Sunday, January 4, 1824

British And Indian Observer

Location: London, Middlesex

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British And Indian Observer (Newspaper) - January 4, 1824, London, Middlesex No. 4. SUNDAY, JANUARY 4,1824. Price 7d, -cpSTANTS to return to Bensal, Madras, or BombaT> f f witl^any Lady, a reapcJftaW^ EUROPEAN WOMAN, Wife of a Serjeant of the Bengaf Attilfery, who has lately arrived with two children. Most respectable references can begtven. Apply (if by letter potf-paid) to Mary Thompson, Ford's Library, 22, DukeVcourt, St. Martin's-lane, Strand. FEATHERS, Beds, Mattresses, PaiUasses, Bedsteads, and Furnitures, Blankets, Ticks (ready made), and Ticking, to be purchased at BARBOWCLIFF^s MaDofactory, 41, Regent Circus, on^ door from Piccadilly, at the following reduced prices :-Best WMte �Goose �Feathers, at Ss. per lb,; best Grey Goose, 2s. 4d. j Poultry, lOd.- to is. 4d.; Field Bedsteads, "Sis-tom; Mattresses, Ss; to^ ; Beds, 20s. to 81.; and every -other Article proportionally ciieap. B, Old Beds aqd Mat^esses dressed, rp-ma^c, purchased, or taken in exchange for nejr.'' ASTHMA, and Difficulty of Breatbing.-^he Nobility Gentry* and Public in general,, are re�pectfullv informed, that the Advertiser, being b possessionof a most valuable Recipe, composed several years since by as emiaeat Pfayacian, for the nire and relief of the aJI>ove diitressiag complaints, he has been iadhced, a^t the solici^il^n o/ seveml pessons. who have experienced its beneficial effects, to offer it to public notice, In doing trhioh lie feeis the greatest confidence-the relief aSbrded isar mirent in a few days, Prepared, and sold otily at W. Day' 59, Great Queic^coet, Liocoln'iS I^u-fields, two doon West of the f'reemawV^ HWt Pints 10s. Quarts 18s. Orders per post imm^iately ta - �.........' I '�" ..I III. . . �  1 JBHSUMATI&M AND DI^AmOF'Jrim SKIN, BR. HAKt the Original teneW of. HRY '� SULPHUREOUS anf other MEDICATED Baths, has tt)e bononrto restate to the-Medical Profession a�i4)the. Public, that he has REMOVED from 25 to 7, Red WoMoupre, w^ere he sdll cootiaues to administer the above Bat^s wi^ tqe.^ost decided and iii^pardleled advantage. Dr. Hart thinks |i unnecessary for him to sa^r mnch in their praise, as a number .of persons who have copied^ portion of his jLan, are kind enough to give full descriptipn ofAbdr virtues; letherefOre only entreats of the profe&ibn and the public to bear in their minds that he (Dr. Hart) was the first wi|o introdhc^d "the Baths into England, the only one who ha� performed 1764 Curies since 1817. and the only one who, wiUi submifsioii. thinks himself bound to return his grateful thanks to the Medical Frofessioin for their kind recvmmendations, and to the Pnl^c /or their geoe-roiB support. Dr. Hart takes also this opportunity to acquaint the Profession and the Public, that he has invented PORTABLf; BATHS for private uso, iti the construction of which he has combined Chemical with Mechanical advantages, so that the (Appanitus is rendered more efficient and pleasant to the patient while iu appearance is elegant, and may be considered as a pttce of ornamental furniture, and can be conveyed wi4 thp greatest facility to the bed-room of the Patient, where Dr. Hart will personally attend the application on the most reasonable tenns, by which approved metnod the Patient not only avoids the danger ofcatrh-ii.gcold, but escapes the risk, oi cont^on, inseparable from tlie open daily indiscriminate use of Public Baths, iied8,'&c. &c. Dr. H.'s PORTABLE BATH REPOSITORY u from part and iin ____ ___________________ Bilnlstratlon by Dr. HART, 7, Red Lion^iareVwhob also the obly proprietor of the Canadian Pile Ointment, and sold as above at %, 9d, and 48. 6d. per box. THE FIRST PRODUCTtO>r I.V THE WORLD, -jj OWLANDS MACASSAR OIL, which is now in such jjjk^ universal use, and its invaluable properties so highly and justly appreciated, nut only by the discerning population of this our enl%hten�'d country, but by the jiatronage of Royalty throughout the whole of the civilized universe, that fjirtlicr illustration of its pre-eminent virtues may be justly deemed altogether unnecessary. The proprietors however still consider it eypedieni to give the Macassar OQ renewed publTcity. as,there yet may remain many individuals who are unacquainted witli its uoparal-leted efficacy. It is the most important specific for tjie gro>yt|) and preservation of the human hair hitherto inver^ted. It re�to;t^ in cedundancy the tresses ravaged from the bead of beaoty by fe. vet, anxiety,' or accoucheineat) and in all cases, fimnVhatso-erer cause arising, where this gracefi|l ornament fislts i/ito decsv. i!8,Mapaasar li-tSS^ over Duld fill the Ttptioo will operatesas an infallible soeci^c. la short, Rowf oil has successftilly passed the ordeal of public qj v^Kiable composition, powerfaUV nourisbii pjK^|[t^�, and^i^Uinv^'V'"�B^M_, '^^^I'^ninefate the tesiiiMi^Ts of garden, Holhorn, London; and by ^puintment by most Perfumers. ENGLISHMEN, as well as other Nationn, on^httoW acquainted with the following: it Is well known la Russiii, that Bears* Grease is too harsh for the hair, and makei t^e hair turn grey and fail off Ttiis is well known, the Emperor Alexander lost his haijr; aiMl persons o� distinction also lost their hair at an e^rly age ^hrougii using Be^' Grea�e.-In shor^ in Rossia. and other parts where Beai^ are, it is experienced th^t It^W Grease is too barsh for the hair, and wlioever recommejuds it for thie hair, must do it for imposition, or robit be ignorant ot ijfs injuring tite hair; but Priuce's celebrated Russia Oil is wormi^ted soLto c*nkua any Beats' Gre^ whatever, lu^ the gireatest'hou-risbiw: Ingi^edicnta for the balrj aiwl it is tl^^ only axtkie that actually Preserves ahd promotes the hair; if used coi^^dy, n^t a hair will fall off, or turn grey j it is such a nouil^^er to!t(ie hair, that even If it has began to turn gtry. It will refetol^ it t^ its nataml colour. It is sure to clear the scurf, from Infancy to old age, and when dressing wiMi it Sriii always Keep tlui Kekd and Iwr clean and beautiful, and in cnrl. WjO^ restore the hair on bald plates, If tTiere is the least sign of roots.  tlemeo of the Medical H^U have analized Prin have publisited in the " Gkzettlj of Heath;,** No. lo, uwi \ covery is a great credit to the Promietor, an* is skip^i^r Oil for the Kair, and will do, (n cues.of baUoenand what can possibly be done iu s^^nglhening and restoring it- The Medical Gentlemen have also analysed aa9thef QU, VThich is dailv puffed in the Papers, as used by Emaervn, ^vm. Pukes, &c: and have pub�5>ed In the " Qazege of l&eaJthT^No, 12, that on exttninfng the ing^ienb of this gi^i^l Oil. VSfS find it contains only common oil, coloured and {wrftened': tnl^fbre, it cannot be compared to the Russia Oil ps a nourisher to &e hair. It is no wonder taat l�adiesand Gentlemen haveeomplalne'd the Russia Oil fM l>eiog of service to (h^ hair, as they have found out that uopriuc^pled persQos liave soVd them counterfeitB. Ladles and Geptlymeqi will be particulai;, |� hupostoi^ iU Great Britain, France, and other parts of the Continent, have made the epve'is TO SAIL IN ALL FEBRUARY, FOR MADRAS DIRECT, THE TEAK SHIP GENERAL PALMER, 600 Tons, Captain Truscott. For Freight or Passage apply to die Owner, G. Truscott, Jerusalem Coifee-Honse, C-ornhill. TliisShip is daily expected from St. Helena, and will complete her late Nine Montl.s. voyage to and from India in the space of IlBERS' BRITISH AND FOREIGN SUBSCRIPTION % LIBRARY, 27, Old Bond Street, London. SnlMCribers to this Establishment are regularly supplied with Books, in all parts of the United Kingdom, and from the extended Arrangements upon which it is conducted, they derive the following superior Accommodations:- Ist-They are entitled to the immedinte perusal of the New Pi^bUcations. 2dly.-The Proprietor engages to purchase for Subscribers any Works of general Interest, that may not have been previously added to the Library. Sdly.-Subscribers have tlie right of choosing from a most extensive Collection of the estoblished Works in the various Branches of English, French, and Italian Literature. 4thly.-Subscribers are admitted to the use of a costly Series of Puollcations, embellished with highly finished andcolouned Engravings, which illustrate in a beantifU manner, the History, Antiquities, Costumes, Sports, Pastimes; ftc. of the ancient and piodern World, together with Maps and Atlases. Catalogues with Terms can be had on application, or forwarded to any direction. RULY INTERESTING MODE of IMPARTING FOREIGN lANGtf AGES.-Mr. W, author of a highl approved, FrenchXSraoiman jond pationised^v..Nor '^tlddeirW %e"M|fei^dn eak French or German in three months; to read, translate, and write correctly In twelve lessons.-Apply by letter, pOst paid, (Mr. W. being generally at home between the hours of one and two) at 128, Strand, 9I>-posite Exeter-change. NEW SHAPED VET.-Rei proved form have induced DRESS HAT and BONNET in VKL" Rank for an im a material, unlimited ex- pense, to submit to their inspection a NEW and elegant SHAPED HAT and BONNET, suited to the season ; and to prevent as much as possible all inferior imitation, these novelties can only be di*-played in private. An extensive assortmeot of Leghorn and Italian Chip Hats, elegantly trunmed, for immediate wear. Their Manufactory for Straw and Leghorn Hats is detached from the Show Rooms, which are rendered warm and commodious. Ladies Leghorns continue to be bleached in the Italian mode, and altered If requested to the present style.-341, Strand, nearly oupo-site Waterloo Bridge.-An Apprentice and Improver wantea. ARMY AND NAVY WAREHOUSE, EXETEH CHANGE, STRAND. rilHE extensive SHOW-ROOM at the back of this old-JL esUblished intbe Momii of Fitting oui India, wliere may be seen a large and well-manufactured Stock of the New Regulation Swords, Heavy and Light Cavalry, Infantry and Navy Swords for the Honourable East India Company s Service, and the Army and Navy in general. Regiments Kiip|)lied with any quantity of Accoutrements, on the shortest notice. The Officers of the Royal Artillery are respectfully informed the whole of their Appointments, finished in the best manner, may be had at a moderate price, viz. Military Can, New Regulation Sword with Sfecr Scabbard, Sword Knot, Silk Sash, Buff Belt and Plate. Carriage, Curricle, Tandem, Phaeton, and Chaise Harness, Saddles, and Bridles, for Home Use, together with every description of Light Harness for the East and West Indies, New South Wales, and the Spanish Main. The Saddlery and Harness merit inspection, from their excellent quality, first style of workmanship, and moderate price. N. B. The Nobility, Gentry, and Public, will find in this F.sta-blishment the Summer and Winter Horse Clothinc equal in quality and at as low a price as any now ofleird for sale. OATENT ECONOMICAL and UNIVERSAL LAMP. Jl -Without the aid of publicity the most perfect bvention uittst be conoparatively slow in its progress to universality. Aware of this, the Patentee offers to the world a most perfect CHAMBER and NIGHT LAMP, which, as a domestic comfort and suh-stltute for the candle (to which thousands of lives and mUlioin of property have been sacrificed) must be intemdDc to e�6r� fte, r^ofaocietyf -from the {idoce to the cottac^.' It eammnA #iib |M�> feet safety, sweetness, brilliancy, invariaUe tertainty, and simplicity, bearing a swift conveyance, and can be regulated so as to bufii the longest or shortest night, disappearing at the approach of day without the least smoke or smell, and the consamptioo of the best spermaceti oil little more than a gallon for the year, supposing it be in use every night. The same principle with equal mlvantanr" ' *" " dining table, sid in form and elegi cases, passages, conservator;, halls, &c. Sold for the'patentee by T. Pearceand Co. only, 2t)8, facing the front of St. Clement's church, in the Strand, who to secure their reputation from the effecU of adulterated oil, are bound to sell none but genuine and well chirified spcrmucett. Letters post paid from any part of the kingdom, will meet with prompt attention. N. B. Sinumbrn and French dome table lamps of the latest and most perfect improvement PARALYTIC AFFECTiaVSj &c. &c. "OERSOXS labouring under Indisposition from PARA-JL LYTIC AFFECTIONS, and desarous of obtaininra Cure, fi* most respectfully informed that a sovereign REMEDY is offered, which effects a pcrffect recovery in the above distressing Afflictions, where a fair trial i^ made. Recent Cases ^re restored in a few days to their Speech, Faculties, and perfect Use of the Limbs, and a future Attack prevented. Coses orlong standing require louger thne, although the Cure is equally certain. Persons affected as above are earnestly cautioned against Bleeding or Cupping; because, in Qiaay instances, it reduces the patient to such a slate of Weakness and Debility, so as to render the Cure still more difficult, and also subjecU the Patient to a relapse. Further Particulars igjiy Ik kfiawn, and References had, by ap-ulying to Messrs. Thompson and Co. Surgeons, at the Medical Establishment for the Cure of the (>out and Rheumatism, ^91, Strand, London, or by Letter (Post Paid) &c, will h� duly attended to; where tlie following Cases are also attended to with success Hitherto Unequalled;-viz. White Swelling, Conttocti-ons, Fistiilas, and otbec ditlicolt and obstinate coses ofSurgery are perfectly cured as above, kfter many years standing without cut-tiug; and all Diseases iiicidtfBl to the Joints, &c.} also Cancers, Tumours, Ahseeises, &c.  Letters Post Paid. Advice Gn^tis. in|, althon^ they it b phpisJiabVe, to put the Qnlw^ Proprietor's �ame. Therefore purchasers' should be carious, and *ave It of the Proprietor, or rn^dfritle fei^deti. Lord or in Medicme Vender, HairJdWws^r, or �iiy pne efee, W CS^ B or �BV other f^ntmr'. u>.ll nnU^^m^JZiJt.^^J^ "uw, nair-aresser, orvny pn? else, m ureal urttarb, ?o�ntiy' sell, uudex'any pKet^ce wha tl||es for Fiv^ Pouods, whieh is a saving, and observe, A,b>gi�il A. P." is signed on the cover of e�cU bottle, without, it is opt genwne, and caiu^ot answer the pnrniBe. Soi'dby Appo|j|Su�eu4dt A. Prince, No. 9, Polan^reet near the P^n^iedp, Oxtord-^ijeet, London j and No. 26, V>uddu-road; Sanger, 150, Oxford.street; Front, Strand ; Davison, 39, Fleet-street; fiigge, 65, Cheapside; Johnson.68,Comhill; Tutt, Royal Exchange; and by mostprhk^l Pernimers and Medicine Veadera.. Ladies and ueutlemeft' residiitt iu the oAdntry, send-tog ^ remittance, it will be furwarded mimediately by coach. It is so prepared as to keep in all climates j the older the better.-^ Men^ha^ts apd CwA^us will eeceive � liberal allowiance for expurtatton. my Theouoc&botaafiue <Mi!9p0<ilMl^b -^aad MedicineVenden. ^*9a$m,f&l has teen imptoved shtice JteoaFy, I8S2, irbichit wAUJt^eepi plei�u)tio.lids or ^ycliaii�te<.<-8ewL '"iSpayhg fa�� annjs ln� *�{ C<�^aeot hwe d(�! S^ ~ thev landed merchandize, they have been aUBMbif -------->iMHl jrin <<MHmtry|ia' arwanled unmi ,'i..,..tJ �:.ri' Letters CepKalonia, of'|he I8t^ of NoveU)^, that Lord Bippou im Ijfill in thitWand, np^having ^ part of iSr^ece to v^hich he shoiild transfec htm'seff. ,,H<: 1ia4 nj|[eda1k�^^iner�iaence, in ^ retired spot, abbot i^wouwleB ttoia AxMiuitL filstordship is sud to hare beenM^^;90 in the charg e % V^Vis^ b^ Viehr' hero. " ' ; ^ ^mfbaiisSreadylieea abrisk^e in the Kewlxttei^, pijOK f^�^^M '^'^t ""'------------ pm^ of if the 'SO aeenby refiening to the__ r^^l^^ J, SfVBWKi^sr, To the Editor of tht BBlt)8B�nd Isdiam OsstoVBR. Sir,-^I read in the JohnBidLpt l^t Sunday, a very sensible letter on the ixieans best calculated to ameliorate the condition of the Neg^roes in otrr West Indian Islands. As I very much dislike the too Solent tooe in which that Joi^rnal is conducted, although I admire and uphold the same principles in re^rd to our Church and Government, I conla not bring myself to have any communication with its Editor; and not knowing any other paper, which hlte your own defends the same principles in a maimer more iponsonant to my feelings, I have taken the liberty of addressing you to request the introduction of this letter in your next number. There can be no doubt that much of the mischief which has taken place in oor West Indian Islands has risen from the bigotted and blind zeal of the missionaries, who over-tepping CTery dictafe of good reason and of ^ood sense, have turned religion into apolitical engine. But here Iheg leave to be understood, that my objections are notWai&sti the system of ctvUiung and ffistructing the infid^; hutj against the mo^ adopted by ignorant and fanaticdmission-aries. To instni|^ tide Negroes, to civilize the Savages, to eoKgbten tbe Brabmini, is no doubt the best aitd on^ mea-ture that am be iidopted to perstuide them Ip becoiite Christiaitti bat io w> doh�,theteachers oughtnqttpbe guided either by fimaficism. Or f^otry ; they qnght aoti to endeavour t� A� ia a H&mfh what vifinnniie the W ttaDpabe of tbdr fiSu^ided mat ttfi�5r-%Fttgiitto .. thetiesirf^^drt^^�irf connectioM, which now they oiffy labour to iHBkk i thief ovtghi not to leparate the hudmotH from their wivei, wives from their husbands, parents from their children, and children from their parents, as in many; occasions they hare forcibly donet ftejf onght not to teacK to the slaves that the Christian religion abhors slavery, and that Christianity aiid freedom are synonimoas terms j they ought not to twist and ravertthe meaning of the Scriptures, by which the minds of the slaves have been led to beljeve that they owe nothing to their masters, who being their equals before the eves of our Redeemer, have no right to keep them in the chains of servitude. Btrt such a conduct ia not to be expected from the Missionaries, or at least from the Missionaries who till now have been sent to the Colonies. The fact is, our Missionary Societies have gone much beyond their means; they have wished to embrace the whole world at once, and not being able to procure men of merit, they have sent abroad foolish, ignorant, fanatic individuals! Thus brother Tom, and l)rolher Nick, not possessing the knowledge and the prudence necessary to Iheir situation, have thought that hy preach-ifying right or wrong, they should fulfil their dutVaod convert Die infidels; and thus a measure from which the most happy consequences might have been expected, has produced the most dreadful consequences. These evils are now to be remedied; and4t appears to me that the measures which have been su^ested by " .Vo Saint," in a letter that appeared in the last number of the John BuUf are the very best that can be adopted now; with your leave I shall enumerate them :- 1st. A consecration and appointment of a Bishop for the West Indies. " I*t the seat of Episcopal authority" says he H be Jamaica, that being the larger and most ira-portaok of the islands. To assist the Bishop in the performance of bis arduous duties, let there be appointed two Archdeacons for Jamaica, and one for each or the other larger islands ; the Archdeacons of the larger having the I superintendence of the smaller, according to the geogra-' granhical situations of these latter. Let a yacht be placed at tae controul of the Bkhop, by means of which he may visit every part of his diocese at will; care being taken that these visitations shall take place at least once in two yean. Let each Archdeacon assemble the Clergy of his Archdeaconry twice a-yeir-on which occasion regular r^rts of the progress of Christianity in their respective parishes shall be made out, and fbr^itt^ed to the Utoce-. ^b>�sto pfoduc��!tMg��eilfei1i# aXid, a.weaverrbe>! _ t!o�i^bl|M(f;Knarnba^^ beeis|h�(�n:h �c^woK at Nottioghanr, bnt not ineedog.Witb Employment In that place, she left him with the intentiOjiF of Fetaming. to her frienda at Scxrhoruiigh. On her arrival at Leeds, sh^^u"<^ her small Slock of money quite exhnustcd, and.she was obliged to walk to Koaresborqiurh on Sunday last, a distance of 19 uiites, without food, flaring no other resource, iJje /q)p!led to tbe overseer of that place for relief, infpnaing him ihai she bad hsd; nothing but water to subsist upon for nearly two (lays: notwithstanding this appeal to his humanity, he refused to ossiist her, unless she produced him an order from a magistrate. Being six months advanced in pregnaqcy, and unable to proceed any further, she applied to the master of the workhouse, begging that be would allow her ta remain there for the wight, but he declined; this very reasonable request, and she was obliged to attempt, to go Rs far as J. Williamson's, Esq. of Hampathwaile, a distance of seven miles, ht being the nearest magistrate. On her renchiag Harrowgatc, about seven o'clork in the evening, she wrs so much exhausted, that she fell upon the ground in a slate of instmsibi-lity, near to the house of Mr. Wright, and would probably have perished there unobserved, had not the moon eiiaijJed a porson who was passing to discover her situation. By the kindness of Mr. Wright, she was removed into his house, and by tbe care of his family restored to aniination. On the following day a sufficient snm was charitably subscribed to convey her home; but the overseers of Harrows^ate, much to their credit, determined to bring the case before the inajtistratcs, by whom the coiiducl of the parish officers of Knaresborough was severely aud deservedly censnred. _ FOREIGjr IJVrSLlipSAVE, Whatever were lately the intentions of the Srench Ministers respecting South America, it is row asserted, from uadpahtea authoritv, that Engli^ policy has prevailed in Paris over t|iat of Russia, and not oidy will France uot'assist Spain in any attempt to suhji^ate her former .American Colonies,, but will view, wiS jealousy, aiqr support which Russia, or any other nation may lenid her for this purpose. This is certainly a wise resolution on the part of tiie French Government, for thisindepen-4eipce of the new American States must extend their cooi-nciercje, .1^00 thereby in^y^aselhe prosperity of Frenchmen. iCuksia blockoi up nea|-lv half the year by impenetrable i|Ce,, uflependeace, is auotner strong ground f�vexpecting the continuation of the blessings of peace, and>coBsequeatiyan)mpra'tementin the public credit of i^i/dr�i} of the free settlers might recei^re-a liberal ednea-Uoo^ nod be fitted Cor the lesumed professioas, and espe-ctaUy for the Chnrch.'" 7b'is measure vrould ^o produce aniramensitv of good, masmudi as it vroiild supersede the servij^ of '^e present iME;n, who knowu^ nothmg of the ha))i^ and.dlspos^ODs of the people, accqpt benefices there, because, through their inwitUy, they have no chance of prefennent a^ kotos. And though they noay perform their duty .to. be^t^ of tbeif iibiiity, thfv caanol; prove either, so active or so useful at they had beat bora and educate^ in the country, where bendes th^ have another powerfol interest, that of peotocting their pit^perty. Now, as I am confident that the adoption of these measles WOnld prove extremehr beneficial to the jCbionies, I l^i^^^^iriB excuse me fpf t&e liberty Ijhave taken ip tUtt letter to you, aiiiSl I am, Sir," " A FEIENT3 TO THE CHjWCH. Wehave great pleasure io complying with the request The following curious anecdote has happened in a town in Nottinghamshire, where a regiment of dragoons is stationed. A woman was goin� about selling milk, riding a.stride in the middle of two lar^^e churns, on the back of a oist dragoon-horse ; as be was pausing near the regiment who was performing tbeir exercise, he heard the well known sound of the trumpet, which he immediatelv obeyed, and with tbe worann and churos, fell into tbe ranks and chance<l in line. Our readers may imagine tbe terror of tlie woman, and the amusement of tbe spectators. Salt Minbs in Francb.-Monday week, M. ChapUl, In the name of a Committee, made a report tq the Academy of Sciences, on the rock salt of the mine discovered in May, 1820, at Vicb, in the Department of the Menrthe. There are four sortii-white, hall white, grey, and red. The white is perfectly pnre, and [lar-ticularly fit for the table. The half white aud the grey contaiu some extraneous substances, but in less quantity than sea 8 ^l|fJ!5i� aKkand a�lwiiittre. yuIbe-iavkntagBont /The nffiie occupies an esteot of thirty square leagues^ aoAita thickness is such, that it may be worked for several thousand years without being exhausted. LiTEBARY Blunder.-When Dr. Johnson was compiling his Dictionary, he sent a note to the GentUmatt't Mogatint, to inquire the et)'mology of tbe word " curmudgeon." Having obtained tbe desired information, he recorded in his work his obligation to an anonymous writer:-" Curmudgeon, �. a vicious way of pronouncing cornr mechant. An unknown Correspoo-deat." Ash copied the word in his Dictionary in the followiug whimsical manner:-" Curmudgeon, fro;n the French cceur, ' unknown,' and inechant, ' Correspondent.'" The word ilueeue, though now used to denote malady or distemper, was formerly used to express pain, or the absence of ease, wbicb is manifestly its primitive meaning. In Sir John Fenn't Original Letters there is one from Margaret Paston to , her husband, which shews that it was generally used in this sense. She laments bis indisposition, and rejoices in the hope of his recovery, adding, "1 pray ye heartily, Uir.t ye will vouchsafe to send mc a letter as hastily as you may, if writing be none rfwcaw to you." In a letter in the same collection, from .John Paston to bis wife, there is a rhyming conclusion, which ba� these lines- " Item, I shall tell you a tale, Pamp\n and I have picked your mtile. And taken out pieces tive." Here we find the word *' nwle" now spelt mnil, currently used at this period to signify a money-bag or cheRt, bnt which Is now only applied in thw sense when speaking either of the bag in which the public letters are deposited by the mail-guard, or of the public gtage which conveys it. To say that " the Judge proceeded to poMsencence of death nponi a prisoner," is now a customar)* phrase iu our Criminal Courts ; but it seems clear that the verb to pass is derived from potior, to suffer, and that it is the pri.toner who ^/imm the sentence, and not tbe Judge, whose ofiBce it is to pruiiounce it. On the trial of the regicides, printed In ICGO, when judgment of death was given agumsl Harritun, after the crier had made proclamation for silence whilst judgment was given, the Lord Chief Banm proceeds to address the prisoner thus:- Iirrd Chief Baruo-" Voo, that are the prisoner at tbe bar, yon are pat$ the sentence of death, which sentence is this," &c. itc. AintODOTB op KiBCHER -^Tfac famous astronomer, Athana-siiis i(trcber, having an acqnaintancc who denied tbe existence of a Snpreme Being, took the following metiiod to convince him of hb error, upon his own principles. Expecting him upon a vt^ he produced a very bandaoine celestial globe, which bein^' nltc^ in � comer of tbe room, in which it could not escape bis mend's observation, the latter took occasion to aiik who made it, and to whom it belonged.-" Not to me," Siiid Kircber," nor was it ever made by any peraaB,-biK^eflme here by mere chance." " That," replied bia sceptical friend, " is absolutely impossible; yon snrcly jest" Kircber seriously persisted in bis assertion. At length, however, be Tehuted, add took occasion to reason with lus firicad on his atheistic^ prin(�ptes>, ^ You will not believe,*' said he, "that this small body originated in mere chance; uid yet yon will contend that tfaose heavenly bodies, of which it bitf a �unt and diminntive resemblance, came into existence' withoq^ order and design." Pursuing this chain of reasoidng, his fiibnd was ultimately convinced, and joined iu a cordial admowtedgmeitof the absurdity of denyiug the existence o( a God.-rAe BabbUnr, "tbe officiating Ministj^r a town not sijx miles from Uib place, tteing Itifonqed that on Sunday momine a party was com-lagftqa Shetfellt, wish the intention of gMHiig married at his cbnrdia and tkat the i^od^ was already married, aodber hubband livings accosted the parifes oii' tiieir appearing before him, in the following Baanner;-"Well, Mrs.-what have you come for?^ "To be married. Sir," was ber reply. " To be married ? why ! yon are marrfed already ! what is it yon mean.' Is not one husband esMu^Aiin-i yon.**<No^ gir.'^ VThat^ieii-T-ito you W&rit iwoT " fes. Six." " Ifow js U�at?" " husband istransport-edj'W.-*^ ' X es, bat he b Just gone, aiid yon must not have lus-:haadsatthls rete.-Do y�a siqqtose that yon may ?" '* Yes,Sih" ^ ^nt .1, ,asB|f|[)B vffn, yon i^nnot. Tb^ , law of the land u iU obt allow any sacU thing. Are yoa aware of tbe crune vou,^ aftcatlqcoDubity^ 'The ftev^ Gentleman then pveto the �<fy andi her' intendea sf opnd a severe fepripiand. JTbe aht^ve is iit-tentled as a eatftiOn to prevent the parties fiom obtaining: tlieir purpose in any other parish.-SheffieU Mercury. ' *' The Qoatiactora Cunderthe (^ect^nol M Creed, tbe-Engineer to the Tniat) have cominenced tbe work of lowering Beggar Bash Hitf. J^VBHCV or BpBBCH.-The eomoion finenryof speech, tn maftjaxa and ^omeo, is owing.,(lay^wift) to a scarcity of ^droii for whdever is master of langiiage, and bath a mind full oi ideas, wiB l>e apt, in speakiiu, tdr b^iit^ upon the choice'of botii; wheii^ cooutKMi:spea|;^ea.-hsve Oidy one set ot ide^ and one set of words to doth^ thnn-i^^ and the^ ore. alwuvs re^y; pe^e eoae laMer bol (�'cbnivE w it is i^early empty, titan :�li�naei|M�d&8i^tiieyaer. ' ^SV^ipaKrMty BvJ^Mir-ina Wkfor pnjlmg dosm the Old Newjjate^ ipDmipn, and rebtuldj|iig \\ontheiwn� fp^t. It Wj^s -ra^etea, thai td -prevent nntieC�sftiry expense,-the prisoners should remain in the old gaoly till the new one was finished. FRENCH PAPERS. Napies, Dec. 9.-The Militarv Commission at Capua has sentenced to death two persons of the name of Minichini and Esposito, a. xecutioa on Minichitii on tlie 5tli; but ICsposito \iasbeeu r�;commende<l tu the mercy of the Kiujr, in consequence of the confessian which he matle. This new sect, the members of which wepc^liof the lowest class, had it in view to (irtTlhrow lii'e Monarch and establish a repul)lic. The titL-s of Dt-i-enuirs, Senators, and Consuls, were given to the ditterciit uioinbers, ac-conHng to tlie )n)portance of their labours, and the nmul-er of prost-lrtes which they made. Tlu' ."�.iine coniinissin.i .-icntcnci;.! several other individual to different punishments, who were at -cu8<-d of having been members of this criminal association. A report is in drciilation on tlif Continent of a diffcreiire ki ppUlirjil oj)inii)n having arisen between the Russian and Austrian Cabinet^, a.s to the final disposition of the Greeks, and the provinces of Moldavia and Wallachirt-tor which latter AJex.indcr is insinuated to ha^e expres.sed more than ordinary rcjfanl. Various letjers from Corfu, of Nov.'28, a.rree in affirmiug that the Pacha of SoUtari has been totally defeated near MessoJnnghi, and thus the third attempt of tlie Turks agaiiiot that Importai^t phiec defeated. A letter from Odessa, dated November 27, says,-"We learn from St. I'etersburgh, the conference on the affairs of Greece, to which M. de Tatiscbcff is admitted, have already begun." By the French, Papers of the 2aih ultimo, we learn thai the Pacha of Scodra, which besieged MissolunBhi, is said to have been toUUy defeated aud pursued as far as Vracori, where it had been abandoned by the Albanians, and afterwards by Oiiier Vrione, Pacha of Jannina, who hud entered into an arrangement with the Greeks. An article from Mayence say.^, the Grecjfla Gorcrnment had addressed .in iniportaut note to the Courts of London, Vienna, and St. Petersburjfh, soliritim? ilieni fominliy to recognize the independence of Greece, as it would compel the Turks to refrain from any future attempt to re-enslave that country. DKCKMiiKa ll-Iturbide, the ex-Emperor of Mexico, arrived here yesterday, willi M. T<irrenti, late Consid of tlie Cortt-'sat Legh<7rn. He Wiis wrecked , the last; tliey both set out the day l)cfoie yestcrilay. His Maje.^ty lias t(iven tbe iusignia of the (Jnler of Alexander, in diamon.l.i, to tbe French Araba,ssiidor, Count de la Ferronays; those of St. Andrew, in diamonds, to Viscount Chateaiibriaml and Duke Matbici Montmorency ; those of St. Wlndimir, of the first clasn, toL'oiiiit Pozzo di Borgu and to Coimt Bnlgari" Lli'rntK 111. Sir,-I was night iu a large party, where the conversation turucd upon tlie first .Number of your Paper, and amongst the various subjects of ihscussiou, my letter on the power and aiiibilioii!* views of Russia, railed the attention of the political paxt of the company ; amoug>t ibe'oi there was an elderly geutlciuan, who would aever admit the justice of the remarks coiiuiried iii that letter, and as no one had the least suspicion that I was the author of them, 1 had the satisfaction to find that all the rest of the company perfectly allowed ihcir truth and force, and seemed very anxious thai Y should keep his word, and continue to write ou this important gubject. This I shall certainly do j but as the elderly gentleman said that he knew others who entertained the same ideas with himself, allow me for Ihejr sake to go a liule out of my way, and develope a little mure the ideas I imve of the Uussiaii Go-vemmeni. It is possible, though I do not believe it, that the present Emperor may be a moral, humane, and judicious person! it is possible I may have mistaken ni� character, and if he be slacere in his professions of wishing to preserve the peace of the world, and in his exprcsiio/is of tenderness for his subjects, his reign will be a blessed one, and produce ait sorts of good works. But after him, some voe mnst come inheriting some portion of that desire for glory by which the Rus. Na^ tjjp pachijjes set, to work to prepossess even France ji^mat 1^ coi^ntry for having acknowledged Uie Indfi-pei)deace of the American Colonies, notwithstanding thp great advant^gfs w,hich the French may share with us in tke iinn^ense |?t^e which will be opened to tic Europeaii nations. e^ipexAlj prove the secret agency of a powerful mal that lose no occasion to injure our commerce, ^ joTver our ppwer. And ii' the Turks have a prophecy that their country will be finally subdued by a yellow-haired nation, which conies near enough io suit the Russians, the pneM of the East have not been les^ inspired ia Scoclaiining*uH)ithe tyranny of the EngUsh invaders in East will be Bu^ down by some chiefs of their own ^ nq distant period. ijj'a p'Pflf p?. thieve assertipns, it if to he rememhered t^^t Russvii alfeadj coptains 2^100,100 square miles, or th^ Hint^ par^ of Uie known l�id, aiid l-28th part of the wholp globe. TKe rest of the earth ought to shudder at the idea of the formidable pressure with which it is menaced from

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