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British Press Newspaper Archive: May 27, 1820 - Page 1

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   British Press (Newspaper) - May 27, 1820, London, Middlesex                                II �I   ,     � NvMBER 5452, LONDON; %aTURf>AYv JViiiY 27,1820. Paice 7d^  mNCf'S THBATtiE. THIS EVENING, SATURDAY. May 57, ^ilt be repealed ItoniaiV jrrtnd sbHotts Upetis of TANCREDI. Eor) of (he At-tt A'cf, � oesr Di�ertuem�Dt. After the Opera.the favourite Ballet of LB Se LTAN > GCN EREUH:. Salieri'i Grand, Semi-Serious Op^r^j eiiti'ted, .AxitnK d'OinuiB, is put into rebearsal, and will be brougfit forward flfi �(mii as pofiEiible. The hfw Grand Ballet of Cephale el Prttcris, in fconte-qupnrt of its extensive aceoery �ud macbii^ery not Being ii� n sufficient ilate of forwardnesa, is unaToidabi; postponed fill Tuesday Be''Dnig)it.   .__ TWBNTy-SIXTH NIGHT. THEATRB.ROYAL, DRURY-tAHE. THIS EVENING, SATURDAY. May 27. his Majesty's Servants wi'l) perform the Tragedy of filNG LEAR. After which (12th time), a new MilSicaJ Draunt, in twd Acti^ called - THE LADY AND THE DEVIU Fall of the Decemviri, ^r^^ch Mf. Retir^ft suiU^^^ principal charmcler-wijh'WIiat Next J '      THEATRE ROYAL, COVRUT-GARDBN. THIS EVENING, SATURDAY, May 27. will be acted, Istbtinle^ a new Musical Romabce, HENRI QtJATRE; Or,>AftlSfN THE'OLDEN TIME. Afler whicli, 61b time, a ue'w.Scotch Romance, in two acts, called THE BATTLE OF BOTHWELL BRIGG. Un Monday, Vir.scinins, or The Liberatlba of Rome, with H: maoiied on or before Tuesday, 13th June; tb�/iefors, who-ever buys before 1st June, MAY GAIN, AND CANNOT LOSE. Stale of the Wheel.-Only Two Days More. 4......Prizeiof ......3^0,000 4...... Prizes of......�1,000 4 ...... Prizes of........ �500 51)......Prizes of .. �i|OO,�30O tec. &c. making in Money sod Coniols, sfxtp.tKO Capttalt j/ef l7�(fratCTi. � Warranted Undrawn Ticbeu and. Share*, are on .Sale at lite Old-established and Fortunate OOfcespf HAZARD and Cu. ilie Contraciors, Royal Exchange-Kate;'38, Cbrnhill; and 32j, Oitford-streett.ConieT of SMflaw-alreet, LAodob ; K^liu Sfttired and Sold ill Ibe Last Lottery Comracf, Nos. 7^0'ana afiM. Pritea bf�0,fl90/. eich I - .Audjni.aVrecentLoltienti'-AIUJw *f'M� �f WjOpW.!!! HAZARD & Co. SUared and SiW Jfo^.�;313, �i.Pnze of Kf.OOors'per Cent Con^olr,- dranrii'tiUt  Dusk. Admittance Is'.-talalogue HA. THE GALLERY,p'r/th^ CHEVALIER ISABEV, (onlnining hi'^ naiirh-admired aiid extensive, Collectioii of HISTORICAL DESIGN'S,. PORtftAlTS, 4nd LaNDSCAP.ES, is N()*V OPEN .-il No. 61, Pal), toall (two doors frdin the Britiiih InBlVtutini.).  The Artist, in invllinf the attention-of the Aoialedrv . ( .the Fine Arts to his .Works, bee�.ifxr^ to announce t.l\^it is not intended the Gallery shall reniai'n open longer |H*0 the middle of ilie.cnsiii'ni; Month. Tlie Pictures wjiich it conkalns have been greatly adrrirtd oii Ilie Contiueni, ami ihe-Portrails are of the most dislinsllisliri) Beauties, and: iriosl celebrated Military and Political Characters who have ^figured in the eventful biatory of mutlern limes. Admittance, Ode SbiU){kf; Galaloeue^ Sixpence. JTieinbirs of Jo'bii Ddke of Urarjtoroiixb, ^rjll^     Oriciiial Michael Ho�r, the last ajid worst of the Bush. Rangers of Van Diemen's Land. Narrative of the chief atro'ciUes com-milted by this Great Murderer and his associates, dnring a peHod of Six years, in Vaii Dieroen'S Land.-HI. Clouut Forbin. Voyage dans le Levant;-IT. Roads and Higlil�a|^� .-1: Report of the Select Committee on the Uiehwa^s of the Kingdom. 3. Practical EsSays on the Scientific Repair and Preservation of Public Roads; by John London M'Adam, 3. itcmarks on present system uf Rdat)-ma1(lhg, by J. Li _ M'Adam. 4. Essay on Construction of Roads, &c.; by" Richard Lovell Edgeworth. 5. Practical Trratise oo Road-making;-by James Paterson.-V. Parga: 1. Proceeding in Parga, and the Ionian Islands, with a series of correspondence and other justificatory documents; by Lieutenant;^ Colonel C. P. rfe Bosset. 2. Exposi des faifs qui ont pre. c^de et suivi la Cession de Pal^a, liavrage icrit originatre-ment en Grec par un Parganlote, et traduil el publit par Amaury Duval, del'Inslilut.-VI.-Modem Greek: Observations relaling to the Modern Greek Laagna|e; by M. Coray.-VII. Voltaire et Mad. de ClAtelet. Vie Privie de Voltaire el Madame de Cli&telel, pendant un S^joiir de six mois'a Circy.-Vni. Poems, Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery; by John Clare, a NorihampiOTtAhire Pea.sanl.-IX. De I'Augleterre; par Monsieur Rubichoo-X._The .Fall of Jerusalem: a Dramatic Puem ; by the Rev. H - H. Milmaii. -XI. Africa:. Viiyage ilans I'lnlerieiir de I'Afrique a�x Sources du S6�4;aret de la Gamble; par G. Mollieu.-Kit, Private Life and Manners of the Athenians. Printed fur John Murray, Albemarle-street. Np.XL. containing the Second and concluding part df the Index, was published at the same lime. CoiVlplcleSets luay be had of the first XX. Vols, of the Quarterly Review. BRTDGES; Mator. A COMMON COUNCIU hoWen in (he CHAMBER of the GUILDHALL of the CITY of LONDON, ou FRIDAY, the 26lh day of May, 1820; R�soi.vep, npHAT It Hppears to this Conrt, that the great A. excellence uf the Biilinb Constiliitioii mnM arise Vom tlip jpdspeiide|il__exercJ8eq.f t^^e.^sever%l^^weHi. .vested o [lie king,-^Lnr3ii^'and tSnmnuiM. - Tltat as the Ring, by ttle creation of Peers, tin at aay time addto the Membi-rs of the House of Lordit, If .these powers were tu unite under evil Counsellors; or if; by pa-Ironage or undue intlnence, they could command a Majority of Votes in the House of Cummoos, a despbtic Powijr might be established, wllhonl altering the forms of Ibe Cunsdtotiuii. That this Court will not yield to any class of their fellow-sulijects in loyally tii the King, in obedience to Ibe Lawn, and id altacbinent to the Constitutiofi; but when they reflect on the distressed slate of the Agriculture, Manufactures, and Commerce ; the state of the Finance ; togelbcr with the daily and overwhelming increase of Pauperism, Ihey conceive that siich miaforluueH, to have fallen upoii a nation enlightened, liu'nuuralih , and enlerprijiin^; possessed of such vast i-esource!3,-must have arisen in some ibeasure from misrule and bad policy, occasioned by Ibe Peoyle not having a due share in the choice of their Representatives. That the freedom and purity of Election Is an essential principle of the Cuustiiutioii, as appears from many uf our most sacred Laws, passed in various periods of our Hi's-torvj especially the ^d of Edward the First, the Bill uf Rights, and the 2d and Slh ofGeore-' the Second} in which it ia declai'ed, that the �lei:lion of Mernbers ouebt to be.free -that lha Election of Members of Parliament should be freely and indiflerently. mari^V without charge or expense- and that the freedom of Eleciion of Members to serve in Par-liadieiit'ls of Ibe utmost consequence to the preservalioo of the Rights a^d LibeMiea of-lTie Kingdom. That It has bceii declared by the Hoiice of Commons lobe a high infringement uf the Lilierlies aqd Privileges of the Cuinmons uf Great Britain fur aiiy Lord of Parliament to concern himself in the Eleciion ufTliembers to serife for the Commons in Parliament. That, tteverthelesB, by tarious changes which hive gra-'dually crept intoihesystem of Representation^ it has iMieome aucb as to produce a noioriout violation of these esiealial Laws.; as il appears by a Petition p^ented tct the House of Commons by the Hon. Charles .Grey, in the year 1783i',in which il was otTered to) be-proved that 160 M�iDbeVs of f he House areYeturoed by nljoatSCT Voters each; tO otfa'ei^ by Voters'not exceeding iOO-eacIf; 60 otiieta by Voters not exceeding 30.0. or 350 each. that 81 Members were returned by Peers pnBSfsaiOg-'&ur;^^e teAare�,.�ad iSO.-taiore by th6 lulerferepce of Peers. ' . That while the right pf clef ling so considerable a nnmber of Members of the Hous^ of Commons remains vested in such sniatland inconsiderable hi^ies of inen, all atleinpts to secure piirifr of Election must be rain:; and the punish, raent of a few delected offenders will .only be aubveMve ,of respect fAr the Laws^ and rather ,lend to the coDcealn^ent than the prevenlton ufsacbuITencM. That though ibio systett of Government, wfii6b has been by degreeKsubsliluted fo^. the ancient and legal Conslil6tioii 6f Parliament, has been openly defended by^ peiFsons high in otEce, nnde^ the speciiius Rfiprllation'of the Const i tut ion >a� h exists in praci cey it is ^Kile Evident that Uie present practice inclndes the- violation of ib.e Laws of the Realm, which has been fflly exemplified by the disclosures of lirU' bery and Currupliun, uaid.er prosisrntions ordered by the House of Csinmuns; rfhiie the moral flndilt|fin^esive sen. tencii pronounced l)yllie Learned 7iidge9 ecially whei> it-is said tbnl per-si>ns of high rank bargaiu oudpa^ Urge suni^ fpr Seal's in the HoKse of eommons.' .. .,. And althou^'tb;* Cfourt are of opiiiioii that the'extrni sion and' better regtifiitOtf of Vjie 'Right of Voting,'wilU sfaorleitiftg the diiralioD Of PVirliameHir, OliT t)F PROPBiztQli^ win be hnlden at Ibeir Office"ift theSll-and, oii WETHNES&AY Kf.Xr, thi' 91st day of 3Vf ay instant, at"^T*elVerfC(otk atNooli, wlien-� DI VI DEN 0 will be d'eclare^:-far Ibe Beinyeor eudiog at Lady-day last. '-i .    ... ^RICHApD SAKNES, Secretary. The Cbair will be taken at?Oo"e d'ClocIc precisely. FfNE PRINTS, CHteFLY PROOFS, TO.BE SOLD BY; AUCnON-, By Mr. EVAKS,. Ai his House, No. 96, Pall-ma.lt^oi�.\VEDNE3PAY NEXT, .   , Rlay 31, and fdllowing Day, rjnHE.Privnie COLLECTION of PRINTS M- "of Mrs. Jane Bbydel)i'rinoved' frjim litr residence lit Hallfford ; cdnsliibiig of a sigeet ilnd brilliittit Assemblage of the cbuicest Proofs of ibe.^^ayingsof Woollen, Hal I '9�tid\atzi, - Sharp, , H�ath, E|.iijDin, .Dankarlun.; a con-|.^siderRble. portion- of the Wotjggof tbarinimitable Artist, MjF. JKarlwni'} many (if liie inasj^m^nenl prodocti st ;'B^nqg^to^Wat|ijrgCOf- Ftowerr, EAST INDIA lyl^i FOR'S4t.ii,     ! Ak the East India House, oaW�DNESDAY;NEX1^tfife 31al Tnstaiit, at'TwelveVClncb An�ciaeIy,' �UCiHTY PIPES -EAST I^EHA MA-I DElitA WINE, iiAporled by Ilie Co'iapfOjv Irom Bengal,Al)i) How-lying in their Cellars, uuderilH&ui Iiaiia HoiiM.   ProEdpt, Six Months. '       \    '       i Applicaliona to.be made three days preceding tlielS;ile lo Mr. William Evans, Baggage, Warehbuse-Weeiftr; or to Rlcfiord Martin, tAc CuinpaDf'a Cellermtin. -----    ------    ----J--^-------1 iMPBlllAL PARLiAMRNT. HOUSE OF LORDS, Fricay, May 36. The Duke of DETONSHlCte, the Marquis of EXEfEti, and Lord Yareorovoh, look the oaths and iBeir se�ts. The StaRo Coach Amendment Bill, and several private Bills, were brought fruinihe House of Commoni(, and read �a first time. AGRICULTURAL PETITIONS, lord SiiEFViKLi)  pre.ienled a  Petition frn^ certain Owners and Occupiers of Land in the county of Sussex, praying foray inquiry into.the present slate of the Agiri&ul-Ibral Dis'iress. The Duke of Grifto.** and Lord Erssine presented similar Petitions from Owners aod Occupiers of Xaail la the coniity of Suffolk. 'JhUe Earl of HarewooI), in presenting i>*o Petiliojia to the same effect from Oiriiers and Occupiers of Laud id t^e heiElibo.iirhooil of DuutaSler, said, thai he'diii hot mean to pledge hiinself to any particular line of cunduM respeetiiti^ these Peliiions. The tibove Petitions were severally laid on the table. ,    ..   SUNDAY NEWSPAPERS, Lord KenYon rose to present a Petition froin a niitattferbf Newsvenders, against the publication of-Sanday Newapapera, which they considered extremely niisi:hievuus, asenconragtng a breach c(f the Sabbath., The Koble ,X,urd slated, that he concurred with lh� Petitioners in their view. of Sooday Newspapers. The number publisher] on the Sabbath day amounleil to 43,000, which on the' s(nal^est calculaliiiu were fead by 280,000 persons on the day that-, wereil uulfof the�e to occnpalidiiB 4mocc suitable beS�WML_ cummiited by those who devofed their linje oh the Sunday lo reading the papers to wbicli he alluded, there Were al�o,a number of others who were equally Induced to forget ^ bsir Clirisilto duties by ll)e occupations ihey enjoyed fh -the different deparlaienlB.- of the publtaitions .themselves. JVnmbers were thus diverted, both by; the reading and circh-laling of the Sunday Papers, fi'(im those pursuits in which they wniilil otherwise be engaged, were it not that their ait^b-ilon was 6alled off in the maiiner'he bad already stated.- He objected to those Papers, both for the doclriiies ittiy contained, as well ds the breach of Sabbath they caused, end, thought the subject certainly entitled to the interference of the Legislature. He would perhaps himself submit a Bill to their Lardsh^ui on the subject.,. He c(>iiiluded by nibvlng,' that the Petition do lie oil the table,    .      , Lord Holland said, fhat if soch a BUI were introduoeH,' be ahouid oppose it in every stage. If tlie Sunday papers contained auy objectionable doctrines, ihey were, like all other pablicatiuns,. ameusble to the law, wKtcb was. stnrog enough to meet any evfl of that kind. He certainly, saw ftp mdre reason to interfere with Ih'eSbnda^ than with the daily papers,"in the manner hiuled at: Earl Gkosvenob conciirreil with- the Noble Lord who preaeoled the petition in the impropriety of perroittioe Ibe publication of Sunday newspapers, and to breach of the Sabbath occasioned by thefr Alablishmen^'i((8 circiilatibn. He' had long since elsewhere (we' preaume#bea bis LordsbiF wass'Membet uf the Hou'se'of Commoin)'eodeavoared to rati lbe�llekiiion uf the Legislature, to ilris evil, but he fe.' gretled wilbiiat effect. He now, as wejl.as .then, lameuted with tlie petiilonera the, couseqaenceiT which aprung Wom the piiblicatiqu of newspapers on the Sabb^lti day. Whether the Ssnjimeh'ts Ihey prdinuli^teid wefe Idyalor disloyal nialtfereif little to bis view of I be .quest iOD^ for be IbouRbl tbe poblicatioD in any sbaps aa'evil, on the day which ojtfgbt .to be.uoiyersaily appropriated to Ihetfierformaaoe of religidyis, doties. The prai;jice waa indecent and brgbiy de> 'irimental to ^he religious pMdCJples of tbe/^'edple,. Il'wat lAost ^e^ircJble that the pub1inf(o'n of Sunday piipers should be pre^et/led. The Earl of iJaiozKim-V^ intirely diffeired froin his :Noble Friend who spoke}iast On tbis.sii|yectr., jFiral,'as a j^'aticr of .rereoue,..h'e,ihb.nf'Gt-ihe'Stlpd^y paper*.einitjcd to coDalderation j but ijei5f,a6ij.^e point ol' foot, h^b'elieved tffsit '^ij ftrfiytnihe niech��|i bein^ i^nducted on'the SabbatJi^l%,l^|t was finished ou tbe Saturday night, and tbe_on1f't).af>iir^ that were really in conrse uf working on the .Siu^y,:vpulduu.inqairy be found to be,,h^appreGeoded,; tbe':^(J.ilday;'Mbruirue papeiii; so fbat a'l against Ibe Sunday |r|fper>,'ilie'�h(ite weight Of the migfial " pin of the a'rgudieht rtiist fall. � The Ptlitinn�a� tWlal^ortilie table. ;i SPANISH SLAVE;TRADE-RUSSIAN SOG&A ;  TR/SpjJ.     r - -   ' .Lord. HtrLiiAND rose to. pat-a qnestioa. to tbe Muble Earl upiiusile, respecriog two.points cuonecled with the fo-.reigii'relalions of iheciiddtfy. The first'Vras,-whether auy ' commubicaiion had bttn'.inade'^o-the Spanish Gtivtruitienl, Sine* the recent eventtwbicb had lakeo plac&'in that coiin. try, res|ieeiing the immediate folfilment.of the condition;of spei'ling some late isgSlaliijnsof ilmt puil^er tU'lifer-impbr-tatkm of sugars, bif.Wiiich die British Culoaial trade fil sdrgar was discouragfd^iiutl lb? BraJil encpuraeed ? . Now. it was siijfiolar that Russia, aftcf liiefrec ani^'religious'jdeifa-raiiooB,, (if ibe EmpiirV Al"T^*>r^ the reiiVit of whiilf wttsfc'di�i''UM Colbni�^wh(re't�eSf^Tr�ile was hS|ipHy^or eviirabb^ wl, and- tncouragt^the firaffip of Jiis. e.ulQeiHs for-^mjiir sprtiliig (liW nJotfe b^tf�a(lftc shV jiA^lgiy Sg^ to ' k'ddplVbe' did niil .iJ.e*!*'*' IhisiliJftXof imerftrencc', ie'wu -.when I' b rights�^^b4^itynil8!H^lse^niitpiiro{iitl^^^ Hem iely iiiqaireii(,,�b%hery >t iiai>i{|,tiV this tbuotr/dld with Russ'ia, any friendly communicatiltD had passed upon tbe subject iii n-hicb be allAded ? The Earl of LiVEBPOOI. rrnlied, with vesprct to Spxin no cummuiiii-niioii bail certainly ,as yet berii.madesinr� the late alteration iii her policy, hecnuse no appreiiensliin whatever wan euleriaiiied lliai her poliicy had nndeigoiie auy c'hange since she had stipulated fur tba abolition of (lie Slave Trade at a given period in ihe prcKot year. Government bad no reason to doubt Ihe - readiiiess of. Spain In fulfil all her engageraenis. With respect, to Rostia,. certainly no applicatiiiu bad been made r^spectio); llie merit  r demerit of Ihe.particniar preference allatkd tti'; but certainly commercial arrangenieuls wo(i1d be >atrtlcabiy cnimi-dered between the inrd Powers, and tbe'neb^ssary iustruc. tions truHsmitietl lo the British Miniiier'al St. Peiersbwrgh. .   - CIVIL LIST; . After a few Words in explonalion'from Lord HoLUVli and the Juirl uf Liverpool, the latter moved the Order of the Day fur their Lordships going iuto n Committee' on the Civil List. ,The Earl of Liverpool also slated, ibat be fifld it in ciMnmand ft-om His Majeslyi  � � substantial prbof of his Majesty's most gracious iuleulioo, to Atate, that it Was thewishoftbe Kin); their Lurdsbips should proceed with this-Bill a� Ihey tfauuglit. fit, ujwn UM-eview Of the whole cirruotstancesjtf the oew 'stablisbmetit.'        �    �' - was inoWilTO his Majesty for lSi� gMiioat^bn^iioiicaDoo; Their Lordships tlieu w^t ihto. tbe Comm^uiei!-ou tSiMC Lord Dacre said, that io a /utnirie slageof the Bill be  uld not yield lo bis view of Ibe tage, nnd he(Lurd Bulkeley) was at the time rather too roughly handled for a poor little Welshman-(yi iaup/i)-by another Noble Lord. His question was, whether il were not passible lb devise some plan iior the piflrpose of taxing absentees, either'by a charge' on their passports, or in some other-way ? There were immense nnnibers couslanlly going Abioad, either on busioesa Or pleasure-and Ihe counli-y, In its preseol slate, ought lo have soma of its burdens shared amoog tliose whs were absenting themselves in tbe manner he had nieutioned. The evil of these absentees " bail increased, is increasiog, and ought to be diminished." The Earl of LlVEBt�OL remembered having inforiiiea the Noble Lord when be put a similar question lo him uo the former |>eriod, that he bad uu-ubjectiun to llje principle of such a lax, if the difficulties-attending its imposition coiild be removed. But upon all the consideraiion which he could give llie subject, be (ionfessed he coiild not see bis way tbrougb any arrangement that coOld- be practically advantageous to tli� counlry. Thougb.the Government were unable to instiluie auy such mea:si}re.in their view of the case, they were perfectly raaiiy; lo adopt any auggealioua which should appear to Ifiem pfscticaliie with refeirence to tbe subject. He certainly doubled the secondof Ihe Noble Lord's propositions^ that tbe evil " is Increasiug;" for last yew tba absentee were certainly less odmerons than at an anteoedent jierioil. Lord RotLB s^id, that there could be no objection in ib'e slate of tlie country lo a p'ro^erty tax upon abienleea, rated [OiMbe^^nMaiit^frofwrtirth^yiiceir from the eowolM; , Ho bOjiM'MtBislens would donsidec. (hit expedleney uf n&h a measure. Lord, ^VLKELG'i' was clad to hear such, a ;oageslion, though'he feared it would be hopeless if the Government could not see their way thfongb Ihe subjiict, FREE TRADE. The Marqois of LAlfSOOWir presented � Petition from lb; MelirdsKi'i)�' pavticii^l^ doijsttleraUt^i. "Tlie i'etisoufhi ret-btttwitlr iiistiiutibg^^     ib pose,.wa9 ffoia an appreh � HWointe s>(>er to enteta(>on7 conuecird with; tit* , general stute^-of the fcotibtry;. The reasoii he se-* lected the state of foreign trkde a.� a fit sirhjec^ for immediate iitveiiiigalion, -was, because ti wa�^ question less likely-than any other tocsil forth the strong feelings of large classes of the roin-munityj and one which in: fact involvedj iriore than any othef, tlife general interests of the whole. In looking at this important subject he'wasawure that their Lordnhips could not for a moment catui-tenanceany opinion so impolitic, aa.Uiat tlie special interests of any class io the commiinity were to be considered as separated frotb that of any other body of the people in tbe present general distress which prevailed, or that the interest of the one could be Upheld by any special and exclusive privilege for the other. If ever such an idea prevailed it never coUld be realised-it Was impracticable-for so inseparably interwoven were the laws of Providence with the real interests of mankind, and so certainly operative were they beyond all human aialutes and regulalioti�, that the wants of men would ever be fbbnd to regulate tlieir acts and to govern their destinies. The moment that by human agency it-,, was atteraiited to ..raise up any barrier to Eeparate particniur interests frdm the generdi raas�, tbe folly of the error would soon be apparent, for it would soon be found that the iiilerest so attempted to be-proppcd, would not only be lost, iu the common interest of the whole, but would in the end surt'er with aceumulaled mischief the,-partis cular evil which it had hoped to ward o^.- He hoped that upon this point the ejtperiente of ibe last ten years would not be-Io�t .iipon the country. Who that looked with aii attentive eye upon the events of 1815, when the landed interejst called for special protection lo ptitthem on a par with the tnelnufactaring ioterest^who that again nw the manufactuifiug interest seekiHg special fa�our, and looked at the result of both expectations, that did �Ot see tinai.f'ntiti'ly- the pringi{ji .fa)ii!J of prjr|fct- -Itig either by meauire* ,.eachaai��ly their amii^ ai)4 . did not find that tlie whole community partook of .the general distress It was nothing short of folly or iQ^dness to think of countenancing .separate interests in socielVj or to imagine that ei.iher pros^ perity or depression could afiect ai)y. porticolar class without the same rise or fall not ufTectfng the whole frame of the community.-fHear, hear.J'- Looking,' for instance, at the pi[iociple of the Corn Laws, see how unl'ound.ed appeared the opinion^ thdt the great object of this country should be to render its population indepeiideiit of tbe growtli of. foreign corn. Suppose that such an independence could ' be ^achieved, would they reflect on wb  Universal calafflily and distress muMl be tbe attendant upon such a �)8lemj and every c|as�i in society would be alike sufi'erers;- H.e knew that this was to^ put an e^ttreme case, but it , Wn one within the scope,of the operaiiojt of.a partial measure, such as that he had allnd^tD, and miglit ftrirly be used in �fgumei�t, Itwps therefore impossible with any effect to cou>ider.tbe pre.oeat state of the couhtry wvthupt ilisiiiisaiog from {heir njirlds ihe.prejudice of jjarlinl'ur 4i�Unf| interests, and looking from the |iart to'lh> w^ale, ' on the broad grouud of the general an>t ;;;3^pfe-heiisive ieffect uf the combination of ciivui'usti^ttees. He knew that thete were specuUtive iiiilivkluiils, who urged that ' England would fltmrislt atpre if she were not a comn^ercial, if she wer^ :D6t & manufacturing counlry. . Tbeie men , �pn-teaded that she ought alone ta be ai) agrici}!-tiirtfl . nation, end that her restfurceri t^vAd. be entirely agricultural. But tire time wa�jg9^e by for considering what the counlry otight to be;- ihe roust be taken as she is-a(>ri then he w.�uld ask, what but the commerce and in�nuf^cf�te�vf-Ihia country-made lier what she was i-wliaf but ciammerce and manul'ueiures could ret4�tvbei! in .that situation, or what else Could sUsuin heriuTure ht^ies? It was an axiom in comtneiciah regulationi', the truth of which no law.-cptlld alter,- ttot the. buyer would- cUase a deiniiad an that, market where^^ibe article to be bought could be gtowa c^pest.; ThiK WW the principle of a free tnimiieicial exiba'sge, whifch the more unshakled it remditued, th6 iQioje conducive it would be found to hamau hiippiiies�.'-r-It was essentially by the operation of that principle that this counlry h�d:^rowi) to what �he. w^s; and she cou'ld uot now pursuers partial view of her interests without coiit8arpli^i])> ar reiltiviitin Qf^^her pupaiatiao, which >muKt end iu; the inost; wi! iiow-bi�ito cultivatc;tAhe'>reiiM)fri'e� of^-tlle .^OKHptcy^ ^-iit a){jriciil{UTe,i inii)hi!b�bitte,>Miii.eeau^�c��� oTbi*   

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