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Atlas (Newspaper) - November 24, 1838, London, Middlesex 0 General ^eto^^aper mtf S^ournal of atterature. TRANSMISSION OP "THE ATLAS" BY POST TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. fF� are induced, by numeroue applicationi on thit iuloect,, to ttite, for the information of ourStAiCfihert, that The Mlat' - ' to the foUwring placet: Antiooa Bbrbiob BvbmosAtbss Cbphalonia, Dbmheaba Gibraltar Hau^oroh Jamaica BxRUDOA Canada Columbia Denmark Grbnada (Nbw) HBLiooLAitD Laooira Brazils ' ' Caraooas Corfu Dominica Obeeob Honduras Malta may be transmitted free of pottage, through the General Pott Offices, BaOoxa Bahamas Nevis Newfoundland New BRt;i�8VioK Nova Scotia qubbbc Spain (via Cadiz) St. Domingo St. Kitt's St. Luoia St. Vincent's ToK^^^ tortola Trinidab Zantb BarBadobs Brbhbn Cabthagbna Cu3i;havbn France Halifax Ionian Islbs Montsbreat " The Atldt" can alto be trantmitted, upon payment of one penny, to India-Cafb of GoOd Hofb-t-New South Wales. To all other placet it may be forwarded upon the payment of two pence. No. 654. Vol. XIII.] SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1838. [ early edition in time fou post fHE ATLAS Of* THIS DAY CONTAINS:- , , � page TPhe PtoUtlctan ; :. ^..... J.....737 Bast Indian and.Colonial Atlas.. 738 Indian Omnium. 738 roi�ignNews ........t.......738 Britiab News................... 739 Ireland...v.739 Scotland.;:....................739 LawBeports......... 740 Police OfBces......... 741 AcoldentsandOfibnces.......... 74Vi Oninium.;;..742 Theatrical IntelUgence.......... Y42 Saturday's News........... 743 Wm^ lletroipect of the Money Iteading Articles*!!!!';!!.'!!!!." 743 The Art-of Constructing *V The I,tt)rettb".................;. 744 MemorandaonMeii and Things.. 744 theatricals.....>............ 745 litbraTurb. French Literature of the Middle Ages, -1. Lei Livredutrds Cher Taleoreux Comte d*Artois et de sa Ffemme. 2. TraditionsVPo-pulaires de Flrancbe. Gomtd.... 745 Gems of Beauty. With fandfiil / nittstr^tlons In Ve�e, by the - Countess of Ble8�lngtott.--Por-i traits of the Children of the . NobUl^. With Itlastrations in ". Ver� bydistlnl^isheil Cpntri-, ' ' lititoirsl Heath's'' Picturesque v Annoiafi�ri889..;; 746 page The Poems of Richard Monckton , Milnes.......................746 Journ^ to the North "of India, nyerund from England, through Russia, Persia, and Afl^haun-i litaunn.......... .747 Statements and Documents rela-I Itlve to the Establishment of Steam Navigation in the Pacific 747 A Letter > to the- Right Hon.' the' Lord Chancellor onthe Present State of the Law of Lunacy.... 747 -A System of Natural Philoiopby.. 747 The Guide to Trade......_____747 The Rudiments of English Composition..........747 /The Book of Dreams............ 747 A Treatise .on the Structure, Economy, and Diseases of the Ear..........................747 Hannay and Dietrichsen's Almanack, &c.....................747 Music and Musicians...........747 FtaeArtS.../..................748 Literary and Scientific Institutions ...v........... 748 Lniverslty Intelligence......... . 749; The Army............'........'749 �The Navy..............i......749 Gasettes...............,.......^749 Births, Marriages, and Deaths ..749 Banking and Monetary Atlas;..; 749 The Markets....'...............750 AdvertiB�niettis..........:.. .V* 751 T,|?,K.^poLi.S;-:i;c,iA,,N. POSIITKON OF pXflTIBS, Affi%lVB TO THE EARL OF ^tiip^iriX................,, London anjDx eoiltiected With It, lioWver secdn^aiyin appearance, to the character of an' event in history. It.was not merely ' because thBini;er!^4''0opsi^ed tb his charge, to be res-' cttc^ jfrom^a s|tate of peril and diMculty without any re* ,jc^t example, Vefe.theliyep.andfortunes of a million of ^ British^ fiuiqects, and the British dominion/oyer posses> sions among the mostl inl^insically valuable, .however . hitherto mismanaged, of thatvast empire-on which 'fthe sun n^ver sets." In addition to so large a portion of the terr^bry. there was delivered into his j^eeping the cha-ract'er also of England; her reputation in the eyes of all nations for wisdom ;|ihd fore6ignt,."for justice, c)emency; add' magnanimilQr; at one of those* dritical instants when Europ^V Aiiia^ and America were looking pn^ to watch how �nglai6d, would act under this trial--whether like an ii^t^ted despot, or a. serious and thoughtful ruler, intent ii^otiprollting.by*experience, and gathering from her . failures the most valuable kind of khowledg^,, that of her own mistakes. And along with interests of this impor-tance tp the physical resources and tp the honour of England, there hung also upon Lord Durham's measures the? contingency of a waptrwar with men of our own race andlanguage|r^warwith the great customer of our^^f^^ . trade-war with,the only^power by which that of England has ever yet been baffled-a war of opinion, and a war against'liberty, in which the sympathy of all Europe would have been with our enemies; the dnly war Which could bring u& into conflict with the free ndtionp of the world and with the despots at once. All this was inWyed in the result.of Lord Durham's.mission; and Something greater still than all this, because involving, in its re* moter, consequences, these and all other national interests: ' the prospects of the popular cause in England; the possi-bilily of an eflfective popular party, and of a Liberal ' ministry worthy of the name." w hat was the situation of polities P On one side, the great aristocratic party, recovered frpm the sudden shock which laid it prostrate in 1832i was progressively and rapidly reasserting its ascendancy; the illegitimate inftuences of property^ the power to bribe, and the power to starve, slowly but surely re- suming the dominion which belongs to them--under our present electoral system-at all seasons except those of " temporary popular excitement. To this natural progress what was tnere to. be opposed ? A body, consisting, indeed, of half the nation on the shewing, of their enemies, five-sixths of it on their own showing, and who, under all , disadvantages and abatements, still possessed between two and thrlee hundred voices in Parliament; but whose objegts and opinions were ostentatiously repudiated , by their ostensible: chiefs^standing actually paralyzed for . want of a common banner-for want of a bond of union, aM leaders. There was one man to whom this party mightlook to whom it had.foryears Ijoked, as the man who might supply this want; the one person of his rdnk ', and influence who was identified with their opinions, the one person identified with their opinions who" might) be thought of, who had beei;i thought of, as fUe head,Qf a futiir? adgjiflistr^tiog, J.oyd Purbaw was this man. Of no other man was there the same reason to hope both that he might be willing to put himself at the head of the Liberals, and that he wbuld be able by doing so to render them the predominant party. And he alone was; so marked out &(r the position, by eveiy consideration of ' character, station, and past services, .that if;he chose to assume it he could do so without rivalry or dispute ; that all the best heads and hands which the party could produce would flock round him with their services and their counsels; and' the whole of its effective strengtb would-come forth at his voice, and give him that decisive majority in the House of Commons, with which he might again break the power of the aristocratic faction,' ana this time provide more effectually tbst the dead.might not b6 able to revive * The popular party will, soon be either the ascendant power in this country, or a thin, feeble, and divided opposition to the Tory ascendancy^ according as they are or are not supposed to possess, or to ,be.capable of producing, such men. It is what the world, at present, by no means gives themcredit for. i The^ world never gives credit to anybody for good qualities tiU: it is. compelled to 4o so. It denied them honesty, it dekied them learning, literary accomplishinents, philosophy, oratory, while it could; it now denies them capacity for action. They are considered essentially unpractical. Can they wonder s^t it P In the first places this is achatge always made in politics against honest men. ~ Next it is a charge always made against men who stand up for general pn^cijples^ or/distant ob-j jects. But, above'al^i, it is always jndiade,|e^mnsi ttiien:v|rhjt>; are untried, and whoti^eifs is, no 4?^e IHomift ^ iris4 They �w#iiiiitHid^''i'^qFi!!^ cp*^ �s' men of laQtioh. They have the&rsputs yeti^ti*^^&> Xoifal -was suddenly in a position in which he would be obliged to show whether iie was a man of action,^ or could become one. This was a conjuncture of the deepest import tP all Liberals. And it was a conjuncture to try the quality,; hot Pf Lord Durham only, but of many persons besides. It was an occasion for sifting the-really practical part of the great Liberal body from the unpractical. , According to the disposition,they manifested, to aid or to obstruct Lord Durham in a buMness so vital to.Liberal objects; according to the manner in which they judged him, or rather tpthe principles which they :brpught,with them to 'jii^e him by, they would afford decisive evidence to which of those two sections of Liberals they belongedj * * * Wfe claim for Lord Durhaiu,^ from dispassionate' men of all parties, the recognition that he did ^ply his mind to those ends and means; that he took, in evei^ -essential particular, a just and a comprehensive view of themi that the �cheme of policy which he conceived; and bessln to execute, contained within itself every ele-inent of success; that he has: iji^en.already, to a very great extent,.succeeded; and wouldliave succeeded altogether if he had met with no obstacles but those which le could calculate upon, none but whbt were inherent in his situation; if each of his measures had been opposed by those only to whose, principles it was.adverse; if Gon.^ seryatives had not rusned in to destroy a Conservative measure. Radicals to denounce the - act which savedithe lives of Radical leaders: both forgetting the essentials' of their pohtical creed in the commonnplaces of it, and doing theteby'as much as one act coula do towards proving themselves the pedants and fprmJdists which the latter are called, butwhicn is now proved to be a character fully as applicable to the former. SUPERIORITY OF THE WHIG POLICY TOWARDS IRELAND. . Morning FosTTr-If the business of politics were no-thing better or nobler than a struggle for the pre-eminence of this party or'of^that,i in the conduct of affairs, we should be inclined to yield the palin of superior ability to the Whigs. They seem to wi,eldv such power as they possess with more attention to the-interests and wishes of their friends and supporters than the Tories ever did, or are ever likely to do. The? reason is partly very creditable to the Tory party^ and partly it is not. It is creditable in so far. as their attention'is given to much better things than the securing of "theiri own personal or party influence-it is not creditable in so far'as such attention is a matter of mere justice^ and as the influence obtained by it is an important'element'of political stren^h, which it is incautious to neglect. The greater attention to the interests of their friends and supporters, which the Whigs display, arises we believe from no virtue--no sentiment of fratitude and good will on their part, but from sheer sel-shness and the necessity of the case. Opposed as the Whigs are by an immense preponderance of the good cfiaracter, the intelligence, the learning,' and the wealth of the empire, it is impossible, ot se^ms so to be, that they should hold their ground a$ a patty, except by directing attention to soine important element of political strength which their rivals neglect, Thi^ element is thf conciliating to themselves by some means or another the earnest longing of their own party for their continuance in power We have no doubt they derive much more strength from this than any party could derive who cultivated the same ground under the government of probity and honour, atid a sense of the duty incumbent upon ministers of thd crown; but that is their point of strength, and that which is to be complained of on the other side is, that they do not pay. that friendly attention to.their supporters which they might do, consistently with honour and probity, and their duty to the political principles which they are bound to advance by every effort of just encouragement and honourable leadership. These remarks are drawn from us at present by the aspect of Irish affairs, as developed in the document to which we yesterday directed the particular attention of our readers. /The Protestant people of Ireland are 4;riven to complain that they, haye been actually neglected by those political leaders to the support of whom they have devoted their best energies. Tnis is a great reproach, which we' would recommend the Tories to endeavour to w^ipe away as soon as possible, and\o take good care that they-do not-incur a similar reproach elsewhere'. Sir Robert Peel has taken from time to time much p^ns, and very'laudable pains we think, to impress upon theppn^servative people that under theildritishconstitutipn, as at present mpdifled, all power ultimately Jies with the. electors of the House of Com-'monSf and that they shouM bear this Inmindi'^nd' be oon-tindklly vigOant in availmg'themselves, for.jglodd, of that political power whicb^p |eypiu,��m�^ part of tll%i^e6p|iB �exceDent ^coanfd^,v.but < |iw y a long course of indiscriminate, and we do sincerely believe, most faulty indulgence P.^ Instead of being looked cqldly upon under such circumstances^ and left to feel not merely tne bitterness of oppression on the one hand, but the icy coldness of something like disdainful neglect on the other, a just i^nd prudent leadership would have exhibited a vivid sympathy with their peculiar condition-it v^ould have^ Been to tl^eir faults a little blind, ' And to their virtues very kind; and would have left no room for any other feeling th^n that of 6rdent desire to co-operate with the'friends of con* stitutional government in Great Britain against the cpm^ mon enemy-the Papist favouring ministers of a mon-. archy whose best bulwarks they are underrainingv^'M^ what is the feeling of the Irish Protestant people ?^'4;^s expounded by the report of the committee of the i^Vsiiill Society, it is this:- , - , Your committee cannot conceal tbat an extension of' t}uj>OnU)|i^'Xh-stitution is, now more than ever necessary; not mfetely �lro(n tb#(f|ftx^eou� dangers t}iat more than thT at^� the Frote3t�at8
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