Saturday, September 1, 1838

Atlas

Location: London, Middlesex

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Atlas (Newspaper) - September 1, 1838, London, Middlesex J. a General ^etog^ai�er a�ti f outttal of atittratute. TRANSMISSION OP "THE ATLAS'* BY POST TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. Wt art indueei, by num0mt$ appUcttUon$ bn this $ul<ject, to state, for the ivformation of aw Suhieribert. that " The Atlai" nay be trammiUed free -Hoi'fc.->nbw SOcth Walbs. To all other places it may be forwarded upon the payment of two pence. Nbvis Newfoundland Nbw Brunswick Nova Scotia Qubbbc Spain (via Cadh) St. Oohinoo St. Kitt'5 St. Lucia St, Vincent's ToBAdO TORTOLA Trinidad Zante No, 642. Vot. XllIJ SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1838. the ATLAS of this day contains:- page The Politician................ 545 Cast Indian aad Colonial Atlal.. 546 l^relgtfNowa ..i..i..v....:.. 547 dose of the Annual Meeting of 4110 British Attoclation for the Advancement of Sdence...... 547 STaMiioiu-for September......;. 549 ITfce Hon. Mr don Coihmon...v......  .550 Ireland........................ S50 Law Bepdrte................;.. 550 ^ccidishta and OilbncM.......... 550 Oinnitun.. .....&5Q 'Mlicellanca..... ...  551 ''llieitrtcallntel^gence..^.....i.. 551 ^Satl>rday'fl News................ 651 Weeiilir RMnMlwct of the Monqr MarkjGt*^....v...*'...#* 551. jamxm Artici^t .............. S5i Hr��. Ktdrton and the � British WiAtdrtlgji Review".;...... 552 llewieri'Bdaon Menand Thfaigs.. $52 ThefSpIiltof the East. iUustifft�d in s, Jodmal of Travels through Roumell during an EveotAd PeHod ...................... 553 Speeches of Lord Brougham, upon Page Questions relating to Public' Rights, Duties, and Interests; with Historical Introductions. anda GriUcalDlstertatton upon: the Eloquence of the AneienU. [CondUded.3................. 554 A Romanceof Vienna........... .555 Memoirs of a PrUonor of State in . the Fortress of Spielberg...>^555^ The History, Andqulties. Tope graphy, and Statistic of East. ern India. &c.. ............... 555 The L*st Da;^ of Aurelian: or � . the Nazarenes of Rome......555 Hlttorlcal Tales of the Southern ':'<" CopntlM, p  **- -�'. '  �^ 555 Tite 0nlde to Service.......... 555 ! Woman I as Virgin, Wi(e, and Mote............ 555 The Coronation. A Poem...... 555 MuMc and Musicians.555 FineArto................ 555 The Army......................556 The Navy.556 Gatettet......'..... 556 Births/Marriages, and Deaths .; 557 Banking and Monetary Atlas.... 557 Secret Gommitteeon 4(iint fltock , Banlcs. rconduded.]......... 357 The Markets.558 Advertisements................. 559 THE POLITICIAN. WHIG TAtBONAGB IN THE STATE AND. NAVY. B^ckWopo's Edinbuhgh Magazine-We find among" the vptes: of the current year, charges which clearlv denote the creation: of a veiy large number of new. places throughout the' country. In Ireland^ there is a charge of i6Q,70w. for the expenses of (i^nminal prosecutions, the chief part of which goes iit the payment of salaries, and :aot A small number of those entireTy new ones. In Eng-� landi there is an item of 54,000/1 a^year for Poor Law commissioners^ all of which is spent in the payment of newly created officers. Further on we find 14,7002. a-year for. slave commissioners v who enjoy aliqost absolute cinecutes;, 9,053/. a-year for the new superintendents of lactones; 6,000/^. for new inspectors of prisons; 5,000/. �a-year for the steam navigation from Egypt to India; 5,i00/; for the criminal law commissioners; 4,213/. for th^ record commissioners; 4,000/. for the Scotch churcl^ commission';' 2,500/. for the ecclesiastical commission; .4,010/. for the hand loom weavers' commission;; 700/. for the Irish charity commission; 7fOOO/. 'for the Iiisb 'Ixiandary survey; and 12,700/. for the Irish railway commission. Allt^es? charges are entirely "new, and all, with ii^ msiny moir^;that idghtbe named, go to the payment ,of new putceiiai^n^ We find an annual grant in the es^ ftimates of thisyear of50,000/. for the purposes of an Ii^sb ho^rdot education; in 1836, the sum voted was .only -35^000/. Another charge of a peculiar nature is 13, of Lord I^into -Hon. D. Bouverie, brother! of the Earl 6i Radnor. Among the comn^nders of the ships in commission, are a few equally distinguished by Whig names^ and favoured by Whig coniieadons. We merely select a few of the most glaring specimens :-rBritanniat 120 gfins, Captain Dundj^ -^Britomart, 10 guns, Lieut. Owen Stanley-^Champion, 18 guns. Commander G. King--Charybdis, 3 guns, Hon. Robert GOre-Cleopatra, 26 guns, Hon. George Grey-Columbine, 16 gpans, George Elliott-Comus, 18 guns, Hon. p. P. Cary--Conway, 28 guns, Captain' Bethune- Grifibn, a guns, Lieut. D* iJrban--^Harlequin, 16 guns, Commander il^^ojf^ I?, RusseU-*-Hastings, 74 guns^ Captain Loch-;Howe, 120, guns. Captain Paget-Lynx, 3 guns, ;. Broadhead-Magicienne, 24 guns, Captain G. St. [ EARLY EDITION IN TI.ME FOR POST. Lieut. _ ----_----- ------,--......w, s� (j^...>�', ^^^.yiXl-t. V�. k. John Mildmay-Pearl, 20 guns. Lord Clarence Paget- Rodney, 92 giins. Captain Hyde Parker-Rover, 18 guns, Commander iCden-Royal Adelaide, 104 guns. Sir William Elliott-Royalist, 10 guns, Hon. E. Plunkett-Russell, 74 G^ii^Sr Sir W. Dillon-San j0Sief,llO guns, Charles Scale-Scylla, 16 _guns, Horn Joseph Denman-Talbot, 28 guns, Captain Godrington-Tweed, 20 guns, Hon. F. J�elham-Wasp, 16 guns, Hon. D; pelham-Wolf, lOgijns, Edwal'd Stanley-Wolverine, 16 gilns, ^on. E. Hbtward, The.promotion of most of these lortunate and Liberal gentlemen has been singularly rapid^ and their employment almost constant and unceasing; The vessels they Giommaiid form no iilconsiderable portion of the whole navaljloree in commission ;aiid if so, how few ships re-mam for the veterans who fought for i^eir aountry before many of these * honouraMes" were born! Truly, Lord Minto-Has ''reformed'' the naval service in a peculiar and effectual manner; he has introduced a dejgre of psltrOnst^e and favouritism never attempted befbre. a system which, if it had been acted on; during the war, would halve consignedthe bulwarks of the nation to inexperienced hancb, and probably have ruined not only the service, but, the cause it was required to defend. It was piot by such a systeni the unfi^enaed.Nelson8, C!oiling>7O0|ds, an^,Rodneys, gained the.oppqrtiinities pf winning fanle. Buti�2^jpora muimtm,: vi& now- play at war on the coast of Spain, and it reijuires no heroes to win bloodless victories^ Nelson ;was not more fitted to cohqiii^r at Trafsiljga^ at Waterloo, thaiti any defeated Whig^ candidate is now at Barcet9ha, or General Evans at Tontarabia and Iruii. An attack oin a Sardinian schponer, or a grand movement against a few Carlist guerillas, is all that is expected nowadays from our navy and onr legions; it is perfectly right, therefore, that mmisters should prove that they consider that any <mci caij ckecute ti^ IRISH MEASURES OF MINISTERS. . DvBtiN UmvBBSiTYMAoAziNE^The Irish measures atei however, the great'glories of the session. The Tithe Sill has been passed; the poor laiw hi^; been enacted^ '^liQ the Corporation BUI has heei^ left unsettled.;: TheserWe repeat, are the great ^glories of the session; ^ few words ihust suffice for each. First, as to the Tithe Bill. Onr readers IcnOW already that it is just the bill proposed by Sir Robert j�eel in 1835. He was met by the Whigs with a resolution of the House of CTom^dns^^t qoiUd^siifisfectory to his bill,.jand resigned officcrr-and now,- after having thuis rawedofficeon thisquestioqj and aft^^ theehtire of Ireland nas been hevaSte'd'andagitated oy the collision of a tithe war, the very 1)91, whiish the Whigs rejected in 1835, they pass in lg3$. r^JJe^er, p,erjl;iftn8, jiitl^eihig? tory of England^ was there suck an instance of undisguised faction. In opposition they declare' that no minister should: take on himself, the resnonsibility of passing a Tithe Bill without the aj(^propriation clause. By this declaration they obtain omoethenf selves, aiid then pass the viery measure to which they had before olijected. Our readers; no doiibt, remember the language of the. far-famed appropriation resolution; it was not that appropriation was a good thing; nd, but that no Tithe Bill could be satisfactory either to the House or the* Irish people that didnot^jontainthis principle; uopledgeless definiteand stringent,would then, have answered'their factious end. In three years; afterwards they flingj their darling-their indispensabte-principleto thewipds. Itwas,itis, impossible to pass a Tithe, Bill M^ithout ^t; , But irhatViitnpioasil^W^ and the Whigs have settleC the (ithe question without the appropriation clause; Thiswas not all; Sir Thomas Aclaud, ar plain strai^htrfbrwjpd\cotthtiy gentleman; did not understand this contradic^OB. He didnot khowhow they were to pass a Tithe;Bil),,and'at the same time hold themselves pledged not to pqss.it. He, therefore, proposed that they should, rescind the appropriation resolution, and thus leave the House at liberty. *No; the Whigs refused; they declared that the pledge should still stand on the journals of Parliament that no Tithe Bill, without the appropriation clause, could bp/ satisfactory. This, perhaps, was all right--rthere w-aS a sentiipental cMvalry m the resolution with which they adhered to the memory of the departed appropriation. I^'had done them good sierVice in its life, itwas an lipnppable feeling that prevented them from casting 'ar'_^ig;ht on it, after its untimely death. The Whig, nn%^ an^^^^ appropriation had made a solemn league friend-ship-T-fliey were to -live and die together-but alas fol* the instability of human friendship-^the ministry contrived to outlive their friend.^^^'W^ expected that on the tomb.that eontaiped the cabinet and the principle, we might have inscribetl " thi^y were lovely in their lives, and in their death they were wot divided;' but such constancy is not to be expected, this at least we must admit, if the Whigs would not die wiih their darling appropriation, they didnotat least forget to do honour to his memory even in his death. Who will blame their affectionate regard ? Oh I what are thousand living loves. To one that cannot quit the ticad. It was, it is true, a little inconsistent that the very ministry which thus pertinaciously adhered to the appropriation resolution, put into the mouth of the Sovereign in her closing speech, the expression of her confidence that the Tithe Bill, would be satisfactory!! The bill which Jsir Robert Peel introduced in 1835 has been passed in 1838, after three years of a harassing tithe war in Ireland, and three years of the blessilig of a Whig goveriiment in England. Our remaining comments must be brief. On the poor law we do not wish to say much ; it is not our part to embarrass the experiment; let it be fairly tried. A number of Whigs and Papists Will at least be provided for at the cost of the Protestant gentry in Ireland. In this sense, at least, the bill will feed the hungry, and clothe the naked. Ma-------- " in " the viands" for his support;______________ .......w. tended for the poor, a coarser description of food. If the workhouse branch of the charity have not many applicants, no. fear of wapting appiica,tions from tbe beggars of the other class-the commissioners, assistant commissioners, inspectors, secretaries, and travelh'ng inspectors-these are the real poor for whom the bill provides; the voice has gone forth through all the broodf of hungry Whigs dudpriestsVnephews; the vultures scent the prey from afiar, tHe flapping of their wings'is heard aslhey come ready to pounee upon the properties of the landed interest of Ireland. The circumstances connected with the passing of this Poor Law Bill ought not, however, to be passed over with so brief a notice. It has been passed in defiance of theunanimous opinions of the people of Ireland ^.^11 ranks and classes a^eed in repudiating it-it has been forced upon us by Flnglishmen; The convenience of party ^struggjles made it expedient for both parties td agree in pas8in|^ it-and in Irish measures; we believe of this is all that IS ever thought. Ireland has been the field Because Whi^ find an attack upon it a convenient stepping-stone to office. A bad poor law must be forced upon us,' because Conservatives want its rating as a convenient instrument of settling the cor-por^on.question. This is thje way in which all Irish ||Re^tfbn&',ari^ de^ pf ^Ixel^d, ^ut to the convenieiace of English parties, and this will be the case until tl^e Irish Protestants take up a position for themselves. We have said that the Poor Law Bill was passed because thfe Conservatives wanted its rating as a convenient instVum^t for settling the corporation question. This is perfectly well understood. The^ curiqus part of.the transaction is, however, that after inflicting on us the poor law they did not.settle the corporations. We have, we confess, little patience to comment on the debates connected with this question. It was, in .the end, reduced to a miserable squabble about shillings and pence. All parties had agreed to confinscate charters -allparties had agreed to hand over to "the popular party" the corporations formed for the support of the English and Protestautinterest in Ireland. Providence^ howevfr, interposed in our behalf, and when no human means appeared available to avert the threatened blow, we have unexpectedly'gained at lei^t a respite of another year. � the tithe commutation act. Morning CHaoNictA-We this day insert a document which must possess much interest to a very large class throughout En]|[land and Walesy an announcement by the Tithe Commissioners of their views and intentions as to the manner in which they will apply the cooipolsory fowers of the conunission to the commutation of tithes, t appears that during the last six months 1,003 voluntary agreements have been received, and. that the apportionment^ have hitherto been completed with more narmony and livith m,uch less of irritation and opposition than had been geiierally reckoned on. Still, more time is consumed than itfs desirable should be consumed in these appor-tioninents. The causes of the slowness are, it seems, the limited number of persons to whom the parties to the agreements are content to trust the processes either of, mapping and measuring or of apportioning, and the great accumulation of work m the hands of that limited numbef of persons. The commissioners are placed in this difficulty :-they cannot increase the quantity of work to be done, without either employing the apportioners and m^jpers whom the parties riow employe or employing a different and inferior class. - The cpn^njissionersi theig^