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British Press: Tuesday, June 27, 1820 - Page 1

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   British Press (Newspaper) - June 27, 1820, London, Middlesex                                Number 5478. LONDON, l^l'ESDAY, JUNE      1S20. Paice 7d. ...KING'S THEATRE. THIS EVENING.. TUESDAY. June 27. will be revirei Pacr't cejebraled Opera of L'AGNESte, 1:1 which lW�dame Lachoijtie Mbniano, fiom tVie Oppra el Fiureiicp. will make her^first ap|iparaiicr in this cuuiitry. AfliT tlir Ofiern, the new Gram) Ballet of ' CEPHALE ET PROCRIS; y A eraml Maeijaerade will t�kie-|ilace at this Tlieaire oh Ti}urs(iky next. THE LAST NIGHT OF MR. BRAHAaSl'S , ENGAGEMENT. THEATRli.llOYAL, VHURY-LASB. HIS  EVENING, TUESDAY,  June 27,1 liis Majeiiy's.Serfaiils will perTorm IheComic Opera THE ENGLISH FLEET IN 1843, Valfiiliiie. Mr. Bniliam ; Fitiwater, Mr. liicleifon ; J(Ii\in^ mut.^lr. Munden. .Tiuii-, Cniinteo of Brillaiiy, IVTrii^to-rer ; JeAimyila, iTn. Hailowe; Katheriue, Madatte VMirit; Ui!m:I, WiM Ciibltl.. >n   , . ., To wbicli Kill be add? eindry, Mrs. Harlowe.'. To-inorrow, Speed the Plough, with rGiovaiini ia London. ' THEATRE-ROYAL, DR�%;Y-LANE. roil THE BENEFIT OF MR. SPRING. BY MOST SP�GIAL DESIRE. |N WEDNESDAY',; July 5, his iMHiesty's .SiTvaiili will perform (fnr (be.second lime llieje 25; jeais) 1 he ri'lebralcd Comedy of lASHlONAB'LE LEVITIES; oil, NATURE WILL PREVAIL. ACirrwhirh, a MUSICAL MELANGE^ in which a va. riply of Snugs will be inlinduced by Mr.Btiahain, Mr. Inclc-tloii, Mr, TCiiuke, Mr. Knieht, Mr. Harley, Madame Ves-ir:�. Mrs. lilaiid, Mi�3 Oiibiti, and Mim Pavey.- A I'as .Svul, by aiiss Tree, who will accompany herself on To uliiti; will be added a POPULAR DRAMA, in uliirli Mr. Elliston, Mr. Hnrley, Mrs. Bland, and Miss KcHy, Mill pi'fftirm. i'.c kfis mill Placesto be taken of Mr. Spring, at the Pri-vnti' Box Ollicp, LuHe Rnssell-tireet. B.^X's. T,-.-Pit, 3s. ad.-Lower Gallery, 2s.-Upper Gal- I.MV. Iv UuiMs 0|ien at H.ilf-past Sixo'Clock, and the performance f(iri;;reiittfal Seven. Tn.'^.AniC.ROYAL, ENGLISH OPERA-HOUSE, r STRANO. ^11E Pnhlio are TecpectfoUv informed, that the THEATRE WILL OPEN for the SUMMER SF-.^SON on tHURSDAV NEXT. June 2D, with an EX. � 1,1.LENT COMPANY, a new OPERETTA (the Music h\ ^:l. Huclisa), and a selection of admired MUSICAL EN-Ti'\'rrAINiHEN'TS peculiar to this Staje. Til.' sjiacious Saloon has been tastefully fitted up with a firw iksiiiii, representins an Ulunrinated Oriental' Garden, mill will be opened for the Srcoud Price, which commences Nine I'^Cioi-U. I^WK. r. COOKE respectfully uuiiounces thnt IT .a l-.i, CONCERT, at the ArRyll Rooms, will lakn place en TUESDAY, the llihof July. To cymmenct at Jii^'lil u'C'lucU.-'I'ickcis, 10s. 6J. each, to be had of Mr. T. OiiiiUv, Nil. -2, Maiichestcr-strecl, Mauchexler-square; at jliF .Ar^ryll. Uoums, and principal Music Shops. KB.-Tickets issued for the ISth of June will be ad. niiIti'd.___ f^^ANCV BALL ami COURT DRES.SES, .J AULLlNERY,.nnd NOVEL H EAD-DRESSES of the m.:-l failiioiialilc and beautiful materials, made into ilie most iri.iuhVL- and fascinalini; costumes, may be procured of Mik. rr.i.i., Willi has sp.ared no expense to linve eTery iioTclly iiju:jj. if not Rtipi-rior, to what can he met with at any other l,>;i;,e The COURT DRESSES made by .Mrs. Bell for ihe last i.iKi-.iiuij-ioom were universally admired-she begs leave to n|ijM;si- Ladies that not a moment shonid be lust in ffiving i"h>i ilitir orders. Mrs. liellhasa ffieat variely of beaiilifiil Ti.ivises rxpres5ly for the Court. Caps, Bonnets, Turbiius, iiiili'i.l every specira of Heail-dressss, calcninleil either Inr I'V' iiHii'iiiiig, Ihe afternoon, Ihe full dress parly,-the Theiiire, l keep clean three times longer than any article ever Willi; ihey will luif fade or shrink, but appear uew every i;inpilii-\ sre washed, and in Trousers do not bulge at the J'lice likf ollifr goods. Tliey are sold in any quantities from ^> (u I4s. 6 I. per yard, all 28 inches wide ; or are made np -1 to Ihe most fashionable garmenla by workmen experienced se*ltig tTiis peculiar article. Paltenia may be seen at all iif p.-incipal Tailors io Great Britain and Ireland, or sent, if Inters post paid. Tint the .real in Mohair may be distinguished from the >inil3iiuu in worsted, they are stamped on' llie back, " G. Fox's fiilept Mohair Gambroon, 28, Kiu^fStrSeti '^uveiit.garden, rfj>p6�i�e Bedfoid-streel." A particular sort Is made expressly for Shooling Jackels, "uich possess more rcqnisilesfur lUe field than aay that has "rr appeared. A B-Opera, VisitiD^, TraVelliog, and OiBcers'^CIaatcs of f^'rydescriptiop, in the same material, from 9f, to 8{.eiirb, 'if ht It of which be warranU never lo get wet (brough. HOUSE OF LORDS; Mond.a.y, Jise 2G. Mr, BnoCOES and �evfial nlher Member.s of the House of Comniunn hrouuht up the Irish Goniinorriul Credit Bill, Ihe Cwelve JlilliuuB Loan Bill, the funded Dtbt Ch.iri�e Bill, and $evir.il Private Bill*, which were read a tiist lime. PAPER. Mr, Min-peth, from IheTriail^i Hoosp^ presfnled nCupy n/ilir Memorial fioro the Chamber of Commiree of PlJ-uiuutU to the Trinity Board, in tin; year 1814. _.. PETITION. Earl Gret prescnitd.a P< tUion from Mr. R.'G. Butt, a dernni ciititiiied in While Cross.siioei Prison, pfayiiij; for .relief. It slated thu't "(te'faroujiit an action for fiilse: inVpri-sonmentBsaiiist Sir Jfaffeauie^t Co'ijnnt, in ttiEpoiirr of CiJni-mol); Picas, for liaTiingcu'miBitled'itiiii to-prison on a clinrse of libel before an iudicinieut win iirefeirid and � bill foond,-anit.llie Jutjgcs of the Court qf Cominiiu Pleas held, that.Sir t^alhamVVConaul had nui done any thing but wliai hf was justified in. The Noble Earl staled, thnl when he presented-this iVUiiun he had chme-it witliout .i knimlcdce uf thecir-cumiiaijces of the paiticu.'ar case. He had on a former or-CHsioU exjuessed his opinion, that Magistrates had not the right to commit lo prisiin on a cli.irgc uf libtii before a bill, was found; he wa.< still of Ihe same ("[.iiiion', for whiih reason he would hereafter give notice' of a motion ou the snbjecl. As the present Petiiiou was coiirlicd in respectful terms, he tlionghl il his duty lo present it, and to move that it should be read and laid on their Lorilshi|i5" lahle. The Lord CnANCELLoa-saiil, h;ro e jinrpose of olijfclingto the Feiilioii heiiii; reciivtd, lor the JudiOii of the Cnurluf Coinmmi Pleas being of opiiiioii llial the Peti-tionrr had no cause of coniplaiiil, wai: nut a reason why Pailiiiraent should not enter iulo the subject. Loiil EllsitiSR made a few remarks, but from the noise in the House and briow the bar, it was iiniiousihle lo hear thi'iu.-The Pelitioji was read, and 1 lid on tin; table. THE QUEEN, Lord DitcaE liii()ed lie fniglit be permitted, witliout ivuvliig given any previous iiutice, to present a Petition to tlitir Lord>liips, which,  as beini^ in his cipiiiiiiri properly expressed, lie fuficeived it, to be hia duty to sulijijit to llieir coiisuieratioti,   Tiie Petition was finiii her Miijesty the Queen,   He Unienled that this Petition, coiiiiiii; I'rom so illu*-liioiis an individual, dill   not iiiul   its way to llieir Lordsiiip-.'table lliroufih the inediura of t'ne hisl-.ist tiuthorilvwltlituthe.Hou.se, but as il iv;is ottered to hiin lie felt it to be hi-i duty to prefeut it.   He should, when the Petition ivas read,-pinposciiich measures us were required in the Petition, and in which he hoped he should have their Lordship*' concurrence.   The Petition complained of the mode of proceedijifj which their Lordships were about to iiislitnie by means of a Secret Couimillee, and of the difficulties thrown in her Majesty's w�y for procuring witnesses iiecessary for lier clcleuce, and further eomplniiied of the uid'avouviihle impression which llie Ileport of a Secret Committee was cjU ciihited to produce upon the miiids of the peoplts of Eii;;Und.   The Noble Lord then commeiit,ed upon the ev.l const-quences which  mu-^. flow from the Secret mode of proceeiliiig against which her Majesty prolesteil.    The public feeling  ao.tinst it was iiotinioiii, and it was but too luanileat that tlie appdiiiinieiit of the Coniiniitee was ahiij^ether In the hands of Ministers.-[Hear, lifar,-Indeed home Members of the Commillce had already expressed their opiu'iou np^n the subject whieli was ' I.o be !Uil)iiiitl(.(l to their investigHiion,   The jiro-"ceediiiij liy Secret Committee had been likened to that befiire a Graiid  Jurs ;   but what would the public think uf 11 Cotmuivlre, on wiilth were four C'ltlihiet iiiini.'tlers, who hud already expressed tiieir opiniiin (ipiiii the mntter      There were tivo Reverend Loiil.?, of hii{li character, who from their situation and   profession ili-inuuded and onlaincd the respect  of   the  connuy.     Tiiey   tiinl   coii-corrnl   in   advi.>iini; the   Kiiii;   to   exclude   her Pilaje�tv   from simrinjr  the   prayers   of a   pious people, anil It was tmpnssilile   that they c'ould liave done en lijd they not been impressed with a belief that her  Majesfy'a cidiilufl had been of a nature  to justify so  public  a cenvure.    Set they,  too,  w.!re  Members  of tiip  Secret Coni-inittee.    One of these very   Ri'verend   Prelates (the Archbishop of Ci'iuterbury] was, as he understood,  the responsible   person  by  whose ailvicc the name of the Queen had heen exclndeil finm its place in the Litnri^y.   He would not ^o lltroUi�h the names of the other i\Ieinber.s, who, no doubt, were all men of unblemished character, but it so haiipened that ilieir feelijigs upon all public C[ueslioii8 had a decided inch nation to the Minsters oft he Crown, aiijiwhose bias was j^fciierally com^eived to be atjuiiui the illustrious but unfortunate individual acciued. He iiD}jlored  their Lordship.s to consider of the ileep interest ami anxiety wiiji which the proceedings in this case wi're viewed by the public, and that they would fuillier consider (uiw far her Ma-jesty had u claim U[juii ihe justice wliich was due from every  Eni^lish ;;eiitlem.in,   not to t)rocee ' bar, � 'rjie Lord CuANcEl.tjore expressed much surprise that the Noble Lord should seem in-his speech to reflecc upoir his coniluci for not having presented the Petition. He wished lo stand clear upon this point, lit owed a duty to every suhjt^t of the realm, but he oweti one still fjrt'a'er to the House, and he could assure the Noble Lord that lie iind iu< oilier reason not to present the Petilmn, than that it would be fitter for Bodse other Noble Lord to present it. Hei'iad not three minutes lo consiiier tfie nature of the f'ciilion, and he wotild now say, that lie was induced lo decline offerinj; Ihe PetilioAi to llieir notice, jireferriuif.thal it should fall into the hands of some other person ; bi'causehe ditl not uiiJerstuiifi that such wnmlie proper iiiodeofpro-ceedin lamed for not preseDliiig a leltet to Ihe House from tile same illu�irioiis individu�l* It wan his wish lo lia-rfe suhmitted it to the House, bat on Itiokiu*; into the Journals lie felt that he should not beobseririii^ the furnis of the tloHse I if he w�re to 'Couneitt to it.  He had no objection whatever to thirijgetition if pr*sented,.;by a Noble Lord not on t^e" iVool�ack,.,'iwt he wuts obliged lo decline preserftjiig- if lilniisel.fi. ^lot. hii'Viir^, three minutes to catijj|}>;r.pf it, uridbeiiig desirous to observe as mtjch ti^iii iiim lay ibe fotiBS and priiclice of their LordsliM!tioose.  If lie erred, it certainly was not out uH^iVy, disrespect to-(he illustrious ill-' dividual.   He dStilii" en'ertniii no persoiiiil feeliugn tt^ainst her, aiid^:he'*ould ratht?r suBvr.debtli than' iiifrini^e u|x)n the .'great pfliiciple of the Coiisli" tion, which dislii>i;uished accusatiuti from guilt. Earl Grey-Nn one was more disposed than he was to oive the Noble and Learned- Lord on'Tlie woolsm-k the fullest credit for-a faithful dischar^je of hi� duty, and he was couyinoed that, nuthiitg but a sense of what l>g owed to, llie' HoiUssti prevented' him frpm ^'irese^fiitg the- Petiiioiu. But m�kti�^. this adiiiissioii,. he must differ from i/ie Nobfe'Lord; fii iihaginiii;!; that siftin-j on the woolsack he was invested with a peculiar clniracter winch di�ti4t-^uislieil his duties us a Peer �f Parlianiettf from th'use that appertained tu every oihfVr Noble Lord in the Ilonse, and il was not cqm|>etent for l)ie Learntd L"rd, no more than any other Member of the Huuse, to de'cline presenting the Petitimis of any of his Majesty's subjects, who expressini; themielves.with propriety and respect, either compUiiied of injury or de-miiuded redress. FeeliiJff strongly that the doorS of that House ought to be ihro'Vu open to all I'e-titio-jers of whatever rank, lie sliould say^ that had litis l^elitiou been offered to hitn, even tUougli he had not three minutes to consider of if, he should not, igkjorant ns thank Gml he wa� of the merits of the ca-e, huve hesitated a moment to present it. Tlie Lord CtiANcs:!,lor diiciairtied having been influencrd by any fee'iiii; disre�pec e jjii<5ht, by presenting itj infringe upon the strict line of his (Inly. Lord Holland conctirred in the view taken of this malltr by liis Noble Friend (Earl Grey}, and unserve'!, th.^t Ihe duties which beloHj�ed lo the-Nuble Lord on the wonl.suck differed in no respect, as a Peer uf i'arliameul, iraul those of any other i^Jemlier. This was a vriy imp-ortaut principle, ifor otherwise It inij^lit be conceived, thutvny Petition or iD<-asure brought forward by the Noble and Learned Lord was of more weight than if it came through any other Member, as it might seem lo emanate from the organ of the House. All Peers of Pailiamfiit are equal, and iu that House no greater influence belonged to one Member than to another, e.xcepting so far as a particular impressimv might ciiance to be effected by his individual cha-racitr. The Le-.uneil Lord h'.id-siii(1, that no pre-Cfi.lent was to be found on the Jwuntalsw He could'I easily credit this assertion, for tfie whole proceeding Was iitiprecedetited in the uiiiials of this country. The Earl of LirE�Pt�oi, did not know if it were necessary to address the House upon the subject, particuhnly as they werti all n^reed in the propriety of receiviiio' the Petitroii.   Tliey agreed to if, not becau-se there was aiiy precedeiit u|)on their Journals to sanction it, but because in the ab.sence of all precedent, it was the clear principle that every subject, whether high or low, should haveaccess to ihe House, and .the only (|uestion now was, whe-tiier the ucceas in the ca�� of the Queen might not be in  a more  solemn and dignified manner.    Bnt as they could nut have it under another form,   they were under   the   necessity of accepting it inlhe present.   The Noble Eatl contended, tlut Hlthongh all Peers in the House were etjual in point of privileges and duties, yet he could never accede to the doctrine, that a Peer of Parliament, if ottered a Petition, might not exercise his own discretion upon the propriety of being made the medium of communication to the House.   He instanced the case of a Peer being. requested to prr�rnt 3 Petition refleclini� either upon  himself personally, or .iponsoroe of liis friends or relations, and could it, he asked, be imagined, that such Peer should be under the im[ierious necessity of being made the channel of such a cnmmiinication.   He uUu considered the case of a conlidenliut Min'tsler of the Cvo-wn being rnjuired to present u Petition to Ihe Hiiusr-, censuring the cuiiducl of the Administration.   Snch seemed to Tie the case iu tlie |)resent instance, and who could censure his Noble Friend,  as li cunfideiitial adviser of the Cruwn, if on sncti a point he should exercise his own discreiioa ?-{f�ear, A�ar.) The Marquis of LaNSDOWJJ said, that if the Noble Lord on the Woolsack had stated lhat the Petition, had been offered lo him, but thai from reasons peculiar to himself he had declined pre-senling it, not one ii\ the Hnnse could find fault with llie exercise of hra discretiun. - (i/eur),- IJut the Noble Lord decl.ired ijnil it was not from any feeling uttachirig tu himself that he so ^cted, but from ctrcumitiiiices appertaiiiing to his ofKcial situation in tiial House. Upon this point he conceived the position, slated by his Noble Fiiends (Lords Grey and Holland) very proper, for the duties of all I'ecra of Parliament v/ere the same. The situation of the Noble Lord in this H ich duties as the House should prescribe to iiiui. It lyiis impossible that lie could feel any thing personal, " and throughout the whole of iiiis liusiness," said the Noble Lord emphatic*tlyj "'no such thing aJlall influence me." 1.   The Marquis of LASSOowti Eind Lord Hot- r.AND hxpfajnerf. 'Kiejr neverally diiiivowefP'the intentioM nf lu-iptitiiig'mt^ persona? ilioV*" tli the conduct irf the Noble IjO^d'in refusing to pf�eu' thei'eiiiuMi. LoriV Ersktnb tjwke briefly, bnt llie Ipwtone in which he sl^oke tendered hif t�ard� indistinct below the bar. The Clerk at the iiijle then fetid n�i>4iBJ���y'� Petition, which was to ftie foiloyjiie fifi!|rf* - follo^-itig � TO THE LOKD.S SPIRlTtfiL ANP 4'EMiH>RAL-" THE PETITION OF tJERMAJlSTy THE . QUEBJi. " CAiMJLiNe.Rgcj.�iA. " Thit Queen biyvinif beei) iufnrioed that jtroccediUg* are abfHil ro be iusliluied against ber ii^ thc^fioose'iif Lords,-deemsll necessary lo approach yoof Lordahtjls as a peti-tioiier and a fellow-sul.jecl. Her Majesty cfiaTTenteS the most minute inve�tigalion into her couduri, but she protestx against the mode of-secret jiiquiry; and if Ihe House of Lords proceed in such a niaunrr, the Queen cannot but consider il as coulrary to every principle of law and justice.- 'the Queen, however, thinks it right to declare, that even from such an uuconslitutional mode uf procedure she apprehends no danger, unless it be instituted before she shall be enabled to prncure Such docuufents and evidence from the Cuutinent as will expose Ihe machiHalions lhat have been fornved against her. Hrr Mujesly is anx'rous that no uuMecescniy delay shonid be interposed in the way of the fullest iuvestigation of thir matter, but ^lie protests Bgaiust any inrjniry carried on willioul her presence, or lhat of her Counsel and witnesses. The instant lhal her wit-nessea arrive she will en>treat the House of Lords to proceed iu any way their Lordships may think proper; but before any preliminary proceeding be instituted,her Majesty desires to be beard by Counsel at your Lordships' bar this day." The Petition being read. Lord D'acRE rose, and after obseiving that he had not even three minutes to consider of the object of the Petition before he found it necessary tu present it to their Lt)rdships, and had, therefore, no time to enforce the�rg.�-'nients contuineci in it, the Noble Lord moved. " That her Majesty's Ciiuiisel be�oic called in," The motion was immediately put from the'Wool-sack and carriedi mmine dhsentiente. Counsel were then called. A few minutes elapsed befiire the Learned Gentlemen appeared. The delay was occasioned, we understand, by the uecesi>ity of calling Mr. Brougham from the House uf Commons, where he had but just concluded tSc. eloquent speech in fa-vmir uf his illustriouJI cireol. Ciiuniiel being agaih called, .Mr. Brougham, Mr. Deiiman, and Mr. AVilliams appeared, and ud-vantetl to the bar. Mr,  Brougham then addressed the House.   He said he had the honour lo attend their Lordships as Counsel for her JVlajeSty the Queen, undrrslanding that it was their Lordships' pleaaure that Counsel should be heard at Iheir bar in her Majesty's behalf. It might be more conxisteut with what he owed to his illustrious clitnt, if, feeltng^  the interests lhat were involved in this proceeding, and deeply sensible how feeble wer� such powers as he possessed to sustain Iheir magnitude-if, under this conviction, he were lo entreat their Lordships for a few hours delay, to obtai-- the necessiity preparation ; but lie was commanded Ky his ilbistriens client lo encounter any personal inconvenience with regard lo himself, and run every riJk with reference to herself, rather than throw anjr obstriiclioii in the �vay of inquiry in whatever way their Lordships might commuud.   It was more incumbint njion hiin to nia.ke this statement to their Lordships, because it was important lo the interests of lit-r iMajesty to impress upon their Lordships that the application now made w-.is not for the purpose of obtamiug delay in the   vulgar  sense  of  the  word,   iiiii   that the Queen desires  delay-not   for   poslponiii^   any investigation commenced, cr prosecuted in the ordinary course, nor in the pronouncing of any judgment consequent tipon such iuvestioation, because her Miijesty must feel that such judgtBent would be one of lionoorahl-e acquittal, for she knows that she is innocent, and that their Lordships are just-but the Queen desired a delay, because every principle of law and jiisiii-e must be set at defiance if the Hoifse refused her prayer.   Her Majesij-'o conduct was called in question-and, so he had a fight lo ajsume fioin the votes of both Houses of ^Parliament, Was made the subject of investigation. :The King's Message, as from ^hs same soutte he was enabled lo collect, formed the foundation of this proceeding, and with it had been coinmunicaied u> both Houses several papers, wliicli, us.h't^ Mujetitj; declared, related lo the Queen's conduct while abroad.   \Vhat tlie nature of the lesliinony was upon which her Majesty's conduct was arraigned - by what means it had been collected-how it had been scraped together-K-who had lent themselves as tools 111 scraping and arrni^ing this leslimony, as it was Called by a figure of spe(?ch-by wdpui they had been instigated and  rewarded for this  low and sandalous  proceeding, he did nut' pretend tu 4now, bot-whatever was found in the bag laid upon Ihe table of both Houses Was meant and intended only to impeach the cliaracier o'f the Qdeen, �and lo contain charges of what was done, or iidsely alleged to have been done abroad by Ifr M.ijrsty. Their Lurd.ihips were aware tlrat tlie ij*ieen,ilur-in(j her re.sidence out of this cOtinlry, resided at a great distance from it-the Alps and ihe Appeiiines being at one peitoAiigthi� delay, he desired it should not be said tliei-e,: nor whi�pered elsewhere; by those who dared not'to say-H, ther^ utnong hor nourabfe men, lhat lie was adl^ancing the pjea of ^ilt. fii* pie* WHS that ol' inub.croce, for tlie . more iunocetjt the'Q'ueeir, the more rile her Calntn-iiiators, and the more liecessary was it for ht-r Majesty to biing forward sucfll evidence as rould repel llie charges urged a;jainst her honour, and coli led such leslimony'as must DverlvlltUu her accusers. - When tiieir Lordrhips reflected upon one peculiarity iu this painful proceeding, which, however, *�a8 not to be attributed to the Queen ;,�>he� tliey-reflected Uiat when any Engliahman', or his Wife, or daughter, was to have his, her, or their chaiiicteis sifted npou any alleged impropriety of conduct coitimitted in Englaiid ; wlieu they reflected, in order lb.�t to counteract the perils to which tUeir cliaracters might be exposed, there were terjaiu great safeguards secured to them by tiie principles of theCoiislilution.   The first shield was, thai all the witnesses produced against the aci-used would be Englisli, bound by certain principles of moral obligation, ackiio�ledging the validity ol an oath,^ aiiil feeling that iu> power on earth was capable nf relieving them from its influence; giving their l^sti-mofty in the face of their country, oiiti in itie presence of tiieir friends, neighbours, and aCLju.nnt-aiice-not fiireigntrs, wjio perhaps might (eel from circumst-Aticea of a religious character that oathi taken here exercised tio binu'mg iafiuence upon tiieir coiisicienices (am! there were many such)-re-strninrd by no principle of mural proprietw. ani feeling no control arising from the presence of persons aequ-ainted with tWir previous conduct and character. This iuvolvea ii second safeguard, wliicb was derived from the  knowledge of the wimeases. They were kiiowir to Ihe Jury, the parties, or the persons presetii, and the public press would coin-� muiiicale to those nut present tlisir demeanor and appearance.   Their  Lordships should also leflect; that an Englisli ptrsiin so accused h-ad also a. safeguard in beinj^ eniitled to a compulsory pretess to secure the altend-anca of witnesses.    Tliey muit come into Court, and no powej, no intrij;ue was capable of ptevenluig their appeaiance.    Uut how stood the case with her Majesty     All the w-.u-ess" against her were foreigner.-, who pu.->ibly Ironi Ctr-tain habits of mind or perverltd priiicipirs, ini-!.C hold lightly the sacred obligation of an oaili, iney were under no control, and might give free uttei-ance to every evil iibpreviioti of their liunds. spoke in tlie presence of meii u? biave. >-hi'j)_ = �'.> thing affected themselirei! pers'onnlly, a? ill'? Captain (ijie Dnke of Wellington) whom iie iii-d the honour to address, but wUeti Ihe ht(!!OU.r pfthifir wives or daughters were concerned, ii did liieni hc-nour to tremble for the possible consequences. H-i-AJajesty had no "power to compel the aitendauce of her witneste.s who resid.^d [jrubabiy in dift'^ret^t parts of the Continent, who were bound to litr br no tie but a Sense of what was due to ju.stice, wjio had formed with her perh-jp� only a casual or passing acquainlaHce, who were under no influence eiflier of her spies or agents, who from laziness    in* difference might hesitate to undertake a lediou?, dangerous, and expensive journey for one who had no means either of rewarding services or (.f gralifyipij ambition. Yet they were to be collected against those who were drawn together by force, or I'ear, or bri-beiy, and who for these various motives were ready to give utterance to every riiutignity and falsehood. Such being the case, he asked what must be the fearlessness of that illustrious Persomige when she roiumunded him lo say, " Let the priit,eediiii;s go on, only allow me the orcliii.iry ind'nigeiices whici* in ibis country are usually tjranted to every persor� accused."   Il w-js however Ins duty, and if lie neglected it, it wag lire tUny of others wlio wt-ie bound hy^llie Jiidjjc's oulli to see ju-lice done-it was their Lordships' duly to see that juilice was secured, and that her own fearlessness and coiifciousness of innocence ought notlu be tiikiied to her Ma^e^lj's pre� judice. If he happened not to be well acquainted with the characters of some nf these wiines-t-'. the necessity of giving sufficieiit lime for irrquiring into them would be mjiilfcst, but. the knowledge he had ut' some only rendered him the more desirous of learning more. He spake not to Ily e.irs, but li-i lawyers, and lie begged to ask how it ivas possible-to crosi-examine any wiinrsses without knnwini; something of iheir characters ? He -ould put th'e> cise of one witness who h.id been tarnerl otf by her Majesty for haying stolen four hundred Na-. poleons. Such was one cf her accusers, and did not a knowledge of this circumstance shew the necessity of searcimig carefully into the conduct of the others ? FortunaltSy use ut her .Majesty's wit^ nesies who would shew iIik conduct of liiis fellow^ resided at Royn, an English luvil uiKcer-mv Italian spy, no Hanoverian Banm, but an JEToglish naval officer, who had bled in his country's service, aixl whose word would be enongh to turn the other out of C;iurt. If such witnesses-ds .1 ere brought against Ihe Q.ieen were txiioiiried in the absence of her. Majesty's witne.^i.ses, or of thostf wlio, knowing somelhing of their ohsruct-^rs,- ojisjhc expose ll.em upon cross-:examinatioi"', theii- Lordships might indeed credit tlieir lesinoony ; ban would their Lordships, as the Queen% Judges, driv* her prematurely into the cast* without aflbrding her the possibility of, securing the meuiis of tlefence ? If he were nOw (jemiinding any susppnsion ef the proceedings which;,would dehiy the boat, close a. single hour, he- should withdraw it inst-dntly, fur it was her MajesCji-'s coinmand that he shoitfd de--sire only a postpouenoeut of the commencement, Biid not ol the eveotuaV proceedings The tinat   

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