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Bingleys Journal (Newspaper) - April 13, 1771, London, Middlesex NIVERSAL r tc A T TT P n A Anril to Aoril From April to S A T U R P A April the HE arguments ufed in of the late proceedings ot the Houfe of would have a confiderable weight with it I could perfuade myfelf that the prefent Houfe of were feaiiy jn that independent in which the conftitution meant to place If I could be fatisfied that their refolutions were not previoufly determined in the Kings that no pcrfonal refentment was to be nor any minifterial purpofe be under pretence of aSng their I own I fhould be very unwilling to raife or encourage any qaelhon bc SJcentS ftricl right of the and that dif 1 fc yrj twccn cnc HXHL credonary power which our Reprdentatives have afluraed by and anal of late theyhave very feldom While the Houfe of Commons form a legal Reprefentatton of the while they preferve their place in the dilVmft from the and indepen dent of the think to contend with them about the limits of their But the que ftion will be materially if U fhould appear inftcad of preferring the due balance ot the they have thrown their whole weight into the fame fcale with the and that their inftead of forming a barrier again t the encroachments of the other branches of the legif are made fubfervicnt to the views of the and under the direction of the in the Perfection of and the Oppreffion of the In this in would be the duty of every honcft man to ftand ftriftly to his queftion every art of fuch an Houfe of Commons with iealoufy and fufpici and wherever their pretended privileges trench ed upon the known laws of the in the mi nuteft to refift them with a determined and fcrupulous To the we needonly confider in what manner Parliaments have been managed fince his Majeftys He found this country in that ftate of perfedl union andhappinefs which good government natu rally and Which a bad one has He promifcd to abolifh all diftinaions of and kept his word by declaring Lord Bute his Fa vourite and by prescribing the whole Whig intercft of and filling every place of truft and profit under his government with pro feft notorious and Scotchmen of all He abolifhed no but thole which are effential to the iafcty of the and which fhould for ever ftand clear of each were foon melted down into one common inafj of while equtd care was tsrltcnto drawa nettot fepa ration between the Iggiflature and the and more particularly between the repreTentative and the constituent body of the The Lower Houfe diftinguifhed thcmfclves by an eager compli ance with every meaiure that could be luppofed to gratify the King or to humour the vin diftive paffions of his Royal When Wilkes was to be they made no fcruple about the privileges of parliament and ikhough was as well known as any matter of public re cord and uninterrupted cuftom could that the Members of either Houfe are privileged ex 44 tept in or breach of the they declared without hcfttatioa that privilege of Parliament did not extend to the cafe of a fedi tlous libel and undoubtedly they would have done the fame if Wilkes had beea profecuted for any other mifdemeanpr It was upon that occafion that Sir Fletcher the patron of declared in the if he were a Judge in he mould re gard a vote of the Houfe of Commons no more than a resolution of a company of fhew us his he preserves his ftile fhew us his he changes his The influence of the Crown over the refolutions of both Houfes continues to operate with equal though now it affumes a different The liberty of the giving a daily pcrfonal oftence to the Princefs of muft al ways be therefore always odious to fuch a government as the Profecatipns have been attempted without The privilege of which had been fo fhamefully furren dercd to anfVrer one minifterial muft now be as violently aflerted to anfwer The Miniftry are of a fudden grown wonderfully care ful of which their predeceflbrs were as ready to The known of the the rights of the of and the reverence due to our muft all jnve without queftion or to a pri vilege of which no man knows either the origin or the The Houfe of Judge of their own privileges without may take offence at the molt innocent and im prifon who offends them during their arbitrary The party has no remedy cannot appeal their jurifdiftion and if he queftions the privileges which he is fuppofed to have viola it becomes an aggravation of his this doftrine is not to be found in Magna If it be admitted without limi I iffirm that there is neither law nor liberty in this We are the flaves of the Houfe of through we are the flaves of the King and his The necelfity ftf fecuring the Houfe of Commons againft the Kings fo that no interruption might he given either to the attendance of the Members in Par or to the freedom of the was the foun dation of Parliamentary privilege and we may all the of new appointed tn the So the mmoft privilege they damand is liberty of fpeech and freedom from The very word Privi lege means no mors than or a fafeguard to the who pofTeffes and can never be conftrued into an pjwer of iatading the of The in which the Hoqfe have proceeded againft the City Magiftr can neither be recon ciled to natural nor even to the common forms of They begin with fhutting their doors againft all the ufual by which they defcribe thdr Some of their debates appear in the public The if is ceftainly not a new We have the debates as regularly preferved as the Jour nals of Parliament t nor can there te any honeft reafon for concealing Onflow however thinks it neceflary to perfecute the and the Houfe of Commons is mean enough to take part in his Lord who had fo lately rewarded rie Scot with the beft living in the Kings gift for heaping inveftives equally and virulent npon feme of the molt in the is now fhamelefs enough to fupport a motion agaiaft the Liberty of the with the whole influence of the That their practice might be every way conformable to their the Houfe proceeded to advife the Crown to publiJJi a Proclamation universally ac knowledged to be Morton publickly proteilcd againft it before it was ifTued and Lord though not Scrupulous to an peaks 01 it with it is remarkable enough that the very who advifed the and who hear i arraigned every day both within doors and are not daring enough to utter one word in its nor have they ventured to take the lealt notice of Wilkes for difcharg ingthe perfons apprehended under The pretended trial of the Lord Mayor and Oliver reiembled the dark bufinefs of a Spanifh rather than the fair proceedings of an Englnh Court of Thefe as magiftrates had nothing to but the ob ligation of their oaths and the executkin of the If they were convinced that the Speakers warrant was not a legal authority to the it neceffarily that when he was charged upon oath with a breach of the they hold him to They had no Yer how have they been treated Their Judges have been oartially by Treafury prcf ling and demanding a vote of condem They were tried and condemned at mid withput being by or their on the only on which their juflifi cation could poffibly In a of was referred to numbers and carried like a common mmitterial Their next ftep was to force the Lord Mayors by the terror of a to erafe the record of a judicial held regularly before the Chief Magiftrates of the Lord North himfelf made the and declared that cooftiturion could not be until it wa3 carried into They then refolved that all profccuiions for the aflault charged upon they call a pretended One fhould be I wiih that grave and fober men would independently of the other queitions be fore how fdr this particular precedent may ex If the Houfe of Commons may in a between the fubjeclt who com and the which ougnt to I ee no reafon why they may at any hy tiieir ftop the whole courfe of juftice through the Befides the injury done to the their granting a Noli Profequi is in ef fect an qpon the royal Many of iniult have been mixed with thefe mealures of Their pretend ed lenity to the Lord which he nobly re fufed to accept amounted only to an offer of the garrets ot the Houfe for the place of his confine ment inftead of the Tower though it be of lefs moment it is ftill worth that the in dignity offered to the city is aggravated by the time exprcsfly chofen for imprifoning their Chief Ma Not content with interrupting all city they fixed upon becaufe it is the chief city and found a contemptible gra tification in putting aftqptothe amufements ufual at this and depriving a public charity of the cuftomary which they knew muft be reduced to nothing by the abfence of the Lord Nothing remained but to keep up a terror and alarm through the kingdom by appointing Com mittees of This double Star Chamber was moved long after and lifts partially fent round by the Meflenger of the Where will thefe iniquitous proceed ings end The I doubt not have a plan prepared but it is fuch a as they neither dare openly nor uniformly adhere One day they appoint Committees of inquifition to fit de die in Diem the next thing we hear is that the Com mittees are and the members of them difperfed into the After advifmg the King very unneteflarily to go to they come to while his equipage is in contradift their own and endeavour to ftagger his at the moment when he has moft occafion for They alone are anfwerable for all the indignities heaped npon the Kings per fince they could not but that the peo ple would take the earlieft opportunity of refenting the imprisonment of their When the Princefs of Wales was named in the Houfe of where was the which Come people boaft of for their Royal mafter The mother of their Sovereign was branded by as the authorefs of all our calamities and the af fertion pafled without cenfure or I moft truly lament the condition to which we are reduced and the more becaufe there is but one remedy for and that remedy has been repeatedly A diflblution of the Parlia ment would reftote tranquility to the people j and Greys Cotlefiion of in ten wrt under the direction of the late Arthur to the King the tffedions of his fubjecb The pre fent Houfcof Ceinmons have nothing to expect but and This vio lent ftate of things cannot long Either the laws and ctMdtitution muft be preferved by a dreadful appeal the fword or what gwbably is intended by the prefent lyftcm of hjjjfrfea the people will grow weary oftheir and Jiirrfender every thing into the rather than fubmit to be trampled upon any longer by five hundred of their A and every firebrand of this country be abfo lutely incapacitated from ever havidg it in their power todiftnrb public tranqaility COMMON To the YOUR who fijjns A WHIG writes in thf fhie and manner ot a genlkman circumftmces wiBchhave not always attended thofe pieces which hayc lately been communicated to the Though I do not agree with him in every point to the privileges of I perfeftly do in that the confidence of the people will be regained without giving them a new body of not that this alone will be fuficienf to reftore peace and harmony to the order and rcfpeft to or the love and attachment to the perfon of our So vereign which the dawn of his reign feemed to pro mife to him to which his virtues certainly intitle but which my heart bleeds to fay is now al moft extinct ana To gain thefe great to anew Houfe of Commons muft be added almoft a total cflange of men in and of meafures of government I fay not an en tire change of becaufe there arc in the prefent adminiftration a but very whom I fhould wifh to fee in any either from the qualities of theirheads or their Much has been faid for an4 againft the opinion of a Carlton Houfe the influence of a certain great Frora what quarter an influence proceeds I xvil not pretend to fay but noman in his fenfes will deny But that an influence docs exift and no who is not paid for the will that this influence has not at this critical moment this country to the edge of In all the different Minifters which have diftrefled this nation and difgraced it abroad fince the acceflion of his prefent a change of Miniftry has been only a change in Few employ and it has been an argument conftaarly brought againft forming a Miniftry on a compre benfive plan and broad that there are not places enough to take in the number of men nccef fary to effeft which I grant would be if hv tirne to asin time moft of the honour and are to remain fixed in the RamSofas undeferving a fetof men as ever difgraced a and brought reproach on her or them who recommended and have fince readily fupported It is owing to the part he takes in to his profound or his amiable and affa ble that one of the firft pofts is confer red on his Grace of or to the liberal and enerous way of fo evident in LordTal that he has another of them Is it from the calm unruffled the good or the ftrift regard to which Lord Pomfret has lately in fo confpicuous a manner that he is thought worthy of holding two one of them taken with marks of infolencs and con tempt from as refpeftable a Nobleman as any in this country And why two more fhould be heap ed on the Earl of Denbeigh is very hard to It cannot be merely for that graceful manner and ad which make him a fit ornament to a nor yet for his elocution in the nor fub miflion to his wife It muft be for fome hidden which either I do not know or cannot de Is it to the incapacity which my Lord De fpencer had honefty enough to or his ftrift attachment to the chriftian that he changes with Miniftries but it is always from a worfe to a better employment Or is it to the parliamentary powers of thefe or their love for revolution and averfion to jaco that in all thofe fhocks and convulfions of which a deep laid plan has brought a bout to eradicate confidence and virtue from all fetsof they others of the fame ftamp remain ever fixed and immoveable Is it ro his Mil in military his unerring ftile in writing and or the inviolable attachment to his friends and that whatever King mail Lord Barrington will ftill be vicar of Bray To the courage of Sir Gilbert who has dared to fhew that the prime Minifter for whofe virtues in private and abilities in public life I have unfeigned though I cannot pardon his tamenefs on this occafion is fo only in and not in that though with E laces for has not wherewithal to fatisfy himj is vaft ambition has ftomach for Has meritalone brought Jenkinfon with won derful rapidity from the verylqweft fteps almoft to the fummit of the ladder procured feats in Parlia ment for his and fifty more for what pur pofe and with what qualifications they fit heaven and their conscience only know and filled all the inferior departments and offices with whom no Minifter has dared to lay his hand If thefe things are fome thing befides chance has been the caufe and whilft they continue it is thelaft degree of folly ex pect a remedy for the prefent The arms of the enemies muft then be turned againft them and the fcheme which Lord Bure laid to fap and ruin the conftitution of this country be ployed to produce the contrary With a Parliament mtfft come a new fet of men in every department a Miniftry be formed ona very wide foundation and contefts for the firft which withWoncfrous art fign nave been muft now be forgotten and an hidifpcnfible ftep to ht Lord APPEAL TO THE JOHN Publifcer of the MAGA gratefully fenfible of the rtwferred on him by the very favourable it has met is forty to find hinffelf under che NecefKty of JrppeaJiBg to his in behalf of fcjs Pretensions to that Encouragement they have fo fiber ally He would be wanting boih and the ftiould he fail to give the of a Defign that is formed to deprive iheMtieftEmo luments of his Publication j and to Un under the Tame on die henenaoa of the x The Application and has ccnftamly and laborioufly employed in the Fiofecmionrtd Perfeftion of the LADYs he entitles him to the jufl Reward of J But to fuch a Iieight is the Sjirit of Invafion ihac there are Perfons whom no Ties ofPiotity or Fatf dealing reihain fiom attempting to the whole of every attended dfftingittflied The ORIGINAL particularly to folicit the Proteftioh of the more amiable Sex whofe Delicacy of Deteftation bf Injtiftice cannot fail to excite in them a generoirs ladig nation againft eveiy Aft of Oppreflion and Irrrpotture Uuder thefe favourable and with the tion of fparing neither Coft nor Pains to add to their Sa by ftill greater Improvements io the Utility and EmbjIliAments of his MAG A 21 NK 5 he takes the Liberty of requiting their Attention to theaboveCir cumftance and to entreat they will not peirriit any other in Iminciontof to be obtruded on them but that tliey will gi e particul ir Direaiuns fo be with the LADYs printert OXLY for ORIGINAL who begs Leave to their moft and r Moit grateful htimbfe Servant P April 17 XT Paternoftcr To whom his Fair Correfpotidcntx are humbly requefted to direft their future The intended sp rous MAC noc et the lail for March being GENUINE rictwithftanding fonie of nave been iliftiiLuwd with tlie Name of another Vubliiher artfully fubitituted iu the PUce of that of WIEBLE and at a Time when it was iinpoffibte to proTintor expofe chacTranfuSion withont cieating a Difappointment to the Fair April Yffterday arrived the Mails frots and We have received that cne Turks have attacked the advancedjpoftSOff the Auftrians but that the latter being by fome of their fquadrons which were near at killed fome thoufands of the Turks the firft We impatiently expeft the confirmation1 of thisf March We learn front Gracoviay that the Ruffian commandant has required the Ma giitrates to fortify that place at their own expence in confequence of the latter have fent de puties hither to make reprefentations upon that fub March We happily now receivtf the moft favourable advices touching the it having chafed its ravages on all the confines of this A great ndmber ofreginfenflf are already appointed to form the army in Hungary j and the Artillery belonging to it will confht of 350 pieces of Many generals are likewife no but who will have the command in chief is not yet Charles Count GrandCrolx of the military of Maria Councellor of General of and Colonel of a regiment of died here the 26th March The Senate has a new decree which forbids any of the Monies to gv out of their convents or to appear m the city without a and likewiie enjoins them to retire be fore it is March On the ayth iftftaiit thd King caufed the refolutions of the Court or Aids to be erafed in his andfufpended theoiueer who notified them to the SHIP April Sailed for the fhip and the Cruizer floop of Remain Id the the Dutchman and the from Wind PORT of LONDON April From the From the Two Jans tie i From Vriede From the Jonge jurjens Noore Foykes the Three Spelrnanl and the Jonge From the Jacob For Oftend the For the Royal For the Dunlop For the It is fhat a difToktion ofthe Pariialfifm been fbrongly debeated in the and mined Lord h h was ddT fentient in thehtgheft Laft in a 6f Sir Charles Whltwbrth the thti budget was opened by Lord who propoiea a he he was fvtre would like the rickets to bfi at 131 a and ten per to be deducled out of the prizes j4 in the laft many gerttleiJieri joff as thay nflderpafj that the fVfiion eoensd with flM i
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