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Atlas Newspaper Archive: June 16, 1838 - Page 1

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Publication: Atlas

Location: London, Middlesex

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   Atlas (Newspaper) - June 16, 1838, London, Middlesex                                M ^tmvai ^foi^pK^n attir $mvml of WLitnutuxt, TRANSMISSION  OF  "THE  ATLAS"  BY  POST TO  FOREIGN  COUNTRIES, JFe are induced, by numerous applicatimt on thit tulgecf, to ttate, for the informatifm of ovr SubMcribert, tkat " Tlte AHat" may be trantmittei free of pottage, through the General Pott GSieet, . to the following placet: Antigua        Bbbbiob     BubnosAt&xs     CsPHAtONiA     Dbhbbaba      Oibraitak Hambuboh      Jamaica Baqota Bbbhdda     Canada Colbmbia        Dbnmabk       Ghen4.da (New)    Hbliqoland     Laquiba Bahamas        Bbazils       Gabacoas Gobfu Dominiqa       Obbbob Hondubab        Malta Babbaoobs     Bbbhbk      CAETHAaSNA       CoxBAVKN       Feancb Halifax Ionian Islbs    Montsbbbat "The Atlat" can alto be trantmitted, upon payment of one penny, to India-Caps or Good Hora-^NBw South Wales.   To all other placet it may be forwarded upon the payment of two pence. Nbvis Nkwfqundland New Brunswick Nova Scotia Qubbbc Spain (via Cadix) St. Dominoo St. Kitt's St. Lucia St. Vincbnt'8 ToBAno tobtola Trinidad Zantb ' No. 631. Vol. XIIIJ SATURDAYiT JUNE 16, 1838. r EARLY EOlTIOtf LlN TIME FOR FOSt* THE ATLAS OF THIS DAY CONTAINS:- PAflB. The PoUtldan................ 869 Bast Indian and Colonial Atla<.. 370 SordgnNewB.............370 itinperlal Parliament............ 371 British News..................973 UeettogK...................... 373 Xaw Beports.................. 373 Tolice Reports................974 Accidents and Oflbnces..........374 Oninlum.......................374 Sporting ..,....................375 Theatrical Inteltigence..........375 Saturday's News.......:......375 yr^^jT. Retrospect of the Monqr iMOiiii' Articies* '!*.'.'.*.'.!!!!-*" ' nioRaces..................... Theatricals................. 375 376 376 376 page litbratubb. The.Congress of Verona........377 Mmohrs of theUfe and Adventures of Colonel Maceronl.....378 The lUan about Town..........379 Literary Memoranda............ 379 Italy. A Poem................. 379 The Dramatic Works of Shaks- peare;withaLife............379 Music and Musicians............379 Fine Arts......................379 Literary and Scientific Institu-, tlotts.......................... 380 Universities...................380 Gaaettes................380 Births, Marriages, and Deaths .. 380 Banking and Monetary Atlas.... 380 The Markets..................382 THE POLITIC I AN. , ^ PROSPECT OF AN ARRANGEMENT.   . TiMES---Kotwitli8tanding the soumess displayed in the course of these late discussions on the Irish bills, and kept u^, rather unbecomingly, as it appears to us, on the part of the Oowning-street press, we cannot help entertaining an expe  if necessary) the: rating clauses of the poor law as to meet effectually the above objection, though we are tsaffcom sure that they who l\ave tendered the>)bjectipn wiUnot, on its removal, betake themselves to the promptifabrication of others, to be persevered in with the same sinister, pertinacity: as the former one, at the risk of throwing back the bills for the remainder of the session. It is perfectiy obvious why Mr. Daniel O'Con-nell has given noticie of a motion on the bringing up of the'rjenort to assimilate the Irish municipal franchise to thait of ScQJ^and. There is no rate in Scotiandr-there is noindisputable test of value-there is a power of un- Eunished perjury-there is a power of committing ?aud with impunity-there is a facility, for palming , fictitious votes ujpbn the returning officer-there is an opeii paith>yW follow the illustrious example, of the Cp^k s'jvincQers, who swore one day in the hope of being registered that their house was worth 10/., and the next day, under tlie dread of being rated, that their house was not worth 5/., thus degrading all sense of truth into a heavy inc^umbrance, and ail affectation of conscience into a sorry jest, anS perverting the most jealous and scrupulous precautifuis of the law of England into means for levelhng the most important outworks of th prted the Liberal candidate. Sir James 'Wi^iiauns,^#hb was retu^ that date his lord^ ship thbttght It to change his opinions, and with his opinions l^scpniijtict, and at the last election he threw the weight of ihi$iftff�^ce into the scale of Mr. Rice Trevor, the Y%�MiiK4e.fe'l^e had before opposed, and ousted Sir James Williams. True it is that Lord Cawdor was abroad at the moment of the severe contest, but he permitted his steward, Mr. Richard Owen Williams, to intimidate and coerce his tenants without control, and authoritatively to dictate to them the votes they were^ to give.  Some who wished to split with the Lijberal candidate, for whom they had previously polled, were, compelled '* to plump" for Mr. Rice Trevor j and regiHrding four tenants of Lord Cawdor, who had evinced an inconvenient degree of obstinacy and independence, he wrote to one of liis.inferior agents, named Daniel Rees, that, as they appeared to be so very independent, it would be well for them to look to the payment of certain arrears of rent by a particular day. This letter was written that,it might be shown to the electors, and the cpnsequence Viras that three out of the four, Tather than ittcuy the displeasure of their noble landlord and his steward, fiiund themselves under the necessity of voting for the candidate to whom in their hearts and consciencesrthey were opposed.. Lord Cawdor, having himself wheeled round to th^ very opjposite point of the political compass, ejected that' his tenants, withput reason assigned beyom his will and pleasure, should turn wi^hjhiin add; eohtradict the piinciples they had supported dtiriog iheit lives. It makes ilie case no better ti^at his lordsmp retired to the continent, and left the odious work of compulsion to his steifi^ard, ,forf'as:Lord Worsle^ remarked, last night, it is often harder to deal with the agent than wifh the principal. The agent considers it in the light of a mere matter of business, and is liable to none of those compunctious visitings to which the principal may be subject, and which may sometimes render An appeu from the oppressed voter effectual., The facts were detailed by;Mr. Warburton in, a very tempierate speech, in which he made allusion to the sessional resolution of the Hlouse of Commons, agamst the interference of Peers in the choice of members of Farltameht,>but admitted thai though, he brought this ,|sabjeet before the House aJB a matter of privilege, l^e did not mean to charge Lord Cawdor with an infraction of that' resolution, but with such an interference with the .freedom of election as .would form a just ground of accusation against a private '^individual. - The defence of Lord "^Cawdor could !* not have been entrusted to a more aj^fopriate advocate--Sir James Graham-well qualified as a .Welsh representative, but still better from the known political sympathy between hims^f and the noble seceder from liberal princi-pes whose cause he undertook. Hi mihi aunt comiteti quos ipsaperieula dwunt; tlxeit cause is the same, for their public characters are precisely in the same predicament. Both were Reformers, both are Tories, and both have done their utmost, the one; in Cumberland, and the other in Carmarthenshire^ tb. compel electors to violate, their consciences by voting against' their.principles'. Nobody disputes for a mbn^enttneexcelleht private character of Lord Cawdbr.v it was admitted by-Mr. Warburton in his opening; and the eulogium of Sir James,Graham was, therefore, tmcalled for and gratuitous, and all that he said in justification of the exercise of wh^tt he called, in the cantof Conservatism, "the legitimate influence of property^" was as much beyond dispute.  "By the legitimate influence of property. I mean (said Sir J. Graham) that influence which is 'obtained by being a good neighbour, a kindly ben^actor, and an instructive friend, begetting mutual confidence, and mutual respect." Mr. Ward, who is one of the miost consistent as Well as one of the most enlightened friends of the ballot, never dreamt of refusing tins degree and species of influence to property: but let us ask whether ihis'was the degree'and species of influence which. Lord Cat^rdor exercised when he permitted h&^eward to threaten'refractory votera with, enforcing Ipp'payment of arrears of rent ? Sir J. Graham was obliged to abalhdon thispart of.the case, and after admitting that his noble friend, had changed his side in politics since the election of 1835,'to deal in general ieulogiums upon his private virtues.  In the course of his speech he read a long, correspondence between Lord Cawdor and SirJmnea Williams, Which only went to show that thelatte^ripiuldnot be removed from his consistency by thethreati^if the fbrmei^ and which, as Mr. Aglionby sta,tedi were eiitirely beside the real 'opestion before the Hbuse, whiewSHr the ,h(MpV lord amenablie tpvtiiejurfe , The simiplis city of Mr* Rice Trevor was not a.littte/remarkable when he described the distfessing difScuities in which the tenants of Lord Cawdor had been' placed at the last election between theirown wishes and^ convictions and the expectations of their landlord: L6rd|^bhn Russell, with considerableie^eptanSspmeihumour,'enlargedupon this point, :and exforessed. ids. doubts whether the embarrassments of the tenants would-be cUminished by the adoption ofvoteby baUot. At-all events, it vrbuld relieve them, as his lordship did not affect^t^ deny, from the dilemma in which they ha^ beehyjplacejif^^ sudden conversion of Lord CaT^dor.in wlii'ch^Qbiiv^W^       of thm were by no means disposed to participate. There may be me* chanical objections to the ballot, but it must be alloweil on all hands that it affords voters the best safeguard in attempting to give effect to their conscientious scruples. whig majorities and tory desertion. Morning Post-The division on Monday night in the House of Commons on the (Question whether it is better to establish in the new municipal corporations of Ireland (supposing that such new and untried institutions are to be given to that country) a constituency of jpaupers, or of men who are above the condition of pauperism, affords at once topics of congratulation and subjects of regret. Among the former we must class the important fact that the ministerial majority in favour of the local authority of pauperism/^n^     political dominion of peijury, both of these-being'iiRleluded in the miniHterial project, was supported ulpoti this occasion by a diminished and truly m miore sefises than'one a very contemptible majority. On the last division upon this question ministers, with the aid'of thev confederate, Mr. O'Gbnneilj -^ere able, to command a majority of twenty-six.  In this instance they are saved from a ruinous defeat by a majority of no more than twenty, although 1h rhole House of Commons) with the exceptipn of forty memjbers, were effective iit the div^pn, eitherlby vpting or pairingC Anotlier topic of congratulation is that of me forty memb^    who were absent without pairs, and thus withdrew from the conflict altogether, we find twenty-three consisted of persons whb generally vote with the O'ConneU faction, while the Conservative party have to deplore the absence of only fifteen of those u'pon whose co-operation and- support (unless absent'from;causes perfectly irresistible^ this great body pf constitutional and patriotic, EngHshmetibe-ueved they had a right to depend. When the advantage which any administration possesses over any. Parliamentary opposition in its more efficacious means of securing, in ordinary circtlmstiinces, the attendance of its friends and supporters is tcfken. into consideration, this difference will not seem inconsiderable. It indicates, in, a manner not to be mistaken, the essential weakness and manifest unpopularity of the cause upon, which ministers have been compelled, by their dictatorial ally, to stake their influence m Parliament and their reputation with, the community. The ministry th^t divides in the House of Commons upoh a question whiqh it has made vital, to its official existence with'a majority of only, twenty^ which on such a division has the misfortune to find its supportera absent in the ratio of more than three to two when com>-pared with the number of its absent exponents, and whicfa^ in addition to this, has an opposition to encounter in the House of Lords, outnumbermg its supporters in the proportion of about four to one, may for some timedrag on a dishonourable, precarious, and useless existence, but it is a miniistry which cannot hope tp conduct the government of Great Britain, in a manner cre^table to itself or beneT ficisd to the community; Its members, bereft of. the power and authority without which government becomes a laughing-stock and a disgrace, may cling to office from the sordid considerations of patrpnage and pa^;, hut they cannot delude themselves with, the expectation cl being able tojdischarge thet duties which properiybeloag to-ministers of the British crown.. This general view the division of Monday/will be highly satisfactory to the country.  But when the same division is regarded in detail it undoubtedly presents some particulars 'which cannot fail to excite a general feeling, among the respectable and Conservattive classes of our fellow^snbjects,: of regret and disappointment. The Hon. W. S. Lascelles and Mr. C. B. Wall voted in this important division, and voted not according to the general sense of the Conservatives of Great Bntain, but against it. Do these gentlemen believe that their constituents elected them in the expectation that they would vote as they did on Monday night P oi: is it to them a matter of indifference what are the opinions, wishes or expectations of their electors ?  It is in vain to mince the mattei;. The two cases we have mentioned are eikimiples. of pernicious and perfidious de-sertion-^f that most .^shononrable kind of desertion which takes plabe in face of the enemy and at the most trying and. iniportant crisis of conflict; We leave Mr. Baring Wall to be dealt with by his constituents as they mayjnink he deserves.  But with respect to Mn Wm* Lascelles, he is exposed to a more, immediate and severe animadversion.  Was it in anticipation of his vote of Monday that he accepted from the whole body of :the Conservative members of the House of Commons tl^edis^ tinguished honour w:hich only a few days ago they cpn-ferred upon him of filling the vice-chair at the banquet given to Sir Robert Peel? Did he consent to assist in presiding over the assembly of honourable men who then met to'cement and to consecrate theij;];ioHtical union, in �the consiousness that on the first important, question t6 be brought before the House of Commons he j^hould separate his vote from -theirs ? When leading the: acclama-   

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