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British Press Newspaper Archive: April 28, 1820 - Page 1

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Location: London, Middlesex

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   British Press (Newspaper) - April 28, 1820, London, Middlesex                                :N0MBER 5427. ' LONDOIS, FKIDAY. Ikl^RfL 2�, 1820. PhJigk 7d. y .,r;.fe'V iMPHlilAL PMRLIAMKNI'. HOUSE OF LORDS, Thumbay, ArtiL �7. This hAne iliP (lav B|i|)oiiitMl hv^^he K'uip f"' nriri.ini,' Ihk (ir>t |iHtni"iit wiili � Speech fiom tticThrntu?, aft iiiiu>ubI nnxieiy *ali iTelt by ihepuliT lie lo witne>s thp splendid ceremony,. At an CBrJf hour the greatest buntle was observable iu.l'arlia-ineiii-^treet mid ,in- bH the u�ei�uei 4eBdin(j to the Jl.n^e of Lords.,. Before ti;n o'clock eatriHjjes h-l'�ii to Birlvel prrndipi.lly ftlU,^ by tadiii, but |..�.uive orders had been (jiveii not to open any of tl)e  Ihe provision to be made for Ihe support uf the Civil Go-Trrnmtnl, and of the honour and dignity of the Crown. " 1 leave entirely at your disposal my interest in Ihe hern-(tilary revenues; and J cannot deny myself the gratification tifdt'claring, that bo far from desiring any arrau^ement which Miiglil lead 10 the imposition of new burdens uppn my people, or even might diminisb, on,my account, the amount of Hie reductions incident to my accession to the throne, 1 can have no wish, under circumstances like the preseal, that any dditiun whatever should be made lo the settlement adapted by Parliament in the year 1816. " iff/ Lords, and Gentlemen, " Deeply as ? regret that the machinations and designs of the disaffected should have led, in some parts of Ihe country, to acts of open violrnceaud insurrection, I cannot but express my satisfaction al the promptitude wilh which Ihose^ltempls have been suppressed by Ihe vigilance and aclivily of the M^islrales, and by the zealous co-operation of all those of *ii.y subjects whose exertions have been called forlh lo sup-jjort Ihe aulbari4y of Ihe laws. " The wisdom and firmness manifpf ted by the lale Parlia. nient,and Ihe due rxtcuiidu of fhe laws, have greatly can. (r>b on Ihe coiilinucd support of Parliament in my delermioaliun lo maintain, by all the means intrusted to my lunds, Ihe public safety and lran()nillily. " Urpiuriiigt as we all must, Ihe distress which still un-'��'^pmjy prevails among many of the labouring classes of the ^?f*"'''*'<5'i,v'V','4 anxiously louking forward to ils removal Jlr raitigalion;'ni�..is in Ihe mean lime our common duly rtr.ciually lo protect Ihe loyal, ihe peaceable, and the in-diistriuus, against those praciires of lurltulence and inli-midaiiun, by whirh Wie period of relitf c8nofflV*e'<''"*r. red, and by whifli Ihe pressure Of the dlsirfss hUs been incalculably a^gravalrd; " 1 trust llistaii'BWBkcued senie of the diDj(rrs Whicli they liare incurred, and of the arls which have been emplnyeil | to sednce them, will ^riag back by far the greatrr pari of : those who have been nalmppily led astray, and will revivela Ihrm that spirit of loyally, IbaC due snhmissinn In Ihe laws, an^d that aliacbment lo ihe Cnnstilvlion, which subsist, unabated in llie hearts ut the gml body of Ihe people, ami tvhl^b, under the blessing of Divine Providence, have seemed lo the British naliun the enjoyipeiit-of �larger shar iec�i< At firtfu'floctc the doors wereopeiied to atrangen. Oil our admission, the Lord Chancellor �i leased 'to driver, was of a nature calculated Jo repi^sx all difference of opinion or hostile discussion. " He triisted it wonid receive the general, he hoped llie iinaiii'' mwus concurrence of the' House ; ;for if ever there was an ^ occasion oa which it was importaul that the people at large shouhl know, that in sentiments bf devotion lo Ihe Cruwu and atlachmeiit to Ihe Monarch, the two Houses uf Parlia. meat were actuated but by one common feeling, and that in tendering the expression of their duty and aftrrlion at Ihe foot of Ibe Throne, they had abstained from ,all political diuit�sion^lhe present was surely such an one,-(ifeiir.)- The occasion was indeed jnlrresling in the bigbesi degree, | wttelher considered wilb. relation lu ihe circumstancea of peril,' terror, and difficully in which Ihe country unhappily atoed at the commeiiceinenl uf a new rngn, ur looked upon as the cunclusion uf an old one, dislinguished byavariclyof exlraordinkry and memorable events, as well as by tlie'd>r-fBiniun of a Sovereign Which would be proudly conspi-caMs in thp history of Kings.   In niagnilude and oum-ber'lhe records uf tbe^iate reijga WuiUd afford a more aatful and powerful tessoii "iTiau was  lo   "te "coirrcted from centuries of the history of mankind.    It taught us what lo avoid and what to imitate.   This instruction was  to be derived from what had occurred during the last reign in a neigbbouring couniry, and the consequi-nces of it here.   Hiese principles were avowed, and doctrines preached apparently in a spirit of universal peace and philanthropy.  Their immediate results, however, there, were confusion, anarchy, and blond, and by a natural progress, crime and licentiousness ended'in military despdllsin ; while in this country Ihe good sense and firmness of the Monarch, ^ndthe loyally^and sobriety of the people, allactird and cling-ing lotheinstilulions of their ancestors, prrserrr'd lliein from Ihe conlagiou.   He was old enough lo reinenlber the limes, though he had not then had the honour of a seal in that House, when fii!il the people of this country had been excited lo imitate the example of France, and lo subvert theirown consiitu-lion and laws. Thedesigns of theorists produced a general and well-founded alarm.    The King was among Ihe first lo aid Ihe Minister with the weight of liis'opiiiion in order to counteract Ihe inUnx of those pernicious principles.   His illusiriiius example was followed by the greatest cliararlers of the day, and they jointly succeeded in baffling all Ihe designs uf Ihe artful and the hostile.   Justly, lliereforr, had they brencalled un by the Speech from the Throne lo resist Ihe inlroduciio'n of the same principle., which had been received with more than their original vigour.   In past limes Ihe lioslile Cfi-operation of all the Slatts of Europe could only be counteracted by an union of Ihe people in defence of llieir own ancient instiluliuns, well convinced of the benefits which they shed on them; lliry considered ils preservation as an equivalent fur the sacrifice uf every personal comfort; Iheir exertions were too great for description, and, indeed, were.beyund the resources of Ihe Stale,' however extensive, for it now fell  the efferl of its glorious, but ex-haiisling efforts.   The Itloble Lord then, described the consequences of a transiliun from war to peace in the cessation of that monopoly of trade which we had enjoyed, and that universal demand fi.rour manufactures whicb had existed during hoslililits;   Ihe difiicullles created  by an immense body of artisans who had grown up in the course of the war being thrown out of eniploymeni, and by the dis, charge of a large number of roiiilary and naval mtn, liltle enabled, from habit, lo apply themselves lo any species of useful industry.   To discover a remedy foi this suia of things, was one i>f Ihe most difiicult and important problems which could engage the atlentiun of Ihe Ivegislature; but one thing was perfectly clear, that it was nnl to be found in the seducing of great numbers of men from Iheir daily labour, who were lo depend un it alone for subsistence.- (H�(W.)-However, it was rather mailer of compassiim than of surprise that men unaccustomed lo political reasoning ahould hope lo obtain relief by the means pointed out by Ihe insidious and the seditious.   The genrrHl diffusion of education, though one of Ihe greatest blessings of the age, yet in this view operated injuriously to-the labourlng^latses, by facilitating the dissemination of seditions and blasplie. ikious publications,  A broad distinction was lo be made between the deluders and ihe deluded.   The first object was In provide fur the ultimate safely of the Slate; the second lo disrriniiUale between the two classes, by whose co-operalinn ils safely had been brought in question.   Greal as Ihe dilK-cullies of the period were, he had no doubt they would be overcome.   Events were in progriss in more than one country of Europe al which it was impossible lor the slates, man tu look williout intense interest niiiigted wilh some apprehension.   The prayer of the liberal would be that in all of them, but one mure parliculaily, the existing uiicer.lain stale of things would settle inio  well.ordered and rational freedom, instead of anarchy and civil war. But if unfortunately the evil did prevail,'he trusted that it would in no way involve us.' Wv should be left lu ourselves. We were, nut called on fur any pecuniai y exeriions by our external relations; and it was must gralil'ying tu learn from Ihe grarious commuuicalioii which had jiisi been readj that there was notbilig iu our relations with foreign I'uwers Whirh was liSely tu inleifere wilh the making of a due pi-uvisinn fur the support of the,Civil Gove.nmeul, the hoiiOMr and dignity uf the Crown, and our financial demands.  To expect a reciirrpnl^ of Ihe monopoly uf cuinmerce We Had enjoyed blaring the war, was visruuary ami almost nnjnal; but he hi*|Hd that advantage wuulil he lake^i uf a lime nf peace fur aufirniug thesirictllesa uf our code kf cummcrcial s�'S|aud llratimpnirrmenis would he maile it^llialsyaleiai by which commercial iiileicourse between IhiKaBd other un|i|ins,winK vexa'tiuusly r�ntri|llei) and narrow^ and , Piilrrprise "nud speciiiailuii feilr^nj in fjielr Hperati^.--/''We'uuld ev^olually srrnre lo itself a syslemlifratiuaal liberty which woiild be prodoilive uf^neral happiness. The Marquis- of LaHSDOWW said, that looking lo the twocircumgtantea, llia|-'hi's Majesty hait.now, for the first time, met his people from Ihe (brune-, ami tint Ihe present situation of, our af&ira .was pregnant wilh insnyipainifnl consideraiiuns, be felt a peculiar salisfactiua in. bring Able lii concur in the sentimejls-of Ihe Speech iletiverrdfrom the Throne, and those of the 'Address prap ress�d byhi� ^|aUsly.'s Uinisjni|.afas, Jha[t Ibe stricTest'eronSmjr" slig6^tf Wgbs^ij^ f substantial and permanent relief to the coitntry rested. The general principles conid not be applied^without partial inconvenience and loss; but he hnped Ihe GuvernmenI woubl not be wanting to the country, and he was persuaded Parliament would nut be wanting to the Guverument.if called upon'; fur himself, he pledj^ed himsrlf-^s far as any iodividual could, ti> a vigorous support of aii^ welt conceived meaanrea with lhat object. With respect to the internal sitnntiun of Ihecuunlry, Ibe Magistratra haditiscbarged theicdnlies most ably and propeiIy,aii prrail iis iuflueuce, Ihe middle classes of the country Were wholly exempt from ils.inju. nous effecl8.-r.(Wear, Aenr.)-'llie Noble Ma.qnia..pressed this observation, aiid-cuiiclHdcd by - expressing bis Concurrence in the general ienor of the Addresi. The Eirl of LlTEiii>ool. rose ami sa'd, that af'er the very able aifd ehiqueirt speeches whibh hud been delivered by the Noble iVIoVer and Seconder of Ihe Address, .and by ihe Nubhe Marquis nppn-sitej he should be extremely unilrilling (o detain the Houst; fi r.many raiiitiles, and tiill lest to oii-giiiate any topic of dtscussiUii which might provoke a difference of opinion, dnd endanger that unanimity of seiiiinieni' which he iioi� saw ao hap|.tly prevail. Thdt uiiaiiifnityi ai all timet desirable, was at the present inmneiit particularly anobjecl uf his iiuist aiixioiia wi8hes,,as well from the fjrvuliar .circumstances of the moment win^u ihe Monarch first presriiied himself iu person 10 his PariMment, as from the high and dignifie^d sentiinenta with which that il]ustriua�lpersoni�g�e lhal a long period of lime would elapse before the general Iran, qnillity waa disturbed. The TVoble Marquis at-liided to the system of laws which novr regulate the commercial concerns of this ,empire, aii(l had expressed a wish thai they should be investigated for the purpose of a general alleralion. This was a suhj'ect upon which il would be impos>ihle to speak without entering into it at considerable length, but neither the present occaMon nor his own wishes prompted him in undertake this task. His own opinidns upoii the subject were generally known to lAanjr enlightened persons in this metropolis, for he had'spared no pains or study in endeavouring to form iiome opinions upon it ; these IVe should bi r^dy when the proper opportunity arrived, Iq commnnicale to their Lordships. Possibly upon general priucipiea they may differ very little from lhBi�'�JiM'tttfMpd4>y the Nnbl�.ftlariiu�r-b�t W a minute deta'd pf so extended a system, it was very probahle that many poinis would arise where their tipiiiioiit wonld differ. He, however, did not deny that H general examination of ihe i-ystem would he useful, nay, even necessary, and that much of it might with advaniage be altered or removed, the in-qiiiiy, however, ou);lit to be undertaken witii caution and with temper-willing upon the one hand lo remove incnn>isl^)cir>, errors, or exuberances in theiyttem, but determined upon the other not to yield, on light grounds, principles which had been the work of ages, and which had witnessed the growth of their corainertjial greatness.-fHeari hear.J-Above all, he was desirous th-ut upim such a sohject.no delusion should lie practisrti-/Hear, /iMry-and that ihe public should noi be taught t  expeci from such a proceeding greater or readier ,a . Wilh respect to those indiyiiluaU who have sought to distntb the peace of society, it wouM be the part of theOo-verniiient lo disiingnish ijelween those who were wilfully guilly, and those who weie deluded by the macliiiiaiions uf others. Uod forbid that he or his friends stvoultl be sucallooa lo the snff. rini;t. �� extent r-^H'9T.J Lord Holland begged itto b^ Mudetatond lhat in givMii! hit C'Micarreiice t9 tlie Adrl'esi n"W, pr�i-imsed, he by no means appror.ed t|^ Acts pf^lhe la.M .Session. He uD the contra'y m�� (n\\j convinced,, thai (rum those Acts uulbinc bat mischief Had'^rii�ir�ied.   He should there: fWxr ilul be un�l*'r�toud as retracHng a single exprcsstuis' Wh^ he bad nllered iin Ihe last ParliaMieiit.-('//(wr j     ^ Address was then put fium (he Wooliark, and e�rrie4 THR"EAnL OK .SHAFTeSRURl'. ai^ffliie motion nf the Rsrl i. �, seconitr.l by Ite^lMHlO CliAMCKIXOB, in Bsprirh roinplyOTrntnry lo ibi; l^;trt,'qT Shaflrsbury, this Noble Lord WHS unaoinii'Usly ap-, jilted Chairmau uf Cninmittees for the riisuiiig .Vasiuu. THE CLEBGV, , Lord Hotr.ANn gave noi�ce that lie would f-ike nn emiy' oppnrtnaiiyuf presenline a I'eliiiiin |o Ihe Ho.!-)!-; ifffi^'iiii; t'a an especial manner the Inlerekl* iif the l>en< flml C'.ffe^: Il related ton very parlii-nlarly lo three ReVi-reurt l.til-ihrlii Ibe House.. (le should b� hapli^, |u brai' Uuiu any iif ihe' Learned ^relales when il Wtiiild be cuii'veniriii t'ur thriii lu: Itaiid'to Ihe subject. � Tlie Bifhop of EXETElt, iii'a vVry low Tone of vnire, oaiJ, � *C itiiderstoild him, ttilil any lime wmild be  -" Well, Iheu, lei i| be lo-morrow sc'o-�iight.. >�'.� The Lords were then ordered to be summonrd fur lu-j|untifi)(^�e*Dnigfat.-Adjourned. ' H�t35E OF COMMONS, THtfB's'oAiq AMiirS'T. ' The Speakcb took li.e chair at ftfreen minut.f beture two o'clock. At twou'clurk the Hoit^*; whs BHinmoiied to Wait, upoa tbe King in the Hoose of Lords. The Speaker returned at fifteen miiiuteg after two, and having resumed the Cisair, ob.�ervecl, ihnt it wonld he iiecesfHry lo consider then ns.lo the arrangements fur Ihe hn-iiieta of the clay. He proposed therefore lo return lo Ihe Hmise fi-r ilie pnr-pose of .sweariiig Members, hi � qunrtrr brfor.; three o'c'h>rk. iVIuch complatnl- b��i heen ninife respecting the obstruction which the House l>M o�e td (,^jr'l�. He was nnxmns to exonerate bim.self froin m.y bliiine upon the subject. He hail ;jiveii ortlers thrnujihoiit those parts of ihc buililio^ uver �iiu-U his aiitliorily extended, thift iiu ^M-ratma simnftl ht alloived lo remain in any of the avenu-s for twenty minutes before two o'clock. He h^iJ suffered s?re�t incuiiveiiieiice himself, bat he could nut saj Hurt there were any but Members nmon;; the (lersoti^ who h^denuseil ihe obatractioii al the doi.r ol the House of Peers, At a quarter before three o'cloi k the Sjjeaker again entered the House y between this time- nn-l four o'clock, about forty Members were swtini. At ten minates paal fourthe St>eA.KEa, (ui the motion of one of Ihe Meibber�, read ihe Se'sinnof Orders, which, together with the Cianilestine Outlawry Bill, were passed accordinn^kijftistnin. . The SpGAKER.thrn acqituinted the House that it Had been aummnned, and had atlendid �ii the King in the House of.Lord*, whire hi-i M"-jesty had delivered a Speech from the 'fhrone. prevent mistakes, he had procured a copy of ii, Tvhich he then read-ffar whichiftLords' rrpo>t.J Sir C. Knatckoiu.L then rase-to propose suclt �n-Atldresa, he wid, t^-ahoalil niit-i^ with the loyalty uf the House, and .'prove its sincere attachment to his Majesty, and-it� grurefnl sei>�e of hia Majesty's gracious and condescendin.; S)'eerh. A� lie would have occasiiui to refer lo several of the topics contained in the Royal Speech, he fell that he should need the palieiitlndulgence of the House, and he thought he could take no course more.ffrv-tual for securing that indulgence tliao to proini�e-at the outset not to extend his observa ions uiin�-cessarily, nor apply thein. lo mny topic* ntrt coi nected with that Speech. He waa ili ii>g ihe Parliament in person, were of themselves grounds of no common weight in securing thai uimitimiiy which was so necessary lo the grateful and becoming ackimw. ledgment due from the House lo. the Thrmie for the Speech of tO'day. In the particular situation I'f the country, it must be highly, gralifying to tint House to witness the declaralinn of the Speech g>-nerally, in favour of the established Government nf the connlry. When he used the term Goveriiiiieiii, he meant the Governmei4 itself, and not Ihe Atlmi.-. nistratinn of it in particular. Again he-expressed his hope timt iiulhing which could be found either in the Address he was about to mnve, or in thit observations with which he might feel it necesauiy to recommend it, should mihtate against that unaiik-mity which he was so anxious to securer Looking forward to the me: up-posed to bind either him
                            

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