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Bingleys Journal (Newspaper) - August 17, 1771, London, Middlesex From Auguft to Auguft For BINGLEYS Cvntinuution on the Prefent Eftablifhment of tht HE peace of which took place in was con to the no finall fatisfac tion of both nations who were each heartily tired of the effufion as the heavy ftrpences attending fo ruinous a war a war Which the Englifh nation will long have reafon to remember and regret as it during that the horrible monfter National Debt firft found 3n opportunity to infix her fatal fting in OUT vi tab the poifon of which is fince fo much in and as caufe the moft dreadful it will one day prove and deftroy the The fund for fupporting the beforementioned eftablifhment of pay for fea fettled by King William in ceafing with the his Majefty had no otter way to continue un Jefs he had allowed it out of his revenue upon the then Lords of the Admiralty formed a by which they reduced the halfpay from to a year propofing that only a certain number of officers out of the whole fixould be entitled to it a circumftance fecmingly both bard and unjufi they further projected re ducing the fea pay of all the officers almoft a third and from the Captains a full may be feen in their following Officers pay The Admiral of the fleet Admirals Vice Admirals Hear Admirals to the of the fleet till d o o 4 e o 300 a o Propufed Captains of i of rates sf rates of 4th of rates rates of of rates J of rates of rates of rates f of of i rates of 2 rate i cf races of rates 2 I I I O O to 10 o 10 3 2 I 115 L i o o 16 o ij O 10 o a o 8 6 o far day 050 4 12 O 9 7 8 iz 7 6 iz i opir 4 a o 9 2 8 6 6 S 12 S 2 4 13 5 o o o o 8 This new whereby fo confiderable part of the pay of fea officers was taken vas laid before the Houfe of Commons anjl I am for their to met with fuch approbation from as by a vote to requeft his Majefty would be pleafed to take ation the King accordingly did fo in at and received the royal fiat in April 1700 fince which it has remained invariably the down to this prefent year 1768 this conduft in the board of Admiralty might be juflly Coniidered as betraying the interests of thofe brave men over whom they prefided and on that did not dare to prefer any petition againft fo hard and unjuit a retrenchment but tbe ap prtvihg it in the Houfe of Commons was fince there it was blended with ingra titude they ought to have judged andconfidered the matter themfelves without haftily adopting theparfLmonious fchemeof a board of Admiralty who would have fhewn a much more patriotic pirk in offering to reduce their own appoint than thoft of a fet of gallant men who had teen die deliverers of their and of its religion and liberties and when their faithful Cervices had procured an honourable the reward thought due to by thofe grateful of their was to take away third part of their Sic nan velhrafertis His Majefty had no alternative but to comply W to pay the fea officerrs out of his own which was impoffible he could avoid being much chagrined and at the injuflice and ingratitude fhewn a corps to vhom the nation and himfelf owed fo much but the factious difpofition of that Houfe of Com had given him pretty convincing proofs how glad they were of opportunities to not only but all belonging to him and how little any endeavours of his to procure an alteration would I am for the honour of my that I muft thefe parfimonious and unjuft regu lations without being the leaft re ever fince though ajmoft three quarters of a century ago yet the prices of and every neceffary of have been while the value of money has gradually decreafed in thefame Mow would the induf trious hufbandraan OT the or the if they were only paid as their ancef tors feventy years ago Pity that rtdreft fits enthroned fo that he can hear no but fuch proceed from the clamours of tumult the fea officers have long fuffered in but does that make their caufe of complaint lefsjufi the legiflature after acknow years of the inadequatenefj of Tea officers it has never been been propofed by in the Houfe of to increafe it the nayy of GreatBritain is certainly the and moft honourable military fervice in Europe but its appointments feem to be dealt out by the hand of penury and wretchednefs ill befitting the opulent nation of whom it is the pro The next ejjay conclude i the whole of this liltle containing ajhort detail of the navfltfer frcm the to the flag and laili be if in our paper of next Fri To THERE is no fpecies of knowledge mpre neceffary for the People of as a trading thin an accrffate with the true ftate of their coroflHlycial intercourfe that how far the balance of any trafSc or not hi their Theratesof Exchange between Country and country confiaered as fure rules for judging of the the trade which is carried on by them being na in proportion to the degree of againll the nation which pays the and confequently to the like degree of favour of that hich receives This I is and therefore generally the muft except as that little afFefls exchanges and as there may temporary occasions happen for making thofe rates vary from mere exigencies in the medium price of fix or twelvemonths mould always be made the rule for determining the ftate of fuch The rates of like the prices of every thing will always be regulated by the num bers of refpedlive dealers that appear at Plenty of and little turn the rates of exchange naturally in favour of remitters on the a plenty of money and fcarcity of bills will give the advantage to Should the for want to remit great fums of money to either for in veftmentin our to make large purchafe at India or of any other the ex changes woajd naturally become in of drawers j they would take the advantage of fo extractdinary a demand for bills tg obtain a rate of exchange in ttieir In like man fliould numbers of people in that country order Hocks to be and draw for their on any fudden great call for money to employ for more advantage or others fur a lilce on their correfpondents to whom had consigned asercaatile effects either of fucn kind of in oraer to fecure the money would become tempted to offer more favourable exchanges than ordinary when re of would ftand off on negocia in order to iucreafe advantages on their But thefe kind of incidental variations nevei 1 aft longer than the calls wnkh occafion fo that the exchange fbon gets again to its na tural being a medium proportionate to the ordinary ftate of commerce between the twc coun As in the nation that pays the balance there will naturally be a greater want of fellers than of buyers of the rates of exchange muft of courlc turn againft that country in proportion to the balance jt has to pay becaufe fo many at as ferve to anfwer that muft be drawn in an exchange by perfons who will fend over or to difcharge them for no man can draw bills on another country with out having lodged there to anfwer or fending money for that The making of thefe exchanges is what occa fions the rates of exchange to be againft the coun try which pays the and they will always be proportionate to the difficulties or dangers at tending fuch tranfaftions which mould ferve to prove the creating any muft be exceedingly fll Thefe explanations of what may be called the fcience of commerce are thought need ful in this there bejng except real who are in fuch matters as muft be evident from the many hurtfal regulations that have been and are continued in moft countries of The obvious leading policy of a commercial or indeed any fhouJd fo have as few balances to and as many te receive as poffible and where they are not to by their being paid in a difadvan tageous The exchanges materially in our favour are thofe of Cadiz and The being always much the fame as that of may be confidered as general for all and there fore extenfive in its The latter is very The exchanges that appear juft inclining to our advantage are thofe of Leghorn and The former operates for the greater part of Italy the latter in a degree that may be called general for the kingdom of The other four with and are all greatly The firft is confiderable in its ppe rations and the others very particu larly that of which city is greatly the centre of all commercial but more for thecountries north of Let it be that in bur late war was in the having fiveral heavy fubfidles to a numerous army to fupport in and an immenfe Beet to provide with materials from the eaft countries the doing of nil which muft have altered the ex changes very greatly to our And in deed all who remember preceding times muft they were far lefs unfavourable before that But of late while we were paying no had no army there to no to and were at peace with all the while we were reaping the advan tage of having immenfe fums poured from India into the general and particularly on that fide of we fee the difadvantages of the Dutchand exchanges have become nearly doubled on us which mould ferve to con vince that our trade and dealings with thofe and the more northern have taken fuch 0 turn as mould be peculiarly With refpeft to it may be faid we feally get her Whatever they acquire ip their cow keeping way that patriarchal as Sir William Petty jeftingly calls when pointing out the Dutch policy with refpeft to the and the wifer application of their own lands by the fale of their faked beef law and as by their falted cured occafionallyfome and what few woollen manufadures they find means to fmuggle out are to their j made to lefTen the general balance againft which otherwife would prove heavier to the whole of their By thefe with what we are pleafed to take from them of their not forgetting tofpecify fuch important articles aswool and they are juft enabled to pay their debts in trade to their penfioners and finecure placemen and likewife their rents to abfemees and The ftate of thtir dealings with this kingdom is made indisputably evjdent by the rates of fo to them as the of their natural circulation by the greatly dif ferent aiues which the fame fpecies of money hear in the refpedive It be acknowledged that they do get a tolerable plenty of to regale themfelves by itealing abundance of their wool into France ftjews how much better a price the French pay them that valuable commodity than qqr and yet be able to underfill us irj manu at foreign OurTnmgglng muft be immenfely fntirely to our By the re port made Tome years ago to the Houfe of Com by Stephen I think the Com mittee were of that we paid a million fterling per annum for tea only that was fmuggled into this There in deed been meafures taken to leflen our fmug gling in that article butpthey have in a great degree been fruftrated by counter operations on the other fide of the water fo that the practice therein ftill continues very The lute may be faid with refpeft to fine thread French gold and filver India filk and a variety of other many of which are very This trade being principally carried on wirii money of an im menfe drain from us of our as well as of I fhall not pretend to calculate its ex which nluft be exceeding great but fhall it is not of a nature much to affect our Bills of Exchange very little interven ing in fuch kinds of The rates of Exchange are to be confidered as the barometers of our illicit trade only our fmuggling balances we muft fuppofe to be paid with and principally of our own coin they can as little effect the market prices of gold and filver as they do the rates of our Ex with getting the all of poor as well as of North and with draining to debility our conquered countries in the Eaft HT we have been fo dealing in oneway or ano with fome countries of that wifh paying dividedds tQ foreign aad bar lances in lofing we fee to what alarming rates the exchanges of Europe with this country are exclufive of the conltant great drain there muft be of our national coin by the practice of and the mifchievous dealings of the great herds of inferior and other low for whom ijj policy has encouraged toVe fort fo much to rhis there mould be immediately done on this fince the evil ij hourly and fince we are likely to lofe our while we wrangling about our freer I Your humble T9 tb AS I write in the caufe of you will not object fo oblige a conftant by in ferring the I had appointed to meet a gentleman one af ternoon at who is a Minor Canon of the and a friend of Jrder to accompany him from thence to dinner at my After divine fervice I tpolt it granted would be entirely But upon queftioning him 3 hej to my no fmail and heartfelt informed that it being the laft day of he muft fiay fome time longer for that he was to together with his be fore the Refidentiary in according to though I believe not in other places in the there to ftand anfwerafale fer his conduct in the the whole What a horrid fenfation muft it be to man of ordained as well as his fupe to preach the who of courf mnft be fuppofed to have paffed the a fchobl and if not to have taken ons or two to be I by thefe digniied like a fchoolboy juft on the brink of correction I but it ferves to ftrengthen a common obfervation which that the fuperior clergy in general with fome few the greateft opprefTors qf their own on you J fie on you ye Right Reverend and the Dean and CHjprer of this Metropoli tan cathedral be advifed abolifh fo fhamefal fo fhocking an infult upon the under ftanding and fenfibility of othersj however de pendent on that Ye ajfijf have a Matter and will ye be truly Augufi 17 A Hater o T To the P R I N T E 1HE builders are greatjy aggrieved by a lata aft of Parliament which is certainly poe of the moft defpofic and uaconftitutional that parted the delinquent is deprived of trial by and lies at the mercy of two ctnfcimtious and dif interefitd Juftices of the from whofo fion there is no When the Legiflatur patted this arbitrary which robs an man of trial by his Peers they ought to taken care whom they veiled with fuch unlimited The Commifllon of the Peace is arcisnf and and originally contributed greatly to the peace and welfare of this country then no hillings were paid for and charging them how it is now is noto Ought it not to be in the hands of Gen tlerfien of and hanrfy men impartial and independent How many of faid poflefTed by many in prefent I leave to every intelligent reader to The following is area Gentleman of fair character and built a boufe in every refpect conformable to die fai4 late aft of Parliament to his he was informed again by virtue of a claufe an aft of the yth of Queen Anne which he knew nothing of he immediately employed an eminent who took councils which was moye it to the KingsBench by Gentleman appeared to his fummons from two Juftices of the and acquainted thefe two fuprtmt jndgss of his determination of moving it f on which one of the Juftices called the Gentleman whifpered him in the and if he would not mov it he would mitigate his fine to very eafy The Gentleman heha4 employed a rery and a good and that WeftminfterHall hould mitigate This confounded his Worlhip The njanjias got a certiarari frooi Lord Time will proye whether they dare appear in that Court or ENGLISH TICKETS now felling at WfflTEHOUSEs State lottery Dublin at their State Lottery CollegeGreen at their State Lottery Office in Danisr ftreet 5 and at their State Lottery Office in The fortunate ptirchafers at miy receive the following betide many other conbdera in proponion ta the price and if For a fmgle guinea you may get For half a guinea a For five hilling and fix izjolf For three Englilh For two guineas For Englifh Tickets Shares of Englifh Tickets at eight pounds pounds a Five hillings fbr and Immediate money tp the fortunats WHEREAS my ANN daughter to Edward TrotteroT Skelr in in the of who was firft married to my Captain Panicle Maxwell of in and afterwards to Lufc Jam BattweJJ of in did by her laft will and a fmail jn called and a Bifhops named to my aunt Elizabeth and my mother Jennet and ths heirsmale of my aunt having no immediately on my my Jonah Efq of in the county of did treat with perfons in England in order to difpofe of faid I therefore this public method of cautioning any pertpn from dealing with the fate Jonih for faid eftate and as I am the and lawful and purpofe fnpporting my juft claim with my life and Given my hand at in the county of Tin f this feventh day of Avaifi AMYAS
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