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British Press: Saturday, March 25, 1820 - Page 1

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   British Press (Newspaper) - March 25, 1820, London, Middlesex                                4)ftsr which, ijhe4rP�rit.e^�.rt,JW�a�a THE tAST NIGHT OF PERFDJIMI^G VmiU TIUB} � E�STJE^.HOyP4y8. , ' f HEAtKp-ROYAl, paURY-lU^NE. fQH -tpE BfiNeFIT OF MR. RBJSSEtt, (Sldge Ma�Bgsf,). Tm^y EVENING, SATURDAY, Mwrch �s, will be (Krrorined (fint (im� tbit Seuoo] Vaamaht, and FIrlclier's Gemedy of � RULE A WIFE AND HAVE A WIFE. Ipon, Mr.-Keaii (wlio hk� kiaA\y consebtcil to jjirforni for: Ihii Bentfit.)  ailftoia,' Mr*. H, JplibsU^ (fur ihis uigfili only, brfiijr ttrr iirj|t opiieaVanrt in �iiy'i^eg�hiT^ : 111 the course  !ttt�|iti on iHTs^ occaiiinii) win sinp, �*SC�t8*,ha hae wi'Vr^Uieeblei)!'' " Is (hwea Hearrthat never tbvedr-^M^ ltoH:lU,;aOomirU3jl83*^iit tb&Tlwitre Royal li>'iiiSS^'^M<'i^iBni PitVate Boxes, to be haiTof Mr: Ste-. ^J^^arf^^hs Slra0d JSiHrtucBj sad at FearmaD'a Library,. h-iqK'ij t . \ ii u; :---s-.-.-_ THE^LAST NIGHT OF PERFORMING TILL THE HOLIDAYS. THEATBE-ltOYAL^COVRNT-GARDEN. THIS EVENING. SATCRDAV, Mwch 26, will be acted Sbakspeare'a COMEDY OF ERRORS, 111 Fire A<1ikt�oever maybe the _ have ioife tnydrit jr in havin{^ protniwii ffletiUrdteai^oppbi atidin inving aiFbrded^^ttmple: else that Right at SuflTrvye ^ ifaeae, pe it will be ascribed lo the only csiise, nainiety, tile ioronect slate of the Lists. -    � The Corotnittee beg leave to return tjieir best thanks to the Freeholders who have already Ayoured Mr. Mellish iviih the promise uf lli�ir support, anil ablicit their early atleiid-anre at (be Poll. ''. ' ' Bishopsgate-atreet, March 24,'i820. District Committee* are sitting in the following places:- London Coffee-hiiuse, Ludgale-bill; Crown Tavern, Cleik-euwell Green; Ship Tavern, ^osbury-plaee; .^tar and Garter, IslingtonC>j-een ; Angel, iau. Strand; Percy Oiffi^e-h0H8e,Rallibu!ie.placei WhileHBrl, Holborn ;Strairord Cof-fee-hou�c,.Oxford-8treet;,Gioucestrr.C"flfee-hiiuse, Piccadilly; Holmes's Hold, Parli�lneut-slre�^; NewExchange Coffee, house. Strand; Golden ,Eagle,= Mile End; Crown and Aiigel, Whilecbapcl; Narrow-strcel, Limehuus*.; 44, Wf II-cloacrsquare ; Alarquia of Wellii�Stan, Shoredilcli ; Green Man, Bethnal-green. ; Don. Sojlero's Tavern, Chelsea; Catherine Wheel, Borough j- aad Cocfc and Lion, Ejst Suiilbfield. nriHE grandest Lottery ey�f kt�o.wii f..- �40,000 Jl additional Prize Moneyov^ncotirneemanl. to early PjjKxJmsera. TJ�e *,t|0�! Tij:k*J�V'^'saKciilBd IJth of April, Ki^t^tliiU to aOI. eaiii,. over �uid.�bo�!e-whatewvr' i'tiee they may Iw-TlO^OBit^l.lftwen- UicludiBi}' F��or of 30,000/; Two pf 20,000/,. T�apf.M;!aByiiei!gl�ill�>.^ Tickeia and: Sliarea for .UiieiTaiiWwiijrbud! Lottery are ac.lljug by EYTON.Stocfc ftrokeB* a�f hia-old and lucky , Oiiiiji'j.a, CurnliUJap.d Lai�lJ�r�l>�l?*e�i-whose all BusinaCT.j ifl' the Pi-.^iic Fonda i� Iransactcii .with fidelity aud dispatch. TRIAL OF Sill FRANCIS BURDETT. LEICESTER ASSIZES,   V Thuusd-at, March 23, .ib-iO, THE KINO V. 8lB FRANCIS BUADSTT, As early as seven o'ttodc the people gatbored inconaidera. ble quaiitities before Ihe entrance of the Coart.liou�e> The ' greater partof Ihe cointiany consisted of well-tlrened temales. About half-past seven they were allowed to enter part uf the Hall.  'I'he Cuurt4>aase bas very little convenience for a thronged auditory.  The greatest iocporeuience of course prevailed in disposing of the multit.title, wtiich crowded � to.  ThrousI) ifae pi^liteness of Mr. Baiqbrjdge, the Vnder-. Sheriff, Ihe gentlemen of the press were accamraedaled with seals nearest the Counsel's table on the Jiorlh tide of the hall. The company, dii>posed in irregular clnatera, having filled every lennbJe situation about Ihe.floor, and lbs different galleries and staircases of the (!uurt, made on a^ipear-anee iincominouly interesting.   A more eager and cruwded aaserablaee is selt\pin witoesaed, eveit in the' Metriipiilis. The weather,'with a,very slight exception of atMut two .hourao^.rain, Iia^ bw-o B,|iilj(>rji�l)i�ri-cbaj geil them from attendance. Mr. Balguay opened the pleadings, and staled that this was an iuformaliou against Sir Fraurii Burdelt, charging him that he, beluga sediliooa and evildisposed person, did publish, or cause lo be published, a certain liliel, purporting to be a letter addressul to a person in AVesIminster, whicb letter wag intended to bring the Government into hatred aod contempt among his Majesty's snhjt-cis, and especially the soldiers ; and lo make it be believed, that Ihe latter had cut down and inluimanly maimed, and so forth, certain of hia Majesty's subjects, said to have hern peaceably and legally assembled at Haucbestrr, an the 16tli of August last.   Tlie letter io question was as follows:- Geoileiaea-nOn resdiiif tbe newspapeirt diis roaniilig, having arrived late yeslerday eveniug, I'<�a4 filled with shame, grief, and iodignaliiiu, at the account of the blood spilt at Manchester. This tlten is llie answer uf tbe borough-mongers to the prlitiouing people! This i d,.GraciouBGod! wonten too, disfifui'ed, raaiinoi, cut down, and trampled upon by diagouua!-Is this Encland? This a'Christian land? a land of iVeedum ? Can such things be, ami pass by us like a summer cloud, unheeded? Forbid it every drop of Euglisli bbiud in every vein that does not proclaim its owner bustard ? Will tbe geatleinen of Eiig-laod support or wink at aoch proceedings? They have a great slake in tbe country-Ibey bold great estates, and they are bo.uiid in duty anil in honour to consider them as retaining fees on the part of tbejr country lor upholding its rights aud liberties. Sorely Ihry will at length awake, and fiud they have dutiea to perform besides fattening bullocks and planting cabbages. They never can stand tamely by, as lookers-on, while bloody Neros rip open their mothers' wombs ! They must joi  Your most obedient Servaiii, � F. BURDETT. " Kirhy Park, Augutl-n, 1819." Serjeant V.weuAN then rose, in obedience, as he said, to his duly, as Counsel for the Grown, on au information which had been filed by his Majesty's Attorney-General. Consideriui; with whom the grave accusation of the present iuformaliou bad originated, ho was not surprised at Ihe. anxii'iy which the trial hud excited. The first Law Officer uMhc Crou'u had thought Qt lo bring before a Jury, fur an . art uf liigh sedition, a' Gentleman of high fortune, of. ancii'Dt faiiiily, of coiisiijerable political impostaitce, end . one who was at present a candidate for the Kepreseolation of one nf the Chief aud moat popaloits citiea in tbe empire. -*lf tiiB cause he had undertaken had required ingenions Ifgr.i expositiow, or great subtlety of arzument. he would havertgreiled Kia bilj ' argument, be would ^   , ,     "J? �M Ijeing appointed to coQdnet it in the absence of professional persona of superior talents Bnflu hm inind-he had a straight forward, course la pursue 1 hfr^riiry bad. a plaiii add easy duty )o diacbargie. There' were only two cousiderations. First, was SirF.iBwrdelt lUe authur^f the letter r �eeb*�^,'VMd it 6eii- tl� .aitioo. and uiicousiituiionalchiHiifitwchargeaintbeiurorwaliou? These were the oriy points fi>r.Jlii|t,iur; lo decide. Ai: to i he fir(ii, be supposes tlicre w��M[-,SeiiWo question upon n.- beiween the Ctomti linA tA^t^JM^tal. The iiMlirrs. �uirJ> had before io4lited1lft^^#iHnt it,:i>Da}d m�3t.probaliJyi�ir� any Ironbleiii .j�tiTit5C�taC,IW*�en*. � IfJtg^etsfllllwriiiBiSd-be any iit^timm^Simt^ wri,Ut�|PW!tMP�l^�tKt�Ot>ia be fully piti^l^Atm.   t sohtiers, 11 would be necessary that the allegation should be proved i i each of its bearings, and the Jury oug/itto be salislird ihtt >t did relate ill ti�e manner alleged lo tbe Governini-i:!; the soldiers, and the subjects. As to mplivet. iu ras#a wh  ttb^l w'*^ a Letter to tbe Electors of Westminster on the iniusarliuiis at .Manchester on the 16th uf Angual last. Those irii.s. actions were under considrration in another Court ni lY.it very instant. Hedid not wish tostart any c.iUiilera! q:te?tiMn. It was nothing to the present case whether I he. iiir� tiiisof M-m-cbeslcr were legal or illegal; but he would taki; the libeii.v lo say that the meeting was absolutely illegal. The ri);Ut of subjects to petition was unquestionable; it was the liiu^-righl of Englishmen; and if any curtailment uf this shoo 1:1 take place, it must be attributed to those nliu pei.si.^lrd uu exercising it contrary to tbe interests, and In ihe iiaminf-t danger of the existence of olher rights. Suili an fxenise of the right of petitioning threatening the riiihls of liorriy, of property, or of any other natural and coniiuoii tij;tv!s made the assembly so exercising it an illegal assemliSy.- It was not necessary, however, to establish ihnl pn'po-sition on the present occasion. Had Ihe merting brrii legal, and the soldiers committed the woiSt.excesses, it was not for any persons lo write do�it comments before the accused parlii-s should be brought to trial. W i� not Ihe letter a libel on the Goveromeut andsoldiriy? By "shame, grief, and iudignatiun," the author must h.ive ireant that he felt shame aud indignation a;;niii9l Ihe government and its authorities, and grief for the supposed sufferers. Supposing such lo be the author's own tcl-iags, could there be any doubt that it was his iiilfn-tion to awaken Ihe same feelings io Ibuse whom lie addressed? It w.-is possible that lie mighl roisinlcrprrt the Baronet's meaning. He (Sir Francis) defended himself, aud well indeed might lie trust in his own powers of understanding for such a purpose. He would therefore inform tln-m what Ibey ought to considri'as Ihe correct iiili ei�g used by way of rrfleclion on the Giivernm'"iil. Bo-rougbmongering must mean a trading, a buying and nelliug with boraughmonjccrlqg, e^ept by this sopposiiivn ?   The petitions of the people must beaddresseil to the Houses of Parliament. What Ci/uld.be meant by the allusion to Parli:i-mentary Reform, but to connect it with boruushmongerin^ ? The imputation of that part of the libel was clearly, that The Gnveroment had obtained a particular degree ni power and influence by trading in boroughs. The Learned Coiintc! prr. sumed that the allusion also lo standing armii-s, iu time uf peace, must be meant lo cast ediunt on Ihe Governmfiil f..r keeping up gjich an army.   He did not object to the jealousy of Ihe CoostilMtiou respecting standing nrmies- it was a prevailing and honourable principle uf the Constittitiun. It was by reason of this jealousy that the iMnOny Bill �as obliged to be passed from year lo year, iu tlif mftinier lu which that Act  was  annnally renewed,   Uiii  licrf  w.s an imputation that Ihe Goveroment had ina t matter with the Jury.  They were not iben trying the i.ieriii of British soliliers, but he should have euppusrd that their gallantry abroad ought to have shielded them from ruliminy at home.   It ralher belonged to cowards than lo such limve men to be cruel.   Another passage of Ihe  letttT asked, � Is this England?" Jtc.   They must all know tlwt an iut.r-rogatory was frequently put as strongly as aik aflirniaiire could possibly be.   Tbe inference then woold be, "        is not England, but a savage, slavish country, uhere the sun of liberty has for ever set."   Again, " can siich'lliiiiifa bf." Jw.   What was this but Ihe language uf exciie'meni ? .Suppose the massacre to have been real, with all liie wuuiidioss and other disastrous events reported lo have |;�kcu pl-icf, what would ha�e been their feelings ?   Wonl.l ihry not have said, " Upon my word this is more than r.nglisi'men ought to bear."  This was obviously exoitinir tbe Hiind. of the persons addressrtl  lo oppn.Mtioii to llie UwvFrii-roenl.    As  to  the  reproof nf  ihe   cniHUry  ?fi)\i-tion ^y military violence.  .What wits iltia but in asi^umr u at the country was uoder martial law? DirJ noi iJtis ir�d tu excite sedition? There were only two ways of interpreting it, "Jhe inference must be Ihot aoy person orunnjbfr "f peraoiis, however peaceably.and usefuHy smpjoyrd in ih" callings of ii{;,}�!ere.subject to beiiHermpleil-by Ihetrrtojis, -or else it must mean that which would he much more wirkt ti ltd seditious, tbat the people ought to meet accoidiiig to   

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