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British And Indian Observer Newspaper Archive: May 16, 1824 - Page 1

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Publication: British And Indian Observer

Location: London, Middlesex

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   British And Indian Observer (Newspaper) - May 16, 1824, London, Middlesex                                2^ X SUNDAY, MAY 16.1824. m k Chartered Ship, to proceed with ill posslbJe despatch /JL frtrCALCUTPA, with ll�a'vp to catt at MADEIflA and MADRAS* ttejpmarK-ahljifari-saiUiiss&ip CjLR; ASSIAN, G. R. I>O^JTHWA,ITB, Qomniandw, Burthen .500 tons.-a. 1. Lying in the City-canal".' Tfiis v*^p1 ii nearly new, havi only madeooevovafetotandffdam.Calcutta, h*i a poop, and very Jofljf cabins; is.el^Mritly fitted for passensrers; and will carry an experienced Soi^^on. She will call at Pftrtsmouth for passen-jfers.-ror./r�iflbt�of.pa8f��ge, apply to.tbe Comtnaoder at the Jcru^lem Cq;ff^e|-h�}i^, to, Mestrs, Lo,v, Brothers, 2t, l\|arlo-lane; or to Mr. Edward R-nle, 24, Lime-street. FOR MADRAS dnd CALCUTTA, touching at M.A-DBIRA, tb� teaK Sbip EXMaUl�, A. I., b(irtben73� tons.SAJ\tUJB;LOW�N. Hon. CQ?n�ny.'s service, Cqpf^n^r /y to, Edmnnd Read, 1, Riches'-cburt, Limerstreftt, TO SAIL I\ ALL tHIS Mt)!?TH: ^ �KlOR MADRAS, and wilJtiweh^al CBYfiON, the new JP' coppered Sibip GEQ��R, l*�ri^n 601? to;�,THDM.AS iqOZENS Commander,Uift(f It thp City Canal, fitted expressly f�f coiweying PasJenKers, and is knowi to be one ot the fastest "        '   ^ or Pa^ase apply to Capt. Cujjens, at the Jeru^lem M or taJwtoand Read; 1; Riehetf-eoiirt. fcime-stfeet. to'sail'from Grafesend po- .. Cadets-imy bf accoini^odated, Apply to Messrs. Pahner, Wilson, ^^'^lSr^^^t(i^^.'-^ ^n Taylor, 10, ToW. hoa�^v'kryor:gnS.Re^d,I,R.^^^^ -Klpa CA;Lq(rETA DIRECT.   Bawengers only. F       fr�ftr*ave�nd^early Hpn^ ^fertcp^ .w� BoVNB. bortheti 600r tons.  GhO a CA;Lqi^A DIRECT. . Bawengers only. To FrOfi�firare�end early io Joae, the Hon. Gumpany's wPMshiir BOVNE, burthen SOT tons. GEORGE STE-^>|8,.Q9nu^nd�r,i(mte.af theHon. Coai^nyV extra sbip Idstr^am)^ l^a^appop,w^the^ce^eIU^Ol^^MM^atio^s,a^ eMittft-a,Sm�-MT)NflAY, Mr. JoHnsoupresented cettain returns from the. office of Chief Secretary for Ireland, pursnant to the order of the house.-Laid on the taSle. Mr. Foster, from the Liverpool dV, or the Jerufc-^lem Coffee-llouies ; lo Mennrs. Eraser, Ni col aid to. St. Ilelen" yiftce, liishopiijjate-frtreel ; John CliapmaJi k.Cn. Lendenball-treet ; or to.lblinS. Bri iley, 11, iVirctiiii-lam'.Cornhill. Any (ientleinen going out ax Assistant Siirj^eons, or Cadet-, i�ay Qe a eriiir AccommodatioDs for Pajioengini, n id carriraa Surgeon.   Vnr friiigbt or pas,sa�� ap-pry to tneCoinraander,!Utlie JeruialetnjC^olt" e-House ; to Messrs. _ awl'en.lW. 4, Adam's-couH, Broad-street i or to John nley, U, Bicchis.la^i^ CtwohUI._ fliiaSr SXmifHVU UFK snd VIR6 SiitfRANCIi X SOCIETY. Capital ^eif.OOO.WO Steeling I)IREt;TOR.S. glr Edward, Hyde F.ast. lw.rt, F.R.S. M.P. Chairman, Colonel John Baillie, M.P. Deputy Chairipac. Jo�ia8l)upT� Alexander, Ksq.M.l*. John L. Aoderdon, Esq. (iflorgr Arhuthaot, Esq. John Bent, E-q. M.P. Samuel Utf aitQuet, Esq. Henry Browne, Esq. I'.K.S. Sir W. ('harripion D'CrespigoN, bart. M.P. 8ir William Conijreve. bart. M.P. Colonel 1". H. H. Davies, ,M.P. William Bodycnit Davics, I'.sq. W. R. Keith Uonsla*, Esq. M.P. M q. M.P. Captain Henry Kater, F.R.s. Chiirlws Elton Proacoit, Esq. Peter lleirisou, Esrj. Alexander Rolx^rtson, l%q. M.P. Samuel Skinner, Ejmj. Colonel Mark Wilks. Sir William Young, bart. .�jidilor*-David Barclay, Esq., Fred. Manning, Em|., Ilenry l)a lie, Esq. Bankers- Messr�. liosanquct and Co., MiMsrs. Coutts and Co. iMathciimtiniJ Inspector-iHuuaas \ "im?, M.O. F.R.S. PhNsician-Thomas Young, \t.l). F.R.S. AksI'sUuiI Physician-James Bartlett, M.l). Standing Counsel-Oliver Aiidei don, Esq. Surveyor-Samuel Heazley, hjq. Resident Superintendent-William Andrews, F.sq. I'bc object of this institution is to coinbi.ie tlie advantages of khoM) preMonsly established, to give to tlie assured that iiiUuence in the maiiag-Miienl of the alfairs of the S(H-ioi\  . Instructions for policies will lie received at 10. Regent-slreet: aadut MesHTs. Bosanquet and Cos., until tin-offices of the So-4�ty are r�ady for the reci-plion of ibe esU .li>hment. ADETS, WKlTERS,aiid MlOSHll'MtN to INDIA, readiojc Friday next. Petitions were presented frotn the ji Chester aod^lford against thecorobJi growers of Vfyodbridge, in the conn^ wooT�|jrower -tiAidoD tte table. The luvlitia. p>iv bill, the crown deibt4.re9OTery bill, the ram impurtatioo duiybiH, tbir;iB|(|r bok^es�aad tbeUrerpool pilot hil s, were read a third tuni and' The Highlands of ScQ^^ i and was rcporteiL-i-fA&innM BiKitUi' COMMON3. HIi�L moTM' the reading of ^ Deny Sir J. Graham prespnted a petitiqa frota the iiajbabitaots of Putney, against tfle proponed new bridgei* at Haj|iiii(^nuzrit�.- Odered to tie on tlie table. M�r. Alderm^p Wood broaght ia a bill to epable the corpora: tioD of the city o^ Londpa to raise mopey to meet certaiA ^penses DOW charged on the orphan faod. He also brought ia two oti>er biHs, one reU;^rje to tolls iaUk; river, aad one to.eoaUe theccur-poration to raise certaia sofns.to meet the charge of establishing free conl market. The bills were severally rcid a first, and ordered to be read a second time. Mr. F. Moore presented a petition from the commercial dock company ag.iinst the South London dock company bills.-Ordered to lie on the tulde. Lord STAXLEV tnoved the secoad reading of the .Man-cliQ,ster and .Salf,rd eqiiitKble lonii conipiiny.-Riaid a secoud line, ami ordered to be CDmrniitcd. The West India bill was carried tbrongb a second reading by a cou.siderable majority.   The numbers were 102 to 30. Mr M.ABEULEY bro.ighl forward his proj)6sition for the loUil repeal of the assessed tax-'S, by taking their amount out of the sinking fuud.   He contended, liesidi^s, that if the pro.�pe-rjty of ttie couytry went mi a;* there was oicry reason to be;ie�c it would, tjiere could be no doubt tliat the .'-J per cents. nil;flit De reduced.   The amount of this description of debt was .">27 mil-ons, and a reduction of only one quarter per cent, would cause a �orrespiiiiding (liinliiution in the annual interest i)f 1,313,0001.    i The CHANCELLOR of the EXCIIEQLEK justly ob-, served, that this was precisely the same iiiotim as the one which i had been sjibmilted to lite house a ic*- weeks 14:0 by tl�e l�oQ. ) iiieinberfor West'iirister.   He bad tlien �iiccee.led in convincing bouse that such a proposition was wrong, and he could not ..,,.^se that ilie boune would now take a  er upon the present occiiaion.   He hnrl arj,'ued on the luipolicy ot parutular tn;cei, wbi. b be desired to have repealed ; he bad argued on the absurdity of keeping up the sinking fund ; and iti sljort, in all rcs[)e( t.s, his lanijuiige and l'>gic had been what the bouse had already lieard iin e a&tonished if the house were to inr^i and pursue a totally djlfercnt course upon identically the jauie proposition.   He ,hen entered into a few bnef explanations ot df tacJied points, anu left U>e ijiUij^ct U> tiie juilgmeot of Uit} houM, which pcoved (be Hquodt^ssot bis own, for the inuliua was rejegled by a triumph int majority of IM over "H. Lord ALTHORF mo-ved theorder of the day for rccum-initting (be county courts' bill. Tbc bousti accordingly went into A cotuinittee. lu hecfause allowing attorneys to R}ead, the ATTOJl-NEY-GENKRAL tbiMigiU aut^t pleading woiifir'dent; Ute^o^ cecdlngs, and deprive the courts i f s.jiuniary Jurisdiction.   Tlie t" right bi)�. a ;d learned gentleman moved .is an amendment, Ui^t 1 nil cimiisel or attorney sbould be pencilled to act as advocate in any cause in the said courts. The aiueudiiwai was carried and macie part c f the hill. The bill baviug betui carried ihmu^h to the coiupensaiioD dan.ie- The ATTOKXKY-GENEKAL thought it would be desirable, on account of the lutene,^sc)f llie hour, that iliey should d t'urlber theu, and would therefore move that the qij>;otly lirouifht to trial apd acq^t�|tted. Three of tbeoi after-wjH-ds applied to him for cei^a^i costs under thp indictment, and distrainetl a cow for their payaient* He was himself sliortly aftervrard.i accused bf an ^ssfiolt ba several of these persons, was convicted, and sentenced to six ua|)ntbs imprisonments The prayer 01 the petition was Bomewbal informal, as it asked the house to call for the notes of tl\e Jadge who tried the caui*e. Orderei) to lie on the table. Mr. AB^RCROMBY pr^^ieotpd a petition from several freeholders^ Cawan, complaininjf that the fn�edom of election had been vivilated duriog tl�e late;election for the county. The Sheriff, it was aAiOrdered ttitie,pdated. Lord AtiX-^ORP inoyed.^giess, and obluiued leave to sit again oo Thursday.-Adjourned. 01 futr v e or Passeugers generally to any p;irtof the Globe, can be equippL'd with every requi..iti'Tor tin- voNaze and arrival, ml one dity'a notice, HbUiiiiing Wliite Jean and "Saiteen Jackets. Hiudiuia sizes, from tis. 9(1. 10 lO-;. ; ditto Waistcoats, 4s. to 60.; ditto Tiowscrs, (5s..to 10>. ; Drab ditto, tis.; Drill .iitto, 6s. 9d. to 1'**.; W bite Mar*-illt's Wnistroats, 6s. to iO  ieldexl tier uody a Jioill^ ofw'^hkty .' .And -iiorilv tk- .Xilcpts, aleri do.\ ti.-.A frisky, ^-.acli goo?;- of ;i similar burthen d;livei"d! are iciihlrnwn, now an Amatcar said, '* N'ot >.o !"" ejied tite one ou tiie Jet wiiO JiHid laid ; �'The Jet, y\rs'di \\ hiskev and (^ee^e, we still LoKl, " The bet how decided till Time jshall unfoW." riu'otJter !i:iik bearing nocontmliand trade. The Jtt to its Agent was tree! v coJU\ey'd ; And shortly e.xi'ausled, so great in deni.uid, Uy all ot'liigh fasiiio,! iu SrotlnneT� fair land, l*"!!" Ta^te thus prevail'd, fo tlie stnug^rling gee^ ftiil'ti, Wl lie       -.^cre.tlie buyers the liquor e\en backing. Aud 110 .Imnttur will now dare to ensure ^iicces 0.1 a bet a.;aiHst Warren's Jtt Bladciu^ ! Tiiis Easy Shin ng an I BriMiant BLACKING, Prepared by . UOlii.RT WARREN, SO, Stnind, Loudon ; *�o Slid in ever, Town i �. the Kingdom; Liquid, in botilesed. ;'*�.12d. and i�d. each.   Also P�6K-,Blaclvipg in potS'tid. I'id. iM. ca' !i. Miihi.ie pot of Vu n, and praying lluit it might be altered; from Alloa against ue.;;ro slavery", from Carmarthen, praying fr the repeal of the window tax ; from Dover iu favour oi tbe hides and skins bili. The above petitions were ordere^l to lie on the table. Mr. JOHN SMITH presealed a petitiou from an individual nauJid Maccarter, complaining of iujuries which he (Mr. S.J thought could- be committed no wiiere but in Spain or Ireland. In Ib^ bis cottage vtas broken opsn by about forty ruffians and burnt, and be, bis prother, his wife and chihlren severely cut and otherwise wounded.- T6e affair was taken up by the magistrates, and several individuals were appretieaded ; but although the of-feuce was a capital felony they were admitted to bail, and subse- HOUSE OF LORDS.-Wkdnrsdav. Mr. Cobbeit wv* heard in a private coiumittee up stairs i\g..iB8t the Hyde Park Corner aud Keusiogtou iniprorcmeni bill. N(r. Johnson, from the 0$re of Chief Secretury for Ireland, presented accounts of tlie sums of money levied by vestries from parishes in tliat;country.-Laio on the table. Earl Kosslyn, at the request, and during the absence of a noble friend (llie Marquis of L.insdowneJ, postponed the second rtadipg of the two bjlU for placinx the English Citholics on exactly Uie same footing ss those of Ireland, from Monday next to Miuriday s^'niiight, for which day their Lordships were or-derwl lo Ix- suuiinoned. Lord Prudboe presented a petition from the parish of Oving-haiu, io the county of Northumberland, praying for the gradual aliolilion of sUvcry ia the West Indies.-Laid on the table. Lord Holland presented the report of the committee, which had sat up stairs, on the Hyde Park Corner and Kensington road improveiueiit bill, and stated that the committee bad found that the preamble lo ibe bill was not proved. He therefore moved that it be read a second time tl.at day six monllis. The motion was agreed to, and the hill of course r^t>ted. The Is^ingtou improvcoienl brti, tlioUiver.Lee n��igatu>n bill, 1 a^rd the Margate gas bill, were rend a third time, and pivssed. Tb* tmnsfcr of diridends tbe"maV^1lHfB extrtse dtiGcs bills, were read a second tiuio.-Adjourned. HOUSE OF COMMONS. Several accounts and other papers were presented from different public oftjces, and ordered lo lie on the table. Petitions were presented fiom several inbsh.lnnts of Ber-uiondsey ftgaiiiit the south Londjii doik.sbill; lioin several farmers of Westiaorelaud against the iniportati in of forci^Mi lags; from Harle>lon, in Norfolk, coinplain'iog of agricultural distress i from Devonshire against negro slavery ; fr()in ICenJal and Glasgow against t:ie coinbinati:iii laws ; from s.veral persons called Separatists, resident at Sligo, praving for t'le e:ijoynieni of all rights without the taking ot oaths, a/ainst \v'niclj llicv bail scruples, and which scruples ihev would not sacrifice for temporal gain; from Shrewsbury against the beer bill, and anolhei from W'enlock agninst tlie bides and skins bill ; from several malisters of Drogheda, pr.iyiug that they might have the same alvanUges as English maltsters; from York against the hides and skins bill ; from Wisbeacb against the beer bill ; from .Alvrdeen against the hides and skins b.il ; from Cfmtreris auiiinst tb� beer bill; from Ashburton r.g.iiijsl the hides and skins bill ; from Collumpton against the combination laws ; from B.irnstaple against the beer bill ; from Favcrshan against the bondinu of wheat; from Romney ag.iinst the wool duty, from Mrttford agaiust the hides and skins bill; from Worthing ill favour of the last meolioiietl biil; from the paper manufacturers of Ireland against the duty ou paper; from a parish at Manchester against the graut of b^lf a million of money to bull.I new cliurcbi's ; from Haddington against the bonding of wheat; Iroui Mi^yo, praying that the itaving banks of Ireland might be placed on a looting with those of England ; from d'tssifow, praying the re|)eal ot the combinttioo laws ; from Bridgeuorth against the assessed taxes, and hoped that the Government wouM direct their serious aiteution to the su'ject; from Bridgenortli in fiivour of the hides and skins bill ; fron Mansfield a?ain8t tin-abiive bill ; from Halifax against the game bill ; from tlie borough of Dundalk, complaining of certain encroach.ncnta made liv tlie returning officer upon the rights of ibe inbabilHiits; from Lincoln against the hides and skins bill ; from ('li'.dtenliam ai^ainst the beer bill ; Irom Sussex agaiust the bonding of wbeat; Ironi Cupar against the beer bill ; from Il.ililax avMinst the rlutv on excise liceus*s; from Milton against the hides and skins bill , from the West Riding of York against tlie 'eerbill; from several Irish freemasons, praying for the same privileges as were .nl-lowed to English freemasons; from B.ith, complaining of tlic tees exacted at the port of Bristol; from Preston, signed by 2,000 persons, agaiiu�t the corabinatioo laws ; fiomNew Rosa ajtinsi negro shivery.-Ordered to lieou the tabic. .Mr. Domiuick Browne gave notice th:it he should, on the 3d of .lime, more for the establi-haient of a Roman CaUiobc church iu Ireland ioTonnection with the Slaie. A message from the Lords here announced thejr Lordships' assent to several bills. Mr. Ciirteis mored for leave to bring in a bill to alter the law as to settlements, so far as regarded sea-faring apprentices. Tlie boa. member obtained leave, and then brought in the bill, v.h.cb was read a first time, and ordered for a secoad reading on Tuesday. Mr. S. Wortley presented a petilinn from Leeds in favour of t!ip county courts' bill. I'hc time for receiving reports on private bills was extcnuvju to the 2Uh inst.-Adjourned. ofSeveriey in Yorkshire, praying that the house vof-l initiate omalaw for the promotion of free discussieoi from tlv tanners �M9^cuiTi6rs of Aberdeen against the hides and^kiln^ hilt; from the Journeymen printers of Salford agaii^ tbe.^qHObiipitidb' laws ; from the connty of Kin �3 ; from John Hardy, Esq. tjarrl^tijr at law, in favo^^of the Connty Conrts bill ; from thebuicfaers of Bradford .in fiurbur of the hides and skins bill. Tlieabore petitfoni were severally resd, laid on the table, land ordered to he prin ed. Oil the motion of Mr. Kennedy, a return was ordered, sbew-tifligtfae amonnt of beer duties in Scotland,' for the last two years. On the moUon of-Mr. Hume, a return was ordered of copies of the last annttid accounts of all the t�ni|^ke trnsts ia the JitDltidom. Mr. CURT^IS moved for a return of iXe iwnes of �ev�Tal perso'os inliverpoel, Portsmouth, and Loadoo, who had lioade siUes of irorn, wbicb would cpme into the average of'the six Iw^^kSji endfAaJ^^tkc^Miry instaAt,% . his ipoiioa till he roqid ascert^n how fitf the ret^n could be made out. He was perfectly aware that false sales of grain were made in the d^rent markets of'tbe kingdona, fur the purpose of influencing the returas of averages.' He baa done bis utmost to put down those s^irkiii* dealings, but be mucb/ean'd that-while so important a thing as the opening oi* shutting oY the ports depended upon �.be system of averages, thai tliese tricks could uot be evaded. He looked forward to the time when opinion upon this subject shniild b'e so clrioged, as to encourage a ditfcrenl UKxle of regulating the trade in com, either by a proteciing duty, with a tree tra )iij(ht liie petitioners were makiue no idle appeal to the bou^e, niid that llieir case ought to be lavojira-bly considered. The hon. member referred to the letlei of Lord Sidmoutb, protesting against the measure, and which lietbougbt did that noble lord Hie greatest honour. He had fnrlber hopes that the application of Ibe petitioners would be attended to, because the right bon. secret.iry tor loreigii atfairs did also protest against the measure in much more forcible l.inguage than he could use. He thoiiglil such a measure was not worthy of a great countrv, who ouv'iit liberally to reward its public si-rvants, and that it wns highly impolitic. He took shame to himself (or not hnving given his strongest opposition to the bill whtn it was before tiie lioust- of commons. He should bring up the petition, and earnestly recommend il to the attention of bis right bun. friend. Mr. CALCRAFT t'�ok exaclly the sjime view of it as the hon. member did now, and thougbt it a great hardship upon that highly meritorious, and hardly sufficiently paid class of persons. Mr. Secretary CANNING  remembered  that be did object to this meHsnrc when out of office, because be thouglit it unwise and unjust. He still was of that opinion. He thougbt it unwise, because it altered the relation in which these otbccrs stood wilh regard to the crown ; unjust, becau.se it impised a lax upon a particular class of persons. The house had no more right to select the clerks of the public offices for such a tax, than the offiiers of the army or navy. But the ca�e was now comr to a very dirterent state-Xhe mischief was done.   He cinld only say Sir T. BAR/ir^ bad IbtoMi^A^ thepi^tiiut wotdd^famTtt been received wfth imaYtunSte is�^r by Biir^Hotti*?' TtSsT' Hon. Member had said that' 6^ wasBOtatax. btrtildi*ine, k� ' which Done were interested bill tlids^ who contribotftlv "Bsf 'her-' forgot that the contributions wtre foi^eed; shdaot'VdlilBtart'. Mr.T. WILSON said, thMa)th  Mf.S. WORTLEY said tha^ #ilbonl pledgto? fiiinsr!f to any particular rTme, or to any partiWifai' c3(tTs&-, tfe sfeHuNf-ccrtainly bring ibe iflatler before the bobsc'afteir the fa^ourAbl*^' manner in wliich the petitiois HW beeii' ns't^ef'S'' -t'et^'^ was. ordered to be pointed.    '    ' ... Mr. W. WHIT MORE, rose in pursuance to notice to call the attcniion of the hbnse to tlie dr�wba*i� o^ bpuntieS oil sugar.   Before going into the question "hs woiild state the nature of bis motion.   He intehded to move for the app >lntment of a select committee to iftgotre into these bouni^eS.   1^ was cessary for him to remind t"bem, thjit there was in existence a coinplete monopoly as respected the sug^r producsd m the West .Indian colonies.   He must also call to ibeir T-eeollection, that the produce of those coloi^es had been, for some ytars; grestfr tlian the consuraptwn of (ids country; "but ibis surplas was con stahtly dliHinisliing.  The Bounties allowed weire 30s. upon sngatsof the value of 47s. per liuwfred weight and Upwards, add 2^8. n>h>* an of k lower valbe.   He described the elfect of the' houtities to be to 'advsnce th'i ^riee of s* ol'icy ot keeping up these, aflcairt in the sha^ of bounties. But when it was stated, and as tliere was but too much reason to b�-lieve correctlv stated, that tbc West India interest was depressed, he bad no objection lo a like sum continuitig to be advancsd by the country, in connection with West Indian affairs, if directed lo a proper object.   He thought it right, while on this subject, to inquire whether the distress complained of was permanent or temporary iu its character, and whethsr it would be likely to pass away if iliin?s were left to themselves-whether palliaUvts were proper to meet the evil, or wbetber the whole question ought to be considered.   Ho was afraid the evil might be regarded aa permanent iu its chariicttr, aud in support of this opinion he re-tyrred lo Bryan Edwards, to reports of the colonial assembliss at (litfi;rent periods, and to other aiithoiities.   He showed thai the planters had generally benn represented as being in embarrassed circunisUuces, tliat many estates had lieen thrown up, and that property amoiiiiting to oo less than 22,563,7661. bad been lodged in the Provost's office in the course of twenty years. E.erv tiling proved that the distress was the ruls, and prosperity llie exception : suih being the case iu any other pait ot the glob* would c.uise the place in which it was witnessed to be depopulated.   This would have happened lo the .West Indies but for tb< supplies of capital tnrnished trom time to lime by this country. It w.is dcMirablc to look, al the, caute which m��ie distress tb� rule, and prosjierily the exreplion.   These were collaterally the absence of llu". proprietors, the mortgageen on estates, the COn-siguniei.ts made to mortgagees, and the system uf placing the management of W^esl India estates in the bands of overseers ; hut that which he viewed as more ihun all the rest the cansc of the evil was llie present sy.^tem of slave labour in the West Indies. He proceede   lo argue that il was proved by expeience that slave labour was of all descriptions uf labour the most costly. Before going into this subject, be would shew that compulsory labour in t.us country was the least productive.   In proof of this, be appealed t) genlleinea connected willi airricuitnro, as to the conip.irisoa to be made betweeii the qiianlily of work done by tlejob and by iLe day, and also belaeen the quantity performtd in a given tiiue by men labouring lor tbemselves and by others employed by the parish overseers,   lu the brat case the man was found to put, � oried.-^.\ iioariird. HOUSE OF COMMOX-S. Petition* were presented from the inhabitants of tht parish of St. George, Dunlin, against the bill for the valuation di bouses ; fiHMOtbe wutermen of Rotherliitbe jigninst the tunnel bill ; from 2000 inhabttaals of Carrick-on Suire, in favour of Catholic emancipation ; froai'f>5rtbrJ, praying for iho reduction of tb/ assessed taxes ; from the tanners "of Miinchciler ag.iinst the hides and skins lull ; from Worcester, the Sui^.irdsbirc polteiies, Alloa, Gains^jorougb, and Kelteriug, Bury, in Lau-casbire, against the beer bTU ; from Hull, Cariow aul Ennis-corthy ; f�oiu the principals, clerks, and other otfteers of hi.-Majesty's Excise Office. The onject of ihc petitionei-s was to be relieved from the contributions at present takc^n from their salaries, for the support of a superannualioa fuud ; fioin ibe curriers of Peversham agaiast the hides and skins bill ; /rom the noblemen,-gentlemen afid occupiers of land ia cert^n baronies of the county of Tipperary, complaining oroVer-'as^essmeia , from Hexham against negTJ slavery ; frota scvenJ lakitHtanis iiinre valuable where free labour was employed, iban wliere iJie cultivation w,IS performed by sbiees. A.'iotlier instance which had been ulluded to in that bouse Ix'fore, wis, in liis nrmd, cjn-cbisi^ve. The hon. Josijh Sleet, a \Vest India [iropiielur, findijig Ins alfairs emiiarrassed, went over to B.irbadoifs ko superintend bis eslati's l^inisilt. His estates consisted 01 l.U.iO ncres, on wliich there were 2iy sl.ives The (leatli-. in the preceding year Il d I.ecu liity-seven, the birllis but iitteen. He changed llie .system ot uiau.ig,MieiJt i bad tbe iie;:roes wiio oirended tried by luvroes, aihl m various respects ini|)roied their cjii.iilion. The result ivas iiio^t :.'r.aiiying in all respects. U was lound within a g.ven pel i id tli-it tl.c birtlis were 11, the deaths but 11, of which IJ were sU|Krauriuiile.l, and the annual produce ot the estate was more than irebleil. Thai free labour Wns mor.- benertciiil than slavery he proceede.l to shew fro.a reference lo tiie rtuur.shij^ stale of Sian.i Leone. There tlie pro^'riss ol'commerce and of c.vilii.itiod was siic.'i as had scarcciV oren p.ir.illele.l i 1 ..nv part of this world, lie b.id uccou.il.i of tue irodiiie of f.ie duties there from l''jl2 Lo 1^/23. He woiiid luit go Inroiigj Ine whole, but beifitcd to re .d some of then to t.ie bon.ie. lu ........i 1,092 .......   J.,',2'; ........   (..ijj .........    h,.ill ........  >,ri>i bo -.11!) lid rroi-vi k was yi'ar    Sii >uld tue i -i:iV[)iir, rise as he now was, be Was not pre- '^'"'^ ^'^ ^^ew an argument again^i sLive labour, and bbowcd p�rertto-s*y wbnl WUfn boo'HhepwsuaL lu M�nHt tnaUneeS the hind w'lia one-1bird, inoiticmoae half The CHA\CBLLOI\of the EXCHEQUER was not sur- prised that his rigbi hon. frietiii should retain his (pinions upon Ibis matter. He supported it hiuiseH' at tlir tine, bnticriain:y not without that pain lo his own feelings wb.cli everyone must feel, at curt.iiJiiig the comforts of a large an : meritorious boily of men. The right him. gentleman took a view of the state of piiblic offlirrs, and the means by which ofiters were formerly ni.de. The system of fees bad been nearly done away witb, aiidt.iecviN wbi'li arose out of the farilitv for granling sii|ierannualioiis and .retired allow.snces, bad calleJ for the altenli.in 01 I'arli.iment, a.'id the acts now complained of werr the co'is quenre of v.irious iinesiiga'ious by committees. Uiidoulnedlv a sacrdice wns re-(piired by this measure, but be aiiild not help tiiiiiking it >fare ;lieiu a quid pr.i rjun in .streugtheniiigtheirclai.il to retired iillow-Mures. Neilber conld be allow that the principle ot the incisure >i]iplied exclusively to the parlies Tde seamen iu our navy were re'piired to i-ire fart of their pay to Greenwich Hospi al, by wliicli ley acniiired ^cl i;m for support upon that institution under | ar- icnUr circuiiisl.iiices.   He certainly was not surprised tbiitliose i 10 were obliged t) roiUribute to tl/e fund.  - Ih.y b.id sutfered a reduction of 2.J percent., and then ibis further reduction was made in 1822. He ccrtMinly hoped, that upon public ground->, the house would remove this unjust oppression from tlie petuiuiiers. Mr. l^^ecrelary PEEL aj;^recd iu all thai had bcfii said of the diligence, ability, and integrity of those who beid the snbor-linate situations in the public ottices. He was t'leicfori' di'^posol to give this petition the most unprejudiced considecatio.i. He was peculiarly situate.1 towards uw. measure of 1822, for when he came into office the plan was already decided upon, and be saw no ground upon wbicli lie conld claiiu an exemption from his own olace when it was to be applied lo nW the rest. But the bouse ran>t recollect tfiat this was iis own measure, and that it lad been forced upon the ^>vernmc:it. Lt' sonu'tni.ig .ih i.iid be pro;w)scd to relieve the petitioners li� was willing aud des.rous to g.ve il a most unfiiejuiiced consideratio.i. Mr. GRE.NFELL bore lestiinony lo the zeal dispiayed ly all public officers, from the higliest offices lo the lowi-st, i/i the di.scb,ir:'e of llie public business, aud said he liioiiglii liiey ivere not adeijuatcly jiaid. Mr. W^ATSO.V TAYLOR niado some ob;*prvattoiis to the s.ime etfjct as those wliich fell from the last opcalier, which were not distinctly audible in the gallery. Mr. H. SUM.VER cons.dercti this to be most strictly the measure of tlic Hou.se, and he h iped, after wImI bad f/tlien from his Right Hon. Friends, steps would be t.iken to remove so palpable ac injustice. Mr. IIL.ME thought that the Hou>e Iiad run away from the question, an 1 thai it deserved a closer attention. He referred to the syUein which preceded the present, with regar;! to the regulation of puhliv.- offices, and mainuiuetl lliat somcliiing was necessary to be doae for the protection of llie public ag;tinst the abuses-of retired pensions and superannuations when this measure was devised. In one department alone, the customs, the su|(erannuatioa3 ari.l retired allowances increased in one year.from 10,000/. lo fiO.OOO/. It was this which called the attention o( Parliament to the subject, aud out of rhe inqii'oies subsequently uiii.le, this measure aro.se. Tue House had run away trom the qiiestioo in assmning that this was a lax ; they seemed to f-'get thit it was a conlribution which no one could enjoy but the persons making il ; and, iu fact, il was more of the nature of a tontine than of a lax. lie wi-he.l every cou-sjderatiou to be made for the petitioners, and particularly to the hai-d-working clerks ia the lower offices ; be should have no objection to see them removed from the openUion of the measure, lie trusted the Hou.�e would not be precipitate in deciding upon a question that demanded serious cou.sideration Mr. HUSK1SS0\ so tuliy agreed in what had fallen from ills Right Ho 1. Friends, ihal ne sbould uot have risen but ;br Some pbscrv.itions wtiieh iiml fallen Iron tlic Hon. .Meiuoer lor .Aiierdccn. The Hon. Gentleman alluded to the sgajecl the great increase in t.'ie Super;innuaiions of �.*ie Customs. 1-'.12 liieir amouul wus.......... 1813 ........................ Id2i) ........................ 1821 ........................ In l'<22 I ley were only............ Imt iu lr;23 ibey were 6,9 191. Ttiis, too their produce iii three quarters of tiie m.iiniug quarter there   prove   e|ii�ilv' amount in tnat )C.ir would double  tlie provin;i bj b,i,l stated piovedthal coiumcrce tio.ir.i the same linie in'.ern.il works were goi;i,' lie buddings were ra|ii f nitfee, sugv,-cotlon, m.iliog ,ny, logwood, ;in 1 cocoa, au.l slateil the total amount Va oe 9,202, .i97 dollars, an I the (inly oo the exports was no le�� tbnn 1,3(i.'), 102. a uiblc lord ou a late occasion bad referred to llayti 11s fiirni-bing a proof that slave labour was nece-.sary in the W'e^i Lidies, and it lia 1 bee:i state! Ihm the Mtuation of ,M. Do niugo was siuh tliat it could not be cai-tiirtled, and thai its inliabilants were obliged even to import NUgar. He had, jiowever,- said cuo igb to sliew that there was no Want of ind.i.stry lucre, and liiat lliyti was fa^t advancing to 11 stale of prosperity and wealth. W'ii.it he could w.sh for wit/i respect to llie. bounties to which he bad calle'l the aae.ition 0/ the bouse was, thai the sums : ow ex|ien,ied on them slio liJ ha applied towards Ibe em iiicijialloi of slaves. He could re oui-inerid that the sbives should li.ive one diy c;r�nted to tlu-ni iu each week to labour for tftemsclves in orilcr to raise a fund their emancip.uion-   'I'liis iie thought would be desirable he had no wi^b to go into that subject, aud proposed comiuittec for which he tailed __________ with respect lo wbi.-ii he had stated in tht for cin.iiion-    I Ills lie Liioiisiiv ��.........-  ----- at present to limit Ibe proceedings of the to the operalion of those bonnties, ,^ le outset be wished e;.quiiy      be made,   x tie hon. Ike appointment of a of U..� W til IT It Of    v..^ .....-----........        . fins aro.�e out of the very deficient utate of the jiublic offi.-es, and of the consequently iiicoiupiete manner in which (iuiilic buiiness was carried on. A great number of persons were t len employed wuom age atid infirmity had rendered so feeble is to be wholly iuarieqiiate to the labour requirej. It wa., f ju:jd nc.:c3sary to remove these an.l place efficient persons iu : leir .sload ; and hence aroae the increase alluded to by tlie :Ion. .Member. Ofibezrai aud assiduity displayed by t'nose .'enlle.'ne^i'who n-nr carried on the laborious busmess of the , ibli: orSves, n;>ne couf! s 1 \re!l judge (and be was ^.ore none .ojlil more higdy appreciaie iij, as tho>e who were in daily cum 111 iifiic alio u with them. He was convinced that nothing .vbich the House could do would diminish tballauhful dis<-huvi;e )f tbei?duty ; but undoubtedly jh'.v "ct of kiniiiie.ia would operate as a fresh slimuloa to their ci-rtions. geatleuwa conclu 1, d by moving -" i'or select co iimiuee to inquire into the o,;e;atioa of the bounlieii ptiJ oa tJie < x|;ort;iti'   

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