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Bingleys Journal (Newspaper) - June 15, 1771, London, Middlesex U N I V E R SAL G A Z E T T i i m From June to Jude THE NORTH or SATURDAY JUNE rtwcgmW M AofflBW txjuria T is a of Rouf that the liberties of a pco when once are hardly ever It is an eafy matter to talk of recurring to firft principles and infilling on an equable This is now indeed be the favourite topick of political convcrfa it is is divided into a greater number of bands but this circumftance rather aggravates than mitigates its At the com mencement of thefe a general equa lity as at individuals j the choice of Governors and Magiftrates was made by the whole body cf As they grew more an inequality ot eir cumftances was introduced the inconveniencies attending popular aflemblies were laid hold by the fuperior the inferior to give up their Hght of election and with it of courfe all their pretentions to Thus the free men of London gave up their right to in and the burghers of Amfter theirs to chufe their Burgomafters norl chiefs in the c to recommend thcmfelvcs to the confidence would it be a matter of wonder if m procefs time even the livery itfclf fliould be thoughttocr tumultuous a and be in like manner pre vailed on to refign their tight of election to a more convenient and traftable I am afraid that this event is more reafonably to be than that the livery fliould ever be in duced to refign fuch a right into the hands of the freemen at And yet it would be by fuch andfuch only that we ftiould recur to firft and bring about a fair and equable When any cuftonx has been of long even a prior and more ancient one Mas to encounter with all the difad vantages of If to this motive for oppofirion we conceive to be added the panicJar intereft of the prefent poffeffors of the right in the of carrying a point fo flatteringly propofed and fo ardently ap pears This at leaft is that it requires the united efforts of every branch of the oppofirion to effect What then have we to hope for in the prefent divided and di ftate of the minority It is in vain they propofe to attain the fame while they pur fue feparate plans of may of the As to the means of effecting they differ as widely as if they had dif ferent ends in The right of reprefentation is with fome looked upon as infcparably attached to the property of the fubjcft by others as prin cipally annexed to his Both confidera tioas have their weight but in where the Bates arc hid chiefly on the necelTaries and conwuiencies of the fupport of the ftate rcfts more firmly on the induftry of the people than on their aftual This however great at any certain period is not a neverfailing like induftry and Like arefervoir with out a fpringi tt may bc dried up or exhaufted which a though of lefs conftantly fupplied by aa equal cannot To this it may be that the actual wealth of a lying in fewer hands than the induftry which produces it were properly die criterion of a right to chufe a rcprefcntitrve bcJdy fo chofen would form an arittocracyfcither than a democracy the republican intermixed with the Engllfh fyilem of govern ment to counteraft the influence of the crown and the would be thrown into the fcaleof the Later and the confutation dgfogypd tually than it ever would beEytneVxcefiiveTh of the crown on the one or the peo ple on the while the nobles fliould to moderate and form ill ballance between The advocates for property pretend that men of fubftance are the moft men of greater underlhiidiiic and probity that they arc the fit fell to and the moft unbiallcd to chufe re prcfentatives for the fciting afide the natural which every member of the com who contributes to its has to a choice of reprefentativcs in a certain proportion or degree to the talents and ftation in which he is placed it is by no means true that property con fers either fcnfe or As to the fortune is frequently favour able to and indultry to the The moil and difccrning part of fociety is certainly the leaft even in a country of manufactures apd commerce and withrcfpect to it is as little annexed to wealth as to po though the one afford a much greater ex cufe for the want of it than the Shrewd knavery will make a fortune fooner than fimple especially among a where it is common to fee men without fixpcncc in their amafs wealth in a very few years to re alize us great eftates as are hereditary in the firft families in the In an age when luxury keeps pace with the increafe of and artificial wants fuggeft themfclvas appearance of the incansof getting them die temptations to difhonefty ate merely compa rative the rich man is as anxious to increafe his accumulated or te grafp at the means of indulging a fpirit of as the poor one to obtain a The influence of a bribe has the fame effect on both the difference only lies in the value of If this be proportioned to the different circumftances of thofe to whom it is it muft be owing to fome othercaufe than Merely that difference of that it is ever If neither fuperior fenfe nor virtue therefore be annexed to no good reafon can be gi the of a greater or a lefs fhare of Jfejuld intitlc a man to a greater or lefs fhare in the legiflaturc of a free The love of power which is natural its conftant tendance on property in and the ahnoft inevitable abule of have ever thrown the ad miniilration of government into the hands of the But when a fhte is large and populous the difproportion between the rulers and the ruled is fo inordinately tint the majority muft of Jttceflky become There arc no people fo truly cnuavcd as whole being formed on a republican an Of the itatts of Venice and Genoa are remarkable nor are even boafted governments of Switzerland and Hol at preknt much of ad the Jbjeak vt divided into feveral who could not have oppofed them either by art or if collected into one firm and compact ed Let jne prevail ii poUible on the difunited leaders of the popular to drop all perfbnal and join hand and their endeavours to bring abbutfo in tcrefting an At the fame ncvcrthe I muft tho I think a people Can do little or nothing without yet it is onjy on the virtue and public fpirit ot the people at that I place the lealt hopes of liflled to the Provident containing ackar proof the infiifficiency of the Plans of all thefe It was at leaft to be that fucli a publication would prevent the rlfexif new Societiesformed on more inadequate But thiawas fo far from being thfe that fbon aftwvwards a Society fprung up which calls itfelf the Rational Annuity Society though it does not take half the values of the Annuities it has to aflure the that it is formed on a Plan inconteftably The the and the Weftminfter Union are yet worfe inftitutions which haves been SATURD June arrived a Mail from April Paulin de Saint failed lately trom this port for the and off the iile of by a who maffacrted him and all his Her Imperial Majefty wil that adiniflion into religious mould be entirely has puhlifhed an by which all legacies op to ecclefiaftical under any title are tptally prohibited under fevere both to the donor and Verfaitteti June The dearnefs of corn has reduced Fftrache Comte to a deplorable The King 3has ordered livres to beflittrt buted among the poor of the different commu incumbents of the different pa jiffies have feconded his and diftibuted i H I P N E W Jvnp Game down and the FU the for aflSt the N J O lote Duke of bro ther to the Pitaceis Dowager of born April and married Lpuifa by whom he had Fredcrica born and now tne two vac J t blue and the other by that of the Earl of both of whichwill be filled np before the 2cth of next being the day teed for the inllal Tlie whole Court will be at Windfor during the inftallation Knights of the High Court of the ronm of the It is a prfefct place for valuedat 300 per A aflbciation is in the l provinces of to refufe the pay juxeht is what ought to have done in when thepeople were jobbcd of their right of The decifion of the in the cafe of Lord March and is by fome to be incompatible with the principles of but not Pigot did not lay a bet upon a deadj father and therefore the bet being became But then was trcraely ptoper to make an example of a profligate betting upon the life of his own Evea wlio was by no means remarkable for the fe verity of his makes fuch a coiiducl a charafteriftic of iron Filius ante diefti palrios intjuirit in The therefore af with fome the A Grazier about a morithVgOjTcuaVpafcel of lanibs toa Butcher of this who refufcd to pay for them upon whith zier brougnt hisadiion againft The caufe was tried at and a verdift was given for the the theGra aier declared he fold the Jambs to the Butcher at fuch a that he tfould have afforded to re tail them at a with confidefable fit although at that time the were obliged to pay for ome joints of at the rate cf per On Thurfday a perfon at Deg taken Into charged with the w der of his wife by cruelly bcatting hen OnTikurfday night fome of the prifoners in the Kings Bench were very Hotousj and broke the Yefterday a Carman wasfcnt to the Poultry Compter for for driving1 haftily down a gateway in Thamesftreetv to get Before another bytoEhith he fijileezcda the wheel arfd tfie1 bforfce his collar did him otherwifs fo that his life is in Pdtcr who laft Old Bailey felons to be transported for ftealihj two of the memoirs dfMifs proparnr of Jofeph died yelterdayin Oa ttfan OrahaiOj daughter of hh OraceltHc which been given for of day ordfcrs having Steward of the apatteents fof the officers To the THE following quotation frorn Prices Book on jult may be the means of guarding againft a very dangerous impofuion and therefore I hope you will give it a place in your In queftion fays this writer in ms page I have defcribed a ge neral method of finding the in fmgle and and annual of all Life Annuities which are to commence after a given term of years and in die fourth fcclion of the fecbnd the Plans of the Societies for fuch Annuities are particularly and proved to bc extremely deficient Iridecd the general difpofition which has lately fhewn itfclf to encourage thefe a c matter of the moft ferious concern and I to be taken under tire notice of the Le The leadiag Perfons among the pre lent Members will be the firft Annuitants and tlicy are lure of being gainers and the more inefficient the fcheme is on which a Society is 1 the greater wijl the gains of theiirft Annuitants The fame thut has produced and Jcept up has a tenaency to preferve and promote thefejf and for this reafon it is to be in the prefent no arguments will be attended with any effect The that the gain made by fome Societies will be fo much plunder taken from to engage all to withdraw from any regard to humanity j rience that this is apt to Tie too feeble in its It cannot be faid with precision long thefe Societies may continue their payments to An nuitants after beginning A continued in and a great proportion of young Menv may fupport them for a longer time than can But the longer they are by fuch the more mifchief they muftoc So a who fells cheaper thani he may bc kept up many years by increa fing bufinefs credit j but he will be all the while accumulatmg diftrefs and the Conger he the more extenfive ruin he will produce His Majeftyhas appointed his Grace the Duke of GVafton to be Ranger and Warden of Salcey in the room of the of The Rangtrrfhip offiufliy Park is worth North a leaft annji Itiia Complete villa by itsvvumity to Londonj venieht to a man in There parki a very good underwood great and a The nephew to the Bifhop of will be made Canon Hefidentiary of in the roomof Dr On Jiis tKfnflation to It Is fatd to Ke deterniirfcd that a fquare built inthe and tliat to purchafe the feveVal leafcs Tfiecityhave agreed to providethem in Kcu with a large piece of walled with a commodious houfe in the fields hearthe Shepherd and the conteft between his Grace the Archbifhop of and theGroccrf Com about the right of prefentation l 1 of St Mary lcB3w cided in favourtf the by the The matter was this great frre of Septi three churches were burnt tAvooi whichwere in the of his Grace of of Thurfday at his houfe at uponThames Taefday at hisfeoufe William ani emhient Yef terday at his houfe Lictle John jnanjs anemirient HairMerefiant M O 1 This dajf the and oi5 in CommonCquricil waited upon his Majefty being Majeftyby the Righton the Eatl f Heftfordj Lord cf his Majeftys tlieir in the following addrefs the KINrisijnoH Excellent humble of jhe Lord the City of in Moft gracious yourMijeftys nrofirdutiful and loyal fub the wmyuij Commons of the of in Common Council embrace this joyful occafion of approaching your Majefty with iincere cdn of the another Your ever loyal and faithful Citizens exceeded by none of your happi and the thirjt nefsyand the glory and profpcrity of your his Grace was tcr prefent the firfPtwo tinitsy arid the Company thethird accordingly hisGracc r nj did the prefentcc getting a Biffiop the crown Virtute a tuccefrprs This three different vjaeanicy lately his of v j j Atthis goes on at I Jt So deficient as notto in general one Jialf of the value of the prpmifed Annuities iapr pofm5 money imprpvea at fo high a as four per compound j This appreheafiori has been verified by At ihp beginning of laft a letter VVMS r eers Company entered a demurrer Com mon found that their Graces of Can terbury having twice according to the and that of the tuting one mattinftead of was not to Wclude the Grocers Company from prefenting their they directed a writ to admit the the Grocers caveats are entered in Doctors j againft proving the Will bf the EarKof the Managers and Directors of ifvered twenty thoufand tickets to theafliires of the Bank of The Ahlberyj from Nantz is loftjin her arrived a jnaij cd from thence May j the NewYorkj which augment your omeftrck felicity firmly truiling that every in creafe of the auguftHouTe additional fecurity to otrr ana the great charterof cpnfcqUence of glorious and that il luftiious Houfe was chofen to by pfdetdSf TAMES To which addrefs his Majefty was pleafed to n the following mcft gracious anfwer Thank you for this dutiful your congratulations on the fafe delivery of tiie and the birth of another It gives me gWat farisfaclioh to findthat voif confiaer the increafe of my family as an addi tional fecurity to our and to that Ii i 1 t T 1 1 1 f i jo and j j the Court of June the Kings moft in His Hajefty been pleafed to cuftody of the Privy Seal to his Grace oath of KL the Privy Seal this day adminiftered i j tooki his place at the TOrdm The Lord Chancellor has appointed his I His Majefty havirig been pleafed to a e Clerk of Briefs in the J Rigjrt Henty Earl of Suffolk and
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