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Bingleys Journal (Newspaper) - June 29, 1771, London, Middlesex From SAT U R D A June to S AT U R D A July v 571 For BINGLBYS tbe Relation which November to Auguft X Sj BEG the favour of conveying fome of my political ideas by the I channel of your very reputable will no way difcredit that fource of a Permaded I that his Majelry King George has no fubjeft in all the Britifh that better things to him and his than humble fervant and confequently that it give no juft ground of offence to any honeft mould he place before his Majefty a few By great oppofition which his have made in the city to the choice of our patriotic and alfo by the run of political papers and one would be Vd to apprehend fome fcheme of defpodfm was even under the fceptre Prince of Houfe of and affured I nt any abfurdjty can more It would argue a fatal forgetfulnefs of the relation which in our political the fourth and tbe jirjl ef What I by it is King William die deli v rer of thefe kingdoms from popery and arbi trary thofe brethren of cruelty was born rn November the and was the happy in Jrumen t of procuring the Britifti fceptre to be put into the hands of the Hanover to which family the throne was on the firft day of by the demife of Queen inafmuch as the miniftry cannot but that his Majefty inherits not the crown iy hereditary even the Sardinian houfeand tie Bourbon family taking the and ciit appears fron the genealogical in the continuation of Rapins Englifh At the acceffion of the prefent royal there defcendants from Sophia tlije youngeit laughter of Queen of forty fje princes and fourteen defcended from Charles the eldell fon of the Qneen of and thirty one defcended from Ed her fourth fon and in point of he reditary Elizabeth and Philip her had thie beffc tkle of any of that From hence it is that the fettleraent of the imperial crown of Britain npoli the houfe of oot upon the principle of here ditary but upon an inconceivably better that of the choice of the people and from the firft and beft motive that poffibly to preferve our laws and liberties from the carfedly cruel hands of popery and and It would confequently be the greateft abfurJity that can be and ar gue an infatuation beyond all former for a prince of the illullrious Houfe of to pretend to way an arbitrary fceptre over a people who had conferred Britannias imperial honours on purely for the fake of de fending her laws and Should any miniftry become fo audacioufly treacherous to their king and as to aim at ravifhing from us our and dare to trample upon the principles of the glorious revo and they will find the refentments of a people pregnant with heated And however they may be inftigated by the promifed fupport of popery which has a natural averfion to manly freedom and the the people become the numerous branches of the Hanover family will be no fccurity to the fceptre in tflat houfe in a ftate of the reiteration of hereditary right would be and no reafons could remain to defend the Hanover I mention this as an argument which muft ope rate with great fmce it would be abfolutely Jmpoffible for a prince of the Houfe of to keep his feat on the upon the princi ples eitherof popery or There would be very numerous claimants before I hould hence be tempted to though the idea of an axlitrary fceptre mart be abhorrent and fcocking to a pofleflbr of the throne upon the ad of fettlement hear dying pa God will not fuffer this where the gof pel has more than in any part of the world to become enflaved he will not fuffer it to be made a land of graven images he will up witnefles of the and in his own fpirit his people to ftand up for his and deliver So faid the glorious Alger and he I lived in this and am now about to die in it glorious nun fo may it ever fays SIDNEYS See his apology on the day of his 7 For BINCLEYS On and tbt Corn Trade in FIELDS and cattle offer to man the moft neceflary and moft benefical A great plenty Of arid numerous flocks and conftitute dhe real wealth of at lands at principal objeft of are the real Supports of and attention teqiientry the real means for advancing the Tjrof j o TO promote good a moft iTations have perity of a ftate Let agriculture take the and then we mall proceed to There is no country I may fay in the whtfre agriculture has been more and anfwered better than in Eng accordingly its harvefts are exceeding plentiful and bring in vaft The countries next to have a fufficiency corn for LiVonia Poland Pruflia Germany Denmark and Sicily In fome countries the harveft barely anfwers the neceffities of the that without the precaution of having provided they would frequently labour under a fevere fcar There countries either from the barrennefs of the as Nor way and Sweden or the floth of the inhabi as Spain and Portugal cannot do without foreign The improvement of a Cattle is an objed of ftill greater importance than cultivation of the foil feveral of the northern people fub fift only by their and fifhing and Thu produce of die brings in more and it is on thia account that fo many landholders keep no more cattle than they ftand in abfolute need b Melon has in his Effais Polttifuesfar U that in of twenty inhabitants fixreen are employed about the land two are one in the tbe or the and oneintended for the or to be a hiere But iu his on very well that this calculation is contradicle1 He juflly fup that the greater part hjjf the intja bitants dwell in and of the half who live in tffe one third are generally artificers of one kind or c which in complained that France imported too much grain on and from 1715 to has fold wheat to the amount of 200 mil lions 01 French full eight millions fterling is chiefly indebted for its rich harvefts to an aft of Parliament palled ia for granting a bounty c the exportation in Engufti when the marketprice does not exceed fortyeight hillings the The quarter here fpoken mjsi twentyfour IJaris and weighs 496 trey A farther bounty was all on the exportation 01 fpints made of at the rate pf ons pourtd teti ihiliingj on a pipe of when not above 3 certain The bounty in 1748 and 1749 amounted to above and in 1750 it rofc to yeirly exportation of grain doss com fak fhort of Extraordi nary hjving fomedmas hindered theinune payment of theJe the that the farmers might not be made an ait in 1753 for allowing the exporters on their This trade is ayearly gain to England of above two millions Here I ftlali curforily that in where the harveft exceeded fevenry millions a fetier ii twelve bufliels who the exportation of corn was forty millions has been the utmoft fince it has been The government at difpofed to it at full d Livonia is the granary of tbe It is cuftomary there to dry in ovens previously to exportation and the being more eafily keeps e The Poles fond their grain to where it is mipped to the amount of at leaft or that is to the value of above German The ton herj fomething exceeds twenty hundred being ixty f Lithuania forwards its grain to Konigfberg and which export above one hundred and feventy thoufand fg A great part of the grain of Germany goes to Ham burgh and oris hipped at the Baltic ports and from thefe it h that the and efpecially the fetch considerable Germany likewife deals for corn with the b What grain Denmark can fpare for goes to the fouthern parts of and the people there are not to fupply themfelves from any other This grain fiands them between 3 and excJufive of returns in i Sicily was Romes and to this day it ex ports a great deal of An embargo on the jjprts of Sicily would ftarve the kingdom of This is the very cafe of yet not without fome other caufes of as monopolies the want of care relatively to the Francs has thirtyfix millions of tilled of which fix only are in they call the j mt or ploughed with oxen being ufed in tne other Were the great culture tbe harveft would amount to flxryfix millions of fetiers but the gentlemen and farmers are too poor things are it does not at moft exceed fortyfive millions each at or 348 troy weight A million of Egyptians fubfifted plentifully oa lefs than 500 leagues of and a like number of French up Such are the effects of good cultivation of that not a fingle fpot fliall be and of a free t Norway being overrun with and enormous cannot fupply its inhabitants with the proper quantity of grain and their very ftore is often either by the fuddencoming oa of an extreme or by intenfe het or by a eaufed by the waters running down from the rocks and Such general is the fterilky of its that it labours under perpetual though all poffible means have been tried for bettering the and the people are often jaduced to a fuccedaneous kind of befides affording little is extremely In the eaft part of Norway they tnake a bread compounded of and oatmealy and not feldom of the pul verized bark of fome mixed with a In the north of it is nothing uncommon to ufe pipe and birth and a root they call si third of one or the dried and and kneaded with two thirds of which will be readily conceived to make but a very indifferent m We know from that Spain formerly pro duced great plenty of and the prefent fcarcity per haps would be in a great meafurc had the land holders ready rheans for fending away their but the want of rivers and navigable makes carriage rife that the farmer generally looks no farther than his home n ip mare than half tjie country lies un that great foundation and bulwark of all our other there feeminglv of very in of a moft perni which hitherto efcapcd your notice and thac of your I raan the which was begun about eight ysars and has been more or lefs regu larly of places and penfionsto all eminent form but a fmall part of this ho nourable lift of litsrary penlioners and I is extolled by tliefe writers and by the crsaturss qf the Court in as an of Royal munificence and gc sind as a ftrjong proof of his Majeftys defire to promote the caufe of Bat nothing can be more falfe than fuch a The CHuTe of literature is always beft and indeed can only b effeSualty by that eucourageinent which a diicernirag public feilsSto give ef real While lie uqder no other than what from a regard to truth and to the good of they naturally give full fcopr tq ths powers of their and produce the nvoir finilhed cdmpofitions in all the different fpectes of Thefe faave always proved fatal to tyrannical Kings and ty Mjnifters and therefore every Kin a economical from whdfe fucpefles it may be that all difcouraging prejudices will be made to give way to Many excellent works have been publimed On thishead aixf though du HanieTs treatife was re ceived vrtth drftmguilhed yet his new method of hoivevef well it has does not As to fo effntialapartof it is amazing that marhjj after all its happy effecls in not yet gojffpoting in The for the rice ufe no other manure than the ftubble or gleanings of the and the produce Is an hundred ForBINGLEYS tbe Liberty of the Detrabere it the man ftry have madej to fome open which Minu deltroy tlve liberty of tJe The bfs of that was followed by the decay thss ruin cf polite formerly the feat of Mu is nowinvolvad in a frigktful under the fl pf the Ottoman Empire and under the influence of a fo fruitful in great aad learned to of the produces no confiderible works of erudition or The fame or nearly the fame complaint of Jus own countVyf He that tte great of in the time of f bore writing t or to have wlut by halves that La Bruyere p that thd French are cramped in fatire that famous years for a licence to publish hisConrfe of lal obtained it only on this to retrench whatever difyleafed the cenfors that FontcDella hath bren obliged part from the which in firil wdrks he publtfhsd tha bat lev of the French authors thcnafelves eithe by their learning or nit and that ail this ctin be at tributed to nothing but the nature of govern True it that fomegfeat writer have appeared tn France fince that a fewothers but it is no lels thefo great wfiters have either beeaobliged ta ret re into forejgn couatriest or at leaft to publifh tSeir works in foreign Let us therefore no longer hear of his Majeftys generefity in piviagplaces f r if a miy well f of with a lutle Cato fays of Curfa on vL cies thyll andae his ME M M I U thy vievr and every thathas aimed at aefpotic has taken as a preparatory to deftroy the liberty of if not by open at leaft by fecret This courfe was very unhap but fuccefsfully purfue by Auguftus and by Lewis the both of whom overturned the liherdes of their Thefe notwithilanding all thepraifcs that have been fo lavifhly beftowedupon them by their fervile they moft execfabl that they ould not accomplish their defign of enflaving their while tie liberty ot the prefs remained and or perhaps to deftroy that liberty by vio lent employed a lefs unpopular but at the fame time a more effeclu 1 They engaged in their by places and all the moft diftinguifhed writers cf the to the difgrace of it muft be were but too ready to proftitute their ta lents to the moft bafe and unworthy purpoes and having thus flopped up the only by which the people could be apprizedof their dan they met with the lefs obftruc tion in the execution of their wicked Thefe formerly exerted all the TS of their eloquence in defending the li berties of the now changed their and exerted thofe very ppwers in defending the prerogativeof the and in endeavouring to perfuade the that their in no until they were totally and irre trievably Nqr is thispractice of penfioning writers more deftruclive of the liberty of the and of li berty ijU than it K of the intereft of learn ing Learning can only flourilh in a free the praftice of writers has a natural tendency to deftroy all free The Greeks and Romans retained tfieir learning no longer than they retained their In all the moft illuftrious the later Roman authors Tacitus pojt bellatum apud A3ivmt atynt poteftatcm ad unum conferre pacts magtia ilia ingenia cef fere that after the battle of and the eftablifhment of an arbitrary and 4efpotic all the great geniuss foon difap nearly to the fame facundia yuodrn fdltnti Gracite aut cpponat ant circa Cice ronem Omni a qua lucent Jiudiis nojlris toot In dtterius deindt qubtidie data res eft that every improve ment in the Roman which either equals or excels that of affuming flou riihed in the time of All the great wits that now animate and dired our were then ever wit daily and grows lower and dts Maixeanx in his dedication of Evremonds works to Lord that Greece and Italy never had illuftrious whilft they preferred their liifcription a column at when the barons obliged king Johfi to Jign Magna 3y A K N who ths plain doft among us troii thy Rccire Oh flay a d ths Around contemplate Fhis is the place Whers Err5lands antisnt clad in rtern from thsir tyra t king Then did fch and ftjre THE OF THY fau not on Till thou have blefid iheir and pjid Thoic whioh God appointed the reward Of ublic virtus it chance tly Salute thes witi a fathers honoured Oo Call thy fons n what a riejt They owe thsir an9 males To pay by Tijoie Tac ed ruSts 10 whlei WeT PROLOGUE to the AVtu Cmtdj of M A D of B A T WRITTEN by F R I E HO tut has if yon at Of they Jacl tbt GlintKiller call He wai a fto abhhodioi To clear the World of favJ his Wheneer a mnfter had his power A young and render virgin to To coafhis like a fktlfal Bled we tlis and reltaad iha Like the bei datl did a method n Of curing n ver Maynt 1 this billing trade renew 1 I have my and my manfier Tho I cant like a liil of wield a ard can breathe a vein Tg his Herculean arm my nerves are He cltft I only make mine fqueak A3 Indians their flaves tDpleaie tt6 Ill tickle great tonttke you fp To prove myfelran Giants are arid Jack lands fjr fatire By tropes ani as it fancy rile rnen fmk down to brutes All talk and write in allegoric town arxi country run tofifton S Each daily piper allegory ani contraSofs leeches een where no Baid Deah much in fiction ta pafs off their Wares For whence the roaring cneyj from Bails and Stars The gaming fools are theiaaves are Changealley banJcrbprs wad Jle out lame ducks your gaming For well as houles To change the figure formerly Ive To ftraggling follies only By royarbounty I mount the back Of my own I keep Tallyo arrank old Fox we mw Softrongthe youll run him full in If we cant kill fuch brutes in human fright that your cbickenrmyy cfape Roufe when oer their tender theyre L And f lib their jums at to mar their mum HIGH WATER at LondonBridge the enfuing A 9 Mond 45 22 10 ji i ti 2 53 2 4J 3
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