;.'j^oielit;' . . Mr. floMiitine Fiuickin,rMr.: BiVnardr'/Mrs.''tjejwrel^^^ Mrs dr^r; Mies'CoiiWmia Qaixutle,:Itfis8 CubiftJ'Sqna^-_ iug::Faiij Mr^.^BIfind.,. >, :   By.Command of Kb jif�(irt.^Ex<:yU^ , JL    win be acted S^akspeare-8 HUloricalPlay of. king henry the FOtJrth, PART THE SEqpjSD'. Kine H b,-Mr.-Abboti; Chief Justice, Mr. Egeri loo; WeBlmorelaiid,,Mr.. Connor;, Sic John -I'alB^aff, Mr.. rawi;eU;ShalIow,;Mr. W.;f;aia:c Pfs- tdl, Mr. Blaiicbard.   Mm. Quickly,'Airs. Davenport. Ill wbicb will be introduced four^addiliunal Scenes, displaying the GRAND, CORONATION. . ,     -I      Aff*r.wbith the Parceof THE:DEAF LOVER. .J . C^pfSin Meadows,-MiVW.^Fafrea ; -Olil Wrongward, Mr.' BlaBctiardl Sophia, .Miss Sbaiw; Bcts'ey 'Blossom, Mrs. Gibbs. To-niorrowi Kin'ji Heiiry IV. Pai-t II.'wilb the Coronation-Wid The Poor Soldier. ' KEW THEATRK-nOYACl'HA YMABKET. His Most Excellent Majesty, has bVen craciously pleased lu  command thaf the Theatre this Evening shall be opened graliiilduslylo'ibe Public. This evening; THURSDAY, July 19, wHl be acted (a: eoihedy,'in five acts,' called the HEIR at LA^W. .Dai�iel Dowlas, Mt. Williams.; Dick Dowlas, Mr. L�ey; Doctor Pannlos, Mr.Terry:;-.He�fy.Morland;Wr. BiUccr;-Sledfast, Mr. VouDger;, Zekiel Honiespunj.'Afr.'J. Russell. 'Deborah Dowlas, Mrs. Pcajcc,; .CaroliBeJDormer, Mrs.Toufig; Cicely Hotnespon, Mrs. Baker, : Between, the l^lay and; Farce'".God Sat-e the Kin?" ancl f\ Rule Britannia" wilj;l)e-.�ung; after'whicii Hanijel'a ccle-bmtfd Chorus of " Welcome, welcome, mighly King.;*' with the Grand Coronation Anthem. . ,. , i ' To conclude Willi the Musical Entertainment of �   THE AGREEABLE StIRPRISE.. Toimprrow, The GVeeii'Mau---Th'e Wedding Day-and JJo.Softg No Supper.' .....>. THEA^rnii-ROYAZ,: ENGUSH OPElliA-lHO'VSE, �     f-.:-. �STitAND.    > .. His Most, Excellent filajestit ba* been:graciouBly pleased! to cominaiid,, thai this Ev�Hiii�,tIte Theatre �ball be opened gratuitously to the Public. WIS EVENING. THURSDAY. Jniy 19, will he performed ibe Comic Operatic Piece called WALK FOR A WAGEPv; Or, A BAILIFFS BET. After which the Comic Operetta called -rn FIRE AND WATER. Captain JJurry, Mr; Bartley; Mr.-Thrifty, Mr. J. Knighl; Prederick, Mr. .Wrench; , Ja'colv: Mc Wilkinson. Fanny, niise VY'''^"'",! Furbish^ Mils'Stevenson. , Between the PiVces, Mr. J. Knight will give bis Imitatfous of ccl^irated Performersi      -   - ' Madame Fonloii:will dances'*Pag Seul (her 6rst appearance at, tliie^Tfiealre);, . - To conclude n'tth (first time) a new Dramatic Loyal Sketch;  � .. .     called . .' -� a SQUEEZE TO THE CPI^ONATION^^ The Chaiactefs by" Messrs, Harley, R ^ The iCourt. have nulhor,ized. their Bengal 'Government -Id r'o'ppn anew Sik per Cent.'Loan in India, Iq which, the pt?;, �ent Six-per Cent. Loan obligations are transfcri-able, and .Inr^gard to ubsenlers, who. receive tlieirilnlerest "by Bflfs' tipdh the Court,'and who have pro!<,  -to Ihetr Agents, appliciible to ibe disoharge of'the existing ,oWigiilioi}s,.li>trirc8t wilL lO/ithein'asKeretdfoi'e' for, a period of' Fiftefeu Aiouths after the ,ppouinjj,.of the-. T>ropoBt>'d Ntw LoivH ,iii Bengali, VyiIliih wbiph periqd iKey, tnji|L�t.^foroUh: their jAgcii?^ 'urfe-' ^iWi^lb^.Cipifsi^jorti^^ it tot Ibe aaid. proposed ;   .   ,, PETER AUBER, Assistants6?r�l'�ry. " � VAUXHALL. nni-IE PUBLIC are resiWifnlly informed that -fi. �; GRAND MASKED FETE, In hononr of rhe CORONATION OF HIS MAJESTY GEOKGE THE FOURTH, will be given at these Gardens on MONDAY, the 93d iiislaut,.b� 'a scale^ of unexampled mai[niiiceacc, embracing an unusual variety iif. Novelty and Amusement';. pariieurars of wbiib will be expressed in fulure Advertise-toenls. Tickets, One Guinea each, including supper (hiit not wine), are lo be had at Andreivs's Library, No. 167, and at Mr. Wand's, Confeclioner, No. 38, New Bond'Str^el ; Falkner's Music Warehouse, No. 3, Old Bond-street,; Thresher's Marquerade Wan-house, Haymaiket; Lce'B Ditto, Charles.street, Coveot-garden ; Feulum's Ditlo, No. 78, Strand ; and at Clemenli and Co.'a Music Warehouie, No. 26, Cheapside. LOTTERY OFFICE, .SOMERSET-PLACE, July 18, 1821. rflHE LORDS COMMISSIONERS of his M.   MAJESTY'S TREASURY have been pleased by their Warraul, dated' the 16tb inslaul, to order and direct that the last Day of Drawiqg the present Lottery (the Third . for 1820), should be^ POS.TPONED lo TUESDAY NEXT, lh�Tweiiiy-fourlh instant. L. HESSE. MEXT TUESDAY, 24th July, the present Lottery will terminate. ' The Wheel contains 1____of......�25i00a Consols �25,000 1............. 15,000 Consols............15,000 �............    3,000 Consols............    6,000 .6..............'400 Consols............    2,400 41________.......    26i Albney...,..;......     1,025 50.........._____ ,51 Money.,...........    1,050 l.Ort........>.......    12 Money.........------- 12,180 ' Tickets and Shares (warranted undrawn) are^on Sale by RICHARDSON, GOODLUCJC, i'nd Co. Slock-broUersj at their Old Established Office, Bank biiiidiiigs, Cornhill. CHEAP CARPETING. .m. .andrVJ^ -NICHOLSON, - 3 i-drff^h Hoi-; �%F born, corner of Soulbamplou buihlingii, respectfully inform tbeir Friends aiid the Public, tlicy have oirsale about One Thousand Pieces of best BrURsels CarpclinB, in any f|uantity, at 5o. per yard; yard-wide Scutch Carpeting-, 2s. 3d.; Kidderminster Ditto, 2s. 9d,; best Superfine ditto, 3s.6d. Also, Five Hundred Pieces Furniture Dimities and Chiuti Furnitures, at 6d.8d.,12d. and 14d.a yard. Moreens, Counterpanes, Blank.fis, Hearth Uugs, Plain and Figured Druggets of every description, equally cheap. Carpels made up in town or country. TaYS  ��d   BELTS.-ROBINSON   and VISTIRIN submit for L:>dies' inspection numerous Patterns of Englffh and. Foreign Corsets and Children's Stays, warranted fur retentive shape, durable wear, and perfect fashionable fii, however difficult the figure. By hi* Majesty's Letters Pateal, approved hy eminent Medical Men, newly-iuveuted Stays, to counteract, prevent, and rectify (tpinal errors, curvatures, and dt-formilies; relieve, support, aud cure persons awry, invifihly rendering Ihtm perfectly straight and shapely, without any pernicious steel, padding, or pressure. Elastic Belts, which reduce corpu-lincy, lor.al dropsy, nmhiiiral hernia, visceral enlareemeut, strengthen abdomiiial Ke,iknc6s, a�d give most cHicacious support after arcourhemenl, without compression. Coun. try Ladies inslruclfd by [otters to send measures. Observe the natnes and address,.this advertisi-menl being continually imitated .iiid copieil hy many unskilful and incapahle persons-7, York-street, Coveiil garden, London. . % , *"''^?9S-'''"^6 ojE 8n,9.iwoHaBceiBepii,hf a Petformanc#; �in Wealttiinsier Abbey, for the,Benefit df a Cliar.iiable luai-s: tnlioo, the intended CONCERT*irt CbMMEMbR'ATION,-Pt^PoST^^'^^'**        sa.vs, ilirre can he hut one upintnn as respt-cts their exct-l-I'lice." Mr. Sntve " has gr 'i>si- liijji, cummcudalion be entirely concurs." Mr. >HIHKE says, "the mi>de in which they arc completed, as Paintings, is ueu and ingenious, aud the result far exceeds tj'iy coloured imiiaiioqs that ivtii; c?cr produced iu Europe." A CORONATION CRACKER. In a ffw days will be published, with 30 Culs, price Is. fc   SLAP A r S LO P A NO THE BRIDGE- /\ .STIIF.ET GANG : a Coroualiun Cracker. 'With the Life of nOCnOR SLOP. By (he AUTHOR of "THE POLITICAL HOUSE THAT J.\CK BUU.T." Printed for WilliMn Hone, 45, Ludgate-hill. This dny are published, in 3 Vols. 13nio. price 15s. ho-irds, (LjHCENES  AT   IJRIGHTON:   �r,   "How ^ MUCH ?" a S-iliriral N.wrl. By INNES HOOLE, Esq. Author of " Society and Solitude," &c. &c. Pripti-d for A. K. Newman and Co. Leiuteuhall-slreet. Of u-lidin may he had, jusl publit-hod, Tlie H CRM ITs CAVE, or The Fueitivc's Rrlreal: an Historical Romance:   By Zara Wentworth, Author of "The Recluse of Albyn Hall."  4 vols W. MAID of Ihe HAMLET. By Rcjina Maria Rorhe, Author of "The ChiUlrcu of ihe Ahl.ey." Third Edition, 2 vols, 10s. VARIETIES of LIFE. By the Author of " Sketches of Character."   Second Editiiivi, 3 vols. Ins. fill, TALES of TON (S.'cootl Siricv) : nuilaining the Miser's Daughter, Tnle from Coinumn Lif-, |{,)>amoiid, Beauliful Countess, Fiorabelle. &o.   4 vols. 1/ 4.. FEARS iini) CAKES; or. An Uiule and his Nephew. By E. D. Carr.   3 vols 16 li,          ' BRITISH iNsTltfeeibl^-^Xtt/MitiSi?: S??^ :^HE GALLERYofeJSKJJCV; OPEN;^Witiia= Collection of ib^^ Wj^Sj ;oft tho ,lAmm^T ! : Teii'jti the'Morning'until Sij^&lbes MASTERS, from^ Evening,.- , -   ; ,^ - - Mr. West's Pictnre.�nr,..�]plffigt.li(>aling:ihe!iSick'''i3 hisb placed in the Gailrry^ wtth a IVoof to shew the' ad-yancad state of thcrPlate, aiid^wbicBMr, Heath lids'issureir the Directors shall b? cpippletf^toimediately.-:      '-- ; '��'' Admillsiice Is^-^Cal'slogiie Is.-,   . (ByOWcr);-.^^HN;YbuNG,.KMper._ : '' /'      '    ' .   --^i''';      ' HIGHLAND SOCIETY OF SVfTri.AND. '---'^mffBt  mm A general meeting of this Society Was held in the Hall of the Royal Clollege .of Physicians, Edinbolrgh, on Monday se'nnight, at wbicli^here Was'a full attendance of the meiij-hcrs in town. ' '    . -,ln absence,-of; bis Grace^the Duke of Argyll, President of the Society, the Earl of ^Rostberry, was unanjmously called-to i.be Chair; add after a ballot, i)s prescribed by the charleir, thefiillowing were, duly admitted members- of theS6ciet"y, their nr.me* ordered to be recorded, and p,Bblic notification of their election given, viz.-J-The Huu. John Gray, eldest son of Lord Gray; Charles Auguste. Count Mercer tie Flahault;' Sir Archibald Edmondslonc, of Dunlreatb, Bart.; William Blair, of Blair, Esq.; Major-General Francis Stewart, of Li.smurdie; and several others.    - Mr. MACDONALD, the Secretary, thereafter submitted lo the Society the proceedings of the Directors since the Anniversary Meeting in J-anuary, aiid the pri'miurns olTered by the Society for the current year. In referring the'mem-bcrs to printed copies of the advertisement,on the table, he stated that'at no previbhs period had a largier sum been oilVred in premiums lhau in the present year; that the nu-irierous applications for premiums from ail quarters of the c6uHtry, from Berwickshire to Orkney, had been attended lo; aud that the anxiety of the Directors to promote com.!, petition and improvement in the preseiit stale of agricullii- , rat depression, as far as within the power of the Society, bad induced them even lo exceed the sum contempUled at Ihe last General Meeting by some hundred pounds;;l,ruating that in Ihe circumstances stated, the present meeting would approve of ibe pj-eminms offered, in respect both to their variety aud amount. The Secretary: further: menlioiied, that owing to the great accessioti of new members which the, Society receives at each successive meeting, no encroachment would be itiade on the funds by the anticipated expenditure beyond the annual income. The mreliug unaniiipously approved'of the proceediiigs'.of the Directors, and of the prcrniums offered by them as conlaiiied io the' adverlisenient on the I able, and particularly of Iheic exertions to.�iicourage improyemenis so peculiarly necessary under present \Cir-cumslances. _Jn reference lo the premiums olTered for encburogiog experiments wilh salt, it was mentioned that in .so far as appeared, from! the Reports bitbertbii'iade toibe Sbciely, the Leffcct-of salt-as^a -inaiiure had not iniBii: dlatinctty.-ascer^ "laioed ;,bnt ibatlbe experiments-Aade in. Iba'iise iif il io the feediifg-'of live stock, bad proved "very, satisfactory. That premiums for further i-xperimenls had been offered in the present year, and when the resnlt of these wasreceiveil, it was proposed to publish the whole for the infurbiatiuu of the public. At the general meeting in June, 1819, the Society voted a premium to Mr. R. Thorn, manager of Rothsay cotton-mills, for an iugenioos' npparatu) invented by him for regulating and economising the supply of water from reservoirs to canals, aud for working machinery. A model of this self-regulating apparalu.s with some recent additions aiid improvements by Mr. Thorn, was submilird to the meeting. The application of the apparitus. was, at the conclusion of the buiiness, explained by 5Ir. Graham Dalyell, Convenor of the Committee on machinery, to several members in Ihe room, who expressed themselves much pleased with its iu. gennity and usefulness. A letlerfrom Mr. Rae Wilfon of Kelvinbank, presenting to the Society a model of the plough which has long been in use over a great part of the East, was read to Ihe meeting. Mr. Wilson brought this model from Nazareth, ii� Syria, on his resent travelling ill that couiitry; The meeting expressed its acknowledgments to Mr. Wilson;for his attention, and directed the plough lo he deposited with the models belonging lo the Society. The Secretary reported Ihe proceedings takeir by^llid Directors in puisuauce of iustruclioiis from former geijeral meetiircs, with the view of ublainioi; some relief for Scotland, (rum the operation of certain Acts pa.�sed at the close of the Session of Pariiameiit of 1819, for regulating the malt duties. By these Acts, the principle which had been recognised-and acted upon, from the period iif Ihe Union downwards, of laying a smaller duty on mall made, from barley raised iu Scotland, and particularly from the inferior description of grain called bear or bigg than that imposed upon Engli-ih harley, was for the iirsl time departed-from. The edicts of the change introduced by these Act.s were severely felt all over the country; and, had they continued in force, would have occasioned very serious injury to many districts of Scotland; and must, in their consequences, have frustrated the intentions of Guvernmeiil and Parliament, iu jreference to the eiicouraeeinent of small legal stillsv the general introduction of which appears Ihe most effectual means of suppressing illicit distillation. From the Report of the Cummitlee of Ihe House o'f Ooni- ' mohs appointed'to invt-sti^atc this matter, which has just been printed, the meeting was mueK gratilied to find that le-lief, to a ceitaiu extent, fiom the dntit.s imposed by Ibe Acts in qucsiioii, is likely to be affordcil to Sculland. This Report fully recoirniscs the equity and expediency of the re. ductioii contended for, and the Committee have accordingly recommendeii to Parliamenl lhal, with a,view of enabling the legal distiller more effectually lo oppose the illicit trader in the market, a ilrawback of Is. a bushel should be allowed on nil malt used in the manufacture of spirits for home con. sumption io Scotland for three year's, and a further "'deduction of 9d.a bushel in favour of Scottish bearor biggj in consideration of the inferiority of lhal description ol grain for the purpose of malting. The Commiltee further recommend for the favonrahle consideration of the Legislalore, the propiiety of gianling an extension of credit on the duties, by authorising Ihe bonding of spirits and mall. As connected H-illi this subject, there was also submitted to the meeting queries lecenlly prepared, printed and extensively, rirenlaled by the directors in the northern and western counties, with the view of oscerlaining, in'as far as possible, the causes which have hitherto obstructed the operation of the Acts authorising,the use of small legiil stills. The Committee by whom these queries were prepirctl and rirciihited, of which Sir George Maekeneie, Bart, ia convener, is io hopes that information may be ohiaiited in return 10 the queries, which will enable the SociBly-to bring under the view of the Legislature such,furiher measures as may appear necessary, or calculated lo promnteihe establishment of small, legal stills iu tho.se districts of the country where illicit distillation is still .prevalent. ; Mr. Oliphant, from the Friendly Society Committee, reported that the period fixed for receiving returnalo the scbedules circulated had not jct arrived, but reports had aUeady been received from certain societies in Perthshire and EasjXo-Ihian of llie prnporiion which the average period of health bears to the average period of sirknesR-among'the nieniber|i of these societies, - An exempliOcaliaa. - to ;fitcililate . Ihe .filling up oft he schedule bad been iCsiied'by the Cbmuittee, and returns froui many societies of the remits sbi>WD by s.f ktheirJ;pff8lfe!tperi>hreare'ej{pJc|iia''iYo^^ 45-^; ^IHWle'llflS'llteirlbooksi- to shew, y^arly.'ifi'fiAiji'e; 'iire'inSjr-:-"1 ^Oji^tiDfl jdessirtd. _),H,e,jfarther.; stated;! Uiat *iiite!(l*se! iiiqiil-^ ^,5,L|?5^;?.I>rP?f,ei\'e!|.inScqtjaodj ,tb^ sj)^f foj-jned i-JtetKBantB,"and'if ^appeai-'dd that; VeryVeeeSitry i,fiC;Biiliah - L?BJ�lature:had passedUn Act, raakiiig'-it inii'pei-ativTBVon: foundeVIbfrjtifitcalidlairpiisi Tbis.itatuic'appli^s'to Eogland-;- !Dhly,ba't M*'- Dliphant sifggbsted It" as meritiiig Ihe-cbnai-deraliftb of the Justltea of the Peace pif ScOtlaiid,'Wheliier, in. tl^e.exercjse, o.f a so.niid.discretion, they should'nol deem i'l proper to,requite: lifelike cvideoce before givibg their ' sfe'nctTbit'.''     ' '"..V ;\ . ,        ',. ,.,-..;.::   '- '-�'MiTi'LiniiihgbfColzliiW having been ralled.uppu; by (he w,tneetii^40(-'fcp'o'rttbe^ tiieds'ures that hod been recentlyaifopt-fdirielaiVrfc.vla. the'riaiffltijtl inoiiOmerit uf,>C9ti3ii^^t*^ jccl in wliicjj the Society bad taken an e'irTy i'literei't, after a fbw, preliminary-observations;! read the Resoliitionn-trplhe last generalmeeling of Subscribers, on llie I8lh;ult., already publishdd ;� and, while he expressed his satisfaction at the amount of tho sum actually siihscrihod, beiii'g, as stated in Ihe first Resolution, adequate to the erection of such anhi-tectural muiiument ns that originally contemplated when proposed in this Society, he, at the same time, hoped Ihe desigrn of Ihe erection of a national monument, on a more extended scale,'would meet Ihe approbation and support of Ihe St)ciely'3 members, collectively and individually, and that they would second the measures recommended by the general meeliog of Subscribersfor thai purpose. The Society expressed their satisfaction at finding this liationar object secured, to the extent originally in view, and renewed their thanks voted to Mr. Linning at a former meeliog, for his active and iealous exertion  in promoting Ibe measure. In reference to the recent publication iu ihe Society's Trau-sactions, on the subject of woods and plantation.t, there was laid hefuie the meeting a coinmiinical ion from his Grace the Duke of Roxburgh, transmitted through Ilcury M*Kenzie, Esq. contaiiiiog a slaleaient of the exteot of plaulations made by his Grace on his estates in Roxburgh-shire, in the years 1816-to spring 1821, inclusive. It appeared that, during this period, about two millions of trees have been pinnted by bis Grace. The Society voted its thanks to the Noble Duke for thi.s' interesting commuoiea-tinii, and remitted the statement lo the Conimitle uu Publi-g^tions.     '. A letter from Messrs. John Thompson and Co. booksel-Icrs in Edinburgh, accompanied by Ihe iwii first nnmbcrs of the. Atlas of Scotland, was laid bef.ire the meeting. The publishers st.-ite, that, in as far as respects the sonlhern couiiliesi -the materials for the Atlas are complete; but iliat in reference to some of the northeru counties, they arc de-siri>it8 1� obtain further informalion, and iherefore solicit the rcconiniendalion of the Society to its members, in those districts, to coniniuii cate the plans of their esl.ites, wlili the view of rendering this county Atlas as complete as po.s-sible. The meeting remilied to ihe Oirecior.s to a/Tord any facilities in their power for supplying' the infurmatiun wanted. , On inotion, the thanks of the Society were voted to the Yloyal, College of Physicians of Eiliubursh, for the use of llieir Hall, so obligingly granted for the Geoej'al Meelitigs of Ib'e Society, and the Secjelary was instructed lo cuniinu-� uicale Ihe same to the Royal College. � All other m.ittcrs oot.dtsposed of were referred'16 the Directors, and among these a MS. of tables, embrucijig-a very extensive range of calculations of cubic, soperiicial, and flat measiires, wilh a t-able shewing Ihe square of uuequal-sided timber, upon which a'favoorahle opinion had been expressed by some members who had looked at the tobies. The thanks of the meeting were then voted lo Ihe Earl of Roseberry fur attention and assiduity. TO THE  HDimii   OF THE AYR AND IVIGIOSSHIRE COUHIER. , Mh. EdtTOR-In your paper "f the 19th April, alluding lo a letter received hy you from Mr. Owen, yon invite your correspondents to send you their remarks upon his report and plan. The following opinions have been the result of an ntienlive considernliou of them, and therefore 1 venture to offer them to you for insertion in your next paper:- When we consider the multiplicity of oi.v; wants, and how greatly every one is dependant upon his n'eighbours for the supply of them, it seems extraordinary that society should have so long continued iu a divided state, having such a variety of separate iind opposite interests, without a single -unanimous or energetic movement to unite' them. This appears still more extraordinary when we tuke a review of tlie events of all precediug times, rxhibiliog a hurried succession of troubles and selfish actions. But when we call to mind the notiods entertained ottbe'sellisliness of our iiuturc, and the virulence of ihe many passions saiil to be inherent ;jn man,-we cannot be surprised that all atlcuipts at union should have failed, and lliat persons in most ages should have acknowledged, as certain, ihc doctrine that Ihe world, while peopled with human beings with their present nature, will ever continue a scene of contention. Inquirers have pushed their investigations so far and iu so many directions, examining the subject of hninao life, and the system of this world, in 80 many poiots of view, that a resignation lo the will of Providence has, for a length of lime, superseded all fruitless (as too often considered) endeavours to banish the miseries of mortality. In Ihe mean lime knowledge increases, and the faculties of men are mure and more cullivaled aud brought into play ; hut quarrels and ill-will couliuue to disturb us; wars are ou a larffe scale; poverty and wretchedness abound; and Ibe advantages of� information and improvement arc little felt in the supply of Ihe wauls and comforts of the majority. Indeed, few are the ratioii.il habits and enjoymenis of that being, so highly elevated hy his Maker above the rest of Ihecreiitiou, but who, till now, has only employed his superior power of mind to pervert his judgment, 10 cor-rn|il himself by bad habits, and finally to brand bis own nature-a course which, owing to the abseiise of reasou, as it isfalsely styled, 110 other part of the creation has followed. Discontent in all quarters, and envy and haired among the several rauks of Ihe people, have been,aiid are thi; inevitable coiissquences of that couduct. Never did Ihe vice and depravity of man appear in a stronger light, and never did there exi',t .1 stronger and more general belicf-lhau at present, ol nil innate principle of selfishness being at the root of all Ibis evil. A sluib in pursuit of a remedy lo human misery is every where seen and felt; a chilling despair and ahandoumeutlo fate, reign triumphant; when a singular person rises into notice, offering a relief lu the cries of want, a speedy settlement of difficulties, and a rnre lo the torments of discon-Icnl, nndcr n '.^ new view'" of human nature. Of course, il is wise and prudent to' postpone the adoption of his regimen till its advaulages be seen and its Irnlb clearly understood. Bui il is a false discretiun to refuse the sight or consideration of it, merely because it pretends lo. deny Ihe utility of our present practices and opinions while �o many evils accompany those practices, and while those opinions do not remove, oi- even lend lo remove Ihen^ �It has been long laid down as an essential principle, that man ia born with self-love, by soitie said to deserve no better naiiae than selfishness. Now this principle is positively rejected (though iiot expresBly, yet by implicnlion) by this novel reformer, who offers to, introduce a new disposition and character among mankind. He says," He is.prepared, when others can follow him,-so to combine new circumstances, that real vice, or that conduct which creates evil and misery in society,, shiill be ullecly unknown in llieec villages,'to whatever'liuiiiber Ihcy may extend." Though this daclcio'e may appear a mere assrrlioh, con-Iradicled by every fact connected wilh llie past history of man, yet we know that man is a being capable of iiuprovc- inent ;lhat he-has'frequently di.scoveied, in the courseiif . :bis experience, errorbolh iii bis opltiions and priutire, ; anrt, ,-above all, we fttid the fijregiiing assej-lloo coming from.it' .practical, man, who'ca;ii shew ih.it he possesses siMno very ::�uperioF and importanl knowledge-, by the example,of his new, system of edncatinn,-,, When ive red-ct on ibe pinpirtics or qualities of our na. .tore; horn with the po� llcd hy philinopbers the moral sense; wlun we perfectly comprehend thai the disposition ur rliaiax-ti r of m-iy must eVrr be the lesoll of tliotie prpjionies m (lualities, di^ reeled and disposed after birlb iii a parlieular iu;\niiei to particular objects: we shall, i-fitboiu difSt-uUVi see that ilir: self-love or selfishness of .1 man is only an aripiired iiienlai altaehment-to self, H-liom he caimot know bi fore liiitli : uml thai this acquired menial ailucbincnt nuist ho rreaied afu-r the receplion of his first ideas, aud he afterwards r.--gnlated, that-is; increased br iliniinisivt d, accurding li> the ideas he receives of himtelf, and ai-cunling to tin: ideas he roceires of all other objecls. WJien we have before us a conipreheijsive view of tbeyohjec'l, we c-annot IiiUp seeing that self-love or selfishness is noi a iiroperly, qnalily,. or uispvsilioii of our naliire bct'ore birlb, bnl an ocqiiire-mrnl after birth. The jiropeities or iju.-ilities of our iiatn.'-e are passire feelings, whereas seli-loee or selfiubness is an active attachment, and only to be .neqnircd by the mind becoming acquainted with its object, st\f, lilie every othir object, of which a man leai-ns lo bo moie or h.-.s fond, ii> proportion lo Ibe liberal ur Belfisli ideas uhirb are received into his mind. Our characters and diiposilions are invariably formed by the ascendancy of rrrtaiii ideas ivbicli we hove imbibed. In France people imbibe idea."; which form the French national character ; iu every distinct class of the community the ideas which dispose the inind to the.pefvi-liar character of class are insensibly received ; and in Ibe same way, every good or bad di.sposiiion running throu.ah the whole perplexing cai.alogne of passions, is formed and acquired; ideas of honour, liberality, industry, charily, humility, and benevolence, disposing men to become good characters; and ideas of envy, covetousncss, sloth, idleness (-43 independ-nce tfio often proves), pride, &c. &e. &c. disposing men to beco'nie bad cbar.ictri-s. Above all, habit must dispose the body, or fix these idc-aa in the mind. Religion is loo often perversely biought upon the tapis, to bar our improvement in life. But it ought to be remembered that religion is for futurity, aud that any steps for-our worldly comfort, which are not at direct variance wilh God's ten coinniandinenis, cannot be resisted ou lhat plea. It leaves Ihe social arrailgeinents of this life nearly at man's disposal, and when bumno philosophy lends to make men more friendly to one another, wilh\>nt diHobeyiiis the com-raanduieiits, il approves thereof, for we are expressly told " lo love one another;" and surely no idea can lend more 10 bring thai divine precept into practice, than thut it is easy to train all humau beings to be industrious; and affectibiiate to one another. lu these days of plans and projects for reform and improvement, where shall we look for so beautiful and inierest-ing a plan as that which Mr. Owen proposes ? Where shall we find a projector actually so succe.'-sful, boih wilh that class of society mosi iu want of relief, and with lhat branch of employment the most einharrasseil ? The remarks of Bacon in his " Rules for the conduct of the uuderalaiiding in the search of truth," may be boic very justly Applied-** We are no way heiit upuii dislurbiug the pvt--seBt philuBophy, or any o:her that ia or shall app.ar more . perfect i the common system, and oihers of the same kind, may continue, for ns, to cherish disputes, embellish speeches, &c. The philosophy whirh we would inll-oduce will he of Utile service io such-cases; nor is oiirs vcry-ohvioos aud � lo be taken at once, nor tempting to Ihe uiulcrstanding, nor suited to vulvar capacities, but solely rests upon ils ulilily and eflecls." Mr. Locke long since said that the human mind at birth might be compared lo a sheet of blank paper. He di.t not, however, discover th;l Ihe disposition and char.-icler are-formed by the ideas which are afterwards put upon il. I'lit as snch is, indeed, the fact', il follows that a coniplcle coiiibi--uation of ideas of union, under a const-ant and siead.v- ir.jiii-iiig in habits of mutual service and accomniodalioo. will 'form the young into a Society of beings, in >Yhich universal love and harmony shall forever prevail. This is the foundation or theory of Mr. Owen's now view of society; and upon it is raised his edilicc of soci:rl ar-rangeinent, or conveuienlly-sized communities uf eonmiou interest. The business of life and the cares of Ibis wyrld may be considered in tlie following light : Property, thai i.*, land and capital, secures lo man the niean eiit:tl, or mechanical. In the present limes it isof considerable cnn.-c-quciice to man, wlicther he be born to priipeity, or only a mere labourer among Ihe workiilgclusses; fur the eanh is greatly overspread wilh the families of inankinil, and skill or inventions are rapidly-driving Ibe poor frt , ^r. thaoolbers is oi.t only ill-iiatureil, but iiieorrect , Ivte.. man is always given his dispusitiou, and as idleut-is-nint c?i^ -Ic.siiess, &c. proeced from certain received ideas and balni-;, which so dispose the mind, so may we give in the pl.ice of those ideas other ideas which shall dispcsc his mind to in- -ilnatry, carfulness, generosily, ^c. to the fnll exieiU ef his health and talents. It is a corious fact, lhal the very mL-n who teach us thai we are nalually iodnlenl, having acquiied some sort of what is called iudepevideiice, and along svith it false ideas of houonf and decornm, which create a distn.sia for labour, are the very idlers themselves. When we rise early and walk abroad we behold the'ilepeiidaiil classes bu-^y as bees, while those who moralise, and Blle'mpl to prove to mankind lhat .they have a natural disposition to sloth, ore snoring in be4 ! Every iuduslriuus and intelligent practical man knows, thai by kind Ircatineul, a diligent t.\pu�itii'U lo his workmen of Iheir real interest, aud 1111 aliecuivm t.v their comfort, he can render Ihem all, with one accorii, ii;-duslrious, careful, and'well-disposed. The Kieal diiii.iilly was lo acquire this character iii the fust instance, ami co l.-t upon the true path of knowledge. This has beeu aiiaineJ, and a consequence of this altaiuineni is to k�yiv 1I1..1 Uu: s-aid character is an aeipiircmciiti and ilni it may be given, and that we have tlie power of givingnt in all-Mr. Owcu says, " thai the whole stu-e.-f-. of his nrrnngr-raenls will depend upon the ma.u.rj- in wbich Ibe r,.f�nu and rhildi-oii sli.ill be trained an.l ediicaie.l m iIk-kc sibi^oU Yoo will, then, now nnder.land. why be couslders \i.'iu wp. position ul pM-^eot belter than .vuur sujipoil.   Uis new vitiv   

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