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Atlas Newspaper Archive: August 18, 1838 - Page 1

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Location: London, Middlesex

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   Atlas (Newspaper) - August 18, 1838, London, Middlesex                                cetterai ^t^^puvtv nm ^mvnal of mttvatnvt. TRANSMISSION  OF  "THE  ATLAS'V BY  POST TO  FOREIGN  COUNTRIES.        i, Ife are indwjcd, ijf numerow appUcatiom on this subject, to state, for the information of our Subscribers, that " The Mas " may be transmitted free of poitage, through the General Pott Offices ' to the foHowihg plaqes: " Antigua        BkebicIb      Bobnos Aybes     Cephalonia     Dembbasa      Gibbaitak HambdbohI      Jamaica Baqota Bbbmupa     Canada Coujmbia       Denuabk       Geenada (New)    Hhligoland     Laodiba BaHAUAS TBBAZItS        CAEAOOiVS coefc dominioa Gbeboe Hondobab Malta Babbadobs     BebkbN'      Cabtsaqbna       Ouxhaven      Fbanob Halifax loNiAif IstBs    Montseebat " TOc Jttat" can also be transmitted, upon payment of one penny, to Inpia-Capb op Good Hope-New. Sod^^ Wales.   To all other places it may be forwarded upon the payment of two pence. Nevis NEWFOUNPLiVND New Beunbwick Nova Scotia Quebec Spain (via Cadiz) St, Oohinoo St. KiTT's St. Lucia St. Vikcent's Todaoo toetola Tbinidad Zant� No, 640. Vol. XIII.] THE ATLAS OF THIS DAY CONTAINS:- page Saturday, august is, ms. The toliHcian .......v-v*' 5*' Em Indian and Coloqial Atlaa.. 514 ""oreljitj'Ne^s 514 Imperial ParJtament.......-.. 515 Britiih Now� ..... 51T Ueettngs..-....         .'..>>  517 Mr. O'ConnQU and the American Minister,.................... 51? Ireland..517 SctftWiid;:................... 518 lAW Beporta;....... ^.....,.. 518 Atdxe .IntelUgepce.............. 518 Police.Offices....,.............. 518 Acddehtf and Ofl^nces.......... -518 Omnium....................\. 518 miscellanea.................... 518 Theatrical Intelligence..........518 Saturday's News.:............... 518 Weekly Bistrospect of, the Money .. Market.................519 Leading Articles .............. 519 Bationale Of Public msponsl- tility........................ 519 TheatrlRd ................ 520 ,    LrCBBATDRB. '        '     , Letters on Paraguay; comprising , . an Account of a Four Years' PAQE Besidence in that Rebublic. under )he Government of the DictatorFraiJcia.............. 52o Indldehts of Travel in Egypt, Arabia, l^etrsa, and the Holy Land....i....................531 1. The Grammatical Pronouncing Speliing-Boofc. 2, The Classical Engllish Vocabularyi 3. The InstructivD Reader............ C6uhter>Irritation: its Principles and Practice, niustrated^fay One Hundred Cases, &c........... 522 JFfaje Arts...................1.. 522 Literary and .Scientific Institutions........................... 522 University Intelligence....  romote the moral impifovement^ of the poor. * Nor is this opinion in the smallest degree inconsistent with onr.habitual defence of the ecclesiastical^ est^blislhuneht across the Channel; for, although a vast, propopr^on of the lower Irish belongconfessedly to a "different communion, yet, as the overwhelming majorily of this united realm (whereof Ireland is only a fragment) are agreed that the Protestant faith alone is^ conducive to the cotmnayonyeal^'a^ religion in thiat country, especially when now abandoning its niistaken delicacy in having so long addressed itself exclusively to its own members, is eminently fitted to engage the confidence and improve the character of the population at large, it thus appears that the Irish church, diffusing as it.doesan extensive under-current of beneficial influences which, as a oouiiteractive to priestly tjrranny, even Popish multitudes would be grieved to lose; is defensible on all those grounds of expediency whereby the abstract arguments in favour of such establishments are rendered absolutely invulnerable. But to return from this digression, occasioned by our anxiety .to save certain cavillers aworld of trouble, the consciousness thatageneral indifference to Christian principle is essential to the overthrow of the church, coupled with the shallow fallacy that her existence is incompatible with the diffusion of ^knowledge, constitute the basis of all those heterogeneous movements now so common among her enemies, for. the purpose of establishing a system of national education from.which the influence and inculcation of sound religion shall be rigorously >excluded.' ' In this unhallowed enterprise parties professing the most opposite and discordant opinions axe united as one man. "^he Central Society of Education," which concentrates and directs these hos-^ tile forces, is niimerous, active, and influiential. � Com? prising among its suppoirters not only a considerable number of the looser members of the church, but even some high official authorities, such as Lord X)enman> who we are bound to suppose are misled by its pretensions, it is rapidly ^covering the country with tracts of the most obnoxious character, as a preparatory process for the ultimate realization of its designs. Next session of Parliament this faction, it is understood, will direct all their energies to the accomplishment of their darling object; and unless the friends of the church begtir themselves in time, it is impossible to say what the issue may. be. Meanwhile, it gives us much pleasure to see th^t they are by no means asleep/nor insensible to the demands or, the crisis. About four months ago we intimated the formation of a new socieiy, designated the " Lay Union for the Defence of the Established Church," It is, as we then stated, under the management of a large committee of noblemen aiid^entleinen of ttie highest character and station.. lntheintenn},th^ir plans of procedure have bee� judi- ciously.matured; and with the view of counteracting the pernicious educational nostrums to'which we have alluded, and of refuting the calumny that thie church is hostile to popular instruction when combined with moral and religious training,'their first act has been to draw up an admirable " address on the subject of the education of the poor," which we insert in another, column, and which we eairhestly recommend to the attentive perusal of our readers. Let every word of it be deeply pondered by all members and well-wishers of oiur veneraole church. It is a sober and dispassionate document, addressed, not to the prejudices of tlie^people, but to their reason and to their best feeling^. We rejoice in this defensive movement, and earnesfly trust it wiU be' succeissful. Indeed, when .we' bear in mipd the correspondent zeal whioli we recently had occasion to notice in recrald to the   metropolitan r  EAIILY EDITION LIN TIME FOR POST. commercial schools/.' we cannot doubt'that by such sea^ sonableand united-efforts, the church,.'nnde|r, the blessing of God, will be borne triumphantly through ^11 her trials, and her enemies left to bite the oust tolerated, forgiven, and blest. THE USE MADE BY THE OPPOSITION PBESf OF IRISH AFFAIRS. Morning CHRONicLB.^Gur Tory contemporary, whose sagacity in Irish affairs^is only to be paraU^Ud by that of the noted Sir: Harqourt Lees, and who, iiii^d, has .proved himself a foimidablerival rnfyiug the grand position upon whieh he r^sts his feiiqif as a po>' litical writer.  Upon his own showin|^ the c^^ndar of Tipperary for the present assizes exhibits, in M (he more serious class of offences," a decrease, com|>ared ^th that of the, spring assizes, to the extent of twenty-four trffences. tWth respect to all the leaser descriptiitps o^^ the only astonishing circumstance is the jextreme bti^^nness of the calendar of so great and populous a county, The Tory journals invariably conceal tM fact that T^nerary is a county of the first class in eji^tjsnt and pont|j||^ti^n, nearly twice as populous as such qbunties as^atljv^rd, Clare^ or Sligo. The population of Tipperair is, yr^ believe, not much under naif a mUlioji; yet, will the wilder believe.that in such a county theire have been for,^|al at these assizes only twelve cases of jgrievous assault, only two of highway robbery, only o^e of burglary, one of robbery of armsy and of all the n^|)or offences colleqiively only thirty'-nine P Arid this is thf. disorganized cott||W of Tipperary, where society, we arJB solemnly assured, fs in a state next door to dissolutiont^d the e:secrabIeNor-manby government has actually plucked lip. law and Q^^er by the roots I That so many as Inrty-three persons should have been iipon trial on the ch^eof murder is, of course, deeply to be regretted; but while we deplore it, nothing les? surprises us, knowing as wje do that the prevalenqd of {)overty in Tipperary is the mi�jin, if not only, cause that eads to the commission of thi^se enormities in Irel^ii|d; we allude to the miserable condition of the peasantry, 4^-pendent exclusively upon the possession of land for their Wretched maintenance, and d^en at once to desperation by every proceeding that tenqf to deprive them of their holdings.  The outrages thfflf; disfigure this county i^re exclusively agrarian. They ipsult from a state of thipgs happily unknown in Engtaji^j not because England is Protestant^ but because in England the situation of the peasant is different, and the ||pglish landlord is incap^bl of the rapacity and cruelty which the Irish proprietoi;, Oi his.agents, practise withoi](t fpmorse or scruple. Repnpve this single cause of crimes rescue the Irish peasantry from their _present precarjpiis and afflicting situatlpn; establish relatioris of good will, or at least of independence, between landlord/andl tenant; place the existence of the poor out of the reach of the caprices and passioiis of the wealthy, and you exhp,ust the great and almo�|! solitary source of those offences and disturbances which make the hearts of the Tories gl^d within them. Nothing so clearly exposes the utter heftrtlessness of this vicion? party as the ferocity with which 'they incessantly dilate upon those crimes and disorders which they well know are the conseq^uences in Ireland, ^ipt of the demoralization, but the destitution of the people. For that destitution they have no more bowels of cqmpassiori than the fiends; but for the crimes that spring jprom it, as naturally as harvest succeeds to seed-time, there are no legal processes too rigorous, no executions too severe or bloody.  The Tories know no instruments of government but the transport-ship and the gallows.  The systeijR of Tory sway in Ireland is to blind the people with ignorance, madden them with oppression, and subdue them, like maniacs, by brute force. Down with the school-house and the schoolmaster; up with the pri8on> and flourish the gaoler and the hang-~-  Morally and justly speaking, the Tories are guilty man of the   inust be ascribed to the same cause; with, however, one difference--in the former case the influential qualities were of a positive-in the latter of a negative character. But of all the public men who have been indebted to the influence of pnvate character (good or bad, as the case maybe) and personal popularity, forH;he comparative impunity which has been extended to his political cpnduct, our good-looking and mischief-working premier, Lord Viscount Melbourne, is certainly the most egregi-ously. fortunate. Mighty indeed, niost magical, and, so to spetuk, most mystii^ng, must be the influence of that private character which can seduce the adherents of Lord Melbourne to rej^ai^d with even the affectation'of complacency his public conduct. It is certainly very hard that Lord John Russell, because he is-neither "ahandsome man nor a igay deceiver," but, indeed, physically and morally, the very antipodes of his colleague and chief, should therefore monopolize so large a portion of the public contempt and disgust to which the said colleague and chief is, in all conscience, as obnoxious as himself. In the infancy of the Lichfield House compact, in which the interests of the church and the honour of the crown  , were sacrificed by Protestant ministers to Papist incendiaries,' Lord Melbourne has solemnly, and>with admirable command of countenance, declared that he had no share.  So far, then,.as the honour and glory of that nefarious and disgraceful compact extend his lordship pleads "not'guilty." But as regards the tangible profits of the transactiouT-the overthrow of an envied rival-^the prolonged possession of place, and power, and patronage -rHleponent further saith nought.  Now, if in law the receiver of stolen goods be deemed as guilty as the more * daring artist who actually abstracted them, a court of honour or of political conscience must hold the prime nunister who tacitl;^: consents to. profit by the baseness of his subordinates to be as morally guilty and as personally degraded as^.tlje more ostensible agents wlipse sins he sanctions, and whose gains he shares.  Truth to tell, we did ourselves participate to a certain extent in the com- ' mon error of believing the premier to be, if not a better, at least a bolder man, less sordid, less selfish,.less pettifogging, than the '^common cry" of Whig and Liberal place-hunters who makeup the cabinet of which he is the nominal head.   But the shameless and servile corn-, plaisance with which his lordship has become the "utensil" of an anti^English faction, has effectually cured us of that vain belief., The man who can gain his own consent to identify his public character with that of such political servants of all work, and under all manner of masters, as Lord John Russell, Lord Palmerston, and Lord Glenelg, must be satisfied to be classed in the same discreditable category with his confederates.  In the late   -discussions, too, m reference to the autocratical intoxica- ^ tion of Lord Durham in Canada, and the legislative anti- ; dote proposed by Ivord/Brougham, the course pursued by Lord Meibqume seems to us altogether unworthy of the intrepidity and manliness for whicn-notwithstanding his polluting associations with Whigs and other unclean things--ne very generally has credit.  We say this in connection with his conduct towards the l)vik^k(^;^elr Hngton and Lord Durham.  To both LpirS^Pie[l,bi6ti1rn6 has behaved in a way of which a high-spiritea;i6ip,u'^(roud ' man' would blush to be guilty.  Wie do iQ0t-i|ay:^hat the Vhiggery would not furnish ifokth injstauces   .'. annals of .Whiggery of similar mgratitude and kmdred meap^^l^hliiiriS^^ say that the man who could thus actii^:i|tggMni^ of that indulgent cpiigideration wliich the popu%iJy   

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