Sunday, June 20, 1824

British And Indian Observer

Location: London, Middlesex

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British And Indian Observer (Newspaper) - June 20, 1824, London, Middlesex PerCeot ' Accommodations et{ or to JUm HtHJSE OF 09MHOKS. Serenl eematt sod other papen wett fntuM ttam^iitetfta public oi&eeo, mi ord�red to lie on tlw Ubb. Tlse SbatbW*% bHdge bill #�� re-epmrnii^d, mi wtat Lojril A. rn^Jk ^KaiOiffSbk iNttUioo fcon the C^hblici : M^. J^||mjNn6T�d for ttw^ t^um tvftkttv^ t�: rtje^aw^jjil^ of tite^eriff^trf^lScrraLeflkis. from tfM ttfirti of abnaw in ibat towu ^ froai an te.ltntte neanaof premtUoff IG^n ---J |��beiM&D�ta{|M ht (o^irS^ i_______. . PMi>�li aiSootM�Hl,.pra9u� for tfaenpnH itf the ooftlfaliiMldp and the bill kMt. ike'limfbr reoeviiig tii� Irish tn^ _________________, _�eolkcttfl tad ktffed cite objto tioaf liriiicibAiaf beiaiMiifi^ aachMp laeanhs, aad iriUeli �bAId be raaifr Instiy if it � �i| jM^ywwa^lo woder U permaaeot. then nmred tbat tb� iiffli^iread a aecead dme thai &y to UH Sfecntan iVet �^Mi^, Oo�U>iira defeuaed the meaadre as baviinrbcBB inttMiicct t�9�nMMmAaio* of th^ cobv. mitte� for in^ring>to^lNL^*Utt> of^ iralaiid, and aa ody>�di^ tb veaut the peace oTOi^JOlpiioe^t until bun* efficaciDas reute-di��Mtid4>eprefUci asf^poitfed Itj ndeh to |ftiS�^�(e e tfae&ijt^f 1 Tb�j!tt��li<^IMi*ar  vacifiaia fapert tea- poversi i!^ ^laiiMdM <)f ^te (%mMi Ma Witt iMtnfib^ �t^^hi wa� �tate in fin^pa Which dW-�oc< send l| Wia{ka)r^�f ih first con sequence aa ambwtdaff fe� the H^B:d�;3 - 'ttaMMOd Eogtaad a^ war $9^, .hot :^g|arti ;ab~ j^eace B>nt an agabaasadbr to tbt) atafM. ot, BbOg^t^ '> Him''n>*>-tbb alL lo the yw 1$^ iTaAu^ nS^, ^4-rt lioqoiah any eoAoe^tioo whieb aha mlkfil tk*r� �kh the fli^. Yet at thia Ume thif Mar^iA S^^Wooe,'^ tb� greaust conktitaiiaM^ In Eiuaw, W U thel^itbedJaUll ttir hiiaddf a cbdsMAhOite Spani^ a^rtta^r. fa; thf oiaaieeatoes wld�h he put �>i�, lo^i^ the ^flhOtie sutes " nsbds agaia�l the king, hi� waterl" He-mfem to poak of die rcToh of fIk" ForMvafS^:; ^ �lu iA Ai^th oJ December, 1640. that eve�iHCO�A fiam ptnodtktifVhiice of BnijanzaM tim tbruMOf Portuyal. ^iite�ta ntott^aAtv-warda, iii JanoaiT IMa^^a;treaty afaqo-itn^ atatty wa� eon dnd^ between Ef^laadaad Pt^nnm.- v^^^a*^V��9yc*'�f'' bottha OD^trse pui^nM %y utigW^'^feaa himnr t&f �ttbject %t com^aiatoa her part. To cuio� to~i^ aseiudrAbt^ part ot our otro history^ r^Kfa]^^fti{ntori,aft^|ioq f^!g4^i^^ 4 HARIIA^ni^l^ , bel^lbtod, ^ ' .th.OhsrntalloiMoa tha i*r6. ^ Army to the Booty cap. lM481a1gi9^�I819i iMotf~tf�tf^^iii�h has taken platfa iacar#yUwin^aeft4^,M^y*� ��MWt Booly tolbe Araiy;*^odthe Iflfii^iia oi^rqneoces whtdb must ariserfO ^pte�dofl^ same ftjatiog with the Novy. ABKl(.LUN^ afoiwd-4JfrMit Gfond Pianoforte, to l>e Sold for ohiy 45Gnl{>e�% cost 90. To be seen at TopliltS IMporitory M New and SLOo.i<r hand foctiriiitt :d>roWvWtM-eo�ari�ty ate cMMaoUy on tale ai low^Jirlcestiian any boase io town. Orders from the Country phoetaany attended to.__________ tiic nst or TxiTBi on, rat stttt&eiifra otau. *tit4i yessaU at Leitb lately came into pon ( And tbat no iadal|faac� of Taste should be lackinf;, Of Miuual and men/a{, tbe ffoa and fine sort, One ship brought bt frcse, and tbe other Jet Blacking. A cover ttiese g'eeso, dean manceuvre to try, Inj^enioas enough, as-yow If hear bye and bye. I cargo ofgewt ready troaa'd to your mind, Warren's Afia^fftafiis Agenr* eorisiga'd, fi a-betf whMi Mart tfant was to tell, ) geese or tbe Macklng which qoichest woald sell. OWoCnstofflJioutf Boatmen the gi ese when they saw, , Deciar'd they W*re fbwis of sUrpasHirig eclat; iohir^h too, that ode titey now chme to Inspect it, � 9aiirflBreMff�j�,be|ttB�o dissect It; And hearew -Was the iongitudnariY it^et'd, WfaaiLyieided bar body aJbottU of teMAn! AA^gdMltly the Adrplft, aiert now anifrrUl aafei^ltfbw df d Mar burthen deliveKd! TlUiS^nre withdrawn, now an y/mo/tur said, "'Tfot socried the one pn the J�t wpo had laid 1 * Tbe Jet, Kertu* Whiskey and GreK,�Te still hold, The bet bow decided till Time shallMafuld." Hie other bark beariag 00 cootrabnd ti^a, ' The Stt W its Ageat was frefI ^ i-onvey'd ; And lAdHly exhaistad, so great hi dmiand, iiy all of high iMhton in SettUWit^ lw>d. tiik" Thsfs thtfs pf^wtird, fertile saiugvlingg�ete folPd, Wbiie few WW tha boyart (he llqaor ev^n hacfcing. ^ nd na Amattur wH| now daite to emm ^nccoss on a bet against Warren's JU BUtkimg t JmA ta ewrv To#q in the Kiogdoai < Liouidr la bottle* tt. Nd. Hd. and IN. each. Abo Paste ffiaekMg in pots fid. l%d. Md I8d. each. \ Shfflltit pot of Paste h eqnat to 4lM of Liquid. Aak for WARRRN** Blackhf. Fliky, \ f6tfr Is. hot TareSiciLiiN D*A�ii.-Mi. Lowia Foffte.Ibe fclber of this interesliiig chiid,. opfwane^ ht M�^H�oroufjb.slreet Ofice. and staled that a Dr^ Gilliptn M mdoeed \x%m and tMlwife to part wilh IboJr Uttle cbiM for the benefit of ber health. The Doelor't proposal ^ �b�t be wtonld take her from Dublin (where Mr. Fojfle residom haviog a musical situation in the theatre of that citj), lo tbe continent, provided be had permtMion te eibibil ber aa an ex-traordinarr dwarf for a short time io Londnn, for the purpose of reimbuntin^ hira his expenses. To this the parents agreed; and the next tidings they beard of their child was of hir death, not from theDoclor, but throogh the newspapers. Mr. Fogle imtnediately left Dii&Kn, aiid on his arrival in London, he could neither find tfte Doctor, nor bear aay thing of the remains of his child, to remove wWeb lo Dubha for interment was the object of Ills journey. He suspects from taforroatioti he hav received, that the Doctor has sold the body or the child to surgeons for dissection, from the circuitottaiJce of bis having been heard to say, in the life titne <^ tfie oh id; that in ease of her death, the turgeiMis would give him SOOI. for her remains. Tbomagistrele having heard Mr. Fogle's statement, advised him to apply to the parish autnorities where the child died, who . iMim-atepa, and tfaeiv ascertained that GF Jtigan bad offered ttve body of tiielttUe creatu r. have come frotn ^^gao, abont the dwarf; the surgeons have not yet wrtaneetMig, therefore I can't say what sum will be ^n�ed to him.^ Tbe feeiinn of the utohappj father, upon l^"**"""""L.^ 5� fdute, may be more eSily conceiv J than described, r 1'he Lancaster coftity ^>n & flood of tears be told sir Everard tbat he was the tMoer of ttio iitUe creature. Sir Kvorard ww aatooisbed *[� thw iatcHtgence, but ultioiatok an expianabot> took i�ce. It appears Jiai on Monday so'n�gbl,*6i�igan, �x� *�s known to sir Rvorard, called si b�� houao witfc �e body of the child, and expressed a wish to disposer of �� >tt Kverhrd said he woultJ present it to the CtoHege of M whatever they tboogfat proper to rote him . t?^*.,"* giten him. Gifligan agreed to tJus, and left i^k  ^ a ^ - - - twiti t so Ihk ;iben *ior Bogie ^'J^Jji^p. Tbe 1*00; cooS4eredhe was ifiTmaa SL^luT* look a� hu fadbar implored air Bae**** ^^,?!2f>A�t�tW cow�p�'��' and gfcJe him an order lo � �X�>�r ^""^ ^'^'^ pounds, al the same time p^omtollg^n^J^^ ^^^^ bor* deringon madness, bi^eoed ^Sw:*^?;^^- ^ooi^wbef^ ,wri?ld,aJa�l tooSTlB^^^^^^li in  iSiehodv ofKs darling pto|eny ^ hi. �*ni� �� ^ 4i�hdatiw�er. B*5mS**��,^^KS9oC�^ ia��eiilbakex�t�4t>�feelil�r?^��^^ ^Mllb�tYkMii�e farOieff ^14^ l^*^^ttrt�tii^^ Heteft tondon ^mediately for lreta�*.^�^ the dteadfid mteUigeBce to bia wife. trtmngimMMt bseft^eoiiteai-jpiah^ between Lord Beresfard attdthefortafiiW Maiater} bat ^ money had been laid ^dt in Bxe^qoer bilU, aad waa ear r^nglotercat. Altera few wardofrom CoUDavieaaM Mr. Herrica, the too-rersation dropped. Mr. LAMBTON preMnlted a (^ition from Mr. Haydoa, th lb* hinU-nicntswfthe petition, though lie bad no wirfi to gratify Whdti was e.lted tbe sight-seeing" public. The petition uras ordered to lie on the table, aod be prifit(^� Mr. DE.VMAN preaenttd a petition from John Hay, a Scotch meroMht, eomplaiafaig of certain alleged abuiaA by the c<�urt of Msaion in Scotland, which had impriseikcd tbe petitioner oil a chaise of contempt w.tbout the mtcrveniion of a Jury. The LORD ADVOCATE &id tbe petition ought nut to be priot^d aud it w�4 tbereiore merely laid oo tha table. W. SMITH pre pnted a petition frora Xorwidi, repealing a prayer alreaily mnde for removing the Norfolk � t to lie on the table, and .l>e printed. The SPEAKER comtounicaled to the house a lctl�r be bad received from Dr. Monro aod Sir George Tutbill. who had at his desire seen Mr <3our|�y, the person now iu custody for *b assault committed on f t'ldav Irtttt^ upon one of lb* members of the hotine. It Itated thxt Aiey h*A aten and conversed with Mr. Gourlav. ahd read the papeish^ suhmllied to tbem; and upan xlmiyni cottddomtlott wlikh ih^ oooW pw^ oa tbe ^nastion Of bis SHuity, they were cleariy of opioion, that at ditfereftt tiibf brs mind was in an uowmod ttOT^ that it was �< on Friday last, aad vttli Wa* in tbnt sbttow Mr.SecreUrv CANNING taid, that the most humane Course towards thisi unbnppy man would be to let tbe subicci pas* wifliout any fffrmul motioa, so that Ml Mrdds might haW access to biin. aod wbes ront^oient to tbemselVea rrmore bim. Mr. SCARLETT spoke a few worda, we believe, in approbation to tbe coiine suggested, and the subject then dropped wiihootany ftirthcr femafk. A messatie from the Lordi h�re anaoooced their Lordship^ a�l9Qi Id a9 "g Sovereign. Theac ware- the Earldum of Mar, the Viseoontiea of Kenmnre and Sirathallan, and ihc Lordship of Nairn. He i�ove prob�tMB of tbe measures, and in eulogium of the gentleman who was about to succeed the Farltloiii of Mar; and from Sir James MacinlosU, ii> general approbatkin of the principle which bad regulated tbe proceedinjf, b.- soUcniug tbe rigtiiir of tbe law, Caplam BRUCE said he highly approved of the principle of tlK?se proecediogs, though lie did not appmve of the Selection wbi�-b had thus been sliown. ile did not aee trhy the reversal of Ihe aUaiaders should be j.arlial. Ho was biuipclf a collateral descenJanf of the Lord Binley, and yie'tled in uo one to uttaclimeDt to bis Majesty's Goveromenl. He bad asked for grace aod fmour 00 bis Majesty's late visit to Scotland ; and be should iigaiu ask it iu tbe hupe thai it would not be re-ftwe e reouved io-m�wrow. Another message from the Lords brought a request of their Lordships, thai Mr. North, a member of the house, might be permitted to give evideBce before a committee of thrir Lorttabips. 'f be house answered, that they woold send ad anawwr bf mea- eountfy^amMI nomaawMfhad heitr. Had it Have felt hia MasidllHBl! ieetsM of the ^uipiirifiii jh^)*^ well mrthe hope thai doMg.'ib itnddghi be wtflrt* a^(Owbs*^r �9 hew daeifliaHr�vail aBiglit^h0)> calhtd t^gWisMia-^Spahi. Un" t^d w�rtoadflriniblD tlihfc he mttsh^ai. caHtheaAtraiiaaaifthahasnatdtt. to courts bill was read a tUrd time aad Onthe motion of Mr. Maberly, the order of the day for receiving the report on the land Lis redemption bUl was read. Mr. MAEiERLY, in support of tbe bill, observed, that the fiiad tax WH^partictthirty arbitrary and objecdonaUe, as it imposed a perpetual- tax an laad. The sum, too, which was fixed jipon by law for its redemption was enormoos. He proposed tbat the crown should have no' other power over this', than it bad ur�>r other peraona) property. Tlie present value of lite iaad redemption tax was merely Bominal, for no one redeemed, HQd it was bis object by tbe bill be bad brought in. to Deader it really available. He wished to do that justice to tbe landed in-tareat, of aUowing theni to redeem the tax at a fair price, instead of an unfair price. The rigbt boo. gcatlcman oppo�te would tell them that bis (Mr. Kjbberly's) views were cbimerichl; luil the righfc hon. gei>tleftffea Mnuelf wm mistaken;, if ids bill passed, he waa satisfied it would' he� highly beaefieiaf to the country. The Chaacellur of tbe Excbecpier woald have thittjt-funr milUoos at bis diiipasat, to apply to the pe^luction of tbe uflp-fijBded^ebt, atid> woBtd faWahllBf; witnn otte year, to tMace^^ miifiij|lsof�UKs. . fliv HEEJRIES^ moved as aa ^nendment to the wotjon iof ^lilion. member; thitt tbe niport be brong�( np tbat day aijc luabnntiis; Aceon&ng.tff hla view of the honi. gedttiMlaa Vpkm. be gMit��8�~|if^{Vae4to<�*Il^^dl-t�r.nrSU yealV piiri!lMI#, and apply M�e piCP�eeda*� the reductkw ;o< 34Mnillj#9� �rfl�0-fttDdW^drfri. iBc lanTtax was wortG 4fi yeai^pOKhaae at the present respective rates of interest which the land tax aad , aad (ittiawfinDm ib� jCawneii^ returned |ke peerages restoraliaaLfins urreedtir.lqr tfie^CoMMaen^ wid brought ^ tbe nsaiitte <.iii�aa�ce mil, aeweburcbea bill, aod w-vatni ptitnte biU*.'< Tbe Seotehjudia^anibiU waa read a third Ume and paaaed j the equitable Ia#a company bill Waa red^d a aecond time. E^USE OFCOMMONS. ^ T^e Lord Adroeate brongkt.'Op fiie flepon an the revemhl of attainder bill* 01 Visconnl ^^9rd, the Eari of Mar, Vis-ccmnt Strathaihui^ Viicuiint Kie^nif, and Lord Nairn. Tbe biltt were tftea raad a ^ii '^that the Hduse woold do whot w^as capedteot to the.rVPffnitioaby his eooairy of such stales as bad artnaJly eitabljalwd th^ iqdependearr. Tha subscri* be^ to tbe petitioa Me persoha^ the most eminent and le-pM^bie oatore in tk* commelNjal WorM. There w^ 117 merchami^ who were, qaonbera of caesidarabl* firms in ibe eity. ' These stated tb^pinkina aad wisbeii of probably mere than threwbaadred p^sont enigaged in die trade with those rooalriea. AmiHipttiV�"" **-bet�rigkC rite tbe name of Bering', of tbefiraiM Bariogi Bptbm*, and Co., a firm whirii, Without oirene^ he'tt&ht certatn>4P P'*<=^ ""^ comisercial world ib tias eAantryilkr hi Barope. Besides, t.e found the names of Sir John Iriiiixick aad Co., Sir Robert Shaw, Chairman at Lloyd's, and many olhjBra which, altbouitb not known to bim, were prohnbly cqaally jrespcctable. it was not bis intcation tO,go-inU) tbe vast quCstioit Wbicli this snliject opeoed, an in eapUn|tio� on a sohjert ia'evmy ,n*f^ tetMed totberon8ideraUuolsC,tbeho)ise. HaWped, ieOffH, it woaM be seeiv in this t?�niaelioa that he moat imtartiaHjr discharged hs fiaty aa aa ifiilirtdnal mumbU;mt^,l^l^^egW^' 'nhace' wo 1 aitmnnt to apply tk>i fpihtqirtu. IhJFpttpMFk'iBf piiey) hi 1 though be did not ikrMl froai avowiaa tkatke did belong to a party prefeasing aod acting opoaMd^tadohai principles. Tbe petition went no hrtker than tt>�sk for tli* recngnitkiA of these ^Uleawhlrk had established their Lidependearc, wbieh were the very words of one of tbe state papers on tbe sul^eci. Tlic word immediate was tbe only expression he <iouhl object to, since he bad 00 desire to point out tbe precise time at wbieh an act of this nature oucht to be done, With respect to the sl.it� papers, to which he had already alluded, it wudd be bis duty to recai the principal poititi to tlie attention of the House. It migbt be matter of regret, aod it was admitted to be so in ibc documents themselves, that so much forljearance had been shewn to the fhelmgs of Old Spain in this affair. In every oiUer respect be ooald not but apphind thete docaments. He shonlil ever consider that tliey.contained tbe most grave maaim-t of iu-leniational law, orged tbe most uiiexcepliooal arguutenta, anri expressed with that precision, circumspection, aud dignity, which ever render tketn ttw aiodeiai as they werv the master-pieces of this kind of writisf. (Hear, hoar.j Tliey had been mistinder-8loo consider bow tha futare progreaa of that qanilion was likely to be affected by Uiem. It would he aeceasary for bios in the exeeuttoa of tiis task to go back to soipe of the first elementu of ialema-tional law, before be proceeded to notice any of the passages of li�e papers theauelvea, m -aeeouat of tite confiisron into which some per*>as, wb 1 were betterinfonued, bad fallen. The Word " recognition" which had nHfonuoaiely been introduced into this queaiion, had become auaenrce of infinite contusion, it bad two �eases, both widely ditterent from eacfa ether, and whieb had in fact hHrdly any thiog in common. The first true legitimate sense ot tlie word, at a terai of international law, waa the recognition uf independence ia a state over which the pArl^ terognis-ingformcriy held sovereignty-a recognilkm whieh^ 8|M� had been doomed to make oltenCr than any other kingdopk of Enfope, and with greater obstinacy than any other. Thus tbe iodepend  eKe of Uoihiod and Portugal had been reedgnised. "Thtk it'as where a boatiie and violeot braach bad tokea phwe.. .S��k a recognition was in fact no more tban an abstinence of excrciBe of so voreigoty. Saeh waa weii known aadnnderstnod in tbe laws of natiens, aad night bo cua^dered to ioehutea newatate of all foreign depeodencies. Tbe recbgaitioo, however, here spokea of aa between thi t to ncruptr to deal with the Govenunentof Sooth Amer^ea, as with a Govam-menl possessing power over a consideiafaie portion of ihe waters of the glnbe, aad ao stoaU �teat oi tbe land. He should dot have dwelt so aswb oa this subject, bad b� not fooo that many men of powerfSU mmd and great information were misled with re-fpect to it, M a way which he coald hardly have believed possible, had b* not w^aessed the faeu Hrato tbe dtffereuceii which prevailed on this qu^atkm. Tbe rscogoitioikDf Use Uaited Statw of North America waa wholfy an advaaUge to tbe party recognised. In tbo present case he caBedfor the recogdittoo of Che Sooth .American states-, nor for Mm. (Koefit of those sUtos, but for Britialssulycta, that they awght fa� emMod to proceed i� Aeir commercial pursuita in au easy orderly r^julw ws^vaild ihatdif-fcfeaces-'which should at any rime occnr might be more readily adkialed, and thus prevent tbe breaking oat oPa new afar. Ili y the crime tbos peTp^^ted. |^ fitt&er was enno- :Uedbecdaieiie^ aasassinate^o# af Ike hebl ptiiicea $b-dtodcrn Uues; |�aMiiH&^th5ttbeaU|Mof 1iaasa4di^aarad�MiK scbres iadepeadeat, bat it was adi tiH KMS^ that tbe prkMMd obstinacy ot the Spafuak gocerafl��t>wero; �o ifor aetsDOid aw to lead to th^ fdrmai R�ogaitioia by tlw tini^ �^ fl^^pbalia. niwikifitII irfth-iiTstfrfr^^^^^^^-^ the speedy adjustment of Jiftsfeacea wfakb migbt arise becamw ^aia refiised to recognise the htdepeodeoce of such sUici ? buH, ah'd Sdoodmr^Ar^aiMbe liitduir^ <rf l6r 'Weij- to fte �ef9ida. He was not achoounled|[|ad at hoin��j he coi.ld lio noiiiuigfi^lbe praiectkm of tift ioucesu of Briliah subject*, and It whsreg�Wed as an ihsalt to ike people of liu^lami, thia n pno' e sLoutd he recogniKrd as ihe.r sqvereign by n forei^u moj.arch, whom they themselvea Werte resoluW �6( to recognise. iNoihiag could be more differrngi heaboart Wther conlmi-ed than the two c�s��) the disUftttiort ^htuM to he ibis A.. usurper III power might he ree^Ktiised wiillo^t offence, henfcise this wa� necessar}- for the iotoiearn of tbeiUb}��ts of sut^s re eoguwiog him J bulilic mutt jtattdaim u�a prince out of por^es-810U, Could uiJt he ntoiguiaedt becattae it was not ao eiftled for by Hie iuieresu of oilier statii;, )vi(ho�i( offence :to tbv�e *Hio re' fused to acknowledge his aulhorily. Ttie con luci of fcrntiic toward, ouV North Americau colonies w�s d.ffereut. .She hart uot otfended England t^y the treaty of peace uud luoiiy wbicu she concloded with lliom, but the same day on which lhal ire.ay was coacludtxl, a U*afttte utTen.^iive und defeniiie, waB~MganL ll bad long been Ihe iwliey ��f France lo encouru^ tbe oOiooUl)'. rhiswas iwenfrom a pos kafiiaoa history of ft*. BoatUi, Who h4d been guv,rnor of M4ruoi^)ie, in I7t)�k He there tal;sthat it was Impart uf his instructtena \� wutch.over tbe rising discontents oi Nortb America, U� enco^^pjpi aad to foment the Sfimo so far aa this could be dono wilhi&giving cause of war. i'his waa in a time of profound peace.-�'Tlie ?opdu<;t then of Frajic was wery different from what be Wdutd I�c6mmehd. Praiaie leafjueU wiiu oor revolted subjects, so he mnsfcall them, me�ntng uo disre �P*-'ct to tbe English sUtea, wb� ou|ht to be cVft- dear to ua on "*e other side of the Atlaaiic. fiat looking at what they wer�� tiien anil at the cuontt which France had tukvtt, it iiMi�t be inaui-to every or* that iojialikig that course aod fanning an alli-"Oca with them, sbc ha^veit a amst jost .canse ier-^ift be would now rufer to tbe d(|j^inehta whiciL had h�xn L'vrfnmad relative to tbe qucsiioii, am^mv th� home iu wb�t:�tute.i| �est<:a. He would s.ty nothing uf.tjie sUtuie of (he <kl ot George jV., |li.' provisions of Wbieh recoglUsed de /ac^a the 8�|<aratiou uf tlte cu-loaieii of Spain, aod gave those pr.vUegefe to the subjects ol! South America which were gmnieo to those of every other country. He would not dwtfll On this nor on the notice wlilch hmi b�cu given that cookuU weald be establiilleti (it Ufe regulation and prutectioa of our taaunerr*. Nor wiialii- be dwell eta iIk suapeasien of that ptfrpaat Which followwt tfio Uwii'tNi and au-principled iuvasien of Spaif, wldql^istt^pbiition, b� wust �ay, was founded on the moU legitiaiMittt'^f all nmsoos, on a wish not to duuract and embarrasa tbfuovecame^ of liut coi^iury at that iuou|�ut, of a^tysafoo. ^ilkA)|^V did Ui fet 1 on' this sattject, that he had^id h;^as�f^<)rpy&|�t a petiHoU Oti ibis siibjeci; und he berored- mrkttk, frindFof -Mr haddoefc Hw *Hf tf/ a^ for BO pMrpo� admirable docuaienu 01 wiiicb be hmi before apoken, and remind the hout>e of tbe suie in whicii they left the queuiou ^f recognition, in a lulUir dated Marcta Jl, iHZi, addn-s�cd from Sir C. Slu trt lo Mr. SecretHry Uauning, tbe righl lion, gemieiaaa tiiid ibua expresatd biiuSeif: - " U'iiii respect lo the provinces' iu America, wjjicli have thrown off their allcRiance to the cro*n of Spam, time ani!! Uie coume of events appear lo have subsutitially deculed their separation from the Mother Country; although the formal recognition of tjiosr provinces, as ludepend ( them to the uouse. It w^s there sUled by the right hon. gentleman- * Tliat the Brtiish government were of opinion tbift airy attempt to bring SpHiiish America again under hi anciedl souwis-sion to .*i�aia inasi be utterly bopeless; thai ail negoctaiiou tor tbat purpose would Ite unsuccessful; and that the proloa^auoii or renewal ot war for the ^ame otiject woatd be only a winJte oi haiiian life, aud au iotliction of calamity ou both parties, to no end.* Here England aguin furaisbed a fine contrast to (be course which Fraiicv lornierly pursued. ACtirfg thui disJulerestedly was, In his opiuioB, true policy. He rejoiced (bat m the coarVrence to which he had aMuded the rigbi hon. geal. had daclar�d the recognition of the stales of South America would tot be niiide lo depend upon the decWlon of any Other power. After staling We disposition of Eaj^iod to wail a reasonable time for the rerog-niuon of Spaiu, it proceeded- _ < " But that it could not wait indefinitely for (bat iTfult; lh.tt it could not conxent to make its recognition of the nvk ttiAes de-prodent on that of Spain-j iiii*6�a� i* wwuld cousichfr any foreign taterrerenee, by force o# by meaia .o Uu; dispatches ot Statesmen. He observed with pleasare that but a tew weeks aftor.tiMT couference, the President of the United,States, iu a manly speech, worthy Ibe great English uuiioo to which he be-fong^, had adopteu the semimenu exprckseU by the right hoo. geatleoMB to Priac�� FV>Ugaae. WUhoiA reailing it to the house, be would say tlu: two great Englnb Couioujuwealth* �Ih: d�-lighted so to name tbeui] on different sides ot the Allaniic hud the aame foetirfgs oii this subject. Their /tilings coincided as neariy as pofsibie with purs, but tbe VaiteA Stales lutdyif possible,* nearer and closer interest in tlie rL-stilt of ihe cooie^t than had. "Ricre wa* on�^ ponl onr which both agtei^d, thai arfaih; the war eotdinned betwe�sn Spaid ami her Oidanies, neither bad a right to ioterfiM'e, but if Spain ahuuUI be put forth at one of the fartgs of the Holy Alliance, rf (hat beast oif prey (ti e Holy Alfiaace) shoatif aiu/mpt to u:*e'SpiM� atf dbtf of ita^ogs to exteqd the ariHtnury authioaily, bauofni iuAoL-nee,- and detestable principles over Aux^riC't which tb but too well' iUce^edcRr itf spreHiltUg' nv -feiBeny Woultf rewit Meiii iu America ^ Liberty wooid rise up against tbem- in tilegiand.- He admired the state papers called forth from the , preaciit ministers oo Ihht oerasfoo; btit nor gwvehnaenf llint^cver fxlaied couM hare acte�k lierer io-tqipMitiOirto tlfee pctociptea dw wtiteb tbey were foandcd^ b aoy vito shijrc, if any intafualvd' bigoi. were to take otfice ontfer the infiuencc of a exjudjination bke tliatof IhO holy allftmee, the pHtpteof E-ogtitm^wltuM <�cri tiii power wliicfe frga f*f rewainerf ** witkrmorefoee3oii}i^eH- JipKallng of a gov^rub'ieaf who ban acted 08 priaciple* 4iiau(etrically ppotiitr'to ihtish Wbi^fr He feh it to be bia duty tfai^ to coadeaip. Tt�e bowso-waoaWifre ��tO >�> tlie 26tk of Jast December^ it bad tk-en proposed to ijpglaBd, ou tbe patter the klalF of S^a; by gi:ndAi^ wiidi4i iutmb �u.v aetfiaaoOsaB�Wu^ ckfr�aidrt(tMah*,tlMinh^alflMikFamMf^ti/ a eywea* to be held ootbs cuatiaeat of -TaHm-sma^ enfbte aiiiindst dathuRc n>a|e�ty' to aecumptMb ttiM worthy object of upholding ibe principlca of loyalty SBd.V^iUm.try." Tha waa to extend to South America all those ^essmgs w bich hi. ** Beiit appea*�iBBntfr��to the Britlahi u fautga a: pottioa of thw giaha ahaaM V�w�hi u �t aay eeegglTiaed pofitiesMxtetchea, atr a<ai|^ i QMiiexion witk tha btafaiMkad CbieiaMaiiH ef'Sntdp^-'tfia eoasaqpMoees of �Kh -terest* of all Earopean J*.iibnfc" Tbene was one other part wbkji he anfst pr�nr e� theft attemko by reading it to thedi, and he wished hkhad. aothlittohar t6 d �u^ mootft* ehip^, thediifirh, now sincerely feU.tgr the ^ricini^^frnfmeal, to care t/ils precwioiicy to Spain, may be ort^onte by coAai-deratiotts of a mure comprehensive^ iiatniw;-O^wderaMon* ra-,'Hrdui:( nnt otily the udxcniiid Interests of bis mt^t^jf* B�ti� ^ce,> or otherwise^ she l�ad irtore dccisti-ely oppiMpd;'Utdr' doinj;* t Verona, which lia<l led to -Bttch laSneulabie';irlis(lllw -It hill) ahK) beei) Sated, tbat to long a* Sp^t �iiuaid cpij^' tiuue a Freuch pTorinte, Ibat waa $0 lo^ aa hei- chu^tiry ifaji occupied by a Frebcb army, any armament fitted outtnwo b�-r ports Hgaiu�i South AnioricH, lo u*e his own figunr, heunder-sioud them to be resolved not to allow Bpain to be dSad aS the fang of the Hvily Alhance, to WhMind the nearly ladt^eitdent SUies, as In that character, though very fiMbie IA heikelf, the was capable of being armed with threiF-fold Kteel, aiHl of being forced into tbv bejtrt of America. The priftcnt prtltiontra contended that the recognition of South Aiuencan lude|^udeikc woubl he no breach of neiitrrfUrv, auft be concutfruu with them, aod w,is coofick-'Ut that no Power in Europe could tie so impudently unjust as to complain of it, much Iims to venture on any attack on the policy ot tuigUnd, fonuiduble 11* she would be in such a Cause. He Uirew out of his cousideratuun with disdaiu all thai the Holy or Unholy Allbfiice migbt preamne-to nrge tn such a caw. Hnving snid so iiujch in favour of the recogalt , that he did not use lUat Word in a nUUpbystcal seui^. Some contcaded that there wus no present tease. He, whun ha �ai�l now, irtesnt in a ver^ short time. To this .question he wished fbr un answer, that if ufCcssary tbe Hu(iject migtii yet b� fairly and disjiasiUi/oalely discussed before tbe eixt ot ibe seaaiou. ile teiM-Bed.ihat comiuisaiuocrs �b well as coasula. Beot out ftuni this eouniry, were now ui Ibte ca|ntals of South America. Tn� speecU .\ifU)(ouei Hamilton to the Vieeroyof Columbia wa� before Ii1d>. He d'ul not know tb^t Wiiat be had Seen WuS rijtht, but sbppoae<i it to be generally so. aoti from that be judgud it to be the objeci of Oovemimat to extend ttiu amicable reliiUoUS now eitislinj lAi-l�een ibeui and thb conatry. Two couditfoas had been stated 10 a apoecU made by tbe curly of Liverpool J the oue, that the iu-depcudence ot a couutry ooald not be rt^i-u^'aisvd where tbe cvu-lest u-lth the parmit auin continued ; iht other, tbnt ii waa iti convenient lo recojfniiie llie iudepeu leiicc of a country ivbui had no: ^nlord a stabit: governlueut-. He con.siilereU thai be ha.i the gentleinen op|wisiie oa one of ihc horns of u dileiu oa in ;hi'� case. Either tuey considered the South American governmeifl-. u* sopanile utates, or its h cont^derate hodr. lie wou.'d UiKd th.-hrsl Kupptjsidon, and doinj M, tUough hii geogra^^hy, or niibki his recollection so far' failed biiu, (UiiC he Could not stale ti.i.-nuiiiber degree.H of longitude or latitude whicii llie whole of t!..: cooniries which i,ere Spiiuish America, ini;,'ht coiopil'hcud, bu.. he thought countries ex ending from Calilofniii nearly 10 ' C<t^i: Horn might be considered to embrace a nioUerutc aod respectable Wrriiory. In Itiis vasl extent wfcnit stJind did Old Spuio make.' slie had a castle iu Me.-cico, � little half desert island '\u Chili, and a small unuy in Gualaiuuia. NokV such being the sluie of ihu-.g!f coiisuUt'uv/ tliem iia� separate �tate�, whutobjet-tioii could (litre lie to reiogitize Columuia, where tiivre sv.is Ui.i.<.- 11 C^ciit Spiioisb army wiilch had coiiipletdy Iniled, iini heci wiioily aiinUiiliiled or driven away. Threv j-eimiilicuii it^oc-ui^lii* had heW ilu'ir Killings since the Spauiatds wore njjvili: I. iVsro 11.ll Uie Colum �iiins oy the Absence of Bolniir m l\ ru, to 1;6 coor-.sidereiHi^ itdvaiiced lo that suto ill whifclj In' L'mtoJ l-'ro^'imvi of .Soilli .\inerica were seen wbeu (jeiujral Wiisliii.'^iou tvnuuud, nniftely, in such 11 situation that any m.ui, luMi-vr^r impoiViai, iiiighl he .spared Me won d nsk it'tnt objo'.un;. .o.ilJ liuri: lo rfCugiii.-h; me mdepeOik'uce of tiui.io* Ayres, ivh^ro .1 o,i.�tii' . soldnT Had nol 1)1 en seoii for more tlia:i l�.'ii yoari ; wiu-re u firt H .Spanish scj|if�er i\.t5 no more to be seen In iii 4 Jnvooil-tbe prMi'iii di;y Wa.-* in Eiigliuid. Fr'Mi wUut he h.�d read '.t Cuili m Mrs. Ciriihani'ii dcscriplmn ol .1 r.Mid.-:i jc wruCi,-.iboni, il !>eeim"d to liiiil tnat connir/ ^'.i^ in .1 itntc liml .. then iW 06- v> .1^ ill k.l^b : iiu.it soon he recognized. Looking at tbi- ^lllte.^ iiody, lie v.'u'dd ask, ^ticu Che S^uuisii force ifi them w.is au ui-coiisfdorHLili.-, wliat was ihvre lo Ueiny tue rcco|4iiilioii oi'iudC|'t-i>-(Mtnce. S\iivly il W.isioo losi^iiiftc.i.il to jujlify tla-ui in pauki^ )U t lis sii;)jvi.i, and if the sUtes were not considered aioUtf body, vviiiit \v;ih Uicre ugiiiii.sC takin;^ tiie ciuni- he re* ouiii*enUed lu lUase tutir.tnnj H�here thVri.' u-.i* liO .S^i.mish force si all iu Uu'lin..; on tiie second co.i<htiori lueatioiied by Lord LiverpOoi, und decliuuy to. r.-co^ ijio tbe iiMioiKiidt'Ttcc of a country vliieii mil guioed n.atable_government, we ulioald proclaim thai we bitwj Mji. iWo v^eights ami measures (or America und Lmope. Witib; .1 e diMMtuoO le<opaf6iBj$ atf iiMlSp.^r�d�'nl flTc Southr AliiericAii SiaUa, we recoguucd iipain as such^ though �he was ir-i�-quil, und when She was overrun by a lorcigii uriiiy, which il UimI iieeu sotted in tlun bous^ it was' hdmaifity not to withdraw.- W by sbouiiJ a cooatiy wbief� bad knowo so maoy vifcis��inte� a<i Ei.gland, refuse to iiiian( 6i*lx:s Ihe contuiou courtesie* due (oreig^i* power*, hecuUse fli'eii' govcrnnieyt* WfC Lu that siluutitiM in wUk'U It must tia eipected ibey WooW bv fourtrf. We oujftlt no I 10 rcfa^ to send Ainbane.iUoM to Hic.n, u.-ileni K wciV proved that lUty were ia sm.h a $UC<- tiiil a toreigu inminUi: o<iUid iidi r^itfe tl/ert wi^h g.ifCiy. But if it were Mid Un-v wefc ill ihia .I'ttu^ttiob, iheif be v^oibld imk \ieh' c<ia4tili acdf. is it were projH-r to Uitvc ibein ihere he ihou.;hi il vioulj tigh* lo have higher diplomatic uflicers. Ihirrv aloo. Tlu: uiomcM luc comt of Muii^id W( paui, was a courtesy wbhlk. siiv had no right to fieei. ' He betterc^l there wera ft<*m siity to one huiraHS 1 uthiae^of .trade o&i�bitaiied; in SoutU A)neri(!�.. Our coiuuieree there had rapidly increased. From the peljiiMli recei\-ed ttjni t,iverpool, it appeared iliax iu aaibuat, which wwi m i�fe23,8ft0^k rdift ft* iWto 5,6ol}, � ^iili ^rualcr. The raereaseof tiM foriBer i^i etie y^' httf ie'At l,000,OGUl. iUiiincrease niFibtf lattoi;eaSeaukoanteidtol,Mii,1KM. (l Was tieen in the petition from Ci^erpoul lUnc the ii/ijfMvtf. tieaerart'iWlArto ifas atjtboriiiftf to Actati ttie old fnWti of i�pj��a-lie .�d U.Te��e.�rfto codhliialb lirilisli property- �'aew tM6J where be prevaiied, and bad ouiy abaUiavd iiu>u tioiitg. 4t* d*' one iasUi-Cii fi'oai liiudhcss to'tliose whd wert iau'braju ui thv^w hiws. Me cuAelTfifcit by g a' hopd tlial utf bnd >i)igLHl>^ (rony usiag langu.�go tbat could offend auy one, au iO�� pCrseaKlfAr >rf i��,||# diA  chose couotries which might yh:hi fUii%i�^U mi4 wjfv%i}(nffr, jjrovc the source'of'inconve'uieatc usul ui^tduny tij|.' c^vd&W .,orW. TUW ow^ut uOt to Ih; donv, w|teii, ir^pii tiink lU i^.,! pajicrs to ��ilhrh-hti JiJUf rsfi'ricJ, it wimld' U: to i.b nod iv^r neir " worUi/l�irpo6�i." He wuuij rf* rd^^ujiijyd'.i^.'.u^ orafrsriiti- l/si Krf AdWfifci, k� iftvJJwcJ? f!j}a*iK, taiwrveiho cooiiaeree^kujtltoiift *wr tfubf/f��ftg^�i^f abl iucuttsi:iteui witli'neutrality and ji|*ltt.e Lo w<;al<l do to serve dritish commerce, und restore Older iu Asiertoi, liud fiit*i,.e (FurcuHtimtaliou t/ Dtbate i.-e An�.' jnjfr , � m r

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