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   British Press (Newspaper) - October 3, 1820, London, Middlesex                                1 tf. p.- "� LONDON, TlfESDATi OCTOBER'S, 1820. TH EATRE-ROYAL, COVENT-QAfeDEN, Tiieiday, Uclober.3,1820. THE PaWic are resijfctrrilly rn^riihed. ihtjtin ronwqqenre of the lsnie.BledDEATH;af THOMAS HAI^RIS, Esq. many yean principal. Prjtprictur and,Ma> naeer pfthia TJifatrc, TO-NIGHT there will be NO PEfe. FORMANCE.     '   '        ' ' ToiWiorrow, Rob Roy MacBregor, with Too Latefof' Win- THIS fiVfeMNG; TtJESt) AY, October 3, ' wilt'be'perfbrm'^^ thVOpera of Beni^'lBertfamj'WrrlBraliain; C ny stage). ^ Butkiity Mr.Rnaseir;)Str Wilte^priltoii, Mr. WillUma; Jlancy, Mi��^%!ii>IFaiiay(,(l^ , Sfr6tiaGallpry,fit js also much esteemed by ladresfuVdrMsiug it makes if, if wwsohnrtbv'beantifu^lii^ soft an*glo�s^ it in curl, �04 (lipparHi^.B .reviving graUful;perfiiiii.e;,,PrU 7�.fid.,�nd.OpeGMiriea.       � , '       ' Vj ; Sold ijf'ifte Pifojirietors' "-vliolesale agent, Air. AtWiiioo, Perfumer, >]^.44i;Gei:rard,8treetj Soho.square  ;M!e�r�. Gatlie and ;KjerceV'W, New; Bood-street.; Mcissra, Bayley i.ttaftilewj^eocUspnj^i�t'rrtiV Ua^;MeiJiciri�! Ve pera- i^tbe Kipgdom; Alio: HtJDSQN"     '"""*'"*''--- tN;S fSale may be st:en on apjiUcAl^nBttbe (KMplrallef^a Office; Giiildhall;^ f-r JOS. BUSHNAN, Coiaplriller.   . Rb^tAt ElJtCHANGE ASSURANCE OFFICE, Eslabtiabed by Itbyal Charter in.thei Rel^'of Khig George theFirst5; ,     , SepfeaAer, 1880. PERS0IJ&, iPKhose Aiinnal Pretniuoit fall due on tb^SSth Instant, are hereby infurmed, that Receipts are now ready to be delivered at the Company's Offices, over the Royal Exchange and in Pall-mall, as well as by their respective Agents io the several Counties; and the Parlies assured are requested to apply for the Reaewal of their Policies, on or-before the I4lb of October next, as the usual Fifteen Days allowed fur Payment, beyond the Date of each Policy, will then expire, SAMUEL PENNING, Jun. Secretary. *,* Attendanre is gi�en daily, at the said Offices, for the Assurance of Buildings, Goods, Merchandises, and Ships, in Harbour, in Dock, or white building, from Loss ur Damage by Fire;- and also for the Assurance of, and granting Annul, ties on, Lives, N.B.-Fire Policies will be issued free of Expense to the Assured, where the Annual Premium amounts to 68. or upwards. none agiiaies ibe ]cIngdoai^rn^-oaiB''�ocl (a the oibW. It occurred to bim 4hst.inttcb^.;H|>l�t:  >r ce wJitcbbad b�ea adduced, and wbicli ba>l l|�P clrtolaled lhroti)thaufc.tba kingdom, suppose any man araaxdovin^eiLof the gultl-of ber Majesty; II wag the bouuden di)iy�f that tmu atill lattpf:ibe;:�Uionti .Tbere.-wero iiuinb^ijiF,.*;!^^^.,,.. .#�,-:*,w,.-ue. uwuwi, who, having fem�il�i^!lS thiir fatiSlies, Ji0fei�ltet>!'pariis^^^ hide thejtnblic j^]p*Vr^iroinito3tHe*.i^iFftOT be the case, andTtliit it wai the cue oo.bne could-Vdoubf, let it not be said that to preserve the mofaIs>-,of tb^ peopl.e the Diosl filthy iudecency is to go abroad (q (he world. . I( Was, and wokld roiitinit^'to be, a' peflQaiient dis^ce to this conntry.-^(Hiiar.)-^He w&a'as little ihclihefas any man to give pledges in public life, but if he did give a pledge, if should be, that he would oppose, as much-as possible, the passing of this odious Bill, the adoptiuo of which was fraught'with mischief; for new laws might tbei> be passed, and we be punished at some future time,, for bavin; Iheu assembled in that room.' Siippose her Majesty had been guilty of unlawful and adulterous acts, laws should be enacted to reslrict her future conduct; but, in the name of God, let the past go unnoticed. We bare no right to punish a person for au act committed before-the law agaitiEt that act he passed; and. it was (he- departing from this plain, simple rule, that had given rise (o all the present evils. With regaid to the witnesses againsther Majesty, be fi:rmly and cooscienliously believed, that not one of those whs have been examined would be received in ,a Court of Justice in England, us a creditable and sufficient wltness.-�(//ear, hear.)-It the Bill of Pains and Penalties be past, there wfll be an end qf alUjuslice in England. These were his senli. ments, and he believed them lo be the sentiments of a'great portion of the community at large. After a few other oh. servalions, Mr. C, concluded by drinking-" S. ,W- Nicoll, Esq and success to the York Whig Club-and caayiis ex. ample be followed throughout the kingdom." .This toast was received wilh great applausri and drank with,cheers. Mr. Nl(}OLli made a long and able speech in support of the conslilnliou of the Club, end its conduct since its formation,' He concluded wilh the words of the last toast, .V May its example be followed throughout the United Kingdom."-{Great applause.) ,., Toast-" The Cause for which Hampden bled in the (5cld, and Sydney on the scaffold," Glee-" Peace lo the fiools of the Heroes." " J. G. Lambton, Es%. -Jihd (he Independent Freeholders of the C^iunty of Durham;'" three times three. Mr. Lambton immediately stej^ped forward, but was unable to speak for some time, on ^coant of the enthusiastic bursts of applause with  which: be waa teceived.   After sil^ncewas restored, be .said; (bat itCwas^impossible for him , toxxpreijs-fiiti^lhtga, b(ft*e%uetd%^ assure ' them, lhat he had a deep sense of tlie honour they had done him by the kind, and, he might Say, enthusiastic manner in which Ihey had drunk his health. He had great satisfaction in attending at this dinner, not merely on account of the friendship which he had towards the worthy Representatives of ihin city, but through Ihe high esteem which he felt for Ibe York Whig Club-ihe membersof\>hirb ha.d secured the inde-pendence of the city. Having himself fought, and fu'ughl sue cessfully,in (because of freedom, in an adjoining county, he was glad that the cily of York bad also maintained its independence.-(/ipp/otwe.)-He bad heard with considerable pleasure Ibe remarks of the'worthy Chairman, and he fully concurred wi)h him respecting the necessity of an unity of the three classes of society, with, however, one single ex.-crptioo. He was well aware of the holiest enthusiasm of the lower orders of the people-he was no stranger to the intelligence, integrity, and firmness pf the middle class- and alibougb many in the higher walks of life are too ready lo join with those who have the if^oocf things o{ ihis . World to dispose of, yet there is a, minority amongst the great and u|,ulent, whose exertions are ever active iii tlie cause of liberty. " VVe need not go (said Mr. L.) beyond Ibe boundaries of tbfe county of York, te prove that the assertion is cori-ect-it Is requisite only to mention a name whjch is endeared to every person present-I mean (continued be) Earl Fitzwilliam, a Nobleman, who considered ereiy thing like dross when put in competition with the liherl ics of ihe subject." Wi III this exception, be would repeat his concurrence with the Chairman asto the advantages likely to accrue from an unity of the three classes-(Hear, hear)-The York VVhig Club presents such an unity-and noihiog could give him higher gratification, than to become one of ils-Memlicrs.-{{jiud applause.)-Here he ought lo close his remarks.-{Cries of " No, no!"-" Go on, goon'.'') -He thought so, on account of being a stranger, and the great national subject having .already been fitr belter dis-cussed than he could do it.-(CVfes of " No, no.' proceed.") -Mr. Lambton then said, that in complying wilh the ge. neral request, he must be allowed to observe that this is no common period of time iki which we live. The spirit of Liberty is abroad, but Ihe only rays of Ijgbt which have yet shone forth to cheer the patriot, bave appeared far distant from our native couotry.;j-(fl'e�rr,)-H.e wo^ld,.however, first allude to affairs neareV b6mg^ The Meeting bad heard of a Bill of Pains and PeDait^s,;ii measure wbieh.lhe best of writers, and the wisest iif men, have erer deemed both unjust and tyrannical. Ex post /octolaws ought not to be made againstany individuals wfaateve'r4:parlianient�ry and judicial functions ought nut to be united. TheMioislers ought to he prospeciive in their conduct, and not act as (hey are doing- at once unjos( and unconstitutional-. If the conduct of the Queen has forced itself upon thetn, it slioold'have been sub. mided to the investigatiuu of a projier tribunal, amongst Ibe Commons, where it would have li^en examined by un. bought and t/;icomipfe'(2elvidettce.-(Zotui applause.)-Not by .the evideiice of discarded ,and reventteful servaiits- (C'Aeeri)-nor liy the bribery of desi^nitig British Ambassa. dors-(^ear, A^ar)-not by such evidence as would have been' discardedf in any court of justice.-(�oud and conme-�lbey cannot fo^et .than ifae present Ministers are tfae same men who delivered up Genoa, to the King of Sardinia-who eiideavnui�d to starve Norway into submission to the Throne of Sweden- who'divided Saxony-and who sacrificed the unsu.specling people of Parga to the Ottoman Porle.--(�oJ�f cAeer�)- Mr. Lambton then spoke of Ibe probability of our Ministers attempting to stem the lorreot of freedom in Portugal-an act- quite consistent wilh the unholy deeds of the Holy Alliance ^ bal added, lhat the efforts of such puny slaves as these Would be fruillrss. The Hon. Geulleman concluded by pledging himsrir to oppose the Dill of Pains and Penal, ties, with all his power and influence, and also lo oppose, to Ihe utmusi, any declaralion uf Ihis country against For. tugal.-{Applause and cheers from all parts of Ike room.) Toast-The Queen's Legal Advisers-mety success crown their exertions.-{Cheers.) Glee-(written fjr the occasion)-" Hail to the fair, who in spite of oppression." Toast-"Thespeedy repeal of the Test Act, and ao end to all disabilities on nccuuut of religious principles. Henrt WithaM, Esq of Lartiogton Hall, then rose, and said-Gentlemen, it has fallen to my lot this day to re. turn thanks to our President fur a senlimeni, the very repetition of which must act powerfully upon the wise, the un. prejudiced, aod the liberal. However anaccustomed to public speaking, as a Ditsenler, I must, for a short time, claim your indulgence. It is now, Gentlemen., many years since the agitation of this great question of poliiical freedom first commenced. Its original promoters, few in num. ber, had to contend with, I may almost say, the innate pre. judices of a powerful oppoaitiooj who instructed from their childhood, that the muthrr of their own church was the Whore of Babylon, stood sternly in opposition lo any modification of the penal statutes.-{Hear, hear.)-The minds, however, of these great men were too well instructed in Ihe principles of the true religion, thus to be overawed and tamperedwith.-{Hem, Acar.}-Year after year they agitated this great question of political freedom, and we are well aware that their talents were not exerted iu vain.- All the great statesmen of those days stood foremost in the ranks to support it. The leading Klembers of both Houses befriended the cause, and men became ashamed of what before ibey gloried in.-{Ijiud applause)-Thta did the withering Ivy of intolerance cease to Iwiue too .closely rouad the original stem; then did the daughter ^ cease too'Youdly to vilify the mother.-(/.ond' applause.)- Gentlemen, matters of great nationat imporlance justly command the reiieated cousldeialiuu of Ihe Imjierial farlia. ment; but 1 will venture to say, lhat after a question has been matured by such repeated discussion, after its minorities have nearly equ lled its majorities, that there is not an example io ihe parllamei*tary history of this country of so long withholding concession. Notwithstaudlug so many able advocates in our favour, the penal code still continues lo disgrace the statute book-{Hear, hear.)-Gentlemen, Ihe Catholics of Ihis country have come forward hand and heart to proclaim Kiog George the Fourth their liege Lord and Sovereign, To his Majesty alone we have sworn full and uodividid allogiauce.-{Loud and continued cheers.) In him alooe we acknowledge Ihe puwer-of the civil sword ivithio these realms. They acknowledge in no foreign Prince, Prelate, or Potenlale, any power or auiliorily to itiie the same wiihiu these realms in any cause or mailer w'jialsoever, either civil, spiritual, or ecclesiastical; and wilh these seotimenls, Gentlemen, between five and six millions of his Majesty's subjects continue to be disgraced and degraded by the most disqu^ilifying laws, equally injurious to themselves and highly prejudicial to Ihe great interests of the country.-(�fear.)-Thus, therefore, stands the question. Our Nobility deprived of the proud honours of iheir birthrights; the rich, the talented commoner prevented by this fatal code from enjoying those privileges and emolu-menls which respectability, added to mental acquirements, ensure in every other civilized society, and (he great bulk of its popnlatiou unfeelingly overlooked and debarred from every source of honest ambition.-(Hear.)- Where then lays the distinction between the Indian slave and the British Catholic? Why, the body of one when iu fault is chastised with a cat-n'-nine-tails ; but the soul, ihe mind of the other, the butter p.trl of man, whose only object, after his God, is bis country's welfare, is debased and decraded by the pityless laws of his native land.-(CAser:r.) - How long, then, will our rulers thus continue to trifle with the feelings of six millions of his Majesty's loyal subjects? Should this be their determination, whatever i�iy be Ihe result must be attributed to their folly, and not to the conduct of the oppressed-to (because, aod nut 10 the ef-feet,-(Wear, AeaV.) Mr.'NlooiX having now left the Chair, be was succeeded by Mr. WTVltt. Toast-" Ouiwell Wood, Esq. and Ibe Friends of Con. stitutional Liberty at Liverpool."-(CAeerj.) Mr. Otttwell Wood rose and returned thanks. Glee-^"Glorious Apollo." Toast-" Lord Dnndas, our lale worthy Representative." Mr. CbaIiONBit returned thanks un behalf of Lord Dun. das, and said, that his Lordship reques(rd him to inform them, that nothing but the most urgent busiaess should bave prevented him from being present,. Mr. C. concluded by proposing Ibe . ., Toast-" The Rev. Christopher Wyvill, Ihe venerable champion of Reform." Mr. Wyvk.1. acknowledged the honour thus conffrred on his venerable father; and said, that slthougb he was now advanced in years, yet he is not an indifferent observer of public events, bat still.remaina as warm a friend as ever to the cause of civil and religious liberty. Song, by Mr. Dixon--'?,ScotB wha hae wi' Wallace bleil." This song was received with gre^t applause, and was loudly eocored. Toast-"The immortal memory of Ibe-Hon. Charles James Fox."-(Drunk io reBpeclful silence.)' Toast-"Earl Fi'iwilliam," Toast-" John Wood, Esq. of Liverpool.". Mr. J. Wood returned thanks for the compliment which bad been paid him, as it came from a body of men whose good opinion be valued, and whose pulilical sentiments were cougeoial wilh his own. He bad reail with great pleasure (he manly and eloqueql declaration 4>f the York Whig Club, aod mostiiearlily coincided in its assertion, thai the people of Englaijd most speak'in vain, nniil (beir voice he beard, through their representatives, within (he walls of Parlia-mtntr-'^AppIaate )-^Thougb there might he shades of difference, amongithem,.as to (be precise extent to which reform should b� c�cric(>,or as to >he precise mode of efftaf-iug- it, he( believed all ,of theiH: were agreed in this, tba( UDtil ihe CemmoM be duly rrpreiemed in ParlismtiK, Eogtand mult udt liope for any reducliOii of her pultlic biirdbiis, nor 15* (be re�tor�ion of her ancient liberins. ^^{iiii fecoUrcted that Mi-, baoniug once summed up �det:li.' matiou �gttitist'itet'orm by stating, that V be jcuuld suppmt Ibe preacut kfttim, ttecanSe H bad beeii fuand amply su<9-cieol for onT.-.interml comfort and external glory."  It was natural lhat. be sbiMild thus approve uf that which had ati-awered so well for bim ; it had raised him from poverty aud obscurity, and seul hint as (he representalive of ibe Majr*ty of Enghiiid Jo a foreign Cuwrt.   This was prrliajis what te mislot^ for the" aternal plOry'^ of the rconiry; and as witnesses of its " internal comfort" he might probably produce Mrs. Hnnu, and the other " near and drar relatives," wb^m be bad quartered upon the public,-(Applause}--The jouroies of. lhat facetious geulleman were usually rery expensive lo the conoiry; and be hoped that the repjis-srntatitr.es of York would'jjiideavoor to ascertain b, 1820. " The late events in the kingdom of Naples bave proved more clearly aud impressively than any other preceding occurrence of this kind, lhat even in a regularly and well-gciverned State, among a quiet temperate people, salistied wilh their Government, the poisonous inH,uence uf revulu-lionary seels may cause the most violent convulsions, aud a sudden revolution: for it is clearly demonstrated, that the inliigursof ihe Carbonari alone, without any external impulse, without any even plau^ihlr pretext, caused those seditious movements, which induced ilia Majesty the King of Naples, in a moment uf einhirrassmenl, lo lay down the government, to dissolve all the existing authorities, and to proclaim a Constitution absolutely fji-eign to his courilry, and as yet untried even in ihe cijunlry which gave il birth- in other words, anarchy as law. " His Majesty the Emperor it convinced that this unexpected eveut will have made the most lively impression on all Ihe German Courts. It teaches, by a memorable exam', pie, how dangerous il is to contemplate with eootemptuons indifference the operations of secret associations, and ul conspiracies skulking iu the dark, and how wisely the Gcr-mm Princes have acted, io opposing vigilance and rigonr to the first'Symptoms of those dangerous attempts. Hn Majesty the Emperor is especially interested in these unhappy events, by his personal and puliliral relations, uy his near affinity to several of the Italian Princes, and by Ihe geographical posiliou of his dominions. The puliticiil order of things established in 1815, under the gu.iroune of all Ihe European Powers, has made Austiia (he nalurul guardian and protector of public tranquillity in Italy. " The Emperor is firmly resolved to fulfil Ihis high voca. tion, to keep every advance of tumultuary movements at a distance from his frontiers, aud those of his neighbours, to ijffer no violent infringement of the right.') and relations oi" the Italian Princes, as secured by Irralies, and if legal and administrative means should not afford snfiicient prutec tion, to have recourse to the most energetic measured. Happily the present situation of Ihe European Puwei-s, and the spirit of peace which animates Ihem all, is a pledge that such measures will not lead to political liuslilities, or lo wars between the states. If force (to the use uf which his Majesty, whose love of justice aud moderation are well known, will not proceed except in extreme necessity,) should be unavoidable, it will never be employed agninst legitimate power, bat only against armed rebels. Eveu in this case, Ihe possibility is most unwillingly assumed, bis M.ijesly the Emperor will make no claim lo Ihe immediate accession or support of bis German Allies. The mesnres requireii to maiutain peace and order in Italy, are enliiely beyond Ihe sphere of the co-operation of the Gerniaa Couf deration, as formed by the Federal Act, and far from. wisbiUR lo depart from >he principles established in common on Ibis head, his Majesty is, on the contrary, ready to piake every exertion or sacrifice, iu order t" avert, iu the most riiica-cious manner, the coutingency of such co-operatio.u, aod of every danger which might lead to it, from the fronliers of the terriiories of the German Confederoticn. On the other side, il fa certainly impurlunt and desirable, that wbiie Austria is directing its care aod its efforts towards so useful and whulsesome an enterprise, il miiy rely with full confidence upon uu^disturbed irau^uillity in the iiiterixir of Germany. However the fate of Italy may engage theilteu-tioo of-the Emperor, his Majesty will, nevz-riheleB?,' con-elantly take Ifae s^me lively inlrrrsl in the affaiis uf Germany, and perform iu their full exteul bis ditties as a Member of the Cunfederation. But il inspires his Majesty wilh inexpressible satisfitclinn and confidence, to be able to sny tu hiinielf, th^ so long as the German Courts are goidsd by thai lively sense of the duties imposed ou them by ibe present alarming situation of the political world, and by that spirit of unity, firmness, and wisdom, which was bo evidently displayed in Ibe'lat^ uegoeiations at. Vienna, and expressed in ihe oiosl.dignifi*''! naoaer at the' close of these negociaiions, by some uf t'te &rs( German Covernmenls, nolhmg is to be appceh.ende t fl>F our coinmon. couolry.   A great glory is icserveJ   

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