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Atlas (Newspaper) - October 13, 1838, London, Middlesex c7 6 TRANSMISSION OF "THE ATLAS" BY POST TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. We are induced, hy numeroui appUcations on this subject, to state, for the information of our Subscribers, that " The Mas" may be transmitted free of postage, through the General Post Offices, Basota Bahulh&s Bamadobs Bebbiob Bebuoda Bbazii.8 Bbbubm BtTBNOS At BBS Canada Cabaocas Cabtbagbha Cephalonia Columbia COBFO CUXHAVBN Dehebara Denmark dominioa France to the following places: GlBBALTAB HaMBDBBH jamaica Gbbnada (New) HsuooiiAND Laguira Grbbob Honduras Malta Halifax Ionian Isles Montsebbat Quebec Sfain (via Cadiz) St. Domingo St. Kirr's , " The Atlas" can also be transmitted, upon payment of one penny, to India-Cape op Good Hope-New Sout^ Wales.- To all other places it may be forwarded upon the payment of two pence. Nevis Newfoundland New Brunswick Nova Scotia St. Lucia St. Vincent's TOEAti-j TORTOLA Trinidad Z&ntb No. 648, VoL> XIII.] SATURDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1838. r EARLY EDITION I IN TIME FOR POST. THE ATLAS OF THIS DAY CONTAINS:- PAGE The Politician................641 East fn�an and Colonial Atlai.. 643 li'oreign News..............., 642 BrlUsb News................... 642 State of Society in New South Wales.......................643 Tiie N�w System of Management , of Metropolitan ^bllc Carriages........................ 643 Scotland........................643 Ireland.:...................... 643^ itegl(tration Anecdotes.......... 644. Strange Doings at Brighton......64� X,awReports644 Police Offices..................644 Accidents and Offlsnces.....w... 645, Omnium.......................646 Saturday's News................646 Weekly Betrospect of the Money . Market......................646 Xeadhig Ariides..............647 DuelUng and Duellists.......... 647 Memoranda on Men and Things.. 648 Zfaektricals.................... 648 .tlTKBATDKK.. The Edinburgh Review. No. ' CXXXVII.................. The Diadem, a Book for the Boudoir...'...-................ Friendship's Offbring,. and Win-ter's Wreath '/a Christmas and Mew^Year's Present for 1839;. The Oriental Annual; containing a Series of Tales; Legends, and Historical Romances...:....... 650 The AhnuidofBritish^Landscape Scenery.' An Autumn BamWe on the Wye....650 Fortunlo. Par M. Gautier.... 650 649 650 paob The Phenomena and Order of the Solar System................651 An Essay Towards a Science of Consdousness, more particularly Illustrative of the Phenomena of Human Knowledge, Feeling, and Action........... 651 The British and Foreign Review. 651 Legends of Leicester In the Olden Time........,....'........... 652 A Statistical Account of the^Bri- tish Empire.................... 652 Decerpta ex P. Oyidii. Nasonis Metamorphnseon Llbris; with English Notes, &c............ 652 Le Cameleon. Tome 1 ^nd 2... 652 Delineations, Physical, Intellectual, andMor^, Exemplifying the Philosophy of Christianity 652 I. The Poetical Works of Henry Kirk White. 2. Bligh's Narrative of the Mutiny of the Bounty...........-653 Journal of the Statistical Society 652 The Naturalist. No. XXV,.... 652 A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines, &c.........652 Music and Musicians........652 Fine Arts...................... 652 Literary and SdentiSc Institutions............:........... 653 IJniversity Intelli^nce.......... 653 The Navy...................... 653 The Army......................653 Gazettes..........653 Births, Marriages, and Deaths ..653 Banking and Monetary Atlas.... 653 The Markets.............,.....,654 Advertisements.................655 -THE POLITICIAN. THE CHARACTER OF WASHINGTON. Edinburgh Beview--How grateful the relief which the friend of mankind, the lover of virtue, exj[)eriences when luminff from the contemplation of such a character the classical soil of learnings has been made the scene of a very curious controversy. The thesis was the following: "If a Protestant marries a Catholic, and v�Ve versa, what is to be the religion of the child which may spring from such marriage?" The King of Prussia said, " The child shall follow the religion of the father;" and the Archbishop of Cologne said, "The children shall all be Catholics." The two antagonists beij|g equally convinced of the indisputable- truth of their respective mj�o��Oj it was difficult to foresee an end to the controversy, till the archbishop practically decided it in his own favour, by forbidding, ail priests under his jurisdiction to bestow the blessing of the church upoid all couplea that would not )ledge themselves to bring up the children in the Catholic aith. The King then issiied orders tohis own priests, commanding a regiment of dragons and a detachment of artiUei-y;, to go to Cologne, to steize the a-chbishop, and to bring him to Minden. As the King said, so it was done; Two non-commissioned officers received the archbishop atMiriden; and the King ordered further, that the archbishop should neither read nor write letters without their passing through the hands of the authorities, and being examined hj them; and that no main, clerical or lay, without distinction of rankj should be allowed to see him, unless provided with a ticket, from the president, "Von Bodclschwing. Thus as the archbishop had no one to speak or write to with respect to the point in dispute, and the censorship, on the other hand, took the same view of the question as the King, it might be supposed that the controversy ended here. Such, however, was riot the case; it was now that the controversy really began. Three of his Majesty's ministers. Yon Altensteili, Von Kamptz, andYon Rochow, sent a long article of four columns, si^edwith their.names, to the official gazette of Berlin; In which it was proved that the Kingr was in the rioht, and the archbishop in the wiron]g. Neither the archbishop nor any living soul in Prussia"wrbte a single sylleible against this; and, according to the rule, qui tacet comentttf the three ministers had obtained an undisputed victory. But, as the French say^ Pappetit vient en mangeant; not satisfied with a first, they were desirous of a second and greater triumph. The Whofe ministry then transformed themselves. mto another Council of Trent,' and, instead of four columns, published two thick folio' yolumes, in which it was proved again that the King was right, and that the archbishop was wrong. Who could answer this P Certainly, no one in Prussia; but the Pope stood up and said: "Not so! the King is wrong, and the latchbishop is right." What were they to do \nth him I* They could not send him to Minden, and the Prussian censorship 'is not so powerful at Rome as ait Berlin. In t^ they selected a man very learned in, Protestant theology, and speaking Latin as fluently as the Cardinals Mezzofanti and Mai, whom the King ordered to refute both the Pope and his cardinals, and, i^ possible, to'persuade them to turn Protestants. This man was Dr. Bunsen. It is difficult to say what he might not haVe obtained through his solid learninor in matters of Protestant divinity from the Pope and his cardinals, if the latteir had consented to listen to him. But whenever-Dr. Bunsen knocked at a door, there was nobody at home to him. Such behaviour Vas, to say nothing more, uncivil On the part of the Pope and his cardinals; and the King of Prussia, who is not a man to pocket an insult, immediately dismissed-the Pope Or his cardinals? No!-Dr. Bunsen, for not having spoken to them as he ought to have done. In this strain we inight continue for a long while, without altering in the least the truth of the facts, but we hope we have already succeeded in showing our readers one side-at least of the ^question; the blunders and the utter neglect of all forms of justice which characterized the proceedings of the Prussian cabinet. The archbishop was first condemned and thrown into prison; and then they tried him;-before a tribunal ? By no means!-the King's ministers sent several quires of foolscap, filled with Hegelian casuistry. into the world,-and this was the trial which followed the judgment. The negociation with Rome very appropriately crowned the whole. Thev have excellent schools and universities in Prussia; and have they still to learn the character of the Romish church ? Have they yet to learn that it is a fundamental doctrine of that church, that the Pope can never be wrong, and that what he says must be right ? Dr. Bunsen, no doubt, is a man of merit and estimable erudition; but if they had sent a second Cicero to Rome, he would not have convinced the Pope, because the Pope decides, dictates, and never argues in matters of religion. They had an example in the archbishop, an aged man of upwards of seventy, whom they bullied and threw into prison to no purpose; and how could they hope for a moment to succeed with the Pope, whom they could neither bully nor throw into prison ? It was, on the contrary, the Pope, who not only bullied, but actually insulted the Prussian cabinet. THE BATTLE OF TOULOUSE. United Service Journal-The * mission of. Mar-shal Soult to this country having termuiated, and the rights of hospitality having been profusely extended to that distinguished soldier, history re-asserts her prerogative, and it becomes our duty to rebuke the new and preposterous pretensions of the French marshal and his partisans to " a glorious victory" (une victoire gtorieuse) at Toulouse. � The mere gasconade of mortified pride compounding a salve for Its soreness, or a simple variance m strategical views justifiable in the opinions of antagonist critics, could scarcely have elicited a serious refutation on behalf of the British arms: but the question lies far deeper; it has been rendered riationalin France; where defeat was, till recenUy, ad-mittedj a triumph is now claimed; and a public' trophy, to be erected on the spot, has been designed and officiially pixtmoted, for the purpose of perpetuating a delusion propagated, as we can show, with the sanction and connir vance of the defeated marshal. It is on these grounds, then,'in the triple light of an historical, national, and professional vindication, that we submit the following statements, which, in point of authority, on the British side of the question, are conclusive. They stand in unvarnished contrast with the distortions and sophistries of M. Choumara, who, having nearly doubled the allied force, and dirtiinished that of Soult by a third, assumes that the formidable entrenched lines froim which the French, after a most obstinate defence, were driven, was not their " line of battie"-that the town from which they retreated the next ni^ht, under Wellington's funs, to avoid being shut up in it and forced to surirender, was their line of battle, and perversely asserts that the British false attacks were the real, and Beresford's (the real) the falsjs, undertaken as a "jots a/i?er" tp remedy the failure of the former or feigned attacks-thus reversing every fact, arguing on false premises, and most complacently, but completely confuting himself, and making manifest the superior sagacity or candour pf those of his countrymen wnohave not stooped to set up a mock "conqueror of Toulouse." It is unnecessary for us to grapple further with the fallacies of the Frerich writers, who have already been put hofs de cdmhat by our contemporary the Quarterly He;view. Misled by an excess of zeal, they have wandered from historical truth; we rely on the evidence of facts, of public opinion, and the march of events. FRENCH RELATIONS WITH SWITZERLAND. Times-The great majority of communications received both from France and Switzerland represent the chance of an armed collision, which was lately so much dreaded, between those neighbouring states, to be now almost, if not entirely, at an end. The voluntary departure of Louis Bonaparte from the Swiss territory has been construed by the French government as an adequate security for that internal peace which his presence so near the frontier had endangered, and a fair satisfaction to the honour of Louis JPhillipe, which had been compromised by a fornial demand for his expulsion from the soil of the republic. That such a quarrel should have been appeased, or should have blown over without bloodshed, is a blessed consummation, so far as it goes, for the interests of humanity and for the peace of Europe.- That the peace thus Satched up may, indeed, be fatally disturbed in more istant quarters, and from other causes, belongs to a xlif-ferent chapter, and we shall not discuss it here. But the settiement, should it prove only momentary, of this Bonaparte question is a subject pf sincere congratulation to the existing French government. ,1. Because there is much reason to doubt whether the means to be resorted to-by France would, at least in the first instance, havcjproved decidedly successful. 20,000 French troops, bifave, no doubt, and correctly disciplined, might on plain groundt and anywhere beyond the Swiss frpi^tier, have proved an overmatch for the greatest regular force that the cantons could immediately hs^ve opj>osed to thepa, lJut aOjOOO; oy
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