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Bingleys Journal (Newspaper) - August 24, 1771, London, Middlesex j r From S AT U R D A Auguft to U RlOATj Auguft 1771 to T For BINGLEYS Conclufon on the Prefent Eftabliflunent of the SHALL now give a fhort detail of the naval as it lands at prefent 5 the differentprogref fions that mufl be gone with the feveral appointments of each from the to the There is but little encouragement for a young gentlemen of or no to enter into the royal navy by the rules of they jnuft ferve three years before they are entitled to the pay even of an able which is only a year they muft likewife be four years in the before they can be rated as midfhipment and probably not without they happen to be ftrongly recommended to their who it is poffible may have no vacancy upon the fhips books for many months after Strangers to the fervice would when the volunteer has got this after four or five years fervice and that the falary is in fome meafure adequate to his expence of time and as well as to the difagreeable life a petty officer muft live no means the in as and dependant entirely upon the will of the Captain the higheft pay a midfhipman can which is that of a firft is barely twentyeight pounds a but in twenty gun fhips and where the duty is confiderably it is feven or eight pounds befides having much worfe accom and fewer to affift in performing the I apprehend the original reafon of this might that of all were gene rally made from the large fhips in the Dutch and thofe with where con fiderable fleets aflembledbn each the fatigue and danger lay chiefly upon the large fhips tence this regulation at thofe be judicious fince that mode of fighting is fretty much laid and double the duty and azard with the fmall it is pity an alteration is not by making the at leaft I apprehend in the a young gentleman muft have uncommon who ferves as a volunteer more than a couple of before he gets a commiflion the kweft pay of which is fixtythree pounds a befides the advantage of halfpay when reduced while the volunteer by ferves double that timej for a chance to procure the precarious fabry of twenty four J pounds a and no halfpay at The ftation of midfhipman is certainly a re fpectable finCe all officers in the navy pnfs through anl continue as at leaft two before they can arrive at higher promotion this one would ought to place thefe neceflary officers upen a little better footing than they are at which is muchworfe than even that of a who cannot be reduced to the ranks but by the fcntence of a courtmartial while the poor mid fhipman is like a Venice with a breath the caprice of an arbitrary Captain not only but reduces him to a level with the mtaneft of the crew befides a power of punifhing him with confinement and twenty other difgractful circumftances equally galling to the fpirit of a by the rules of the midflupmen muft ferve fix and many do before they can procure a I if but a fmall ought to be made for fuch have gone through their time of probation with a fair and can produce certificates from the navyboard of their haying been exa and found qualified for Lieutenants as the want of fome fuch encouragement has loft GreatBritain many an excellent by throw ing them into the fervice of foreign powers for who gladly receive and too frequently profit by our The lieutenant is the loweft officer in the navy that has any rank and his Majefty in Council was pleafed to fix theirs on the line with Captains of foot the full pay of thefe very ufeful officers is no more than four fhillings a befides an allowance of about fixpenee more for a fervant while thofe officer of the Came rank in the army receive ten fhillings nay even Captains of Ma whofe what little it lies entirely board of and who are fubordinate and under the command of the Lieutenants oi the have ten fhillings a day for doing no thing while the poor fea his at leaft who is conftantly expofed to the fatigue ol and the inclemency of the muft be fatisfied with It is really afto how fo heartbreaking a diftinftion be tween equals could have firft been or fo long continued I honour and refpeft the ma rine corps here many gallant men ainongft thern but I own I can fee no kind of reafon why fo extremely partial a preference mould in favour of thofe who get their commiffions for and with out any previous fervice and who have either See article 33d of thecaptains article 3jd of the captains the pay fctjrew Uw fth in full or half from the day they put on the red I fhall fay but little of Lieutenants halfpay as the government has thought proper fo recently to fettle it by adding a fhilling a day to their former two a particular number the have and as their whole pay is but fix pence it may be prefnmed they will givc the Admiralty no very extraordinary trouble with felicitations to be The next officer in progreffion aboveLieute retains the antient tide of mafter and com mander under which name are tains of and all othersbelonging to his that carry lefs than twenty gttfes the pay of is eight hillingsa befides an allowance aCfortth For each boy they carry to at therate of four boys for every hundred men of their perqaifite is but as many of their veffels are allowed but45 men however that upon an they may each be paid for three which utmoft the between the who has a and the mafter and who the fame is above 100 guineas a yearon the fide of the former Why fhould be muft be anfwered by thofe who can give a rejfon for it for my I can fee not the as thp Major has no extraordinary expences to incur in cohfequence of his poft officer Cuitom has made it ufual to keep a fort of public table to invite their officers daily and it may eaiily be a conftant expence of that kind is not fupported under a CDnfiderable fum and for fince there is not the leail allowance from government The next promotion is that of fo and is the higheft that without can arrive at thefe from the firft three years after they have got this take place as lieutenantcolonels alter which their rank be comes equal to that of Colonel in The real emoluments arifmg from the com mand of a I amongft the number of lecjets hard to come like that of the difcoverable only to thofe who are to be made fuch if 1 fet it down only at a thoufand a I fancy thsre are none caa fay i iu us for a what proportion this bears to the income of a fea officer of the fame who a forty gun hip Pay of the land Pay of the fea per per andunjuft I eilimate the whole net income of a forty gun fliip to be near and I do not think it can exceed after the allowed fervants are the accounts and and deducted f fo by the moft moderate cal the Colonels income from his regiment is at leaft five times as much as that of the fea officer of the fame And here let me remark the great feverity the legiflature has thought proper to extend to Cap tains in ihe by an aft of parliament which paired fo lately as the 3ift of George and is commonly the Navj I cannot fuppofe the right honourable gentle man who carried this bill through of meant tq raife up popularity to him at the expence of a fet of brave officers who had certainfynot deferved pnnifhment of their by inflicting pains and penalties for others I will only as the right honourable gentleman was never in the naval fervice he could not befo capable of jndging of the and bad con whichfome parts of that favourite bill has occafioned for that feeraingly hu mane where the feamen are to be paid every fix I will has caufed mom hindrance to the fervice f more defertion and more con fufion aboard the mips than can be expreffed j and of no kind of ufe to the but to lead them into temptations of and dif This bill That if an error to the de In f Thefe boys muft be at leaft forty hillings a year each as to that may be equal in both fer vices but fea officers fees in pafling their accounts befides expences for and bxks for the hips J The he the in all nations that have men of allow their captains an an nual fum for The whofe as a free depends in a principal manner upon the and who have received more fervices from than all the nations in Europe together have from theirs yet allow nothing even HaltIndia and many common mer have an allowance from the owners for the com manders I mention theferrygun hip in as it is a fort of medium between the higheft and believe captains in the navy arc the only people unde government that arc obliged to buy for public having the lealt allowance for J Sec Gs fpeech in behalf of this bill in which hi mfmtittion ofthedfrty and infamous behaviour of fea of is worth By the impoffibility of getting any duty done while the money Vide different hips bosksa before and twelvemonth after the aft took J and are generally the at tendants on a hip that is paid the fcldomerj theft the J trifeentof mall be made any or certificate containing a copy or fay Captaik or g out the tthe lofs afifihg by factt fhalT be good and of wages or to grow due to fuch H by whom fuch or eer was made or in cafe he rieglefts to fend every a compleat mutterbook for his two any officer could be fo forgetful of his own he owes his as to commit a wilful miftake in iffuing a ticket or his mufter books in the li defign of turning either to hrs r or to the defrauding of the gb h feverity could not be ex r but ftumnnum eft err are as hjiroaa nature isHaHe to even the ft6iftitffabteigentleman may not quite jjeneft it were but charity not jigiittl Faults with too much rigour and iyy the faults of another as whole wages for it to the cheft at Chatham befides he is to be tried by a and liable to be or s itenacts that if a ticket happens e and otherwife than exj aft and there is no exception for a the Captain forfeits for every to wages or pay that may the Captain to an unifhed for or miftakes j through whofe hands all books papers relating to the and who is On the and paid by government i our if thismeafure was to be dealt to us in the next of being pu for involuntary and undesigned orhiffions but harder ftiil would it be for us to be for the fins and failings of others on the CaPtain his being made accountablefor of llorss mittedtb the charge of the feveral on board for the expending which there areno rules or directions given after he has figncd their if any part happens to fe down or the benefit of the ftcues are charged by the againft the and muft be made good out of the wages due to I come now t3 confiJer the as it V of a thrceyearspoftcaptain and the dif ference between and the halfpay of an of ficer in the army of the fame The halfpay of a Colonel is i z fhiKingo a day and they have often the advantageof being ap pointed or deputygovernor of fome Kg bt have had no increafe come the landed gentleman has raifedhis the irieif chant I arid mechanic the price labour and fialdqabie it is that it Ae fpecifrC Value of money is fomueh than formerly fcyAeamazing fliK of gold and t This age for their own reproach and the of the to be thatwherein the nioft fervices have been performed ly that and tfie leaft notice taken of zabeth grajtefully acknowledged the raifing their and appropriating fo largfea fum as out of her revenue for aftion in which was t the victors wJtAgoJd Charles was not neither of thofe fea officers who behaved brayely in Dutch wars he knighted thofe that had gaifhed beflowei generoas re inferior officers anA In King Williams wers rewarded even wasj particu larly evinced of tjie engagement in though the French t Q j was pleafed to create Admiral Herbert an and knighted two of the Captains j1 giving every faiiora reward of ten v After the viftory off La by RufietjV down by the government diftributed amongftthefeamen flfrucfc to commemorate th and the In victory and fuccetJa the BrltUK fleet in every corner o who ought notto forget them engagement had not fo nwch remembrance of and perhapsin thofe of to be erafed mories great had nof fo nwch ftruck to perpetuate the moft haaardooiamldeT5 perate fea action ever I am that bythis begin to think I forget the advantage WSfch navy receives in time of Iromi ney bat indeed andam ready that it is often extrerriely profitable be as and chance arid fortuitous Thereris difproportidn bertveeHl the advantages to aflag andgeneral when neither are on aitoal fervice ftven tee a and fixpenee a day is all the RearAdmiral while the if He happens l not to be on the ftays at home in eafeand and pockets thtf profits of his or a place at from ail i unexpofed to fatigue or which fea oficers are conftantly Inflead of twelve hillings a the greater part of the Captains in the receive no more ihan the miferable allowance of fhillings a fum fo fo and fo that the loweft of our the very coalheavers clamoured lately for encreafe of fpend This ftarving pittance is denominated halffay as if it was confidered fo gene rous an and fo full a fufficiency for every he muft take a moft folemn that he has jipt received the leaft benefit from any public either at or oh I have the liberty of drawing parallels with the which I hope the officers in that corps will as I mean neither flight or difrefpeft to fo refpeftable neither did I mean to that ex ceeded or duty a to judge from was requifite and what one could be fo appofite and that wherein the rank of the officers is equal With the morning of his life fpent in and watchings expofed to and more unwholefome climates pa tiently enduring every and bravely encoun tering danger for his countrys the when the top of his is rewarded for all with four fhillings a v o day Of jvhat availis the echoing from one fide of of Commons to the the fervices of bravery of the officers the clligation of their country to them or the pub lic they voted them after the late war much more acceptable and ufeful would it have been to thofe to have enabled them toenjoy a little of the they hadprocured for by for the credit of that nation whofe thanks are their pre fent fcandalous and mean ftipend inftead of fuf fering them to feel the diftreffes of when they were no longer wanted by their country to bleed in her defence The voice of reafon and juftice have long pleaded this caufe to deaf ears fea officers are the only of his in a is fomcthing ftrange in the that contrary to all other promotion fliould not give fome increafe of halfpay a rnafter and commander receives four hillihgs a day he gets he receives no more and three years he acquires the rank of ftill four fhilliagv is his miferable albwance The eldeft lieutenant have a though three fteps lie poft captain three D O Ffom this imperfeft difquifitiorf of let the impartial of the hafdfhips and warit of encouragement bffiters of 3the laiboaf under which not ontys inconfiftent the ufual generolity of this even to their but is certainly with found policy exactly as men find the comforts andbleflings of life attainable in their will their attach ments be to and no otherwife i for though the love of ones country has ever been t fidered as a natural yet 1 rfluft Jike the filial love to it is an affec tion founded only on gratitude for evident great benefits received as obfervation will that whenever there is a great failure of parental duty and children will withdraw and withhold gratitude from parents and that it Can only be from an uncommon of that they continue the obfervance of This amor certainly notiaffignable to the elements of which it is but to the focial gratifications and protection which it af fords us as there is a reciprocal be tween and our oni caa never be expefted the other is From hence this conclufion muft be that the love of ones country is no innate prin but an affeftion acquired by a fenfe of re ceived benefits therefore that ftate which have it moft prevail amongft their do the moft to infpire it but no arguments can be requifite for rational in pro portion as it a nation will be prof and Jiappy and of in degree it is will a ftate ever be and J77 now felling NGLISH TICKETS at WHITEHOUSEs State Lottery Dublin at their State Lottery CollegeGreen at their State Lottery Office in and at their State Lottery Office m ftreet The fortunate purchgfers at may receive the following befidemany other ble in proportion to the price and quantity of For a tingle guinea you rflay get For half a guinea For five milling and fix Englim For three Englilh For two guineas For EnglUh Tickets 1 s Shares of Tickets at eight pounds fiverFouf pounds four Two guineas One Half hillings fix Englilh Or and Immediate money to fortooats
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