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Atlas (Newspaper) - September 29, 1838, London, Middlesex cantral i9ie\�#�a^er ^tiir guttttial of mtumtutt. . TRANSMISSION OP "THE ATLAS" BY POST TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES ' nreareinM. hy ��mm�, a;.i,Wc��o,, ^ iM, sul^eci. to mt.. for the i^ormafm of our Subscriber,, thai " The Ail,, " may te tranmim free of postage, through the General Post Offices, to the folloaing pfaces: . Ahtiqua Bbbbiob BpBHoaAYBBS CEraAioNU Dbmbeaha. GiBBAiTAB Hambuboh Jamaica Nevis QnEBEC St. Ldcia Baoota Bbbmoda Canada Columbia Dsnmabk Oebnada (New) Hbmgoi,aNd Laguiea Newfoundland Spain (via CadiiJ St! VirfoBNT'a Bahamas Bbazils Cabaooas Cobpo Dominica Gbbece HondubAs Malta NewBeunswiok St. Domingo ToEiuu Babbadobs Bbbmbn Caethaqbna , Cdxhavbn Fbancb Halifax Ionian Islks MOntsbbeat Nova Scotia St. Km's Toetola *' ne'Atlas" can aUo be transmitted, upon payment of one penny. tolwPiA-capb op Good Ho�b-.Nbw South Wales. To all other places it may be forwarded upon the payment of tteo pence. Teinidad Zantb No. 646. Vol. XIII.] SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 29. 1838. 'jthbA page The /Pouticlan................ 609 East Indbm and Gdlonlat Atlas.. 610 " � ~ � 610 610 610 611 .611 m 612 61S 612 Indian Omnium....... TheOaBadU4..Uf"'*'*r'f*^ PorMgii News...............i British t�ew�. PuWIc Meetings................ CQort'of CplS(i^ ....... .612 Acddeiits'and Offences:...; i... ^ 6i3 Scene at a Coroner> Inquest....613 Ui&cellanea.614 Ix>ikdett and Parisian Fashions folP Oetober. .i.. 614 Theatricid Ihtelligence.. rarr of the British Museum... .616 A Hint on Political Economy.... .616 Memoranda on Men and Things.. 616 Theatrtfcasii..,.>...........t 616 litbbatdrb. " Travels 10 the three Great Bin--iplres or Austria, BnKsia. and ' Tiukey. By C. B. Elliott, M.A,F.R.S,. Vicaifiof God^. ; mbji, (lateofthO'Bengal Civil 'Service,) and Author of "Letters flrom the North of Europe." 617 The Chiims Of futed. Bythe late ,M.MBsonf, D.D.... . and; Doings. B; r. John 619 ^ _______________, Theo- Dire Hookt Escli Second Series. C61bom!s Modem NovelisU." . rhe Peimy Cydjmi^i Vol. XII. ^20 The Act fole abOlithing Imprisonment fo)r Debt, Witih an Bxpla* ., niM�ry Introduction, &c. By Samuel.Wells, Esq., of Gray's Inn........;.............'. Music and Musician........... 620 Fine Arts......................620 Literary tod Scientific IntelU- gence...i......'...........�.. 620 British Museum.-'Account of In. i jconiie Sand EEpenditure fbr the : y�ar JSSr. (From a Farlla-m'entary Beturn.),..........i... tfhiversi^' Intelligence.......... ITio Navy.,. one great pubhc object in view-any gre^t im^ novel prinqipjie to wweinto pnblio ofilwrs-r^ ope- xatioBi^td'efrect ontfaeteaaesofthestate, we ndj^M forgive! them for the shifting, perpleadtjr, and illrsuccess of their career. To obtain hold enids^ hazardous meuis inightbe siiflfered rand the tiemWin^ and of m^n vditarmg npon perilous e^enm of obtaining ndWe results, might be oidy hun^ and be allbiii^d^ The iin^ BWght w fotiriven for the haisard of blowing-up his study and him^ sel}^ when,the|i^v�|^tioQ:Wiuiio c^ If we labours of the cabinet/were directed to. realizin^^ �ope briUiant.thepiy of gover^ent at all jwk&i to striking 6eorgia, with provinces to the west oft extendinig to the Araxes, and provinces east of the Caspian, extending to the Gulf of Balkan. She is at this momenl^ indefianceof all rigb^andiu'scorn of all remonstrance, carrying on an extenninating war agsiinst the brave and unfortunate Circassians. At the aceessipit of Peter the Gl^eait, ROssia had but'10,000,000 of spuisi; She now hasi including^ Poland, which she has wholly absorbed, and whichiSne\iscoinpdliqg to wear the Ruisdan habits speak the Russian language, the immense population of 613^000,000 of souls!, in an linassadlable territoiy, and in the injtdst of the feeblest powers of E^ an^ Asia | Exoriaieallqaial .' Spirit of Chathmn! What indi^nt feelings would have kindled that true British hfeatt,td have heard some soothe sayer of ill-omenpredict that jlJie time would come, when the thunders of ^England were to be wielded by a race of pigmies U. Spirit orhis illustrious son! what a torrent of lony scorn would have burst from those - patriot lips oh th^ first suggeisiter of submission to the eiralt and erae^^^ of tliel foreign aggressor r Wi0 what ste^ abhorrence wouldhehave sco!urged the councilswhich sent the rififhts of England, like t&e'Roman exiles to^^^ri^^^^ r early edition Lin time for post. afl'this timeirserving and timidityPrrto this lynx-eyed keenness at home, and this.easysluittingof the eye to the most, pressing, bayards abroad P l^igour; would disturb the general somnolency^ and it is only while the natitxa sleeps, that imbecility can be suffered to rule. mqtisterul prospe(^s. Tait's EnmBtTRpH MAOAaEiNE^Can any^m his hand upon his hefirtj and' say that the' same ministers who, in the' first fl^sh of liope and power last session, ad-idsedl^ and solemnly declared agaii^iall good measures^ are t� return, and place their strecgthin them now P Were they capable of sucUcbnduct^ the nation would accept the benefit, though it must despise the givers. But they have neither the vnadom nor the courage to retrace their course. They are doomed men; dootiied by their inherent weakness, and by their ingratitude rand perfidy to those who gave them power. Q'Gpnnell can lielp them no farther tpan he has done; and th^ have deeply damaged him. No reflecting Reformer can longer flatter himself that Lord Durham is qualified, either l>y intellect, temper, or inclination, to strengthen'the tottering Whig government, where it most needs strength, even although Lord ^!M[elboume and Lord John RusseU could conquer their suspicions of the noble earl, and although he were per-suadedto pocket his late affronts^ and come to the rescue. Miich less is Durham the man to accomplish the hopes of Reformers. But, suppbsing that Lord John were sunk, as hie deserves, with ballot and finality tied round his neck, how could the Melbournities go on without him P The case is hopeless: the meinberspf the frail conceni muststand or faU tpgethbr.^^/Q do no more ^and he will not foiger sacrifice himgelf; and Lord Durham must be left to play the only parts for which niatire his fitted him-T-the Small Czar.Pr the Sulky Boy; while the mysterious Durham policy," of, which so much was heard; remains an enigma for mtiire antiquarian research. But the Whigs are now, it seems, favourable to som&chp^e in the cprn lawsi ^me mo^cationof the food tax-and Mr. Ward seems to place a lingering hope in that direction. This is a gross delusion. There will be no change in those laws that the pebple do not force. It wjw upon this very tekt that Lbrd Melbourne took occasion to profess his universal Consteryiatism--his hatred of change; and he was as explicit on this point as ever was Lord John Russell on finality or ballot. To pin the premier down to his declaration against change of all kinds, but especially iii the corn laws, the Duke of Wellington, at the very close of the session, and when Lord Brougham was speaking against the food tax, paid " the noble viscount at the head of the government" compliments, which were taken in gracious part. Far was Lord Melbourne from hinting, " I do not deserve the praise of the noble duke on this point, as I am rather favourable to a revisal of the corn laws. I consider this an open question." By putting the most convenient gloss on Lord Melbourne's equivocal language, Mr. Ward properly encourages the people of Shef&eld to persevere in bombarding upon the corn-laws. The premier, according to Mr. Ward, is like the girl in the farce, with her brisk lover-" I will never consent unless you ravish me." The people are worn-out, sickened, and contemptuous of these hollow pretexts-these ref^ges of lies,;which ministerial advocates and supporters have, from year to.year, erected^ by putting flattenng and glozing constructions upon a few double-handled words,' used by ministers once or twice in a session. What hope the issue of the registrations gives the Whig-Tories, we cannot teH. Bpth. factions claim the victory ? and, though the government:influence and patronage must have their, weight, Tory activity, and Tory confidence in the'accession to oflice of the party whenever they pleajBe, more than counterbalance the tem-pbraiy distributipn4pf .the loaves and fishes. In the wholfjsale andih?babus.corruption of the county cohsti:r tuencies by the manufiicture of fagot-votes, it is impossible to say which party deserves the jialm. Both have been alike indefatigable; though the Tories, at ledst in Scotland) have been the inost successful. Indeed, from the example of Lord Meliboume and his; *^ nrinciple," downward through Mr. O^Connell and bis Tithe Bilfto the principal fagot-manufacturers and their raw material, we are constrained to believe thatpublic morality was never. at a lower ebb thannow, under theworkingof the Reform Bill.. On the main question, and after the volumes of speculation and.speechification,that have been expended since, the xecess^ it is clear that the ministry know no more of the course they are to steer than the man in the moon. -.They have the young Queen, they have the means of corruption, and the will-to employ them; ^ They have considerable jpatronage, and, as usual, the' Chapter of Accidents. They might turn the corn law agitation to some account, �ould so pressing a matter be protracted and nothing done. Now that "Justice to Ireland" is shelved, a running fight mightbe got up between Churchmen and Liberals and Dissenters, by prostituting to so vile apurpose the sacred question of national education:-this,. of course/ after- the old fashion of playing fast and loosa for as many years: as :the pebple can heguUed, tohavethe matter settled in the old way, by yielding it to the Tories: and the church. CLERGY RESERVES IN uiPPER CANADA. Times-One thing especially we would impress upon the clergy of Upper Canada; and it is just because we are smcerely anxious for the success of their, sacred undertaking that we feel impelled to urge it with fitting emphasis and plainness^ The attempt^ the absurd, unbro-therly, and liopeless attempt, which thej^have made for so many years, to exclude the church of Scotland from all participation in the " clergy -reserves," is doing the utmost injury to their otherwise excellent cause. Of the ridiculous manner in which their deputation's valedictory address Speaks of "the church in Upper ^Canada," as if there were ho other Protestant communion recognized. by the constitution of that colony, we shall say nothing. But the inconclusive! efforts which Mr. Betteridge has made, both in that document and in the larger statement published by him some months ago, to impugn and discredit the judicial opinion of such a man as Lord Lynd-hurst, is rather too. much to be passed in utter sileiice. His lordship when consulted as one of the law advisers to the Earl of Liverpool's government, gave it as his solemn opinion, backed by that of Lord Gifford, that by the act 31 GeoiPge HI. the clergy of the Scottish establishment were clear^ entitled to a portion jbf; the Canadian reserves in comnipn with those of our own church. To th^Qpipiptt every successive administratipn since Lord M|erpool*s day has steadily, and, as we think, justly'Mhered, Canada, it should be remembered, is not strictly an English cblony, but a British one; and as, in .additipn to the statute On which Lord Lyiidhurst'founded; hi^ijudg^ ment, it is expressly prbvided in the Scottish,Union Act,' that from and after its enactment the church of Scotland shoald enjov in tih^BritiilH-polonies all'theri^ts,-^ris
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