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Atlas (Newspaper) - October 6, 1838, London, Middlesex 0 (general i9.etog|iai>er atttr goutnal of atterature. TRANSMISSION OF "THE ATLAS" BY POST TO PaBEIGN COUNTRIES. We are induced, hy numerous applications on this subject, to state, for the information of our Subscribers, that " The Mat" may be transmitted free of postage, through the General Post Offices, to the following places: ^ Antioua Berbice Buenos Ayees Cephalonia. Demerara Gibealtah Hamburgh Jamaica Nevis Bagota Bermuda Canada ColuiIibia Denmark Grenada (New) Heligoland Laguira Newfoundland Bahamas Brazils Cabaocas Corfu Dominica Greece Honduras Malta New Brunswick Baebadoes Bremen Carthagena Cuxhaven France Halifax Ionian Isles MoNTSEEtfAT'^' Nova Scotia Quebec Spain (via Cadiz) St. Domingo St. Kitt's St. Lucia St. Vincent's Toe.'.!:'j tortola Trinidad Zantb " The Atlas" can also be transmitted, upon payment of one penny, to India-Cape of Good Hope-New South Wales. To all other places it may he forwarded upon the payment of two pence. No. 647. Vol. XIII.] SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1838. EARLY EDITION IN TIME FOB POST. THE ATLAS OF THIS DAY CONTAINS :- page The Politician................625 Kast Indian and Colonial Atlas.. 626 Indian Omnium.........j......636 Tiie Canadas.................. 626 foreign News ................626 British News................... 627 The late Sherififs................ 627 Jreland........................ 627 Scotland........................627 Law Reports................... 627 Police Offices..................627 Accidents and Offences..........628 Omnium.......................628 Miscellanea.................... 629 Saturday's News................ 629 Weekly Retrospect of the Moriey Market......................629 Leading Articles .............. 630 Fourth Report of the Poor Law Commission.................. 630 Theatricals.................'.. 631 Vanamburgh, the Lion Tamer.. 632 literature. Travels in the Three Great Empires of Austria, Russia, and Turkey...................... 632 An Essay on Probabilities, and on their Application to Life Contingencies and Insurance Offices 633 page A Gossip over the Magazines :- Blackwood's Magazine........633 Bentley's Miscellany - Monthly Law Magazine-New Monthly - United Service Journal-Dublin University Magazine- Sherwood's Monthly Miscellany-The Old Monthly-The Polish Monthly Magazine - Parbury's Oriental Herald - Alexander's East India and Colonial Magazine-The Architectural Magazine-The Village Magazine - Harrison's Monthly Collection-The Edinburgh Review-The Polyglot Magazine-Hood's Last Own.. 634 Music and Musicians..........635 Fine Arts...................... 635 Literary and Scientific Institutions ........................ 635 University Intelligence.......... 635 The Navy............:......... 635 The Army......................635 Gazettes.......................636 Births, Marriages, and Deaths .. 636 Banking and Monetary Atlas.... 636 The Markets.............'......638 Advertisements................. 639 r THE POLITICIAN. JUSTIFICATION OF JOURNALISTS. Edinburgh Review-In the course of the Spanish journey which Dr. Knighton made with Lord Wellesley, lis rage against the newspaper press breaks out with much fierceness. "We received the newspapers" (says he), "and with them the periodical codei of*blasphemy and felsehood. It is not easy to convey to you the sensation produced in one's mind on reading the mis-statements, the gross abuse, and direct lies, &c. contained in the public prints on the affairs of Spain." He proceeds to give instances, certainly very strong ones, of the utter groundlessness of the stories propagated in these vehicles of intelligence respecting the mission of Lord Wellesley; and ends by declaring that the papers are written by " wretches whose every principle is obnoxious to virtue." We never saw such a furious attack, unless, perhaps, that of honest J. Heiske, the commentator, who, in his edition of the Greek orators, thus salutes the " gentlemen of the press." " Ejusmodi libelli menstrui sunt buccina Diaboli, vel Erynneos, aut Bellonse, ut veteres loquebantur, cujus boatum cum audieris, suspiceris quis inMrit. And elsewhere the same very learned and excellent man adds- "Venalibus ephemerum scriptoribus" (having already disposed of the monthly writers), " quorum aut fames, aut invidia, aut gratia, aut studium partium, agit et gu-bernht stylum." Let us, however, in freely admitting all that can be urged against the periodical press for its hastiness, its prejudiipes, its insolence, ask those who thus assail it, whether much of its errors and its offences be not inseparable tr^xa. its very nature, and whether the question is not, " kte we to have periodical writings or no ?" If, on a given day, a certain size of volugie must be published, whether the editors are prepared with materials or not, the inevitable consequence must be, that the volume wiH sometimes be made up of inferior matter. But how is it if the bulk required is to be published every month ? Then indeed, the libelli menstrui may well be expected to abound in errors, and to fall short of anything valuable or interesting. Then what shall we say of the hard necessities of the ephemerum scriptores,-the authors of daily papers ? Surely, if each day something must be said upon every subject that interests the world-if the Quicquid agunt homines, votum, timor, ira, voluptas, Gaudia, discursus- must be the " farrago libelli"-^surely, surely, they who demand this supply for their breakfast-table, have no more right to complain of crude, and hasty, and ill-concocted matter, in a morning print, than they would hav^ if they required fruits of the summer at Christmas-tide, or insisted on game being served up in Marcli, to complain that the grapes were tasteless, or the grouse lean. But this is not all, nor anything like it. Misrepresentations of fact are complained of; rash and wrong opinions are blamed; and doubtless the facts are frequently niis-stated, and the opinions are often wrong. But what would the readers say if no intelligence were ever given in the papers, except what the Gatette or the parliamentary papers vouched for correct; and if no opinions were delivered until the thorough discussion of each subject in parliamentary debates had settled what view of the matter was the soundest and the safest ?' It is quite cleai'ftr-so clear that no doubt can possibly be entertained on the subject-that if we insist upon having daily chro-. niclers of the times, and daily discussers of all political questions, we must lay our account with many an error, both of fact and of opinion, being found to stud thickly the page of the journalist. All this we say without ii^ the slightest degree pretending to justifv the wilful breaches of veracity, or of justice, or of charity which daily are committed. Our vindication goes only to the unavoidable errors incident to the journalist's vocation. We firmly believe that these bear a very large proportipih indeed to the former and guilty class. We also can regard with no feelings but those of unqualified contenjipt and disgust, the conduct systematically pursued by some newspapers, who, though their best and only excuse is the necessary haste in which they must be written, never avail themselves of this defence; but having, from Shis circumstance, fallen into some error injurious to any person, or hurtful to any cause, wilfully persist in it against all evidence, against their own knowledge and conviction,-"sinning against the light,"-and pervert every fact which they cannot help stating, and suppress every fact which they can venture to conceal, lest they should seem to confess having committed a mistake, in circumstances in which nothing but perfect infallibility could avoid repeated errors. This is too common a vice of the press; it is by far the worst and most wicked part of its conduct. CABINET PAINTINGS. Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine-Of the multitude of trifling, unpurposed, and shallow speakers who figure so disastrously before,the people of England, the; premier with all his accomplishments, probably /anks; among the worst; he is certainly the worst wfib ever attempted the part of a leadej of the cabinet. ;A|lter^ first half-dozen sentences, he becomes wholly; qpQfqsed, evidently loses all sequence of thought, blupdex^ jfr^pin one folly to another^ and after a helpless dischargt^^'pf tfa^ most unhappy verbiage, either drops into sileiiie^ jf)fO]tti; mere powerlessness of saying anything, or at^jEefpts to; cover his retreat by falling into a ridiculous passlo^. Gh the other hand, Lord Lyndhurst's force, combp^dvWi^li his calmness, his full and palpable knowledge .'oifeveryi subject on which he treats, his easy mastery of l&ngwage,: and that language often emiched by allusions of^classic elegance, render him one of the inost accomplphed^; of living speakers. But he c^n cut deep. His qa^s^ation of 0 Conneli, when that truculent bully venturedstp connp-into the House of Peers, probably with the,; l\ope:. of' overawing him, the resistless contempt witKwl^ck :hpj lashed the fellow, and the summary justice wittt-sjrhich: he actually forced him to take flight, are still remeiaber^di by the House as among the public services of tlieiioblei lord, and have sunk into the memory of O'Connjell, as| among the bitterest debts of that sweeping vengeance; which cankers his heart. In the hands of such 4
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