Saturday, August 25, 1838


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Atlas (Newspaper) - August 25, 1838, London, Middlesex ^ General ^etai^^a^er attU Sottrtial of J�(teratttre. TBANSMISSION op "THE ATLAS" BY POST TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. We are indwsed, by numertnu appUcationt on this subject, to state, for the information of our Subscribers, that " The Atlas " may be transmitted free of postage, through the General Post Offices, ^ to the folloteing places: ArlTioHA Bbebiob Bvbnos Avaas C^phalonu Dbmejiaba Gibsaitah HambbbobI Jamaica Baoota Bebmuda Canada Colombia Denmark Obbnada (New) HBLiootANO Laguiea Bahamas Brazils Cakaocas Cqrfu ^ Pominica Gbesoe Hondvbas Malta Babbasoes.. Bbeuen Ca&tbaqena Cuxhavbn Fbanob Halifax Ionian Isles Montsebbat " The Atlas" can alsobe transmitted, upon payment of one penny, to India-CajB of Good Hope--Nbw Sooth Wales. To all other places it may be forwarded upon the payment of two pence. Nevis Newfoondland New Bednswick Nova Scotia Qdebec Spain (via Cadiz) St. Dominoo St. Kitt'b St. Lucia St. Vincent's Tobago Toetola Trinidad Zantb No. 641. Vol. XIU.] SATURDAY, AUGUST 25, 1838. EARLY EDITION IN TIME FOR POST, THE ATLAS OF THIS DAY CONTAINS :- page The toUtlclan ................ 529 Bast Indian and Colonial Atlas.. 530 oet and his notorious misconduct in his domestic relations, we do not see how a func-tionarjT in the responsible position of the Dean of a Christian cathedral could, while the offences were so recent ; as well as universally known, consent to any act which might have the appearance of a sanction, or at least of a disregard, of highly immoral conduct, and most licentious opinions and sentiments. No doubt Dean Ireland can appreciate, and therefore admire, the great and extraordinary talents of Lord Byron quite much as Mr. Leaderor Colonel Stanhope; but he had, as a clerical director, another duty to^erform besides showing respect for inteUectifal power. . The folly has been in the friends (qu. of LordByron stirring this question, while Lord Byron's dburse of life is so freshly impressed on the public mind. Meantime, though we think that LordBy ron would be as much misplaced in a cathedral as " Dr. Clarke* in a, hermitage," yet we and the public can have no objection to 86^ Thorwaldsen's statue in some appioprjate place, lyfayfeir or the hall of Crockford's wouldj neither of them, be an unsuitable position. The gay and fashionable inhabitants of one place, and frequenters of the other, have wit and education enough to understand and allow the claims of the noble poet, while their knowledge of life would save them, from the chance of being seduced bythose fascinating but licentious descriptions hy which more simple and innocent" persons, who from;less exalted breeding and more limited means of observation have not been rendered so proof against bad example, might find their virtue seriously entangled. WHIG ESTIMATE OF LORD BROUGHAM. Morning Chronicle-We are to have English and Scotch agitation, in abundance in the course of the recess. Lord Brougham, according to report^ not satisfied with his handiwork in Parliament (and who is satisfied with it if hebe notP),is about to accept of an invitation to a public dinner at Glasgow, and to make a tour through the north of Scotland^ in order to stir up the lower orders to discontent, with the present state of public affairs. The recent fineness of the weather is decidedly against hini; but should the harvest turn out unfavourably to the country^ but favourably to Lord Broughamj backed by the strong in\5entive of nunger, he mignt> still be able to do some mischief. His influence, however, with the most ignorant and excitable cannot, under any circumstances, much, for his motives are well understood and duly apjpre-ciated, and he will not be able to make personal^ pique and private rancour pass current for public spirit and patriotism. In the excursion he is shortly about to commence he displays his usual address. He has been invited to dine at Glasgow, and he has promised, if we may believe the Scoth paper to which we are indebted for the information, to send an ans\<rer fixing a day after he shall have reached Brbpigham-hall: that is to say, he will wait toseehow far the crops,on the ground in the north are plentiful or deficient, and whether they have been got in well or ill, and by that his conduct will in a great measure be regulated. His powers of mpvihg the maltitude he well icnows willxde^ehd mairily ttpbn the price of bread. If it b^ dear, he wiUexclaina, like another ^acA Cade, to his followers,"Thereshall iJe in England seven penny loaves sold for a penny, and the three-hooped pot shall have ten hoops," adding, in the words of his great original-  � : As forthe silken.coatedslavea, I pa�3 not: It is to you, good people, that I speak; telling them, moreover, that he is the great prop and stay of the body politic, and that the empire would be "fain to go with'a staff, but that hi^ puissance holds it up." Jack Cade hanged the clerk of Chatham because he could write; and Lord Brougham, we apprehend, would not be unwilling to execute the same summary justice on a few modern professors of penmanship. Whatever may be his lordship's determination subsequently, we do not see how, after his promise, he can avoid visiting Glasgow, even if the accidental suffering of the manufacturing districts should, unluckily for hiin, not be severe enough to induce him to'go feirther. There, we suppose, a sort of parody or travestie upon the dinner formerly ^ven to Sir R. Peel will be got up, andwe shall have the right hon. baronet's new coadjutor making a speech in which he will go over all the leading topics of the day, beginning, perhaps, with an exordium, like the.memorable introduction about " a * Even in an oniaiment its place remark, Nor in a hennitoge set Dr, Clax}ie,^f'ope's Essays, humble but a faithful steed," and a pious shepherd of the ^hills," in whose devotions the'right hon. baronet so meritoriously joined, , Little did Lord^ Brougham think, when he laughed at that display, that the time would, so soon come when heshould have to go through a. similar scene and for a similar purposfr-to overthrow, if possible, a Liberal administration, in whose principles, as long as he had any, he fully and heartily coincided. .Lord Brougham nas always been �mmtct<$ ipse sibi: nobody has ever done himself so much, daiaiiage as himself: he owes his exclusion from the ministry to himself: he owes the loss of the high reputation he once enjoyed to himself. He is still ah eloquent speaker, but that is all; hobodv relies upon what he says, and those who listen to his well-wrought sentences always keep a guard upon their judgments, knowing that his design is not to inform but to mislead. Therefore, his real influence is trifling, and he may well congratulatehimself'upon; his power over the peers ; for certainly the day of his power over the people is gone. If by chance he should visit Edinburgh, it is probp.ble that he wiU be remin^^dqf various disagreeable circun]|stances, of some years' standwgj for the occurrence of which he has only to thank himself. Whil? he is vehemently haranguing in favour of extreme changes^ which ought instantly to be accomplished^ is there no danger lest some person should recal to his jriemory the reniark-able declaration of his lbrdsl;ip when'Chancellor, that too much had then been done in the; way of reform, and that leas must be expected in future P'^-S^^ that date, with the exception of the brief period' that Sir Robert Peel was in oflice, a Liberal nainistry'has been proceeding calmly and discreetly, but; patiently and steadily in the path of reform; and we should like to hear thei subject upon which they have not advanced more or less towards the completion of the' great objects of all govejnment-national liberty and prosperity and happiness. If they Jiave not proceeded with quite as mucD rapidity as they themselves wished, and as some of their friends expected, in: regard to some great public measures, the fault is not imputable to themj but to the new and ill-assorted accomplices of Lord Brougham. His lordship is certainly well .qualified for now accusing ministers of not having done enough, when he himself said several years ago that they had done too much, and when he has recently associated himself with the very men who have obstinately impeded, though they fortunately could not stop, the |fradual and regular progress of reform. We shall be curious to see how he will treat a variety of, questions recently and frequently discussed. What will he say regarding Canada P What can he say, but that the rebellion having .been put down, Lord Durham issued an ordinance wnich, if not strictly legal, erred on the side of mercy and forbearance. All parties own that if the Governor-General have overstepped the exact limits of his authority, he has thereby avoided the shedding of human blood, and has promoted, if not secured, the peace and security of the colonies entrusted to his care. Lord Brougham may prevail upon the Tories of the House of Lords greedily to. seize nold of a nice point of law for the sake of annoying or embarrassing a Liberal government; but the people will not regard legal refinementis and subtleties, but will look to the general effebt and beneficial consequences of Lord Durham's line of policy. If, indeed, Lord Durham tad assumed a ppwer beyond, the law for the sake of visiting the offenders in Canada with cpndign punishment-^if he had thereby shed blood instead of sparing it, and had converted criminals into martyrs, the case mvX^ have been widely different. and Lord Brougham would have been able to possess himself of a powerful weapon against the ** friend" whose character he has, in fact, illustrated, while he hoped to inflict a mortal wound upon his reputation. Lord Brougham's course wiXh reference to the domestic policy of ministers must be yet more hopeless. Measures for the general revision of the magistracy of England, for the extension to the country of the admirable System of metropolitan police, for the establishment of local courts to render law both cheap and certain, and other valuable improvements, have only been postponed in consequence of the paramount and pressing importance of Irisli measures. The Irish tithe question would have been, perhaps, finally and for ever settled, but that LordBrougham's Tory allies refused the appropriation clause, the absence of which, we -fear,, may be a ground of continued dissatisfaction. The Irish Municipal Bill would have lypen passed, but that the Lords insisted upon a higher qualification for a poor country than exists in a rich one. Here, therefore, ministers are clearly void of reproach, and next year^they will make a new effort to give to Ireland the equal rights and privileges promised in the Emancipation Act. Then remains the topic of the Irish Poor Law, and however Lord Brougham may be able, if he think fit, to make use of the English Poor Law, as a means of inflammation in the manura^turing districts, all his ingenuity, and all his party malevolence to boot, will not enable him to render it a ground of attack against the present gOTemment that they have introduced andpassed. alW for the first time compelling the rich landlords of Ireland to contribute to the maintenance of its destitute inhabitants. Some of-the most able of the later as well as of the earlier Jipeeches of Lord Brougham have been directed against the slave trade, and had not ministers already devoted their best energies to the final and com- -plete suppression of it, his lordship would perhaps have been able to make a powerful appeal against them in the portions of the kingdom he proposes to visit. The last inch of ground on which Lord Brougham could have set his foot was cut from under him on the day before the prorogation, when Lord Palmerston in answer to a political adversary^ assured the House of Commons, with peculiar emphasis, that during the recess government would leave no stone unturned to carry into effect with foreign states the declared wishes of Parliament on the subject of the slave &ade; ; Are we not warraiited then in sayings that unless a bad harvest should unfortunately predispose the inhabitants of our manufacturing districst to listen to representations however absurb or exaggerated, it will not bepossibleeveit for: a man of Lord Brougham's talents,' counteracted as they must now be by Lord Brbugham^s character, to make any serious or lasting impression P The country will not be misled by a man ignavus oper&i though he may be jphilosophm sentent i&. CANADIAN OPINIONS OF LORD DURHAM'S GOVERNMENT. Montreal Courier-^A governor independent of party prejudice and influence, whether local or exercised from a mstance^a governor who, with a mind to understand and a will to act, should have no counteracting power of any sort to annoy or defeat him in the execution of his ' frejects-such a governor all felt that the country needed. lOrdDurhanai's political raiik, talent, and character made his appointment welcome-not merely because we wanted such a man, but because such a matt'could not but enjoy-that independence of undue controul which we also needed in a governor. "Les choses vont vite en Canada,^*. as the Jl/tnierwe used to say, and (for a wonder) truly. A governor here, in times like these, must not be a mere automaton, to be moved about w made to stand still at pleasure, that stay-at-home party men may amuse themselves with playing at questions and answers about him the more at leisureT If such a notibn still linger within the precincts of the House of Lords (and till we saw the proof of the fact we had certainly never imagined it to be a fact), it forms no part of the creed political of any set of men in Canada; These provinces form a part of the British empire; and ever may they continue to, doiso! Their governor is and must be responsible for the way he discharges his duties here to the Imperial Parliament and to his SovereignjV But, in commonjustiee to him, in the Herculean task he has undertaken, let him act for himself in the meantime^ ,and stand or fall by his own actions.' The future laws and constitution of Lower Canada, and the colonial system in general, are to emanate from Parliament. We ask nothing better. Only, let Parliament approach the subject in all its magnitude, and at the right[ time. It is with peculiar regret that we have observed the disposition to which we have alluded, on the. part of certain individuals in the House of Lords, for the paltry consideration of a momentary advantage ovejr the minister, or over the absent nobleman, whose p<Jlitical tenets they oppose thus wantonly; to prejudice the public. Party men will be party men;, it is a, pity that, some men can uevtjr rise above th? character. It iijiay be hoped that i^