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Australian Mail And New Zealand Express (Newspaper) - September 17, 1866, London, Middlesex PUBLISHED ON THE ARRIVAL OF EACH MONTHLY MAIL. REGISTERED FOR TRANSMISSION ABROAD. AND NEW ZEALAND EXPRESS No. 89, Vol. VIII.] LONDON, MONDAY, SEPTEMBEE 17, 1866. [Peiob 6d. AUSTRALASIAN POSTAL GUIDE.-Suez Route. The Australian and New Zealand mails are due in LonJon, via .Marseilles, on the 12th, ard via Southampton on tlie I8th of each month. The Malls for Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand, per Peninsular and Oriental Company's route via Suez, are made up ou the morninj; of the -iuili of every month via Southampton, and on the evenm" of the 26th of each month via Marseilles. When the 20th falls on SundaVi the mails will be made up on the previous evening, and when the 26th falls on Sunday, they will be made up on following evening. Lbttek Rates of Postage, via Southampton.-Not exceeding \ an oz., &d.; 1 oz., Is.; 2 oz3.,2i.; and every ounce or fraction of an ounce after the first, \s. Books, 4 ozs. 8 0z3. SdE.; lib. \s.\i.; l|lb. 2�.; adding M. for every additional 8 ozs. Newspapers, U. each. fia Marseilles.-Letters not exceeding ^ oz. in weight, Ibi.; above i oz. and not exceeding 1 oz., Is. 8d.; above 1 oz. and not exceeding 2 ozs., 35. id.; above 2 ozs. and not exceeding S ozs., 5�.; every ounce after the first. If. 8<^. Newspapers, 3<2. each. Postages must be prepaid Panama Route. The Mails for the above places via Panama are made up on the morning of the 2nd of each mouth. When that date falls ou Sunday, the mails will be made up on the following morning. LzTTEB Rates of Postage.-Not exceedia* i an oz. in weight, 1*.; above i an oz. and not exceeding 1 oz., 2^.; above 1 oz. and not exseedini; 2 ozs., 4j.; above 2 ozs. aou not exi ceding 3 ozs., 6;.; every additional oz., 2s. Newspapers, Book Packets, and Patterns-For each newspaper duly registered at the General i^ost-offlce for transmission abroad, not exceeding 4 ozs., id.; above 4 ozs. and not exceeding \ lb., Qd. For i Book Packet, or Packet of Patterns or Samples-Not exceeding 4 ozs. in weight. 6d.; above 4 ozs. and not exceeding 8 ozs., 1*.; above 8 ozs. and not exceeding 12 ozs., Is, 6(/.; above 12 ozs. and not exceeding 16 ozs., 2�.; for every additional 4 ozs., 6d. The regulations now in force with respect to newspapers, book packets, and packets of patterns forwaided via Suez will be applicable in all respects to similar articles sent via Panama. All letters, &c., for New Zealand, or for any of the Australian colonies upon which an amount of post ige sutlicient for their conveyance by this route is prepaid, and not adc'^essed to be otlierwise sent, will be forwarded via Panama. MONEY ORDERS. Money Orders are issued at all Money Order Offices in - be United Kingdom of Great Britain and keland, and at Malta and Gioraltar, on Moaey Order Offices in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, and New Zealaau ; and by the Offices in the s-ame colonies on any Money Order Office iu the Umted Kingdom at a charge of 1^. for any sum Hot exceeding 21., 2s. for any sura above 9i. and not exceeding 51., 3s. for any sum above 6i. and not exceeding 7i., and is. for any sum above 71. and not exceeding 10^, beyond which amount no single order can be granted. COLONIAL EMIGRATION AGENTS. New South Wales ... Victoria ...... Western Australia...... South Australia ...... Queensland......... Do. (Land Order System) New Zealand......... Do. (Land Order System) Canterbury...... ... OVigo......... H.M. Emigration Commissioners Do. Do. F. S. Dutton, Agent-General H.M. Emigration Commissioners H. Jordan, Agent-General... John Mormon ..^ ... A. i\ Ridgway ... J. Marshnian ...... George Andrew, Edinburgh 8, Park-street. Do. Do. 37, Great George-st., S.W. 8, Park-street, S-W. 2, Old Broad-street. 3, Adelaide-place, E.G. 2, Waterloo-place, S.W. It), Charing-cross. 20, St. Andrew-square NEW SOUTH WALESc We have papers from this colony to the 24th July. , ^ a The Legislature was opened that day. The Governor s speech stated that an increase of taxation was unnecessary, as the present income was amply sufficient for the ordinary public expenditure; that steps are to be taken to remove the impediments in the way of the sale ot colonial debentures in London; that the threatening aspect of European affairs renders the fortification of Port Jackson necessary, and the proposed plans of the works are to be laid before the House j and that m-".reased accommodation is necessary in the gaols, lunatic asylums, and benevolent institutions. The estimates are to show retrenchment; and bills are to be introduced dealing with juvenile destitution, tor establishing juvenile reformatories, for amending the law with respect to lunatics, for the better enforcement of prison discipline, for the extension of municipal institutions, for regulating public education, and tor amending in some particulars the land laws. Both Houses agreed to the address in repl}. The Minister for Public Works, accompanied by the Engineer-in-Chief for Hallways, has been absent from Sydney on a tour in the Western district, inspecting the railway extension works between Penrith and Bathurat. 'ilia Sydnei/ Herald sayb: - The past month ha^ not been marked by any event of political importance, but the reading of the Governor's speech may revive old interests and will no doubt be a prelude to the re-opening of many an old debate. Efforts have been made to get up ao opportunity to the re-election of the Chairman of Committees, but it is not certain whether the prime movers will meet ^vith sufficient support to justify a contest. The Premier (Mr. Martin) has recently given much attention to the de-fdnces of the harbour, a subject which engrossed the serious attention of the Assembly on one or two occasions last session, and which, in the present unsettled state of European affairs, will continue to be regarded with additional interest. The Minister for Works (Mr. Byrnes) has been busy inspecting the railway works in progress. He has made an alteration in the railway fiires, which has caused much dissatisfaction ou th6 part of suburban residents, who maintain that the rates enforced will decrease the revenue instead of augmenting it, and that they are inequitable, suburban passengers being required to pay too much in order that travellers to longer distances may travel at cheaper rates. Mr. Parkes has for a time finished his wanderings and inspections of gaols, and the Government have in contemplation the erection of a stockade at Middle Head, near the entrance to Sydney Harbour. The employment of prisoners upon the fortifications will make the sentence of " hard labour" imply something more than double rations and no work. When the Solicitor-General (Mr. Isaacs) was before his constituents last month, he said the finances of the colony were undergoing revision by the Cabinet, so that the burdens of the people might be relieved as far as possi-ble ; but he expressed himself in favour of protective imposts and ad valorem duties. In regard to this matter, however, for the present the Government may think their duty is not so much to change the laws as to administer them. Meantime, we have not been left in ignorance of the state of our finances. A comparative statement of the consolidated revenue has been published. From this it appears that the total revenue for the quarter ending 30th June, 1865, was 372,383Z., and the total revenue for the quarter ending 30th of last month was 476,736^., showing an increase on the quarter of 104,352Z. The expenses of the last quarter have been 538,0562., or nearly 60,0002. in excess of the incotae; but this sum includes 107,6472. for interest on debentures and Treasury bills and some other amounts, the whole of which cover a longer period than three months. The income of the quarter has in reality been larger than the expenditure properly chargeable against it. The revenue for the quarter shows an increase of more than 100,0002, The customs revenue has been nearly a fourth of the estimated annual receipts, or an excess of 60,0002. over the receipts of last year during corresponding months. The gold revenue and Mint receipts have slightly declined, while the land sales show an increase of 20,0002. on the corresponding quarter of last year. The receipts from stamps are 18,1182., and altogether, whatever objections may be made to the taxes themselves, it cannot be denied that so far they have prodaoed the necessary revenue at a time when its acquisition was of the utmost consequence. On the 11th July the coasts were visited by one of the most terrific storms ever experienced, which were attended with great disasters to the coasting trade. Many vessels with all hands were lost, and the foundering of the Intercolonial Mail steamer Oatoarra, bound for Queensland, with all on board except one sailor, has caused a calamity hardly second to that of the London in January last. There had been heavy rains and floods inland on the Hunter, Hawkesbury, Araluen, and other rivers, but they were subsiding at the latest dates. The Herald has the following report on the state of the colony :- Since our last general summary, written at the close of last month, we had three or four days of fine soaking rain. This, we have since learnt, has extended through the entire length and bi;eadth of the colony, and the accounts received from all quarters are of the most encouraging kind. la the coast districts, indeed, so much rain tell that besides the heavy rise in the Hawkesbury recorded in our lust summary, which threatened an inunda ion, there has also been a heavy freshet in the Hunter Kiver. The passage of the river by vehicles was stopped at Singleton, though the water was not high enough to allow the punt to be worked. At Maitland the river rose about six feet altogether. This of itself did no damage, except that it caused the backing up of the waters of the Mullbring and other tributary creeks, which were coming down bank high, and thus caused them to overflow their banks and to inundate a large area of cultivated land, driving radny families from their homes to seek safety on the higher ground. In the Illawarra district there were great fears entertained that the Shoalhaven, which was running for some days bank high, would break over its boundaries and flood the lower lands. These fears passed away with the arrival of the fine weather, It is no doubt too soon to apeak with anything like a tone of confidence of the results of the harvesting of the present infant grain crop that is but jUst showing itself above the ground; but this may be said, that in so far as the weather and other concomitants are concerned, everything up to the present time has been most favourable, and in all quarters the farmers are, consequently, in the highest possible spirits and trust this year to make up the ground they have lost during the past three years of failure. All the wheat may be fai|JjLsaid to be now in, and the greater portion of it is showing up well ^bt^iiSoSp^nd is now strong enough to stand any frosts that may
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