Sunday, February 29, 1824

British And Indian Observer

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British And Indian Observer (Newspaper) - February 29, 1824, London, Middlesex t; ^n*�tiund Co. King g For ErtijdtJ^or �-r^-y iy. 1  � .ThisSWP^^expressly lor tne Accommodation of -... tmk IvtbNTH OF MARCH. TO, SAIL ^liffiffi" Touching at Ma- ards,' _ Eddp!^ o.; or to , SisnHatem Eoffafc IfOBf > , ^ aOPQS4lJS f� PCatlSHING TWELVE VIEWS^f �AUCm%AmiM pVlR(�f^ fnJiAbhiwingH executed by JAMES B. FRA8ER, from SkottfhMnmde^ on the�pot, Tosppejau-iothffdnowiiW order:-. ' - . , �,nlainrng a View of fhandpal ' ' bf Goverrnncnt House. Botauic rjters No. J.aotb of Anrrt ne*^ �P� Ghat, a View of F.spJanB!i|e.BjDW,a -No.il, pir the J�t pfiJui^, fotaip Garden Wxwse,^ View,of Esplanade opposite or Sulkhea Side, a View of laflk-Aqnarr, VleW bf Govermncm W nink Vie�f Of *e B( ,a View of _ View of Bar- rackpori; House, a View of the Town t-hurcf.. _ vediuthe verj-bestwyleof Aqna- No. IV, on the Int of D^c^-n^ber^^con^^^^^^^ These Plates will Er ;K'e^?in?h^\%, mo-un^^^ i" the best manner,, tinta, by riAVELt, ^..t^lT^^L^^rerS^^^ of 21. for each Number. � n vt-. Subscribers are requested to send their names to the Pubnsners, Messrs. Rodwcll and Martin. New Borid-str�ei, or to the Counting J louse - - ^- � fi-att-stree(; Broad-jtreet; yard, mULY INTBRKSTmO ' MODE, of IMPARTING .IrSroui of acqmrlK ^ ff^fJJT'l^.Si approved denllouien mid (ieiitliitien FOREKiN LANGUAGES, that he has d/scQVered a nej* and eoij^ mode of imparting: them, by which he. pledges himself to teacbpeiTioiigof cjthersex to speak French or German in three muutiisf to read, translate, and write correctlv Ui twelve lessons.-Apply by letter, itost paid, or personally (Mr. W. being generally at home between the hours of ohe and two) at 128, itj^idjjjppoMtc Eseter-cliangc. TpE NBW "shades, No. S. White Hart Court, Lorn-bard Street, (laie Messrs, TVfcrttt'rman, Peters^ and Co.'s ftka:^d NIGHT. LAMP, which, asadomeet stihite for ihe candle (to whiclii thdusaiids of livi^ and milHoos of pC-opeWy have been sat:rificed)raust be ititerestii^ to ewery class t)r8ocieCy,;frpm.tbf princE to t|ie cottager. It combines with pei^ fej:t.g^fet.y, sweetness, brilluinc'y, invariable certainty,''and simplicity, bearing a sv^ntvii^^vatice, and can be reflated so as to Uara the lot^est dr shortestiii^ht, disappcaiing at theap|�n)adi of day, i^;ithout the least smoke or smell, and the consimption of the best *pcrmace*i oil little mote than a.gallon for the year, ^upposiog'.i^ fee iu use every night. The same principle with ;edual a^vant^nfe, is alike applicable to lamps for efery use, dfniiigtable,sideboard, study, bracket, &c. on pedestals, vu^ying -in form and elegance; apd also glass hanging lamps, for stair-ca8 church, in the Strand, who to secure tlieir reputation from the effects bf adulterated oil, are bound to sell none bnt genuine and well clarified sperm^d. letters post paid from any part of the kingdpm, wiJI Aeet with prompt attention. N. B. Sinumbraand Frmcn dome table lamps of the latest and most perfect im^hiVeraent. m^ent acpenditiqn, with the mttft^'^d 'Oianagemettt df tl^e Natibbal^Bchi.'......... ..v.... .'.:>......�:i?,973;l!ft. iriphtechequer Bills,or what were-called Deiici-pncy Rills,...... Annual and Permanent Charj:e upon the' Consolidated Pniid, under the beads ot the Civil List, Pension Act, &c..................... Half-pay Annuities,. ...................... Sinking Fund..........~................---- 100,000 2,050,000 2,800,945 5,134,458 Total...................................�38,057,654 To this was to be added the supply of tiie yenr which he took aa follows:-Interest of Exchequer Bills................................ Army. Nay-y.....,........... Ordnahce............ Miscellaneous Services.. 1,050.000 7,4aO,000 5.762,893 1,4M),044 2,611^88 Total.......... .. Deducting that frym namely........,... There would reninin ......................je56,382,924 the amount of rerenue. Bankli^ iH *�roprie-tors guarantee Wines orthe Firtt QnalUv. �  Daily Papers an tant,^--^piln an- ci ' � � ' ' Great also eiv i-B LA aairiiB III ..ft. ...M..-..^------------ riiableshis Pupils to perform ever^ calculation in.Pro portion Practice, Exctiange, and Interests in accounts current, b^ one h'lilh'of the tiffures takeii by auy treatise on Arithiu^etic hKherttt published. liis Pupils art-also taught Eucliid'ji Elements, Geography, the Use of the Globes, and the most useful branches of die Matl�ematic)i,witliout any additional charge.-N.B. The real Mercaucile and Practical ART of BOOK-KEEPING, sold at Ko. 7, Middle-row, Holborn, price 10s, 6d.,and urivute lessons given to Teachers unacquainted with the practical port of this science. ASTHMA, Difficulty of Breathing and Oppretiion of the Chest. The NOBILITY, GENTRY and the PUBLIC in general, are-rH^Wfttt^Rinfonned, that the Advertiser, being in posset^ion of Utoit valuable Hecipe, for the relief and cure of the above distressing complaints, he has been induced, at the solicitation of very many persons, who have v\-perienced its beneficial ellVcts, to'offer K to public notice. The Medicine of the most roildj iiuiocent, nutritious, and effirclive 3uant\Fs,'bf which -tii^ petSoti takhif it >i� convinced iu a few ays; it clears the lungs, causes free respiration,. Mdurvvents ail unpleasant accnmnlatiou of phlegm, doid only at W. I^v's, No. 39, Great Queen-street, Lincoln s Inn>fields, two doors West of the Freemasons' Hall. Half Pints 5s. 6d. PiaU JOs. Quaru 18s. Orders per post immediately attended to. MODERN APPENDAGES TO BEAUTY. PEARS'S TRANSPARENT SOAP.-ThJs �oap stands uurivalled as a Discovery of the highest importance, fur superior excellence in cleaning the skin-preserving It from ti)e cO'ccts of (be weather, sea air, &r. and improving iu ap-jteai^nce. It removes every blemish from its surface, and ot due perseverance never fails to render it dulirately clear and beautifiil. Prepared by A. Pears, &5, Wells-street, Oxford-street, and sold at Is., Is. 6d., aud 2*. 6d. per Muure. Also Gentk-men's shaving Cakes, at is. and 2s. 9d. PtARS'S BOTANIC CREAM, particularly recommended to Par�ntsand Goardians who wish ta givu their offspring and those under their core, those deligbtfiil tints which are the true concomitants of beauty and health. MALABAR, DENTIFRICE, for beautifying the teeth, and f^nderhig them a personal ornament to tlic decline of life. PERSIAN COTTON, Of P0RTABJLJ3 ROUGE, for giving a deli^'Bte^ rMe tint ;to the �hMek � it issimple'in Its applirbtion, and so portable tbat it may h�> placed between the leaves of a small pocket'^bouk, orice 'i*. PEARS S LIQUID BLOOM OF ROSES and WHlTinM-PEIilAL POWDBR, w^ich, bybe�atMiiU> tinging the cheeks and lips, btitovs a'> delicacy to the feroalo caunteoance. PEAR'sa08� COLOURED PINK. SAUCERS, for dicing in water colours, painting on velvet, tinging cbuotenonce, and dying, silk, lace, muslin, feathery, �rttfielal'flowers, &c. Warubuustt, 55, Wells-street, Oxford-street, lioqdon. CAUTION.-IN CONSEaUENCE of the et�al Diwp-polntment man V persons have eaperienced from, parchas-Ing inferior TRUSSES, SALMON, OOY, andCe. most reapect-fully solicit the i^tt*ii�oif-�r~M�d*ea�aaentlemen and the Public to observe, that the TRUE PATENT SELF-ADJUSTING TRU^ has " SALMON, ODY, aiid Cb. �2, Straud, London," marked upon the Leather (Sue, without which, they aro of the spurious klhd. SALMON, ODY, and Co.' the Inventara and Patentees, have made upwards of 50,000 of their PATENT TRUSSES, and still continue to have the recooMDoadatioiw of all the most eminent Surgeons in Town and Country. They have also the honour to supply the Army and Navy j the NawiJ and Military Hospitals; the Dock-Yard* and Ordnance; the Marine lofinnary ; the Hon. East India Company: the City of London Truss Society \ the Mary-larbonoe, Wiveliscoinbe, Bristol, and Ueobeigh Infirmaries: the Windsor General DispeQsary : the Middlesex and St. George's Hospitals; Parochial Estabris)>-ments, &c. &c. &c. N. B. Persons in the Country are requested to send the dr-cajojfcrence of the Body an inch below the-Hips._^ ~ PARALYTIC Af FECTlOJfS, &c. &c. '' ' P^SONS labouring under Indisposition from PlBA-LYTIC AFFKCTK)NS, and desirous of obtainine a Ciire, are most respectfully informed that a sovereign REMEPY is offered, which effects a perfect recovery'in the above distreg^ng Afflictions, where a fair trial is made. Recent Cases are re$tor-�d in a few days to their Speech, Faculties, and perfect U^ of the Limbs, atid a future Attack prevented. Ooesoifloagslanilii^ require longer tjme, although the-Cure is equally cevtahu sons afffecteda^ above ai)e enirnestly cautioned Bgaiast Blefjding or Copping; because, in tki&ftleinstanoa;^;iBt reduces the pattest to such a state of Weakness oad Debility,) as to render tiu: '^"-^ still more dtfBcult, 'bad -aku �subi^ots-hin.lOr,!^. celap^p,. ther Particulars may be known, aud Befereiicp�.j�d^ b plyingto Messrs. Thompson and Co. Sucgepa^ at'tCi^ Establishment for tte Cure of the Gouij aiid HI ' Stnnd, London, where the following Casea axie i with success.Hitherto Unequalled;-vis. .WMte tractions, and all Diseases iiieideBt.t� the cet^Tumuois; Abscesses, FistulaBt^laitdttiaR^W' ' &c. particularly the Ueroia Sccptalis, wbtcft�., . , d�jr�^iridiont.i^iatioD, and K:\fBra�v^ta^.cai9t^Sif^^v^ mtet obsttuateaod coflfnned) ct�^ Bogs, and Sores of every d^omiaatiaa, �84 �fSuKrvandPkysic,ito�itedU>ib^t9l^nuio9�envMu ^ ..^ N. B. Invalidsfrom the CMntrt iaay>bo\acc :- jeof^ms............................... .jeil,5i.0,000 ,j||xci8e.. Stamps. 1,002,076 2.763,000 't'axes, inchidiag Land Tax and Assessed Taxes... Pd&tt.MBec�V.;��%'....*.*.*"'*:....* KliictdUineoaa.'. ..I. .......-------... To ^bat iBU8C4� added, the portion of ntoaef to he : .TX�pfid.a}|S�iJ^4P^ay{lH^tfrfAustnvi Loa%. 25,625,000 6,W}#,000 &,id(i,oto 4,520.1K� The total being....-...............-........ The expenditnre of the year 1824, he would take as The first charge upon the Consolidated Fund, which waa a! per- .......----.............. 57,385,000 H surplus at the end of this year, after applyiug 5,134,0001;.to the reductiga ofthedebtof.. !........................ j-Tha surplus then> on tbe two years,'^ould be.... He should now proceed to $late what appeared to hinr to be most essential to the House to'couMder. He would first, proceed by comparing the actual receipts of this year with Revenue of 1823. The House would recollect that at the beginning of last Session bp cakulatcd the ctit^in.5 atteti miHidts and wludf.-^ But in {wiutof fart, �iKh wa� tbi^^in'Tgn-coifmienrcJ'of the imuAtf^ .sueh wa^ itaau^inentation, awing ttj-Che facilities wbitb had been' jd'ea to freu trade and c�inmerce, by the (id(�ption of those prio-cipies of which he had always been the hiunble .ndi'ocate, (Hear, iicur.) that he had calculated far below what the actual le-iult bad proved. Owing to these circmi:staiicea, he had tlie satisfiic-tioa to slate, that the Revenue of tiie t'liStoms, wbich he had taken at'ten millions and a half, bad Hctually amounted to no less than cievea millions and a half. Under tbe bead of Excise, he thought lu; shodlil Unve no di�6culty in satisfyiDg tbe Hdiise, that ihoiixh the actUiil receipt of last year bad fallen sliort of his eatJinate, tbe iju.mti'y of exci.seniile articles coiisiioieil in the caiirseof tbcj-ear, hwi experienced jio diminution, but bad on the contrary incrt'u.sed. had estiiuaied tbe prDclucc of E.\ci.�e Revenue at H6,(J0O,0fWil. The actii.il receipts had unioiinted to 25,342,0001. Thisdilference arose from ciraimstutue.s to ur^^ be had not adverted when foriiiiiijj the estimate. In the first place, be liad omitted to take into account ivbat retiiained to bi; paiil on stock in hand, when tlie Malt Daty was reduced in 1822. >n tliat bead one payment remaijied to be made, ainouiuini; to 130,0001. In addition to this he bad to state, that owing to tbe distress whidi prevailed in many of the districts where bop ctil-tivalion was carried on, Ministers thou;�bt it right to allow u temporar)- suspension of tbe puymenls of tbat,duly. That <iuty, aiiioiititiug to about 380,0001. bad, in consseiinence, not been received at all, and the only sum paid into the Extliequer in the last year on account of hops, was that of 47,0001. due for arrears, lu addition, the Excise luid sustaiued considerable diuiiuution from a measure that was as satisfjictory to the House as it would prove oltimately beneficial to the country-the distilleries of Scotland and Ireland. (Hear, hear.} ?lie failing otf had not been so great in Scotl^n^ an.} Ireland as iu Enj^land ; but tbe deduction of illicit distillati.)n bad been completely etfecled. He was satisfied that the- pres.Mit loss would at a futnre perio<l be fully compensated forj tlte spirits used in Ireland aad Scotland would: in future pay that duly which bad bilbcrto been evaded ; and thus the Revenue would ultimately sustain do loss. Of all be articles of Excise which paid duty, very few s|iewed a lalliug off as to tho quantity, tbe be it criteriou by wluch they could /onu tljeir judgment, 'fliere had been an iucrease under tbe bends of Auctions, Beer, Bricks, Tiles, Candles, CofRfe, Glass, Hi n of English spirits, but there was an increase on Irish, a ' diminution ou Scotch, aad a dimiuutipn oa foreign .�pi.iits. There was an iucrease upou all the other ex(;iscable commodities, of tea, tobacco, snuff, wire, wine, and stone bottles.' In this long ac-coobt there whs only a falliajr o(f on abotU four articles, but a cousidcrable iucrease of consuraplion on the rest. This increase exceeded not only tiie consumption of last year, but that of preceding years, as last year exceeded them. This shewed a gradual increase of consumption iudi(,-ating bej'ond all doubt tbe | truth of what bis Majesty statctl from tbe Throne, and in proving , that additional comforts were enjoyed by all classes, and that, in ! short, tbe country was in a state of almost unexampled prosperity. Tbe Stamp Duties be bad Ukcn la�t year at 6,600,0001. ; tbey liad amounted to 6,800,0001. This increase shewed that a general spirit of activity prevailed thrnua'bont the country. Last year the produce of lite taxes had been 7,100,0001.; iu ilie present year they gave but 6,200,0001. This diuiiuution, however, was not to be regretted, nor did be grudge it to the public. U i was occasioned by the repeal of a larjre portion of the Assessed I Taxes, and the relief whicli bad thus been afforded had ditfnsed ' universal satisfation, and given very general relief. The Post Ofilce had given less this yenr than in the last, as the revenue under that head was a little above 1,400,0001.; last year it was 1,460,0001. The nest and last head was tbe MisceHaneous, which amounted to 2,611,3881., bring a great increase over the production under that bead in tbe lust year. Tbe excess was principally owing to that portion of the Austrian Loan, wbich by tbe negociatioos lately concluded, becajue payable in the present year. That was a matter ou which he would offer a few observations to tiie House. He believed that when tbe Auslriau Loan . was formerly the subject of discussiou within those walls, that very few persons expected that any portion of it would.ever be j paid to this country. Few, ashch.ld said, expected that any thing wonid be paid, but Ministers were certainly more sanguine, j as they happened to know that bis Imperial Majesty considered ' it nccssary to bis personal honour that a settlement satisfactory ' to tliis couutrv should be brought about. He therefore coosidered | that what haJ been agreed to was highly creditable to the Em- i pcnjr of Ausirttt, and that it would be generally viewed as a Godsend by this ccmntry. (A lanyh.) He bad now explained all tb;it appeared to hiui to grow iK-cessarily out of tbe stateof our finances of iasl year; aud must beg tlie House to accompany bim ' ibrougb bis Estimates for the future Tiie Customs he took for the present year at ll,fi5O,QO0l. He added 50,0001. to the produce of the year. His calculation was not founded on tbe expec-uaion of any increase iu the revenue, but from various cbauices made by the cousoUdatiun of tbe Customs, a saving of 50,0001. in tbe expeu.^cof collection would be made. Tlie Assize he took at 25,625,0001,; tlie Sump Duties at 6,b0O,0O0I. ; the Asscsse<l Taxes and Land Tax at 5,100,0001.; the ampuut of these in IfciO and 1821 had averaged, before the repeal of one portion of tbein, 7,510,0001. Since a reduction had taken plai-c of the i^riciil-tural Hurae Tax, amounting to 480, . In alluding to the surplus, be had gone a step too far, as he ought first to have called the alteution of tbe House to the estimated expenditure of the present year. The charge for the Consolidated Fund was estimated at 38,057,654L litis i^uded 5,134^4581. fur the Sinking. Fund. UuUer tbe bead of Supply, it aas not necessary, on the pr^ut 'occasion, to remark upon the rotes already agreed to for the -Army and Navy, and about J to be proposed for tbe Ordnance. H� woulil next call .their attention to the last item of thb Estimate, which was the misceRaueous service. The amount last year was 1,700,000/. It amounted in the present to.no less than [-^11,388;. An Act of ParUament bad paased^me years ago, to enable certain Commissioners to apply the 'sum of l,000,0#0/. for the purpose of bnilding chnrdies. He intended to propose in the-GOurse of the present Sessioa a vote of 5,000,000/. forihis pu^ae. (Hear, hear, and a laugh.) Tblpre was aijother jiur-ppse to which he proposed that part bf ^is sain sbdidd bei�p-plied. He allnded to the most desihd>lc uid proudest teaidence uf onr Monarchs-that a poi^pn of ^e luoitey received oat account of the Austrian Loan sbould be applied to embellish that noble and venerable structore, Wuidsbr Castle. (Hear, hear.) It was:not the wish of bis M^es^, nor was it that of Gorem-meM, that moqey sbdold be Ibrpsniiaway, as an Hon. Gen^eban opposite seemed to thuok tikely, bisAiajesty did not wish to direct the aheratlbns himself, nor t6' bare that duty eotratte^ to iriityln^ndnal Men^ber of Oovemmeai 4 iiat it was prpp^^fd that A (^^mmwaioa fhotdd be appoin;ed for th^ pti|:poi>e^ the ft^eip-^rs, of which sbonld not be sdect^ wifli rei^reoiiie to pat^jand thi^ they would eiwire the appl&atibhof^be oum^ insalwayi tbatlMBtdddiiiBm imd tiu conicijEhQinw* ..Sesriou, and as'miifJi ntoie,m^ --------^ Uiattbe^oletiHiii^te beexj^eoiod^ttduld^iaaHpftD InlfaecoiKseaf Hhfr debates wMipligtdb "^m^^fatjm* sequence of the grartf of his Majesty's library, oh eitebting- a ba'ridaig to ntaem it,. he thought %Terj^jpneral fee^-,. ingjp^irailed^init^c Hclb^.jChat in the present circumstances of, the!country, it would iidt be well ttiat'they shoiildbe nlggardF^tU-what co'ncemed the Arts, ^especially as they hadAfund attlreiri command, from which this could be done wltboui e,ucroa(;b , saitetioned the expenditure he had thus proposed, thcri; wonld be � reiuj^oing Surplus, upon tbe two years, ainouutiug ti> about 2,763^000/. But licfore he proceeded to explain to the House the view which the Government took of ther mode in which th.at surplus sbould be rendered available, he felt it his duty to bring aiKle�:|lieir consideration that whidh most' materially related to the aiet b^iRjre thfe tiovmittec. The Committee were' aware that, the Of ^biic credit Wassuchas very.much to reduce the in-, terest of tnoney. U became tbe duty of .Governmetit to endea-vonr to avail thetaselves o^be low rate of interest to effect a reduction of that brapicb of%xpenditure Which allowed the high rate of four per bent. '^9$eNimo>lnt of the four per cents, was aboUt75,000,0(]L)& It wad* %ceaaary to. cousider how the law stood with respect totbis stock, as the law respecting it differs essentiaRy �rom thafwl^lj tbey had to consider ivfaen reiluinng the fiv'eper ceiftsj^ T^thqe ^d^xisted no obligatioo .to gjvp any, netkfetuHtfa*' Mdetgjof jiNsgeidtt>f.the.icteBt>qno{ Goveruiueot IQ pay it olf. By tj^u Act� of Parliament which e.4t ;iid ^ in October next, Oue-tlwrd of the whole, supposing none to as-seut, would then be reduced, aud only fifty millionsf of four per cents, would remain. Soppo^ing one-third of -tirtf luditeni to assent to the plan, tbev dl^-tinr<i of the holdenKif .tl�e reuiaiuiag, fit^y millions would bcfptf off in October. In one case, �th.\t of ooe-tbiri|Jdf tbe wliafelieuig iiaid off, the sum of twenty-ti rd to assmit to \tKy off one-tliird of llu� dissentients, beiween sixteen and seventeen iiiillions would Ih- necessary. Tbe holders, lie tlionght, would be dealt hardly witli, if some advantage were not given to tlKwe wbo acci'pted the offer of Govermueut. The de-sulc of turning tbe whole into three and half per cent., in the next or foUowiiiif year, would be to save one-half per cent, on tbe whole twenty-tive miliious of debt, being an annual amount of 875,uu0/. It farlianient sbould sniicliou tliis measure, he would eall on the Committee, to accompany him a little farther, to see in what situation tbe nation nlight i>e expected to stand at tbe close of the year 1827. Tbe Hon. Gentienwn I hen stated from tbe foUowiug document, in detail the circulation which he bad made:- A Statement of the Income and Exj>enditure of the Year 1823 ; lo-cther with an Ultimate of the Keveuue and Expenditure of Mie Vears 1821, 1825, 1826, and 1827; iucluding Arrears of Duties repealed. Extraordinary Resources, aud Special Grants proposed t.i be made in consideration of them. IN com:. 3 c 3 =. - 7 c s 3 a. 9 il _ o H =0* 2"�' o Ilia. I * s^ .i U U> 0 \D il. .M. ^ QC Ol a. 1* C5 (J> 2 0. 11 1 � � -1 wis if j- � 11 n -1 - !ji Is 111 .u. to 0 to b -1 rf- sc ic* -1 T>-r ICS gig JS 0 ^ 11 WW - ^ II s s I;\FE.NU1TURE. 9 c-- S = 1 r* ^ = 5 1 as 1 i ^J* -� - 5 3 ^ 3 Adding these tt tfeth r, hecameto- the'i^pndasion ibM irt,. the..; j ent^ot- 182? lliey'WoiiM girt,ai-�u�plo^^bf;4ib3&|fty5Al TfefFJ Caitic t!ie ijiecitioti of what they vrere to do with A'^Wfth-i,:'^q Tho moM ob^i^)us and easy mode of applying surplus was to the reduction of debt He proposed'tli�?itefore to ixsa � porliop of tliis siirplus in commencing a system of alteration in tJie fiscal and Ciiirimcrcial regulations of the country. The first proposition be intended to submit, was one which had already incidentally occupii'd the attention of tbe House. It was his inteQ-tention to roducd the permanent. Duty on Ruiii, as to relieve the trade from one of the inconveniences under which it 90W lar � boured, anJ place tbe duties on rum on tbe same footiag as th^ dutie'� now paid by English spirits. He proposed to take off Is. lid. per j,r;tlIon to effect the equalization. He calculated that this redii.tio.i would cost the revenue 150,000/. Tbe next ar^i-cle.upon wiiicli a rednction was proposed, was tbe duty on coal^. He proposed to take off three and fourpence, and at the sam* time to reimivcthe e-Kisting restrictions on the iiuportation into Loudon ot inland coal by canals or by the Thames. At present no inland coals coohl come to London by tlie Thames without paying a duly of ten shillings per ton or chalihTJUi he knew -not which, ' but the duty artiountcd to a prohibition. Coals broiijtbt by canals paid a dutv of "s. Gd. aad only tifty tons could be admitted.-^ Hear'.) this was a most absurd and uameaulng restriction.-(Hear, bear, bear '.) This he calculated would incivase tbe consumption both of inland and sea-borne coals, so that the rednction of duty woubl not be so grctt as might at first be supposed. Tbe reduction iu lUe first instance would be 200,0001. Imt tbe real presumable los* to the Revenue he took at about 106,0001. Id tbe early part of what be said, be had alluded to the liberal policy lately acted upon in matters of commerce. The policy he #iabed to see followed up. Among them was the artkle wool. As the law now stood, tbe doty on the importation of foreign wool was six-pence per pound, liavii)!^ originally been no more than a penny. The high ibity was imposed in 1819, not as a protection for our trade, but for � the iiiipiovenient ofthe revenue. Tbe immediate loss to tlie revfiMie be took at 350,0001. Tbe next proposition wius the restrictions on the trade in silk. At present the Comuiillee were aware ibat a high duty was imposed by law on the raw material, and tlicie was a positire prohibition on the use of auy silk article of foreign manufacture. It was time to cut those cords which bad b�7und commerce to the earth, and let her spriuft aloft, that the blessings of a free trade might be diffused all over the workl. (f/enr, hear/)-But, besides, what he had urgeil, there were other grounds on which the policy wbich be bad reconvmended iiiinht lie preferred. Was it not known, that with all the guards, vrbicli bad been devised to exclude tbe mauulactures of other nations, they still found Iheir way into this country Whatever the means used to keep them out, all had been evaded. He rr-membcred the Hon. Memoer for Aberdeen had last year dispUyed bis Bandani handkerchief in that house. He bad raised evetl within lljese walls that standard of smngglio)f-had used iawbeu blowing his nose, and then returned it in safety to bis pocket.- Tiie Hon. Member, doubtless, was aware: of it befwre be had taken the liberty to mention it to him, that by law there was no other Gentleman sitting near him who b�d not a ri-rbt to lake that liaodkeTciiiet away Irom the Hon. Member, aud eipprt it to a foreign country. This the law would authorise rUtion of silk, we should greatly benefit ourselves by giving the iubabitants of the East Indies (,'rcalcr means of purchasing our commodities. He proposed then to reduce the duty on raw silk from five and six-pence to six-pence; and on the raw silk from China and Italy, from fourteen and ten-pence to seven and six-pence i and all prohibitions upon silk manufactured goods to l;e withdrawn, be hoped, for ever. He would ibeu substitute a duty on plain silks of sixteen shillings, on figured twenty shillings, and on aR other goods an ati-valurim duly of thirty per cent. Shoes, gloves, aud articles of that sort, which everybody knew were not ktrnt out at all, be would admit upon payment of thirty per cent. This measure would increase the reveaue, be estimated at 463,0001. Tlie reductions, Ibcn, would stand a* follow: On Rum......;^150,000 Owls......- JllO.OUJ ^^ ooi.......a50,ix)a Silk.......i6i;,ouu Total - - ^�J,06l',000 This would be tbe annual loss to tbe revenue, wbich, multiplied by three, would give'a'tbc end of 1827, a total loss of 3,717,0001. ibis be;ng deducted from the 4,13i'),0001. of surplus income at tbe expiration of that year, leaves a difference of 418,0001.- Thb was tbe substance of what be bad to submit. There was one subject ou which he could offer a few words-the duty on Salt. It had been represented to Governmeul ibiit tbe total cessation of that duty would yield no material benetit. It might therefore be desirable Chat its total cessation should not take place in January next. On this tbe House could ilecide; but at all events (lovemiuent held tlicintelvts pledged to 11 reduction of taxes lo tlu.t amount, and it was uo part of bis plan. The following were the taxes repealed since the beginning of 1�21 -.- DIRECT TAXF.\ \ijricuilural Morse Ta.x - - - .^^480,000 .\asesscd I'axi-s, England and Ireland '-',.").A),Ol)0 taxk. ui-o.v .Malt - - .Sail (till- I.-11 tire dm >) llido> - .IRlllXF^ O*- CO.Vill JfPTIO.V. i,j(nj,Oi)o juu,ouo ^3000,0000 * S o o V 75 -1 ^'>-i to '.-"be c3 f-'io o 3 n c s 9 y o-. - - Ln ^1 - g s g ------ _ - o, ~> pon^ In these calculations he for the most part took tbe income of the country at what it was now, but it required some explanation why, aftei stating that he did not look for a large increase ig the consumption of exciseable articles, he should make the years h826 aud 1827 give an increase under the hea^ of Excise over tbe present estimate of 200,000/,, by net renewing tbe grant of those bounties on certain articles, sucb as the whale fishery, curing herrings, wliich he thought policj- required that the bounties be left to die a nainral death. On these beads a saving of 70,000/. would be effected. There was another das of bounties which he still thought it desirable to touc^ witli a delicate hand-be meant the bounties on linen. The Committee be thought most see that if we gave bounties to meet the duties imposed by other countries^ ve in effect invited thoa^ countries to raise their duties to the amount of our bounties. 11ie Committee would agree with bim that snch bounties were not only not beneficial but'mischievous. .On the lower coarser, kinds of linen, that about sevenpeoee, he proposed that the bpunty should immediately cease. The liounty on tbe exportation of fine linens he would reduce 10 per cent, in sacces6iv� years tiR :tbe whole sbould cease, andby the tecminatlaa o perien^ed f h�m the change of aystemi With-respect to the es-, tiinatss ofi the 0,000 .Alterationi in severaliniuor branches of ^ ,,^ /vw. Lu.iouis, !�e�MoB,'Ui�J. - - N Reductioii uf.''uirit Duly in Ireland aud / ivvi Scotland - ' l- . . - ^ww,0uo i.'AOuo 1,000,000 7,.'350,000. It must be gratifying to the House to see the country in its present state, with au increasiug revenne, diuiiuished taxes, and a debt in tbe course of being gradually reduced.-(Cheers.)-He hailed with uomixed satisfaction this practical refutation of the calumnies to which be bad alluded, while looking around them they saw but smiling plenty, freedom, and independence, while prosperity-and order went hand in band, still receiving annuDi-bered benebts from the sacred portals of lha ancient edific^uf onr Constitutional Monarchy, for a happy, united, aud grateful people.-(Loud and wmtinued chteriug.) He then moved a resolucioo relating to the amendment of the Four Per Cents. Act. Mr. BAKING said it was Impossible not to admit that the general statement of tbe Right Hon. Gentleman was very satisfactory. But, notwithstanding the flourishing state ofthe fi-aaocesof the country, the chancellor of tbe exchequer was not warranted io pursuing a system whjch was nut sound in principle:;. He thought he must have misunderstood tbe Right Hon. Gentleman's statement in some part of it, when he was led to suppose th^t he was about to venture upon an act perpetual in operation, through the instrumentality of means purely temporary and extraordinary. He thongb the Right Honourable Geotlemaa calculated too insecurely, wiien he assumed that by the repeal of tb<.-Cual Duty it would only cause a real diminuiion of Revenue to the amount of 100,0001. \Vith regard US the proposed mode ot paying off the 4 per Cents, he confessed he saw many otqectionf.. U appeared very clear, that unless tlie K^ght Honourable Gentleman r^uced his rate of interest upon Exchequer bills, he would find a fund created in eompetitk)n to him by the nAnral tetidency of hift own act. In all that tbe Right Hon. Gentleman had said npo(� th^ subject of .bounties he entirely concurred. He had already done away with restrictions upon other parts of tire system which Would j^reatfyfolcilStatcthe itemoval of-the boiaty' laws. The immediate effed which sreddcftioo of (iOpet�ani|<^ T^> i-ev6ttatibn of ph>p|My'a* tfah had. The' eHANCELLOB of tke EXCHEQUER explained tbatjbehijdcAOt in estioiati^g^e.fteveuves of. other yearg,^ as-samed va^afx^titt from t^e incrrase of consumption in those ar-ti^ wbiefi^^ rehe/ed fii^ln tfaV dritWbaeS drtaxatien. He ha t het^(i�e� ioait ttd��fth reibrenceefthetitO'tfae Ktcise or Gustomh \lksSmJ^ teT^Jf '��;�^tpwhat he should hav. been fppy euotitled to do, ra^. some va/pntsM of Re^ne arisio: ,.,^JM|M^.C|i^aotf^ MfLisEjed with the explanation >i(Fonnm'^9ifleri>fPekat^ see.last ^e.)

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