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Atlas: Saturday, June 9, 1838 - Page 1

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   Atlas (Newspaper) - June 9, 1838, London, Middlesex                                We are induced, TBANSMISSION  OF  "THE  ATLAS"  BY  POST  TO   FOREIGN  COUNTRIES. numerout appUcaiioni on this tukject, to state, for the information of our Subscribers, that " The Atlas " may be transmitted free of postage, through the General Post Offices, to the following places ; BEEBICB BpBNOS AyBES �      CEPHAtOHIA       DSMERABA        GiBBALTAB HaMBCBOH JAMAICA Bebmcda     Canada ^ CotuMBiA        Denmark       Gbenada (New)    Heligoland     Laguiea Brazils       Cabacoas Cobfit Dominica       Gbbece. Honduras        Malta Bbbhbn       Cabthaqbna        Cdxhaten       France Halifax Ionian Islbs    Montsbbbat The Atlas" can aUo he transmitted, upon payment of one penny, to India-Capb of Good Hofe-New South Wales. Antigua Bagota Bahamas Babbadobs Nev^s Newfoundland New Brunswick Nova Scotia qubbbc Spain (via Cadiz) St. Domingo St. K i it's St. Lucia St. Vincent's tobaoo tohtola Teinidad Zante To all other places it may be forwarded upon the payment of two pence. No. 630. Vol. XIII.] SATURDAY NIGHT, JUNE 9, 1838. [ LATEST EDITION THE ATLAS OF THIS DAY CONTAINS :- page. The Polltlctan.......'.........353 East Indian and'Colonial Atlas.. 354 ' Foreign News......:..... .  354 Imperial Parliament............ 355 BritisliNewB..................356 Ireland,_______.................357 Law'Reports..................357 Police Reports................ 358 Accidents and Offences..........�358 Omdium..'..............-......358 Tl�e "EtonMontem".......... 358 Floricultural Fete...............358 Tijeatrlcal IntelUgeuce..........359 Sporting......................359 Saturday's News..............359 Weeltly Retrospect of the Money Market..................... 359 Leading Articles.............. 359 page The Canterbury Riots..........360 Theatricals..................... 360 literature. Sbakspeare and his Friends...... 361 Adele.........;................ 363 The Greenwich Pensioners...... 36i A Night near Windsor........... 36^ Literary Memoranda............ 362 Music and Musicians............362 Fine Arts...........;........... 363 Literary and Scientific Institutions.........................364 Universities................... 364 Gazettes...................... 364 Births, Slarriages, and Deaths .. 364 Banking and Monetary Atlas.... 364 The Marktts..................365 Advertisements................366 THE  POLITICIAN. CONCESSION AND CONCILIATION. Times-For some days past we have abstained from touching a subject on wbicn most of our cohtemporsuries have jbeen indulging themselves freely, and in terms of much party warmth., Our earnest wish has been to procure a little breathing time, and to see others enjoy the same advantage, that they and we might return to a dis-cusdon, fraught with far deejpcr interest than belongs to the mere concerns of faction, in a spirit of sobriety, calmness, and !^th.  The position which has been taken up within the last week by Conservatives and ministers, with regard to one or impre of the great Irish questibhs, is one vrhich cannot �ul to make every honest �nglisiuinan anidous for the result,! and the more anxious because of many groimds of confidence which are mingled with those of apprehension^ For the first time since Lord Mel-boumis's accession to officci has there been recbgnizied between the two political parties anything like a definite agreement upon common principles, so tar as related tq Ireland.  For the first time have ministers announced tteir hope that a church bill without an appropriation clause wottld prove a " satisfactory adjustment"^ of the . tithe question. For the first time has Sir Robert Peel declared that he saw such a prospect of final security to the churph as would permit him and those who acted frith him to entertain and examine a proposal for establishing new corporations in Ireland on the basis of popular election.  This is a point of immense importance.  There is no longer a dispute upon principles of government; and we confess, therefore, that our own gratification at the removal of a barrier so impassable, has, by the novel prospect of success which it opens, rendered us in proportion more alive to the pain and fearful consequences of a disappointment. Nothmg could be more widely opposite than the spirit in which this approximation of sentiment was originally acknowledged between the two leaders of party, and that which lias since appeared to govern their professed, followers and allies.  The speech of Sir Robert Eeierand the first speech of Lord J. Russell on Tuesday, the 29th of May, left hardly anything to wish for on the part of those who really desired an "adjustment" of the Irish questions.  That the proposals of the right hon. baronet a^d their general acceptance by the n^le lord should have proved unpalatable to Mr. O'Con-nell, is in nowise inconsistent with the abovex)bservation j because upon Mr. O'Connell's own repeated assurances and boastings, he is not one of those who seek an adjustment of sucti questions, except on terms destructive of the Protestant cnurch, and resulting in Popish supremacy. To the debate of that evening we shall no further allude than by remarking, that the malignant genius of O'Con-nell would hav/a shed its evil influence in vain, had riot circumstances with which he had ho concern provoked Lord John Russell to a second speech, and dragged from him (we think reluctantly) a reassertion, otherwise uncalled for, of his individual adherence to the old appropriation pririciple-t-a confession which gave rise to much acrimonious commentary on both sides, for two or threp days succeeding.  All this, however, was the less dangerous, because it was confined to the church question, on which no difference of opinion was likely to show itself in the provisions of the bill.  The Corporation Bill was that with respect to which more serious difficulties of a practical nature were apprehended than any rising 0|ut of the direct "church question."  As respected the Corporation Bill Sir Robert Peel announced emphatically two deliberate resolutions.   1st. That whatever amount of qualification vjas to be fixed upon for -the municipal franchise, " he would insist on its being a bona fide and not a fictitious franchise"-a condition which necessarily included that of instituting some valid test, whereby the reality of the franchise should in each instance be decided.   The evidence of .those shameful frauds and perjuries which had been proved before the committee on fictitious votes was glanced at by Sir Robert Peel, as abundantly justifying and demanding the strictest precautions for the.defence of the rightful constituency against usurpers of their franchise, and the fact of rate-paying under the poor law was then specifically described by the leader of^ the Conservatives as the check most worthy of approval.  2d. Sir Robert Peel, notwithstanding a widely prevalent opinion that a 20/. qualification would be most eligible as a requisite for the municipal franchise, avowed his wish that an uniform standard should be settled both for burgesses and Parliamentary electors, and since the rate jilteady established was that of 10/., the right hon. baronet declared his willing^ness to accept that standard, provided, as he said before, it should be a bona fide attested standard, to be recognized and acted on solely in conformity with the rating.. These were the announcements made by Sir Robert Peel, declaratoi^ of his intentions with,, regard to the new Corporation BiU, and we have dwelt upon them the more particularly, from finding the uncandid and dishonest pertinacity with which the course of the right hon. baronet last Friday evening has been since misrepresented by the Radical and Popish press, as if Sir Robert Peel had attempted to withdraw from, or evade, the promises made by hiih on his introduction of the subject only three days preceding.   It has iTeen said that the Conservative leader on Friday endeavoured to render his previous concessions less liberal and effective than when ne had originally held them out. This is utterly false.  He had on Tuesdajr proposed 10/. for the amount of qualification and a rating under the poor law, or, failing the poor law, some et^uivalent test of real value for its truth. On Friday he adhered religiously to those conditions; he again insisted on 10/. for the quantum,^ and on. rating or some sort for the. test.  Sir Robert Peel has no meaning but to call things by their genuine names, to bring sound into harmony with substance, to substitute reality for fiction, to require that 10/. shall be paid for that of which it is the lawful price, and that the work of a. 10/. qualification shall not be done by half the.number of shillings.  Now, if we were not convinced that he already knows it, we could inform Lord John Russell that the people of England are, upon this matter of Irish qualification, completely and heartily with Sir Robert Peel.  We could assure the noble lord, that if he stands out upon this fraudulent system of franchise, and at O'Connell's bidding, he will sacrifice better friends, and more formidable, than the Popish faction. ' We could satisfy him, if he wanted proof, that should he form that unwise and unsafe deteiimnation, it is he, not Sir Robert Peel, who will be reproached by the people of England for obstructing (and from unworthy motives) the establishment of salutary corporate institutions in Ireland.  We do tell him, that Sir Robert Peel will not recede from his avowed resolution on this vital subject, that the Conservative leader dares not recede from it; that the Conservative mind is as unanimous and unalterable not to give up the 10/. municipal franchise for Ireland, as it is to reject the appropriation clause." But we would rather put it to Lord John Russell, that it is not for his name or honour to persist, under vile tutelage, in such an attempt-that he has now, for the first time, a fair opportunity of res-cumg himself, and the government of wnich he is a part, from that eminently false position in which a series of deplorable occurrences arid combinations have placed them, and that he makes but a sorry exchange in bartering all England for a mess of perishable flummery administered to him by Mr. Daniel O'Connell. THE COPYRIGHT BILL. Morning Chronicle-It is impossible exactly to predict the fate of Mr. Sergesant Talfourd's bill as to copyright; but we are well convinced unless it be materiallv modified it has but littie chance of passing into a law. It is altogether one of the most unnecessary and uncalled-for interferences with existing contracts and arrangements that has come under our notice. Mr. Sergeant Talfourd knows full well-or if not he is but ill qualified to legislate on this or auy other subject-that there is not so much as three per cent, of difference between the present value of a copyright for twenty-eight years and one for sixty. This, indeed, is so palpable, and is so very generally admitted, that the conviction is all but universal that there is a wide difference between the avowed and the real object of the bill. If it be truly intended, as we are assured it is, to encourage the elaboration and production of a superior class of works that are to throw Gibbon's Decline and Fall &aA. Robertson's Charles the Fifth into the shade, why not confirie it to that especial purpose by making it applicable only to unsold copyrights? The production of a better class of works in time to come will not certainly be at all promoted by interfering with those already produced; and in truth, all interference with the latter is opposed to the avowed principle and declared object of the bill. But, in point of fact, the prospective pdrt of the bUl, or that which we are told is to give rise to a vastljr superior class of works, is precisely that part about which its advocates care little or nothing! The entire law of marriage was changed a few years ago in order to put to rest all doubts as to the legitimacy of one noble lord; and now we are changing the whole* law of copyright arid interfering with and subverting the rights and interests of a vast body of meritorious and industnous individuals, that a boon may be conferred on some two or three!  Were it not that- The pleasure is as great Of being cheated as to cheat, one should think that the better and the more manly way would be to avow this at once, and to introduce a bill limited to the object really in view. If Parliament and the public be of opinion that the two hundred and fifty thousand pounds Sir Walter Scott and his family have received for his literary labours is not a sufficient reward for their extraordinary merit, and if they think the productions of Moore, Wordsworth, and Southey deserve especial patronage, let an act be brought in for the prolonging Of the copyright of their works for the exclusive benefit of the authors and their heirs, on the principle on which patents have sometimes been prolonged. We are far from admitting that there is any good or substantial ground for any such measure. But, at all events, it would be a thousand times better than the bill now before Parliament; it would do what the latter is intended to do, and it would do nothing more. It would put money into the pockets of a few individrials, without disturbing the rightsandinterestsofevery one else. It would not, like Mr. Sergeant Tlpburd's bill, injure all the letters of the alphabet that A alone may be benefited. But if Parliament have any regard for the most obvious principles of justice, Mr. Sergeant Talfourd's bill will, if it do pass into a law, be limited to works to be published. It is not possible to give it a retrospeci^ive operation, or to make it to apply to copyrights that have been already sold, without sanctioning the downright robbery of the purchasers. .The author, in such sales, parts not only with Jiis present right and interest in the copyright, but also with "all such contingent and futuire right and interest therein, as h^ may now have, or may hereafter at any time acquire!" The boori-if we may so term it-that Mr. Sergeant Talfourd intends to confer on authors, by allowing, them to resume property sold under such conditions, must be contemptuously rejected by every honest man^ at least by every man above committing a fraud though tolerated by law,It is in vain that Sir Edward Sugden comes to the relief of bis learned friend by proposing a clause that when a copyright has been sold the author or his heirs shall be entitled to resume the half of such copyright! Sir Edward Sugden's delicate conscience will only allow him to authorise a sort of half robbery, whereas the learned sergeant goes " the whole hog," and proclaims impunity tO those who carry off the house as well as the furniture. ' Sir Edward Sugden admits that^there may be cases such as that where the literary part of a work is subordinate to the plates, when it would be unjust to resume the former. True ! but suppose that a work on practical politics, law, or science, and necessarily requiring coustanU alteration, published eight-and-twenty years ago, has been so much modified and changed iri the interim, at a heavy expense to the publisher, that little of the original work rcm;uns save the titie-page, what would Sir Edward Sugden think of the justice or policy of a law that should allow the heirs of the original author to destroy the whole value of the w^ork as it now stands, by claiming, notwithstanding its uncpnditional sale by their progenitor, the title by which it is known ? The observations of Messrs. Longman and Co. on this point, are alike unanswered and unanswerable. Honourable gentlemen may be aissured that the bill cannot be amended except hy entirely throwing out the retrospective clauses. , But, being in all its parts uncalled for and pernicious, the proper way would be to reject it altogether. PROTESTANTISM AND DISSENT Morning Post-^By returns recently laid before the House of Commons, in pursuance of the motion of Sir R. H. Inglis, we are enabled to estimate with tolerable accuracy the value of the new marriage law of the present adriiinistration as a relief to the oppressed consciences of Dissenters. These important papers consist, 1st, of a return of the number and names of places licensed for the celebration of marriage, under the provisions of the act 6. and 7 William IV., c. 85; 2dly, of a return of the number of marriages celebrated otherwise than according to the rites and ceremonies of the established church under the provisions of the said act, specifying the placesi parishes, or districts wherein the same may have De� and the number in each respectively j, an^ those which may have been celebratedv?' the superintendent registrars; and 3dlyi -he number of marriages celebrated ^ rights and ceremonies of th? establishll the bills of mo/^ality. The two last-i   

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